According to the journal of James Wilson (Jim) Nichols (1820-1891) published as Now You Hear My Horn, the Nichols were from England, but came to the United States at an early date. When the Revolution broke out, his great grandfather, Solomon R. Nichols raised a company for the war and was killed at the head of his company. James says that he was killed at the Battle of Lundays Lane, but if that was the same as the Battle of Lundy's Lane, that battle took place in 1814 during the War of 1812. So there must be an error.

James Wilson Nichols goes on to recount that Solomon R. Nichols left four sons, the youngest of which was David who married and lived in Charleston, SC, where James' father George Washington Nichols (Milford Lee Nichols' line) was born. Then they emigrated to Franklin County, Tennessee and settled at Pond Spring and owned the land where the town of Winchester now stands. While living there George Washington Nichols married Mary Ann Walker and she bore him four sons, Solomon G., Thomas R., and John W., and the writer. In the Indian War of 1812-13, George Washington Nichols commanded a company and was wounded in the knee at the Battle of Horseshoe Bend which made him a cripple for life. In 1815, he again enlisted and was in the battle at New Orleans and saw General Packenham stowed away in a hogshead of rum and shipped for interment in his native land. It was said that the soldiers bored holes in the hogshead, drew out the rum and drank it and the body was so decomposed that they were compelled to bury the hogshead with his remains in it. He says that his brother Thomas R. Nichols was born the day of the battle, on January 8, 1815. James says that he was the fourth son, but the fifth child.

James Wilson writes that he was born in Franklin Country, Tennessee where Winchester stands on December 27, 1820 and that his father George Washington and grandfather David moved from there to the western district of the same state, Madison County, when he was quite small and lived there five years. He then says that his father George Washington and grandfather David decided to moved west and built themselves a flat boat and floated down the Tennessee River to the mouth and launched out on the Mississippi and floated to Memphis where there was only one store. They then crossed over to High Point and sat there in camp through the winter using driftwood for fuel. James Wilson says that he was then about nine years old then and could manage a small skiff…

In the spring, he says that they moved out on Grande Lake. He then talks about rafting timber to New Orleans to sell and see a cousin of his father's by the name of Terry Nichols who lived in a seven story building... so other Nichols family had come to New Orleans before these.

He then goes on to say that in the summer of 1836 his father sold out in Arkansas to move to Texas and that his destination was San Antonio, but about a week before they were ready to start some people who were moving drove up one evening and bought some corn and fodder from his father and drove out and camped. After supper his father went out to the camp to chat and find out where they were moving to. They found out that their name was Day and that they were moving to Texas. That was Johnson Day and family. His father and old man Day made a covenant that night to get together, travel together and settle together. We got with Day and traveled together all the way and crossed the Sabine River into Texas the 16th day of December 1836….

According to Nichols specialist Billie Nichols Bennet's latest speculations:

David Nichols abt.1775 VA & Chloe "Clarry" Rowland (she believes other children besides Geo. Washington Nichols were William Rowland Nichols, Sr., Solomon Nichols, Wilson Nichols & Edward Nichols... she knows on the William Rowland Nichols, and is guessing on the others)

She is now believing that Solomon R. Nichols b. between 1743-1870 VA, who is listed as the father of our David Nichols died in the American Revolution... leaving abt. 5 children with wife named Mary.... and that he was the son of:

Solomon Nichols b. 1719 VA d. 9-29-1793 Newberry Dist, SC and Priscilla Connell (whose first husband was Edward Doyle) and they had children:

1. Solomon R. Nichols,
2. John Nichols,
3. David Nichols
4. Joseph Nichols

(She can not prove but this Doyle line is in the same counties/areas as our Nichols lines but never married into ours that she can find).

according to this theory, Solomon would have then married Mrs. Elizabeth Renwick.

Solomon Nichols b. 1719 married 2nd to Mrs. Elizabeth Renwick abt. 1784 Newberry Dist, SC ... no children.

