THUS SPOKE PIUS XI, THUS SPOKE PIUS XII

updated January 7, 2017

I've gotten so tired of hearing about the silence of Pope Pius XII and the Catholic Church with respect to the Nazis that I have collected the following articles from The New York Times, the Los Angeles Times, the Times of London and Time Magazine, The Jewish Criterion, Palestine Post, Ohio Jewish Chronicle, The Jewish Chronicle (UK), Jewish Chicago Sentinel, The Jewish Telegraphic Agency and numerous articles from Australian newspapers of the time. They tell precisely the opposite story. Almost 2,400 articles are now listed here. The latest additions are from the Jewish Telegraphic Agency online. I am writing a book on the subject. There is much to be said about the desire to denigrate Pius XII at all cost.     Signed, Claire Ortiz Hill, Claire dot Hill at orange dot fr

Primary Sources

 

Pre-1933

“Sokolow Confers with Pope’s Representative,” The Chicago Sentinel, February 20, 1925.

“Friend of Zionism to Succeed Cardinal Gasparri,” The Palestine Bulletin, February 12, 1930.

“New Papal Secretary Seen as Indication of Friendlier Tone by Vatican towards Zionism,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, February 13, 1930, accessed online on September 20, 2015.

“Open Warfare,” Time Magazine, October 20, 1930.

 

1933

“L’antisémitisme allemand,” Paix et Droit (Palestine), March 1, 1933.

“Victory for Hitler Is Expected Today; Repression of Opponents Held to Make Election Triumph for Regime Inevitable,” The New York Times, March 5, 1933.

“Black Backs Brown,” Time Magazine, March 13, 1933.

“Germany: National Revolution,” Time Magazine, March 13, 1933.

“The New Germany and the Jews,” The Palestine Post, March 17, 1933.

“Priest is Held by Nazi Order,” The New York Times, March 21, 1933.

“Rebirth of Germany, Herr Hitler’s Object, Call to the Nation, The New Reichstag Opened,” The West Australian, March 22, 1933.

“Reichstag’s Sittings, Opened in Garrison Church, Resumed in Opera House, Hitler Hailed as National Hero,” Morning Bulletin (Australia), March 23, 1933.

“Wave of Protest against Persecutions in Germany Grows throughout the United States,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, March 24, 1933, accessed online on September 24, 2015.

“Boycott Movement Full Swing, Two Million Dollars’ Worth of German Orders Cancelled,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), March 24, 1933.

“Foreign Reactions, World Conscience Aroused,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), March 24, 1933.

“Nazi Attacks Stir British Catholics, Priests and Prelates Voice Individual Protests as Terror Goes On, Boycott Begun in London, Reich Envoy Assails Polish Jews–Rumor of 1,400 Dead in Hamburg Evaded by Premier,” The New York Times, March 24, 1933.

“German Jews in Hiding to Escape Lynch Law,” The Palestine Post, March 26, 1933.

“Growing Jewish Resentment,” The Palestine Post, March 26, 1933.

“Nazis Cause Boycott of German Goods,” The Palestine Post, March 26, 1933.

“Wedgwood Asked Macdonald Regarding Rumored Slaying of 1,400 in Hamburg,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, March 26, 1933, accessed online on October 10, 2015.

“World Protests against Persecutions Spreading; England, France, Canada, Mexico,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, March 27, 1933, accessed online on October 10, 2015.

“Anti-German Boycott Movement,” The Palestine Post, March 27, 1933.

“Atrocities Denied,” Morning Bulletin (Australia), March 27, 1933.

“Goehring Denies Any Anti-Jewish Discrimination,” The Palestine Post, March 27, 1933.

“Monster Protest Demonstration at Madison Sq. Garden Today,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, March 27, 1933, accessed online on September 24, 2015.

“Nazi Terrorism, More Outrages Against Jews, German Goods May Be Boycotted, Survive ‘Juggernaut,’” Morning Bulletin (Australia), March 27, 1933.

“Catholic Organisations Also Protest,” The Palestine Post, March 28, 1933.

“German Jewry Appeals That Demonstrations Be Not Held,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, March 28, 1933, accessed online on March 9, 2016.

“Boycott Manifesto Includes 11 Orders, Nazi Proclamation Declares Measure Is ‘Defense’ Against ‘Defamation’ Abroad,” The New York Times, March 29, 1933.

“German Cardinal Revokes His Ban on Nazis; Schulte Says Hitler Respects Church Rights,” The New York Times, March 29, 1933.

