The Delgados of Almeria, Spain

View of Almeria from the Castillo San Telmo, the Castillo San Telmo, the Path up to the Castillo
Luis Delgado Mata was Alcaide of the Castillo San Telmo in the mid-17th Century. He succeeded his father Luis in the job.

This is the text of a talk that I gave to the members of the Hispanic Genealogical Research Center in Albuquerque in May 2010. It is followed by the results of earlier research.

This talk is about the family of Antonio de Molina Delgado, the father of Manuel Francisco Delgado, the founder of the Delgado family of New Mexico.

From documents at the New Mexico State Archives, we know that Antonio was married to Juana Xaviera de Chavarria Butron. He was a resident and merchant in Pachuca in the Mexican state of Hidalgo. He died in about March 1766. Letters written to Juana Xaviera show that he predeceased her. The marriage Diligencia for Manuel Francisco indicates that both of his parents had died by 1778. His military papers indicate that he was of noble birth. Antonio Delgado, however, used no aristocratic title.

From church documents in Pachuca and nearby Real del Monte, we learn that Antonio married Juana Xaviera on August 31, 1722. They record baptisms and marriages in her direct line for at least two generations back. In the Parish of the Asuncion in Pachuca, Antonio and Juana Xaveria baptized:

Maria Xaviera on August 14, 1723;

Juana Josepha on March 6, 1725. This baptismal record is particularly interesting because Antonio’s name is clearly given as Antonio de Molina Delgado.

Manuel Antonio on January 22, 1727;

Luysa Gonsaga on June 23, 1729;

Francisco Lorenso on August 14, 1732;

Maria Ysabel on July 18, 1733;

Antonia Eustaquía on February 25, 1736;

Manuel Francisco was baptized on December 30, 1738.

Manuel Francisco’s military papers indicate that he was the sixth child of his parents. Since the baptismal records clearly indicate that he was the 8th child, and third son, if we're operating with a full deck now, it seems that two siblings must have died at a young age. I do not presently know what became of any of Manuel Francisco’s siblings. Manuel Francisco joined the military in 1761 and was eventually sent to the El Paso area, where he married Maria Josefa Garcia de Noriega and their first children were born. Then he was sent to Santa Fe, and the rest is history.

Almeria

The story of Manuel Francisco’s paternal ancestors would stop there, but that my grandmother Margaret Mary Delgado y Garcia de Noriega de Ortiz (1900-1993) used to tell me over and over that Antonio Delgado left Almeria, Spain in 1714 to live in Mexico. She said that his family was aristocratic. I never asked her how she knew this. I have never been able to find any other source for this information. No member of my family remembers that she used to say that. The only trace I know are the words “left Spain in 1714” that she wrote on a Delgado genealogical chart.

I think that her Aunt, Manuela Delgado y Garcia de la Mora (1860-1951), alias Sister Gertrude, or her friend and cousin Fabiola Cabeza de Baca y Delgado y Delgado de Gilbert (1898-1991), or both, may have told her this. Sister Gertrude’s father, Felipe S. Delgado (1829-1895) was the great grandson of Antonio Delgado. Fabiola was a Delgado through both her mother and her father. Her mother had the unusual name Indalecia. San Indalecio is the patron saint of Almeria. Fabiola’s papers at UNM do not say that Antonio came from Almeria, but they do contain photocopied information about the Delgados of Almeria.

I decided that the only thing to do was to go to Almeria and see what I could see. I have been going there regularly since 2002 and have now done a lot of research there. I was able to go three times this year.

The main problem is that all the church documents were destroyed during the civil war. However, the civil documents were not. For one thing, the notary books, with wills, property transfers and other legal documents, are still in the Provincial Archives and, as luck would have it, the Delgados were notaries (escribanos). Moreover, Almeria was in crisis in the 17th century. The city suffered devastating earthquakes, drought and attacks by Moors. Population figures for the time I’m studying give a population of only 400-700. That’s not very many people, and Delgados were among them. Almeria had been a Moslem city, but they were deported in the 16th century. The Jews had been deported in the 15th century. The historian Fr. Tapia Garrido says that at the time of their expulsion, only 4 families from the city left on the boat and 15 families from the province.

Archivists and historians in Almeria immediately assured me that my grandmother was right. Although the Delgado family of Almeria has since died out in Almeria (as you will see, there were a lot of priests, girls and small families), there was a Delgado family in Almeria in the 16th, 17th, and 18th centuries. They were noble and the family members had the same first names that Antonio and Juana Xaviera gave their children. Furthermore, there was a de Molina family there at the same time that married into the Delgado family.

During my very first trip to Almeria, the Archivist at the Municipal Archives found an early 19th century prueba de nobleza that had been established by Joseph Diego Delgado (along with his brothers Manuel in Murcia, Vicente in Cartagena, and Bernardo in Barcelona). It includes church records, which he used to prove that he was the descendent of Isabel de la Cruz Perez Baron (1618-) and Luis Delgado Mata (1625-), Alcaide of the Fortress of San Pedro Telmo. As luck would have it, this was probably our Antonio Delgado’s family. However, I have been able to trace all their descendants and he was not a direct descendant of Luis and Isabel.