Mrs. Elizabeth Renwick's 1st husband was Rev. John Renwick 1735-1775 and their children were:

1. Agnes or Nancy Renwick b.1768 Ireland
2. Rev. John Renwick, Jr. b. 1770 at sea on way to America; married Jane Wright Bothwell
3. Mary Anne Renwick b. 1773; married John Cary Royston
4. William Renwick b. 1775; married Elizabeth Abrams

David Nichols and Clarry Rowland

A possible chronology for the life of David Nichols, son of Solomon R is:

1775 birth in Henry Co. VA
1793 marriage in Henry Co. VA
by 1795 lived in Charleston SC
by 1805 moved to TN, Pond Spring where Winchester TN is
About 1824-25 moved to Madison Co., TN along with his son, George Washington Nichols
About 1830 both families left TN and moved to AR
David Nichols stayed in Arkansas when George Washington went to Texas, which censuses for Crittenden County Arkansas seem to indicate.  
David married Clarey Rowland (born 1774) on December 4, 1793 in Henry Co., Virginia. Their children were:
Frances Nichols b.1794 VA
George Washington Nichols b.1795 SC,
Milford Lee Nichols' line
David Nichols Jr. born after 1795
James Nichols born after 1795
William Rowland Nichols, Sr., born June 30, 1805 TN
William Roland Nichols and wife Miranda Jane stayed in Arkansas and came later, according to the birth dates of their children. They were in Texas before they settled in Kerr County, according to the book of James Wilson Nichols born1820, son of George Washington Nichols. There are other Nichols Lines in Arkansas.

George Washington Nichols and Mary Ann Walker

After George Washington Nichols was born in 1795 in South Carolina, the family moved to Franklin Co., TN where the city of Winchester is now located. While living there George W. Nichols married Mary Ann Walker in 1812. As mentioned above he was to have been in the Indian War of 1812 and was wounded at the Battle of Horseshoe Bend which left a cripple for life. In 1815 he was in the Battle at New Orleans. George Washington Nichols and Mary Ann Walker and their children along with his brother William Roland Nichols, Sr., and their father David Nichols and Clarry Rowland left Franklin Co., Tennessee in about 1829. They went to Arkansas and lived there until the summer of 1836 when they left Arkansas and entered Texas Dec. 16, 1836. They stayed in San Augustine, Texas for about a year, raised a crop and then moved west to Gonzales Co., Texas. George Washington Nichols died on February 5, 1851 in Seguin, Guadalupe Co., Texas.


Solomon Grundy Nichols born January 24, 1813 in Winchester, Franklin Co., TN d. 1876 Seguin, Guadalupe co., TX m. Sarah Daniell..., Milford Lee Nichols' line
Thomas R. Nichols born January 8, 1815 TN, married Margaret Baker... died 1850 Gonzales, Gonzales Co., TX
John W. Nichols born1816 in Franklin Co., TN, married Mary Polly Day... died in1882 in Guadalupe Co., TX
Martha Hannah Nichols born1818 in Winchester, Franklin Co. TN, married James Milford Day...., died1846 Guadalupe Co., TX
James Wilson Nichols born1820 TN, married Mary Ann (Polly) Daniell... died1891 Kerrville, Kerr Co., TX
Nancy Nichols b.1822 TN married Isaac Hardin Turner 1843 Gonzales Co., Texas
Elizabeth Nichols born1824 Madison Co., TN married John Newton Sowell, Jr. on April 10, 1840. They had two sons: James Asa and William Newton. James Asa married his first cousin Araminta Adalina Sowell on April 25, 1861. William Newton married Ellen J. Thomas on Jan. 18, 1870.
Meriah E. (Maria) Nichols b.1829 in Madison Co. TN m. James Nash Gonzales Co., TX

A second marriage is found for George Washington to Rachel Sara Carpenter, the widow of John Newton Sowell Sr., father of Asa Jarmon Lee Sowell, born in 1785 in NC. They were to have married on July 1, 1840 in Gonzales Co. TX and divorced in March 1848. They divorced in 1848. She died possibly in the 1860s and was buried in San Geronimo Cemetery.