“Takes Effect Saturday,” The New York Times, March 29, 1933.

“Forced to Close Shops in Germany,” The Palestine Post, March 30, 1933.

“Hitlerist Germany and the Jews,” The Palestine Post, March 30, 1933.

“Catholic Archbishop’s Protest,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), March 31, 1933.

“‘Exaggerated Reports,’ Says Consul General. Jews Not Discriminated Against,” The Argus (Australia), March 31, 1933.

“Fur-traders Protest,” The Argus (Australia), March 31, 1933.

“German Decision, Reprisals Against Jews, Counter Boycott, To Begin Tomorrow,” The Argus (Australia), March 31, 1933.

“Hitler’s Empty Threat, ‘We Will go On Doing What We Are Doing,’” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), March 31, 1933.

“L’antisémitisme allemand, les hitlériens à l’œuvre,” Paix et Droit (Palestine), April 1, 1933.

“Appeal to Pope,” Barrier Miner (Australia), April 1, 1933.

“Germany and Jew-Baiting,” The Palestine Post, April 2, 1933.

“Goebbels Warns Jews, Says They Will Be Crushed if Boycott Must Be Resumed,” The New York Times, April 2, 1933.

“House of Lords Expresses Keen Sympathy with German Jewry,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, April 2, 1933, accessed online on October 10, 2015.

“I Warn the Jew-Baiters,” The Palestine Post, April 2, 1933.

“Nazis Hesitate Over Anti-Jewish Boycott,” The Palestine Post, April 2, 1933.

“German Anti-Jewish Boycott Prevented, Resumption on Wednesday ‘Unnecessary’,” The Palestine Post, April 3, 1933.

“French Warn Oppression of Jewish Minority May Affect German Minorities,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, April 5, 1933, accessed online on October 10, 2015.

“Nazis Will Not Resume Boycott Officially,” The Palestine Post, April 5, 1933.

“‘Within Certain Limits,’” The Palestine Post, April 5, 1933.

“Foreign Reactions, Hitler Brings the World about His Ears,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), April 7, 1933.

“The Martyrdom of German Jewry, Brutal Process of Economic Extinction, World-Wide Protests, Hitler’s Boomerang Policy, Speedy Collapse of Boycott,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), April 7, 1933.

“The Silent Pogrom Goes On,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), April 7, 1933.

“The Anti-Jewish Campaign in Germany,” The Palestine Post, April 9, 1933.

“Australian Prelates Join Jews in Protest,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, April 10, 1933, accessed online on October 10, 2015.

“Germany: All Fool’s Day,” Time Magazine, April 10, 1933.

“In the Vise of the Nazis,” The Palestine Post, April 10, 1933.

“Jews Barred from Medical Schools; Purging the Civil Service” The Palestine Post, April 10, 1933.

“Sir Austen Chamberlain’s Denunciation, Racial and Religious Proscription,” The Palestine Post, April 10, 1933.

“Archbishop Spence on Persecution of Jews, Abhorrence of Catholics at Treatment,” The Advertiser (Australia), April 11, 1933.

“German Catholics Condemn Hatreds; Bishops Protest Persecution of Some Public Servants and Professional Men,” The New York Times, April 11, 1933.

“Catholic Archbishop’s Protest,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), April 14, 1933.

“Papen Fails to Get Vatican’s Support for Hitler’s Plans. Pope Refuses Reconstruction of Centrist Party in Reich and General Concordat. Civil Service is Purged, German Decree Ousts Non-Aryans and Leftists and Excludes Their Admission in the Future,” The New York Times, April 13, 1933.

“Truth Must Out,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), April 14, 1933.

“Mildly Mad,” The Palestine Post, April 16, 1933.

“Coordination,” Time Magazine, April 17, 1933.

“Italy and Austria, A Hint to Herr Von Papen,” London Times, April 20, 1933.

“The German-Jewish Situation,” The Jewish Criterion, April 21, 1933.

“An Impressive Warning to Nazi Germany,” The Palestine Post, April 24, 1933.

“New York’s Protest against Hitler, Heads of All Faiths United in Condemning Prejudice, Oppression and Persecution,” The Palestine Post, April 26, 1933.

“Nazi Anti-Semitism, British and French Protests, View of Bourse Egyptienne,” The Palestine Post, April 27, 1933.

“French Indignation Increasing. Catholic Opinion Aroused,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), April 28, 1933.