On my second visit in February 2002, I found the will that Antonio Delgado Mata, son of Luis and Isabel, made shortly before his death in 1705. It lists the six children, three girls and three boys. His will lists the following children: Escolastica, Isabel, Pedro, Antonio, Luis, Josef Francisco, Luisa. Evidence indicates that this was the order of birth. In one document Ana de Herrera refers to Pedro as her oldest son and I have the baptismal record for Josef Francisco. So we might estimate that Antonio Junior was born in the 1690s. However, his will shows that he married and died in Almeria.

With the clues from this file I have gone on to study over 200 notary books. From the Seccion de Nobleza of the National Archives in Toledo, Spain, I have received a proof of nobility for Antonia Fernandez Delgado (born in 1695) with a lot of interesting information. I have found two proofs of nobility and one prueba de limpieza de sangre for the family. These documents contain much information and even contain partidas, copies of now lost church records. Particularly helpful is a multi-volume history of Almeria written by Father Tapia Garrido and published during the 1990s.

One thing that I keep turning over in my mind is what a historian who wrote about the Delgados of Almeria said to me. He said you know when you study these families you find that they do the same thing century after century. The fact is that the Delgados of Almeria were very much like the Delgados of New Mexico and Almeria in the 17th century was very much like Old Santa Fe. For one thing my grandmother was Santa Fe County Clerk, Escribano de Condado, without knowing that she came from a family of escribanos. Other similarities will become apparent as I tell the story.

First Generation in Almeria, Juan Delgado and Ana Lopez

The Delgados of Almeria are thought to have originally come from the mountains of Santander and to have settled in the province of Palencia. It is thought that the Delgados of Almeria came from a branch of the family from Villajimena because they had the same coat of arms. The motto of the family is Ave Maria Plena Gracia.

Juan Delgado and his wife Ana Lopez, The first Almeria Delgados, are said to have arrived in Almeria 1568 as part of the King’s campaign to repopulate the land after the deportation of the Moslems. Juan is recorded as being from Teba, Malaga. Both of them are on record as being natives of Velez, Malaga, where Miguel de Cervantes lived in the late 16th century. In 1572 they received the house of Luis Dalil and three “advantages.”

Vélez-Málaga

The city of Vélez-Málaga was founded in the tenth century, at the height of the Muslim domination. The town grew up around the fortress-alcazaba and immediately spread towards what become the ancient Muslim “medina” or city centre. It was one of the most important medinas in the Nazarite kingdom between the thirteenth and fifteenth centuries. It was not a very large city, but it was well-fortified. Vélez-Málaga’s history changed when in April 1487 Fernando the Catholic left Córdoba for the purpose of taking its capital. Along the way noblemen and residents of the villages through which he passed joined him and he arrived in the vicinity of Vélez-Málaga with an army of 50,000 infantry and some 12,000 cavalry. The fortress surrendered to the Christian troops. The last Muslim castle commandant of the city, Abul Cacim Venegas (a name in Delgado genealogy) surrendered. The city received the Catholic Monarchs on May 3rd. The new political authorities tried to make Vélez-Málaga into a different city from what it had been under Muslim rule, and for this purpose planned an architectural renewal program that included a new arrangement of public spaces and the construction of secular and religious buildings.

Teba

Teba must have been inhabited since ancient times, as shown by some stone and bronze utensils found in caves. But it was in the Roman era that Teba reached certain renown, especially as the scene of the civil battles between Julius Caesar and Pompeyus partisans. The Romans built the first defensive bastion. The Muslims reinforced and extended the castle. At the end of the 14th century, the troops of Alfonso XI of Castilla conquered the village and during the following two centuries it was the head of an important territory. One of the most outstanding episodes of Teba´s history was the death of Black Douglas before his castle´s walls. He was a commanding officer of the Scottish army, who, on his way to the crusades and carrying the heart of the king of Scotland, Robert the Bruce, allied with the Christian army who at that moment were attacking the castle.

Second Generation

Juan Delgado and Maria Martinez

Juan Delgado married Maria Martinez.

Francisco Delgado Mata (baptized March 10, 1622) in the Church of San Pedro

An interesting person who was probably their son was Diego Delgado, in 1632, maestro mayor Ingeniero de las obras. He was an architect who was commissioned by the King to repair the port of Almeria, which was in very bad condition, so that French ships could come there.

Luis Delgado Mata (d. 1663) and Isabel Garcia (d. 1660)

Luis was buried October 16, 1663. He had been Alcaide of the Castillo San Telmo, a fortress near Almeria belonging to the King for the protection of the coastline. He is most probably the ancestor we are looking for. The executors of his will were his sons Juan and Luis and his grandson Cristoval Fernandez. His will was made out June 7, 1663. His heirs were his sons Juan and Luis and his grandchildren Cristoval Fernandez Delgado and Juana Fernandez Delgado, who married Indalecio Zendina.