Guadalupe County Records book B, p. 440 has this document, which shows that the Nichols were slave owners. G. W. Nichols wrote to Asa J. L. Sowell: "Know all men that I, Geo. W. Nichols, do by these present bargain and convey and sell all my right, title and interest in and to a certain negro woman and child (purchased from one Grenage) to wit: Hannah and Molly, her child, both slaves for life in consideration of one note on A. M. Grenage due next Christmas a year, which is for the sum of three hundred and eighty dollars the wife of said George and the heirs of John Sowell all acounting to this arrangement indeed. This is intended as a compromise to quiet difficulties, but the said A. J. L. Sowell is to control these, the negros, for the benefit of his mother, wife of said G. W. Nichols and at ther death they are to be divided among the heirs of the said wife of G. W. Bichiols. It is inteded that the said A. J. L. Sowell act in all things in relation to the negroes as his mother's trustee, giving her all the benefit of their hire and etc. Signed G. W. Nichols, Thrusday Spet. 29, 1845".

William Roland Nichols and Miranda Harrison

WILLIAM ROLAND NICHOLS, SR. b.1805 in TN and died 1859 Kerr Co., TX. He married Miranda Jane Harrison. She was born 1805 AR and died 1865 Kerr Co., TX. William Roland Nichols, Sr., and his brother, George Washington Nichols b.1795 VA d.1851 Guadalupe Co., and their father David Nichols and Clarry Rowland, left Franklin Co., TN c.1829 and went to Arkansas. In the summer of 1836 George Washington Nichols b.1795 decided to sell out in Arkansas and move to Texas. He and his family came into Texas at San Augustine, TX Dec., 1836.....G.W. Nichols brother William Roland Nichols and Miranda Jane stayed in Arkansas and came later, according to the birth dates of their children. They were in TX before they settled in Kerr Co., according to the book of James Wilson Nichols.

"Kerr County Texas 1856-1956" says that William Roland Nichols, a sturdy pioneer born in TN in 1807, came to Kerr Co., TX in 1857. He married Miranda Jane Barnes (notice above information was Miranda Jane Harrison). She may have been married before or surname mixed up) in Arkansas while on his way to Texas. Roland Nichols, one of the earliest Kerr County settlers, was killed by Indians (some of the family doubted it was Indians) in 1859. He was serving as county commissioner at the time of his death and was the grandfather of Rowland Nichols, who took office as Kerr County clerk on Jan 1, 1955.

The following appears in Bob Bennett’s “Kerr County 1856-1956,” quoted from the book “Texas Indian Fighters” by Texas Ranger A. J. Sowell (who was with James Wilson Nichols in Caldwell’s Ranger Company):

“In 1859 there lived five miles above Kerrville a settler named Rowland Nichols. One evening, he went out about a mile from home to kill a turkey. When he failed to come back at night the family became alarmed and the neighbors were notified. Daniel Adolphus Rees, first county clerk of Kerr County, was one of those who responded, but nothing could be done until morning. In company with others, Rees followed the trail of the missing man up a draw to a point about one mile from his home. Here the trail turned abruptly in another direction and the plain trail of numerous Indian tracks told the tale. Nearly a mile from this point the body of Nichols was found against a tree. “Nichols had halted there and got the tree between himself and the Indians. The tracks showed that the pursued man had circled around the tree repeatedly; the bark was raked from the tree all around where he had held to it with both hands in a vain endeavor to keep the trunk between himself and his foes. The settler had one arrow in the breast and one arrow and one bullet wound in the body. The bullet and arrow had first struck the left arm about halfway between the elbow and shoulder and then penetrated the body not more than a half-inch apart. “Going back to the spot where the Indians sign was first discovered, it was evident that here was where the settler had received the arrow in his breast from ambush. The prints of his knees were in the sandy soil where he had come down to either fire his rifle, or from the shock of his wound. If from the latter, he dropped his gun without firing, but recovered and ran to the spot where the body was found. His gun was discovered after a search, covered up in the sand where the Indians had left it. The gun was still loaded.”