“Two Americans Relate Gruesome Details of Torture in Berlin Prison,” Chicago Sentinel, April 28, 1933.

“Canada’s Protest against Nazi Oppression, Dominion’s Jews Petition to British Government,” The Palestine Post, May 3, 1933.

“Belgian Catholics Assail Nazi Terror,” Chicago Sentinel, May 5, 1933.

“London and the Provinces Protest,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), May 5, 1933.

“Pope Hears of Jews’ Plight,” The Palestine Post, May 7, 1933.

“Priests Arrested in Bavaria,” London Times, May 9, 1933.

“Priests Arrested. Nazi Symbol Denounced….,” Morning Bulletin (Australia), May 10, 1933.

“Destroying German Jewry, No Abatement of Merciless Repression, Destitution and Misery Increase, Racialism Gone Mad,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), May 12, 1933.

“A German Catholic Protest,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), May 12, 1933.

“The Pope’s Desire to Help,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), May 12, 1933.

“Nazis’ Anti-Semitic Rag Insults Catholics, Derides Ancestry of Popes,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, May 15, 1933, accessed online on October 10, 2015.

“All Britain Indignant against Hitlerism Says Montefiore,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, May 16, 1933, accessed online on October 10, 2015.

“The Way to Deal with the Nazis,” Chicago Sentinel, May 19, 1933.

“Spokesmen of All Churches Protest German Anti-Semitism,” The Palestine Post, May 26, 1933.

“Protest Movement against Nazis Continues Unabated,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, May 28, 1933, accessed online on October 10, 2015.

“Machinery of Persecution in Regular Action, Grinding Jewry out of Existence….,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), June 2, 1933.

“Dr. Dollfuss at Bay,” London Times, June 7, 1933.

“Against Anti-Jewish Action,” The Palestine Post, June 8, 1933.

“Catholics Qualify Support for Reich, Pastoral Letter Explains That Any Move for Coordination Will Be Resisted,” The New York Times, June 10, 1933.

“La politique juive allemande est condamnée par le Conseil de la Société des Nations,” L’Avenir Illustré, June 10, 1933.

“Pope a Jew, Quit Him, Plea to Catholics,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, June 11, 1933, accessed online on September 24, 2015.

“Catholic Bishops Bar Nazi Control; Will Direct Flocks and Not Enter a National Church, Says Pastoral Letter. Racial Bans Condemned, Justice Is the Foundation of Popular Welfare, They Hold - Enmities Deplored,” The New York Times, June 12, 1933.

“Nazi Treatment of Women,” The Palestine Post, June 11, 1933.

“Nazis Bar Cardinal from Munich Mass; End Catholic Rally… Priests Among Beaten,” The New York Times, June 12, 1933.

“Nazi Attacks on Catholics, Priest Beaten to Death, Archbishop Cancels Congress, Mass Abandoned through Nazi Threats,” The Canberra Times (Australia), June 13, 1933.

“Nazis Are Facing Big Church Fight; Catholic Press Hails Letter of Bishops as the Magna Charta of the Faith. Protestants Are Stirred Meanwhile, Goebbels Stresses the Supremacy of the State and Need for ‘One Leader,’” The New York Times, June 13, 1933.

“Nazi Terror in Vienna, Bombs Kill and Wound Jews, Nazis Viciously Attack Catholics, Delegate Beaten to Death in Munich Outrage,” The Palestine Post, June 14, 1933.

“Nazi Brutality,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), June 16, 1933.

“Bruening as Aide to Hitler Scouted, Rumors of Cabinet Post Are Discounted as Catholic Nazi Tension Increases, Priest Beaten by Crowd, He and Two Others Are Arrested−Church Fears Encroachment by Regime in Cultural Field,” The New York Times, June 21, 1933.

“Magazines,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, June 23, 1933, accessed online on October 10, 2015.

“Two Priests Arrested,” The New York Times, June 23, 1933.

“The Nazi Rule. Purging the Reichstag,” The West Australian, June 26, 1933.

“Wicked Neighbors,” Time Magazine, June 26, 1933.

“Catholics in Germany, Nazis and Centre Party, Driving a Wedge,” London Times, June 27, 1933.

“Nazis Triumphant Week. Abolition of Parties,” The Sydney Morning Herald, June 27, 1933.

“Vatican Apprehensions,” London Times, June 27, 1933.

“Le vice-chancelier von Papen a quitté Berlin pour se rendre à Rome,” Le Figaro, June 27, 1933.