Isabel Garcia was the daughter of Miguel Angel, a native of Valencia, and Juana Roman (died October 25, 1629), a native of Sevilla. Her heir was her daughter Isavel Garzia, wife of Luis Delgado. Isabel was buried in the parish of San Pedro on November 4, 1660. She did not receive the last rights because she died suddenly. The executors of her estate were her sons Luis and Juan.

Luis and Isabel’s children were at least Juan, Luis, Francisco, Francisca.

Juan, escribano (d. 1691), married Isabel de Arqueros (d. bef. 1692). He prepared his will before the escribano Cristobal Fernando Delgado in 1691. His children were: Joseph Luis, priest (clerigo de menores) and named organist at the Cathedral in 1671), the executor of a lot of wills; Maria, who married Indalecio Roa (d. 1703). (I have their wills) Juan, a parish priest (d. bef. 1691), his father was his heir; Francisco Antonio Delgado Mata (sick in bed in 1692, names his brother Joseph Luis, organist at the Cathedral and sister Maria his sole heirs).

Francisco, was a military man who, while Alcaide del Castillo de Santiago de Rodalquilar, was killed by infieles Moors, who cut him up into pieces (hecho pedazos por ellos) with a knife. It doesn’t look as if he was married or had children.

Luis was born in 1625.

Francisca Delgado (d. 1673) and Diego Fernandez Robladillo

Right now, we have to stop and talk about the Fernandez (Hernandez) Delgados. The progenitors of the important Fernandez Delgado line. At this point I think that this is the line of the New Mexico Delgados.

Cristobal Fernandez Delgado (1637-1721) and Maria Ruiz de Molina (d. 1667)

Christoval Fernandez Delgado was baptized August 17, 1637 in San Pedro Church. His father was Diego Fernandez and his mother was Francisca Delgado Mata, who died in 1673. He was the Notario Mayor of the Audiencia Ecclesiastica of the Diocese of Almeria and Escribano. He appears in the Life of San Indalecio, a history of Almeria written in the 17th century. One document describes him as having black hair and somewhat dark skin.

Maria Ruiz de Molina was his first wife and he said she was his cousin.

Their children were:

1. Diego, escribano, married Barbara Benegas. Their children were Antonio (a priest); Bernarda born about 1692, donzella; Antonia, born about 1699; Maria, religiosa profesa en el convento de la Santissima Trinidad, Alcala; Isabel, married Joseph de Arcona in Fiñana.

2. Doctor Manuel Antonio Fernandez Delgado, a priest, died January 1 or 2, 1710. He was the bishop at the Cathedral of Palencia.

3. Doctor Luis Andres, a priest. His will of 1699 describes him as a native of Almeria, clerigo, presbitero, capellan del coros de la Iglesia Catedral and then a priest at San Martin in Madrid. He names Ana Gonzales, his father’s second wife as his sole heir.

Cristobal Fernandez Delgado (b. 1637) and his second wife, Ana Gonzales,

He married Ana Gonzalez on April 22, 1668. The witnesses were Luis Delgado and Juan Delgado Mata. She had been baptized on March 14, 1650 at San Pedro.

Their children were:

1. Pedro Antonio Fernandez Delgado, a priest, clerigo de menores, who died 1745-1752.

2. Juan Francisco Fernandez Delgado y Gonzales, b. 1678. He is described as having chestnut colored hair and rather dark skin.

3. Sebastian Calixto, procurador, died 1749, wife Juana de Haros from Granada, witness Pedro Delgado y Herrera and Juan Francisco Delgado Menchon.

4. Maria, donzella, sole heir of her brother Pedro in 1740.

5. Francisca de Paula, married Joseph de Gongora.

6. Antonia, married Pedro Matthias Vidal. Children were Joseph, Ana, Manuela, Maria, Francisca Paula, Juan Diego, a priest in the Parish of San Pedro and I have his will made out in 1755. He wanted to be buried in the parish Church of Señor San Pedro in the chapel called that of Varron and whose patron is (de que es patrono) Don Antonio Delgado y Herrera, resident of this city. I think this refers back to where Fr. Agustin de la Cruz Perez Varron (died 1709) asked Juan Diego Gonzales Delgado and the heirs of Antonio Delgado Mata to have a memorial built for him in the Church of San Pedro. He also mentions Don Antonio Delgado y Venegas, priest.

The Case of Francisco Delgado

In his will Cristobal talks about his son Francisco who went to Cadiz determined to go to New Spain. The family gave him a lot of money and possessions in 1697. He stayed in Cadiz for awhile and set up housekeeping.