William Rowland was the first person buried at Nichols Cemetery, and wife Miranda was laid by him soon thereafter, followed by many more family members.
Nancy Kinner Nichols born 1836 Arkansas died 1910 Globe, AZ married William Richard Watson 1860 Kerr Co., TX m.2. Logan W. Stinson 1872.
Mary Jane Nichols b.1838 Arkansas d. 1883 Roswell, Chaves, New Mexico.
Elizabeth P. Nichols b.1840 d.1965
Fanny Nichols b.1842 married Jordan E. Hampton 1866 Kerr Co., TX
Charlotte Elizabeth Nichols b.1845 TX d.1918 TX married James Andy Rawlings 1882 Kerr Co., TX.
John LaFayette Nichols b.1848 Seguin, Guadalupe Co., TX d. 1930 Ingram, Kerr Co., TX
George Washington Nichols b.1851 Selma, Bexar Co., TX d.1922 Tempe, Maricopa Co., AZ
Margaret Ann Nichols b.1853 d.1937
Eva Rosetta Nichols b.1857 d.1930 Kerr Co., TX
William Roland Nichols, Jr. b.1859 d.1923.

 James Wilson Nichols and Mary Ann (Polly) Daniell

Here are some different accounts of James' life:

James Wilson Nichols (1820-1891) was born 27 Dec 1820 in Franklin Co, Tennessee. His parents were George Washington and Mary Ann Walker Nichols. The Nichols and Johnson Day families traveled crossed the Sabine River and entered Texas on 16 Dec 1836 according to Nichols journal, Now You Hear My Horn. Although their goal was San Antonio, both families eventually settled in Gonzales on 2 Mar 1837 after spending the interim in East Texas. Although the Nichols and Days moved considerably, they usually returned to the area around Seguin in Guadalupe Co or Gonzales. Nichols was a Texas Ranger and Minuteman in the early days of the Republic of Texas serving with Capt. James Callahan and Capt. Jack Hays. Nichols served under Capt. Mathew Caldwell in the Battle of Plum Creek in 1841 and the Battle of Salado in 1842 which he described in his journal. He was with Hays company in 1842 when they encountered a messenger from Gen. Rafael Vásquez on the outskirts of San Antonio asking the surrender of the city. Hays called for the evacuation of San Antonio, but before he could muster additional troops Vásquez retreated to the Rio Grande. He again served with Capt. Hays troops in the Mexican War of 1847.

Nichols was a furniture maker and trader. His journal indicates a pleasant storyteller with a sense of humor, but outspoken in his opinions on issues and individuals. He was against secession and came into conflict with secessionists in the 1850s. Nichols answered a town committee's order for him to leave the county in ten days with the threat that they would be greeted by "two double-barrel guns. Now you hear my horn." He was later convicted of trumped-up charges of horse-stealing charges, but Governor Frances R. Lubbock granted him a pardon followed by reversal of the conviction in court. Nichols married Mary Ann Daniell, daughter of Rev. George Daniell of Gonzales Co. He and his wife had twelve children. He died in Kerrville on October 8, 1891.

James Nichols, Indian scout, was born on December 27, 1820, in Franklin County, Tennessee, the son of George Washington and Mary Ann (Walker) Nichols. At age twelve he began a journal that was eventually published as a book of memoirs, Now You Hear My Horn (1968). This account vividly describes his life, beginning with his travels to Texas. The Nichols and Johnson Day families traveled the Tennessee, the Mississippi, and the Red Rivers to Natchitoches, Louisiana, and from there they traveled overland to Guadalupe-Gonzales counties, Texas. Nichols's journal says the party crossed the Sabine River into Texas on December 16, 1836. The families took up residence near Gonzales on March 2, 1837. Some historians have suggested that Nichols was present at the battle of the Alamo; however, these dates disprove such speculations. Another entry in Nichols's journal recalls the crowds waiting in San Antonio to see David Crockett's gun. There is no previous mention of Crockett.