“Church Row Takes Von Papen to Rome, German Minister Expected to Ask Vatican to Restrain the Clergy’s Political Activity…,” The New York Times, June 28, 1933.

“German Dictator, Drive on Nationalists, Wholesale Arrests,” The Mercury (Australia), June 28, 1933.

“Hitler Warned Persecution of the Jews is Alienating English-German Friendship,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, June 29, 1933, accessed online on October 10, 2015.

“Papen at Vatican Seeking an Accord, Arrives in Rome to Press for Conclusion of a General Concordat With Reich, Faces a Difficult Task, Must Overcome Indignation over Attacks on Bavarian Catholics…,” The New York Times, June 29, 1933.

“German Civil Service, Exclusion of Women and Jews,” London Times, July 4, 1933.

“German Concordat, Favourable Negotiations,” London Times, July 4, 1933.

“Nazis Pressure in Bavaria, Disintegration of People’s Party, Anti-Catholic Action,” London Times, July 4, 1933.

“The Nazis,” The Queenslander (Australia), July 6, 1933.

“No Jobs for Women,” The Palestine Post, July 6, 1933.

“Pope a Jew, Quit Him, Plea to Nazi Catholics,” Chicago Sentinel, July 6, 1933.

“As Von Papen Pulls Strings, Vatican Organ Calls Hitler Policy of Hate Barbarous,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, July 7, 1933, accessed online on September 24, 2015.

“As Von Papen Pulls Strings, Vatican Organ Calls Hitler Policy of Hate Barbarous,” The Ohio Jewish Chronicle, July 7, 1933.

“Jews in Germany Dismissed Wholesale, Bank Head Flees to Switzerland, No Compromise on Jewish Issues, Hitler Repeats, Head of Central Union Expelled,” The Ohio Jewish Chronicle, July 7, 1933.

“Les persécutions en Allemagne,” Journal de Genève, July 7, 1933.

“Germany and Vatican, New Concordat Initialled, Herr Von Papen’s Statement,” London Times, July 9, 1933.

“Satisfaction in Berlin, Anti-Catholic Measures Cancelled,” London Times, July 9, 1933.

“We Demand!” Time Magazine, July 10, 1933.

“Excluding Women and Jews,” The Palestine Post, July 11, 1933.

“Pope Hears Austrian Jews’ Plea for Nazis’ Victims,” Chicago Sentinel, July 13, 1933.

“New Legislation in Germany, Protestant Church Constitution,” London Times, July 17, 1933.

“Concordat,” Time Magazine, July 17, 1933.

“Germany and Vatican, Provisions of the Concordat,” London Times, July 23, 1933.

“Hitlerism,” London Times, July 24, 1933.

“Bello, as a Catholic, Protests Persecution of Jews in Germany,” Chicago Sentinel, July 27, 1933.

“30,000 March in London Anti-Hitler Protest Parade,” Chicago Sentinel, July 27, 1933.

“A Priest’s Testimony on Hitler,” The Ohio Jewish Chronicle, July 28, 1933.

“Miracle!” Time Magazine, July 31, 1933.

“Prince Heads Movement against Nazism, ‘Persecution against Christian Feeling’,” The Palestine Post, July 31, 1933.

“The Revolt against Civilization,” Chicago Sentinel, August 3, 1933.

[Concordat with Jews], The Jewish Chronicle (UK), August 4, 1933.

“Jewish Proceedings against Germany,” The Palestine Post, August 9, 1933.

“The Boycott against Germany,” The Palestine Post, August 17, 1933.

“Christian Women Protest to League of Nations on Persecution of Jews,” The Palestine Post, August 18, 1933.

“Rabbi Wise Breaks Silence on Boycott, Calls it Duty of All Self-Respecting Jews,” The Ohio Jewish Chronicle, August 18, 1933.

“Pope’s Reminder, ‘Christ Was a Jew,’” The Courier Mail (Australia), August 28, 1933.

“Sub-Dictator,” Time Magazine, August 21, 1933.

“Double Sentence on German Priest,” London Times, August 31, 1933.

“German Priest is Jailed for Criticizing Hitlerism,” The New York Times, August 31, 1933.

“Charges Nazis Seek to Wipe Out Catholic Church in Germany,” The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), September 1, 1933.

“Jewish Women Judges among Those Dismissed,” The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), September 1, 1933.

“The Pope Denounces Anti-Semitism,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), September 1, 1933.

“Priest Imprisoned,” Examiner (Australia), September 1, 1933.