Made his will in 1698. Because I am leaving for the city of Oaxaca (?) and its province, country of New Spain, in the Kingdom of Mexico. He leaves his goods to his siblings: Pedro, Callixto, Maria, Paula, Antonia. There are documents about his leaving for Mexico to do negocios.

November 3, 1700, Emancipation. Twenty-two years old absolutely insisted upon being emancipated from his father Cristobal Fernandez Delgado.

He did not go to Mexico, but came back and married in Almeria. To marry, he had to provide documents showing what he had been doing when he was away from Almeria. According to them, he lived for a while with his brother in Madrid, then lived in Cadiz.

Luis Delgado Mata (b. 1625     ) and Isabel de la Cruz Perez Barron (1618-      )

Luis Delgado Mata was born in 1625 to Luis Delgado and Isabel Garcia.

Isabel de la Cruz Perez Baron (1618-) was born in 1618 to Diego de la Cruz y Aleman (died bef. 1688 and Ana Perez Varron (d. bef. 1688). She was baptized in San Pedro.

They married February 25, 1649 in the Church of San Pedro.

After serving his Majesty in various jornadas and campaigns in which he displayed valor, obtained the posts of Alcaide of the Castillos de San Pedro Telmo and Santiago de Rodalquilar and Guarda Mayor of the Aduana of Almeria.

He was the full brother of Francisco Delgado Mata who while serving as Alcaide of the Castillo of Rodalquilar in defense of the law and his King lost his life in a battle with the Moors, having died at their hands hecho pedazos a cuchilladas.

They had the following children.

Antonio (b. September 5, 1650) baptized in the Church of San Pedro. His godfather was Juan Delgado Matta, escribano (see below). He married Ana de Herrera on September 24, 1784, Ds. Sagrario, Pila Mayor de la Santa Iglesia Catedral de Almeria. Partida.

Juan, baptized in San Pedro in 1656. He married Geronima de Jaen, one son Gabriel, who had no children. Empadronado in 1731.

Juan Luis (born December 19, 1658, baptized January 14, 1659). He was a notary (escribano publico).

Maria (d. 1724), old maid (donzella). I have her will. The children of her brother Antonio are her heirs. She leaves to them the ownership of the chapel, which she inherited from Agustin Perez Barron. She is buried in the chapel of San Carlos Borromeo in the Church of San Pedro.

Margarita Gregoria (1670-1736), born July 16th, married Bernardo (Bernabé) Gonzalez, three children: Isabel, Juan Diego, Joseph (I have her will).

Luis, their last son, died in 1736. He married Luisa Gomez in, one daughter Luisa Antonia (I have his will). He must be the one who was in the royal prison in 1704. There is a document that gives the reasons for his arrest.

Francisca, named as sister in Maria’s will.

In 1714, Ana de Herrera gave the house that she inherited from her parents to her eldest son Pedro who became and soldier. Josef Francisco became a notary and there is quite a bit of information on him.

Antonio Delgado Mata (1650-1705) and Ana de Herrera (b. 1663-aft. 1714, bef. 1734)

Antonio was baptized on September 5, 1650. In the Cathedral of Almeria, on September 24, 1684, Antonio married Ana de Herrera born in Caniles (Granada The witnesses to their marriage were Juan Delgado Mata, Luis Delgado.) Ana de Herrera was born in Caniles, Abadia de la ciudad de Baeza. (p. Blas de Errera, m. Juana Basquez). Del Libro 4 fol 86 de los libros de Bautismo de la parroquia Sta. María de Caniles, (Granada) Ana hija de Blas y Juana fue bautizada el 5 de Mayo de 1663 por D. Domingo Román y siendo sus padrinos Ana Martínez y Carlos Tomé.do and José Delgado. She was the daughter of Blas de Herrera and Doña Juana Barquez. I obtained her baptismal record from the parish priest.

So far I have found several documents from the mid 18th century that name Antonio Delgado y Herrera and call him a resident of Almeria. In two of the cases, the document was made with his brother Pedro before a notary, who uses the legal formula that they are speaking as one person and only Pedro signs. In the third case, the document from 1745 is made in the name of Joseph, Pedro, Antonio, Luisa and Escolastica, siblings and residents of Almeria speaking as one person (juntos y de mano comun a voz de uno y cada uno de por si y por el todo) but is only signed by Pedro, Luisa, and Joseph. A document about Antonio Delgado y Herrera, a document from the 1750s describing him as a patron of the church and vecino of Almeria. His will gives him as married and living near the convent of the Poor Clares, Clarissas. He and his wife did not have children.

Indalecia de Cruz y Aleman, a donzella and the sister of Isabel, aunt of Antonio Delgado Mata shared a house next to the Church of San Domingo (the present day Virgen de la Mar). It was next to the house of Agustin Barron.

Escolastica (born circa 1685)

Isabel (born circa 1687). I have a 1708 reference to an Isabel Delgado del Aguilar and her son Gabriel.