Like his father and his grandfather, Nichols frequently moved, but he always settled back in Guadalupe-Gonzales counties. He served as a member of the Texas Rangers, the Frontier Battalion, and the Minute Men. In 1839 he scouted for Capt. James Callahan. In 1841 he fought Comanche Indians under Capt. Jack (John Coffee) Hays; in 1842, while serving under Hays, the troop encountered a messenger from Gen. Rafael Vásquez on the outskirts of San Antonio, asking for the city to surrender. Hays had only 100 men, so he called for an evacuation of San Antonio. By the time other Minute Men had heard the news and traveled to San Antonio, Vásquez had retreated to the Rio Grande. Nichols served with Mathew Caldwell in the battle of Salado Creek against Adrián Woll in 1842. During the Mexican War he fought with Hays.

He also made furniture for a local wood shop. With this occupation, he traveled to San Antonio to make trades and bargain with others for goods. For two years he was employed in the furniture business. In the late 1850s Nichols came into conflict with secessionists because of his Unionism. Men from a town committee voted on a resolution ordering him to leave the county within the next ten days but Nichols answered that when they came for him, they would be greeted by "two double-barrel guns. Now you hear my horn." (Hence the title of his memoirs.) He was convicted of trumped-up horse-stealing charges, but Governor Frances R. Lubbock granted him a pardon and the court reversed the case. In 1861 he moved to an adjoining county. Nichols married Mary Ann Daniell, daughter of Rev. George Daniell of Gonzales County. He and his wife had twelve children. He died in Kerrville on October 8, 1891. BIBLIOGRAPHY: Vertical Files, Barker Texas History Center, University of Texas at Austin. Cynthia Schellenberg

The Muster Roll of 1839 for Caldwell's Ranger Company, Gonzales Regiment Day lists as privates: J.M. Day, George Washington Nichols, G.H. Nichols, James Wilson Nichols, John W. Nichols, Solomon G. Nichols, Thomas R. Nichols and Asa J. L. Sowell, Andrew J. Sowell John Newton Sowell.

Muster Roll of 1841 for Callahan's Gonzales County Minute Men in the Texas Archives lists Second Lieutenant James M. Day and George W. Nichols, James W. Nichols, Thomas R. Nichols, , Andrew J. Sowell and John Newton Sowell as privates or spies.

From Now You Hear My Horn, the diary of James W. Nichols. In the spring of this year and while I was in the servis under Hays, old Antonio Navaro opened up a large farm and stock ranch som eight miles north of Seguin at som large spring on the San Jaronamo and on a league of land owned by him. At the time I speak of he had near two hundred acres in a farm and kept from 12 to 15 peone or slave families on his ranch besides from 20 to 30 single men, all Mexicans. He had near three thousand head of cattle and five or six hundred head of horses. Such a place naturely drew a motly croud and small squads of Mexicans of doubtful carecture was constantly going and comeing but while the old man Navaro kept controll of the ranch every thing went on like clock work, straight and honest, for if thare was an honest Mexican he was one. One incident will proove that assersion. He went [on] the Santefe expedition. They ware all taken prisners and marched to Mexico and while thare confined in a close prison, the Mexicans discovered that he was a Mexican and the authorities offered him his liberty if he would cut the Lone Star buttons off his coat. He said he would die in prison before he would disgrace the caus of Texas.

After Navaro had gotten everything about his ranch in good working order, the Santa Fé Expedition was mad up and he joined it with the above result. He left the controll of the ranch with his son young Antonio Navaro, a plasure loveing young man who had a fandango nearly every night at the ranch. Thare was one Chri[s]tova Aroulga whoes wife was imployed as head cook but her husband was not imployed at the ranch but had four of five men in his imploy and going here and thare claiming to be tradeing but mad the ranch his head quarters. He always carried a bow and quiver fall of arrows besides his escopet. He would, as we found out afterwords, go to San Antonio, shoot an arrow into a cow to make Indian sign, steal six or eight head of good horses, take them east to the Colorado or Brazos Rivers and sell or swap them for good American horses, take them back to San Antonio and sell them for money, start out a gain and repeat the same thing. He had been suspected and watched but had not been caught. They mad a raid or two on Seguin. In that way they could make first rate Indian sign but never takeing more horses than they could ride off so they could scater one in a place.