“Hitler’s Religious Policy, Vatican Displeased,” Telegraph (Australia), September 9, 1933.

“Concordat Delay Denied, Pope’s Disapproval of Nazi Policies not Holding up Ratification,” The New York Times, September 10, 1933.

“Vatican Concordat with Germany, Will the Pope Sign?” The Palestine Post, September 11, 1933.

“Concordat with Vatican,” The Sydney Morning Herald, September 13, 1933.

“Jews in Germany, Vatican Demands Humane Treatment, Terms of Concordat,” Canberra Times (Australia), September 13, 1933.

“Pope Signs Pact with Germany, ‘Jews Must Be Treated with Christian Charity’,” The Palestine Post, September 13, 1933.

“Vatican Concordat, Humane Treatment of Jews,” The Argus (Australia), September 13, 1933.

“The Pope and German Jewry,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), September 15, 1933.

“Pope Delays Ratification of Concordat with Germany Because of Persecution of Jews,” The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh) September 15, 1933.

“The Success of the Boycott, Dr. Goebbels’ Admission,” The Palestine Post, September 19, 1933.

“Vatican Denounces Nazi Methods in Austria,” The Palestine Post, September 24, 1933.

“Protestant and Catholic Condemnation of Hitlerism in ‘the Voice of Religion,’” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, October 9, 1933, accessed online on October 10, 2015.

“Christian Press and Churchmen Decry Nazi Anti-Jewish Policy,” Chicago Sentinel, October 19, 1933.

“Cardinal Urges Nazis to End Persecutions; Asserts His Appeal Is Backed by All Bishops,” The New York Times, October 20, 1933.

“Germany and the Vatican, Difficulties in Final Settlement,” London Times, November 2, 1933.

“Goering’s Outburst Shocks Vatican, Protest to Be Made to German Government,” The Advertiser (Australia), November 14, 1933.

“See Catholicism and Protestantism Joining Fight Against Nazi Regime,” The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), November 17, 1933.

“See Catholicism and Protestantism Living up Against Nazis,” Chicago Sentinel, November 23, 1933.

“Catholic Priest Jailed,” The New York Times, November 28, 1933.

“Germany. Sterilsation Law. Papal Inhibitions,” Sydney Morning Herald (Australia), November 29, 1933.

“Priest Urges Catholic Group to Denounce Hitlerism,” Chicago Sentinel, November 30, 1933.

“Nazi Bishop Tries to Save Authority… Catholic Priests are Arrested in Bavaria as Spreaders of ‘Atrocity Stories’,” The New York Times, December 1, 1933.

“Roman Catholic Priests Arrested,” London Times, December 1, 1933.

“La police bavaroise arrête plusieurs prêtres catholiques,” Gazette de Lausanne, December 1, 1933.

“Germany Mass Sterilisation, Official Mentions 300,000,” The Sydney Morning Herald, December 2, 1933.

“Nazi Imprison 2 Priests for ‘Insulting Remarks’,” The New York Times, December 3, 1933.

“Cardinal Attacks Nazi Church Plan, Faulhaber Asks Protestants to Join Catholics in Defense Against Paganism. Reich Bishop Retreats, Mueller Quits Hitlerite Group and Bars Political Links by His Cabinet Members,” The New York Times, December 5, 1933.

“German Priests, Campaign by Nazi Police, Many in Goal,” The Canberra Times (Australia), December 5, 1933.

“Cardinal Refutes Nazis on the Bible, Cardinal Defends Prominent Figures and Moral Values of the Old Testament,” The New York Times, December 13, 1933.

“Catholics Combat Nazi ‘Aryan’ Clause, Vatican Insists on Exemption From Ruling as Impasses Over Concordat Continues. New Parleys Fruitless, Bishops Stand Firm against Intervention‒Nazi Defied by One on Catholic Press,” The New York Times, December 14, 1933.

German Priest Imprisoned,” The New York Times, December 16, 1933.

“Austrian Bishops Oppose the Nazis,” The New York Times, December 23, 1933.

“Pope’s Sterilization Ban. 1931 Encyclical Denied State Has Power over Bodies,” The New York Times, December 24, 1933.

“Sterilization Condemned by Pope; Nazis’ Plan Is Held Un-Christian; Pontiff Urges in Christmas Message Continued Prayers for Peace and Welfare of World-Finds Joy in Success of the Holy Year, But Is Saddened by ‘Conflicts.’ Pope Condemns Nazi Sterilization,” The New York Times, December 24, 1933.