Pedro (born circa 1689, d. after 1749), soldier. On December 4, 1714 Ana de Herrera, widow of Antonio Delgado Mata, heir of Blas de Herrera and Ana Vasquez, gave her son Pedro the house she inherited with Bartholome de Herrera from her mother. He is mentioned in documents in the mid 1700s.

Antonio (born circa 1691)

Luis, soldier (born circa 1693)

Josef Francisco (born May 18, 1701, baptized May 31), married Maria Menchon (b. 1712) in 1734. Francisco Miguel was their son. He married Rosa Larralde, who in turn fathered Josef Diego Delgado husband of Rosa Rodriguez.

Luisa (born circa 1793)

Isabel de la Cruz Perez Barron’s Line

The proofs of nobility and purity of blood provide interesting information about Isabel de la Cruz Perez Baron’s line. Isabel de la Cruz Perez Barron was baptized in Almeria in the Church of San Pedro. She was born in 1618 to Diego de la Cruz y Aleman (died bef. 1688) and Ana Perez Varron (d. bef. 1688), who was the daughter of Agustin Perez Barron, familiar del Sto Officio, and Isabel Juan Bendicho, resident of Almeria. He was familiar del Santo Oficio. Her paternal grandparents were Bartholome Perez and Isabel Berguél, natives and residents of Canales in the Kingdom of Valencia. In the late 18th century, the family’s coat of arms adorned the Chapel which Antonio Delgado at that time owned in the Parish of San Pedro.

The proof says that the fathers and grandfathers had been old Christians, pure of any bad race of Moors, Jews or new converts, who had not been in trouble with the Inquisition or any court who had held honorable professions of gentlemen and hijos dalo, notarios de sangre y de solar.

The children of Diego de la Cruz y Aleman (died bef. 1688) and Ana Perez Varron (d. bef. 1688) were:

1. Indalecia de Cruz y Aleman, a donzella and the sister of Isabel, aunt of Antonio Delgado Mata.

2. Juan de la Cruz (P278, p. 32). According to his will of 1688 his parents were Diego de la Cruz and Ana Perez Varron deceased, his wife Ana Sanchez. It names his children (Roque, Juan, Antonia, Ana Francisca, Blas de la Cruz)

Juan de Aleman (P278, p. 24), brother of Agustin de la Cruz y Barron. 1690 will (P278, 127) Diego de la Cruz y Aleman and Ana Perez Varron. He says his grandmother is Ana Rodriguez de Castilla, the daughter of Francisco Rodriguez de Castilla. His only heir is his daughter Barbara Josepha de Aleman. His wife was Antonia de Ledesma.

Lizdo. Agustin de la Cruz y Barron, described in his will (P280, p. 307) of 1695 as priest and chaplain at the Cathedral. He mentions his uncle Joseph Perez Barron, whose will was taken by Andres? Fernandez Delgado, escribano, his sister Indalecia de Cruz and his niece Maria Delgado. He talks about "las casas de mi morada" as being located in his parish and next to that of his nephew Antonio Delgado. He calls Ana Perez Varron his mother and Diego Barron, late priest of the parish of San Pedro, his brother. According to P273, Agustin de la Cruz Perez Varron made his will in the presence of the scribe Cristobal Fernandez Delgado on April 1, 1709. He died in July. His heirs were Juan Diego Gonzales Delgado and the heirs of Antonio Delgado Mata. He asked to have a memorial built for him in the Church of San Pedro (P273).

Diego Barron, late priest of the parish of San Pedro, his brother.

Conclusion

All the evidence indicates that Antonio Delgado was indeed from Almeria, but I have yet to find the “smoking gun.”

The Issue of Judaism

I personally think that the New Mexico Delgados of Spain were old Christians and that seems to be indicated by the New Mexico DNA results. I think it is conceivable that the Perez Barron family was originally Jewish. They were from Valencia and I have read that the Jews in Valencia converted en masse rather than be expelled from Spain. I think it is possible that Antonio’s wife Juana Xaviera de Chavarria Butron had some Jewish blood because her family was in Pachuca for several generations during the 17th century and there were a lot of Jewish merchants there at the time. I think it is likely that Manuel Francisco’s wife Maria Josefa Garcia de Noriega was Jewish. The Garcia de Noriegas have tested as Semitic. The research based on proofs of purity of blood that I published in Herencia seems to indicate that the Garcia de Noriegas were not an old Christian family and my grandmother was very, very inbred. She was a Garcia de Noriega through her mother and her father and both her mother and her father were Garcia de Noriegas through both their mothers and their fathers.

Viejos cristianos, limpios de toda mala raza de Moros, Judios, ni nuevamente convertidos a la Santa Fe Catolica, ni penitentiados, ni castigados por Inquisicion, ni por otra algun tribunal por haber caido en infamia, an obtenido empleos oficios de caballeros hijos-dalgo, notaries de sangre y de solar conozida. Personas antiguas noticiosas y de la mayor reputacion en quines no concurrann las calidades prohibidas Actos positives acreditan la distinction decente familia.