One light moon they swooped down on us and stole six or eight horses and amongst the rest Captain Callahans fine saddle horse, of corse, that riled the Caps feeling. Next morning Callahan, Milford Day and myself walked round looking for sign. Callahan says, "Boys, I believe them horses has gone to the ranch. Now either of you can trail a single horse over worse ground than this and I want you to see if I am not right." So Milford and I started on a horse track a piece. We trailed them about five miles and we was not over two hundred yards apart at any time. We found whare they had all come together and makeing directly for the ranch. We turned back, raised a croud, Callahan, Milford Day, John Nichols, Jim Roberts, Hardin Turner, Cal Turner, Joe Williams, John and Asa Sowell, Andrew Sowell, myself and Lee. We struck the trail whare we had left it and followed on to the ranch. We mad no inquiries at the ranch for fear of raising suspicion but passed on up the creek and struck the trail above the ranch and followed on up the creek and on to Yorks Creek Ridge. We saw that they ware makeing directly for what we then called the big thicket. We followed the trail to the edg of this thicket. We found a newly cut trail into the thicket. Callahan took the lead, the rest of us close on his heels. Near the middle of this thicket headed a deep ravine in a small prairie containing good grass.

We had traveled this trail near two miles when we came in sight of this prairie containing twelve or fifteen acres. We mooved on causiously and soon discovered a bunch of horses close hobbled and down the gulley at the edg of the brush we discovered a smoke riseing. We knew that was their camp. We alited, tied our horses, crawled up with in thirty steps of the fire before we could git a fair view of them. Thare ware five or six men sitting round the fire eateing supper. The sun was just setting. We each picked out his men and Callahan was to give the word. Says he, "Take good aim, boys. Fire!" All fired about the same instant and fiv[e] Mexicans fell dead. Two or three jumped to their feete and ran off. One of the men that ran of was Arouba, unhurt. The other two, one we never knew who he was or whare he went. The other was a little Mexican we all knew well. His name was Sancho Cabines. We walked by the fire and took a look at the dead but did not tarry long as it was giting dark. We rounded up the horses, 12 or 15 in nomber includeing them stolen from Seguin the night before, and set out for home. That broak up the band. About ten da[ys] after this, myself, Milford Day, John Nichols and Jim Roberts was all on a camp hunt in the vecinity of this camp and concluded to go by the camp and see what had become of the dead boddies and effects and down to the spring to git water for ourselves and horses.

We had frequently heard that neither wolves nor buzzards would eat a dead Mexican and we wanted to see if this was so. We struck the trail entering the thicket, went on to the camp and found every thing just as we had left them ten days before, tin cups, coffee pots, saddles, bridles, blankets, dead Mexicans and all as we had left them. After looking until satisfide we turned to go to the spring som three hundred yards down the hollow. When near the spring we heard a voice call to us to come thare. We halted, looking round in the brush, we saw Sancho, the little Mexican that had ran of but had been wounded. We crauled through the brush to him and thare I beheld the aufulest sight that my eys ever beheld before or since. He had been shot in the bowels and in the neck. He was litterly a pile of worms. It was warm weather and I am satisfide thare was a bushel of worms in, on and around him and him still alive and able to hollow to us. He comence to beg and implore us to kill him out of his misery, knowing that he could never recover as the maggots ware working all through his intrils. Two of the boys whoes names I withhold says, "Lets end his suffering but let him die with a full belly." We gave him as mutch meat and bread as he would eat which he devoured equel to a bitch wolf suckling eleven pups. We then gave him as much water as he would drink. He then renewed his petitions to be dispached and said. "Shoot me in the head while I hold by hands over my eyes." He put his hands up over his eyes and bowed his head to his knees and heard the report of two guns and was no more. That prairie is called Rogues Prairie and the gully is called Rogues Hollow to this day. "Old Araubea" was after wards captured by Lee with som stolen horses near San Antonio and while on his way to Seguin with his prisner halted at the Sebola to take refreshment, he saw a band of Mexicans swooping down on him to rescue the prisner. Lee took in the situation at a glance, shot his prisner, mounted his horse and mad his escape.