OLDER RESEARCH

The origins of Antonio de Molina Delgado (d. 1766), the father of Manuel Francisco Delgado (1738-1815), the founder of the Delgado family of New  Mexico are beginning to be less obscure.

Antonio's 20th century descendent Margaret Delgado de Ortiz (1900-1993) always said that he came to Mexico from Almeria, Spain in 1714. She said that his family was aristocratic. I have never been able to find any other source for this information. I never asked her how she knew this and now speculate that her Aunt Sister Gertrude (aka Manuela Delgado y Garcia de la Mora, 1860-1951) or her friend and cousin Fabiola Cabeza de Baca y Delgado de Gilbert (1898-1991) may have told her this. Sister Gertrude's father was the grandson of Antonio Delgado. Fabiola was a Delgado through her mother and her father. Her mother had the unusual name Indalecia. San Indalecio is the patron saint of Almeria. Fabiola's genealogical papers do not say that Antonio came from Almeria, but they do contain photocopies of information about the Delgados of Almeria.

I decided that the only thing to do was to go to Almeria and find out. I have been going there every year since 2002 and have done a lot of research there. I believe that Antonio Delgado was indeed from Almeria, but I have yet to find the "smoking gun".

Archivists and historians in Almeria assure me that my grandmother was right. However, since I have not yet found absolute proof, what I write here is mainly a matter of educated guesses. The main problem is that all the church documents were destroyed during the civil war. However, the civil documents were not. For one thing, the notarial books are still in the Provincial Archives and, as luck would have it, many notaries (escribanos) were Delgados.

Although the Delgado family has since died out in Almeria (as you will see, there were a lot of clergy--I've counted 28 priests in the 17-18 centuries alone!-- girls and small families), there was a Delgado family in Almeria in the 16th, 17th, and 18th centuries. They were noble and the members of the family had the same first names that Antonio and Juana Xaviera gave their children. The Delgados of Almeria are thought to have originally come from the mountains of Santander and settled in the province of Palencia. It is thought that the Delgados of Almeria came from a branch of the family from Villajimena because they had the same coat of arms. They are said to have arrived in 1568 to populate Andalucia after the expulsion of the Moors.

Moreover, Almeria was in crisis in the 17th century. Population figures for the time give population of only about 400. That's not very many people and Delgados were among them. Luis Delgado Mata, who was probably Antonio's grandfather, was Alcaide of the Castillo San Telmo, a fortress near Almeria belonging to the King for the protection of the coastline.

During my very first trip to Almeria, the Archivist at the Municipal Archives found a file for me that had been established by a Joseph Diego Delgado (along with his brothers Manuel in Murcia, Vicente in Cartagena, and Bernardo in Barcelona) in the 19th century to prove his nobility. The file was established well before the civil war. So it includes church records, which he used to prove that he was the descendent of Isabel de la Cruz Perez Baron (1618-) and Luis Delgado Mata (1625-), Alcaide of the Castle of San Pedro Telmo, and. As luck would have it, this was probably our Antonio Delgado's line. With the clues from this file I have gone on to study scores of notary books, from which I have gleaned the following information.

Antonio Delgado Mata (1650-1705) and Ana de Herrera (b. 1664-aft. 1714, bef. 1734)

Antonio was baptized on September 5, 1650. In the Cathedral of Almeria, on September 24, 1684, Antonio married Ana de Herrera born in Caniles (Granada) in 1664. She was the daughter of Blas de Herrera and Doña Juana Barquez. I obtained her baptismal record from the parish priest. The witnesses to their marriage were Juan Delgado Mata, Luis Delgado, and José Delgado.

He inherited a home next to the Church of San Domingo (the present day Virgen de la Mar) in the Parish of San Pedro.

In February 2002 I found Antonio's will made shortly before his death in 1705. It lists the six children, three girls and three boys. Evidence indicates that this was the order of birth. In one document Ana de Herrera refers to Pedro as her oldest son and I have the baptismal record for Josef Francisco.

Escolastica

Isabel. I have a 1708 reference to an Isabel Delgado del Aguilar and her son Gabriel.

Pedro (d. after 1749), soldier. According to P272, on December 4, 1714 Ana de Herrera, widow of Antonio Delgado Mata, heir of Blas de Herrera and Ana Vasquez, gave her son Pedro the house she inherited with Bartholome de Herrera from her mother. He is mentioned in documents in the mid 1700s.

Antonio

Luis, soldier

Josef Francisco (born May 18, 1701, baptized May 31), married Maria Menchon (b. 1712) in 1734. Francisco Miguel was their son. He married Rosa Larralde, who in turn fathered Josef Diego Delgado husband of Rosa Rodriguez.

Luisa

(Compare the names with the children of Antonio and Juana Xaviera born in Pachuca: Maria Xaviera, Juana Josepha, Manuel Antonio, Luysa Gonsaga, Francisco Lorenso, Maria Ysabel, Antonia Eustaquía, and Manuel Francisco. The name Manuel appears to have come from Juana Xaviera's maternal grandparents' family).

Luis Delgado Mata died in 1705. He was imprisoned in the royal jail in 1704.

In 1714, Ana de Herrera gave the house that she inherited from her parents to her eldest son Pedro who became a soldier. Josef Francisco became a notary and there is quite a bit of information on him.

Almost all of the Delgados of Almeria were priests, notaries, or soldiers, usually in the Compania del Regimento de la Caballeria de la Costa de Granada. I have only found one document about Antonio Delgado y Herrera, a document from the 1750s describing him as a patron and vecino of Almeria.

The 1714 will of Francisco Salinas (very end of P286) seems to say that his wife Manuela Rodriguez de Coca y Barron, daughter of Juan Rodriguez de Coca and Cathalina Perez Barron sold the house that they inherited from her mother to Antonio Delgado. Their daughter Josepha Salinas y Coca was the wife of Lorenzo de la Plaza.

 

Luis Delgado Mata (1625-) and Isabel de la Cruz Perez Baron (1618-)

Luis Delgado Mata was born in 1625 to Juan Delgado and Maria Martinez. He was baptized in the Sant.

They married February 25, 1649 in the Church of San Pedro. He was the Alcaide of the Castillo de San Pedro Telmo and Guarda Mayor of the Aduana of Almeria

Isabel de la Cruz Perez Baron was born in 1618 to Diego de la Cruz y Aleman and Ana Perez Varron. She was baptized in the Church of San Pedro. Her siblings were:

1. Indalecia de Cruz y Aleman, a donzella and the sister of Isabel, aunt of Antonio Delgado Mata (P283, pp. 224-26)

2. Juan de la Cruz (P278, p. 32). According to his will of 1688 his parents were Diego de la Cruz and Ana Perez Varron deceased, his wife Ana Sanchez. It names his children.

Juan de Aleman (P278, p. 24), brother of Agustin de la Cruz y Barron. 1690 will (P278, 127) Diego de la Cruz y Aleman and Ana Perez Varron. He says his grandmother is Ana Rodriguez de Castilla, the daughter of Francisco Rodriguez de Castilla. His only heir is his daughter Barbara Josepha de Aleman. His wife was Antonia de Ledesma.

Lizdo. Agustin de la Cruz y Barron, described in his will (P280, p. 307) of 1695 as priest and chaplain at the Cathedral. He mentions his uncle Joseph Perez Barron, whose will was taken by Andres? Fernandez Delgado, escribano, his sister Indalecia de Cruz and his niece Maria Delgado. He talks about "las casas de mi morado" as being located in his parish and next to that of his nephew Antonio Delgado. He calls Ana Perez Varron his mother and Diego Barron, late priest of the parish of San Pedro, his brother.

Diego Barron, priest of the parish of San Pedro, died before 1695.

According to P273, Agustin de la Cruz Perez Varron made his will in the presence of the scribe Cristobal Fernandez Delgado on April 1, 1709. He died in July. His heirs were Juan Diego Gonzales Delgado and the heirs of Antonio Delgado Mata. He asked to have an memorial built for him in the Church of San Pedro.

Manuela Rodriguez Coca (married Francisco Salinas), daughter of Juan Rodriguez de Coca and Cathalina Perez Varron. They had the children Josepha Salinas y Coca, who married Lorenzo de la Plaza (an escribano), Francisco, Antonio. Joseph Perez Varron. An October 3,1705 document in which Agustin de Varron, chaplain at the Cathedral sells a house? to Joseph Luis Delgado Mata mentions Manuela de Coca, daughter of juan de Coca and Catarina Perez Varron. It says that Antonio Delgado Mata is the nephew of the "otorgante". It mentions Ana de Herrera as the widow. P 259, 1693, pp. 380, 468-69 sells to Antonio Delgado Mata

Children of Luis Delgado Mata and Isabel de la Cruz Perez Baron

Antonio (b. September 5, 1650) baptized in the Church of San Pedro. His godfather was Juan Delgado Matta, escribano (see below). He married Ana de Herrera on September 24, 1784, Ds. Sagrario, Pila Mayor de la Santa Iglesia Catedral de Almeria.

Juan Luis (born December 19, 1658, baptized January 14, 1659). He was a notary (escribano publico). He married Geronima de Jaen, one son Gabriel, who had no children.

Luis married Luisa Gomez in 1736, one daughter Luisa (I have his will).

Margarita (d. 1736), married Bernardo (Bernabé) Gonzalez, three children: Isabel, Juan Diego, Joseph (I have her will).