The remainder of 1841 the war seemed to be at an end. The marauding bands of Indians had sceased their opperations and the Mexicans had mad no attempt to regain Texas. Everything like ware seemed to be lulled into a perfound and peaceful slumber and Soft Peace had perched upon the standered of our passed success and was huming a lullaby to suthe and soften the cares of our sleepeing wariors who knew nothing of the dark red cloud of war which was fast geathering and rolled up by the dusky sons of Mexico and which was soon to burst upon the devoted heads of the drowsy sleepers and cause Soft Peace to spread her wings and fly weepeing away.

Solomon Grundy Nichols and Martha Hannah Daniels

Solomon G. Nichols was born January 24, 1813 in Winchester, Franklin Co., Tennessee. He married Martha Hannah Daniell on April 10, 1842 in Gonzales Co., TX. She was born May 28, 1825 in Hardeman Co. Tennessee to J. (b. 1800 in TN) and Sarah Daniell (b. 1810 TN). Solomon was a farmer, Martha a housekeeper. He enlisted in the Mexican-American War in the Company of Capt. H. E. McCulloch on October 22, 1846. He enlisted with Asa J. S. Sowell. He was discharged honorably on October 22, 1847. He did not see action. He died on June 26, 1876 "near" Seguin, Guadalupe, Co. Texas. She died around 1901 in San Antonio, Bexar Co., Texas.

He and his family are listed in the 1840 and 1850 (p. 332, Line 142, next door to his father in law) Gonzales Co., TX censuses. He is listed in the 1846 Guadalupe Co., TX Tax List. Here is a list of children, but it may not be completely accurate.


Milford Riley, born February 19, 1851, married on November 14, 1876 in Gonzales Co. TX. He died on April 14, 1897 and is buried in the cemetery outside of Post, Texas. He married Isabel Graham Sowell, born February 1, 1859 in Guadalupe Co. Texas. She was the daughter of Asa Jarmon Lee Sowell, born in TN and Mary Mildred Turner, born in TN. This is Milford Lee Nichols' line.
Ralph, born December 28, 1844, Gonzales Co. TX
John Franklin, born January 1, 1846 in Gonzales Co. TX
Nancy, born 1847, Gonzales Co. TX
James Lucian, born August 29, 1848, Gonzales Co., TX
Robert, b. 1849, Gonzales Co. TX
Aaron Isaak. born August 1, 1853, Gonzales Co. TX
Mary Sylvania born January 15, 1856, Gonzales Co. TX
Susan Martha born May 19, 1858, Gonzales Co. TX
George William born September 17, 1861, Gonzales Co. TX
Martha Isabell, born April 9, 1863, Gonzales Co. TX
Alice Lucinda, February 2, 1866, Guadalupe Co. TX
Solomon Lee, born March 12, 1873, Gonzales Co. TX, married Lillian, born 1875.
The family is not in the Guadalupe Co. census for 1860.

The 1870 Census for Seguin, Texas, Guadalupe County gives:

S. G. Nichols, 57, Farmer, born in Tennessee
Hannah, 43, wife, Housekeeper, born in Tennessee
Milford Riley, 19, son, born in Texas
A. I., 17, son, born in Texas
Mary, 14, daughter, born in Texas
Susan, 12, daughter, born in Texas
George, 9, son, born in Texas
Martha, 7, daughter, born in Texas
Lucinda, 4, daughter, born in Texas

In 1880, Solomon's widow was living next to her son M. Nichols in San Antonio, Bexar Co. Texas.

In 1887, Martha Hannah filed for veteran's benefits for Solomon's service in the Mexican-American War. According to the application, she was living with her son M. R. Nichols and had no home of her own. She was in feeble health and advancing in age. Solomon had enlisted in the company of H. E. McCullock, who had been intimately acquainted with both of them since before their married. She was married to Solomon G. Nichols under the name of Martha H. Daniels by Dr Caleb S. Brown on the 10th of April, 1842 AD in Gonzales in the state of Texas and lived with her husband from the date of her marriage until the date of his death on June 26th, 1876 near Seguin, Texas. There had been no legal impediment to their married, she had not been previously married, and she had not remarried.