Juan, escribano (d. 1691), married Ana Lopez and Isabel de Arqueros (d. bef. 1692), children: Joseph Luis Delgado Mata y Arqueros, priest (clerigo de menores) and named organist at the Cathedral in 1671), the executor of a lot of wills; Maria, married Indalecio Roa (d. 1703). I have their wills; Juan, a parish priest (d. bef. 1691), his father was his heir; Francisco Antonio Delgado Mata (sick in bed in 1692, names his brother Joseph, organist at the Cathedral and sister Maria his sole heirs).

P260 has a reference to houses of Captain Don Gaspar Fernandez de Martos heirs of Juan Delgado Mata, escribano que fue...

Joseph Luis Delgado Mata mentions a Maria, the daughter of his brother.

I have this note: P205, Will of Juan Delgado Mata (son of Luis Delgado Mata, Alcaide) whose wife was Isabel de Arqueros. Maria de Roa my wife and his mother and aunt of Maria de Delgado my daughter. Maria Delgado Mata, Francsico Delgado Mata.

 

Juan Delgado and Maria Martinez

Juan Delgado married Maria Martinez on (I have found clues that her name might have been Martinez Mata,I have a reference for Antonia Martinez Mata 1694). He was born She was his elder, born

I have discovered the following children for them:

Francisco (baptized October 3)

??Francisco Delgado Mata, procurador (baptized March 10, 1622) in the Church of San Pedro

Francisca Delgado Mata

Luis Delgado Mata (b. 1625)

Prehistory

1582, Juan Delgado, por mandato de su Majestad.

1568, the family came to Almeria

The Fernandez Delgados

Christobal Fernandez Delgado (b. 1637)

His father was Diego Delgado, in 1632, maestro mayor Ingeniero de las obras

Maria Ruiz de Molina, his first wife

Her mother was Francisca Molina, who died in 1673 (P277), September 6, 1683.

1. Diego, escribano

2. Doctor Manuel, priest, died January 1, 1710. He was the bishop at the Cathedral of Palencia

3. Andres, priest. P282, p. 201 is his will, 1699. It describes him as a native of Almeria, clerigo, presbitero, capellan del coros de la Iglesia Catedral and then a priest at San Martin in Madrid. His parents Christobal Fernandez Delgado, escribano de Almeria and Maria Ruiz de Molina, his first wife.

Ana Gonzales, second wife

1. Pedro Antonio Fernandez Delgado was a priest, clerigo de menores, in 1714, 1720s. Will 1740, died 1745-1752

2. Maria Fernandez Delgado, donzella, sole heir of her brother Pedro in 1740

3. Francisca de Paula, married Joseph de Gongora

4. Juan Francisco Fernandez Delgado y Gonzales, b. 1678. His will P281, p. 207, describes him as a native and resident of Almeria, gives his parents. It says that he is heir through his father to Diego Fernandez and Francisca Delgado.

5. Antonia Fernandez Delgado y Gonzales, married Pedro Matthias Vidal. Children were Joseph, Ana, Manuela, Maria, Francisca Paula, Juan Diego. Juan Diego was a priest in the Parish of San Pedro and I have his will made out in 1755. He wanted to be buried in the parish Church of Señor San Pedro in the chapel called that of Varron and whose patron is (de que es patrono) Don Antonio Delgado y Herrera, resident of this city. I think this refers back to where Fr. Agustin de la Cruz Perez Varron (died 1709) asked Juan Diego Gonzales Delgado and the heirs of Antonio Delgado Mata to have an memorial built for him in the Church of San Pedro. This will is the only document I have found that mentions Antonio Delgado y Herrera after his mention in his father's will in 1705. He also mentions Don Antonio Delgado y Vanegas, priest. 

P1069, p. 24, Oct. 19, 1712. Diego Fernandez Delgado says that his mother was Maria Ruiz de Molina, the first wife of Christobal Fernandez Delgado, his father, resident and escribano publico, had left him, along with his brothers Manuel and Andres Fernandez Delgado, who were priests and already deceased, all her goods as her sole heirs. Andres Fernandez Delgado's will names Ana Gonzales, second mother of the three above and second wife of their father as his sole heir. Manuel Fernandez Delgado, died January 1, 1710. He was the bishop at the Cathedral of Palencia. His sole heir was Diego, his brother by his mother Maria Ruiz de Molina.

According to P273 of 1717, the children of Diego Fernandez Delgado were Bernarda, 25, Antonia, 18, and Antonio, a minor. According P1065, he married Barbara Benegas. Their children were Bernarda, Antonia and Antonio, who became a priest.

In P238 is the 1684 will of Francisco Gonzales. Children Ana and Bernardo

 

Others: Sebastian Calixto Fernandez Delgado, procurador, died 1749, wife Juana de Haros from Granada, witness Pedro Delgado y Herrera and Juan Francisco Delgado Menchon.

Pascual Fernandez Delgado

Francisca Garcia Zendina, daughter of Juana Fernandez Delgado and Indalecio Zendina, married Sebastian Perceval, will 1720 names children.