“Pope Pius Attacks Nazi Sterilization Program in Christmas Speech,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, December 26, 1933, accessed online on September 24, 2015.

“Catholic Church Backs Dollfuss, in Fight on Nazis,” Chicago Sentinel, December 28, 1933.

“Economic Sanity Acts, Attempts to Stop the Rot, Sterilisation Terrible Menace,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), December 29, 1933.

 

1934

“Cardinal Assails ‘Myths’ About Old Teutons, Notes They Kept Slaves and Were Slothful,” The New York Times, January 4, 1934.

“Church v. State, First Shot in Battle, Priest Sentenced,” Examiner (Australia), January 4, 1934.

“Archbishop Denounces Nordic Myth,The Jewish Chronicle (UK), January 5, 1934.

“Editorials,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, January 7, 1934, accessed online on October 10, 2015.

“Nazis Jail Priests on Sedition Charge; Two Go to Prison Camp, but Specific Accusations against Them Are Not Revealed,” The New York Times, January 6, 1934.

“Roman Catholics in the New Reich, Two Priests Arrested,” London Times, January 7, 1934.

“Right to Criticism,” London Times, January 9, 1934.

“Bishops Blasted,” Time Magazine, January 15, 1934.

“Papen Holds Nazis Honor Papal Ideas; Calls Third Reich the First State to Put Teachings of Vatican Into Practice. Asks Catholic Support Cites Utterances of Leo XIII and Plus XI on Capital and Labor - Scores Austrian Bishops,” The New York Times, January 15, 1934.

“Appeal for Force,” The Courier-Mail (Australia), January 17, 1934.

“German Priests Arrested, ‘Protective Custody,’” The Courier-Mail (Australia), January 17, 1934.

“Nazis Explain Priest’s Arrest,” The New York Times, January 18, 1934.

“Another German Priest Held,” New York Times, January 19, 1934.

“Nazis and Roman Catholics, The Concordat and After, Breach Widening,” London Times, January 23, 1934.

“Stories of German Prison Camps,” London Times, January 25, 1934.

“Three Priests Sentenced,” The New York Times, January 25, 1934.

“Vatican Bans Racial Broadsides on Jews in German Churches,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, January 25, 1934, accessed online on September 24, 2015.

“Vatican Bans Racial Broadsides on Jews in German Churches,” Chicago Sentinel, February 1, 1934.

“Shot at Archbishop’s Palace in Munich, Vatican Indignant at Outrage,” The Palestine Post, February 4, 1934.

“Vatican and the Nazis, Departures from the Concordat,” London Times, February 7, 1934.

“Roman Catholics in Germany, the Youth Issue, Cardinal Received by Herr Hitler,” London Times, February 9, 1934.

“Nazi State Fights Catholic Church to Curb its Power, German Struggle’s Bitterness Exemplified by Shots Fired at Cardinal’s Palace, 200 Priests Held in Year, Devout Adherents of the Faith Now Little Better Off Than the Jews and ‘Marxists, Concordat of No Avail….’” The New York Times, February 12, 1934.

“Vatican and Germany, Many Points in Dispute, Concordat Attacked,” The Courier Mail (Australia), February 12, 1934.

“Pope Bans Books by 2 Nazi Leaders; Attacks on Church by Bergman and Rosenberg Are Placed on Vatican’s Index. Both Urged New Religion Head of the Hitlerite ‘Foreign Office’ Assailed for ‘Mythical Faith of Blood or Race,’” The New York Times, February 14, 1934.

“Sharp Attacks on Nazi Raceology, ‘Villainous and Fanatical,’” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), February 16, 1934.

“Cardinal Hits Nazis Again, Faulhaber All but Accuses Them of Bad Faith on Concordat,” The New York Times, February 19, 1934.

“The German Church, Resistance to Primate,” London Times, February 23, 1934.

“The Vatican and German Jewry,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), February 23, 1934.

“Vatican Bars Anti-Christian Anti-Semitic Books of Nazi Leaders,” The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), February 23, 1934.

“Pope Scores Move toward Paganism; Pontiff Finds Danger Also in Sterilization Measures Taken by Germany. Fight in Reich Expected Possibility of the Vatican’s Denouncing Concordat with Nazis Is Seen,” The New York Times, February 25, 1934.

“Pope Makes Cardinal Faulhaber an Envoy to Give Him Immunity from Nazi Arrest,” The New York Times, February 28, 1934.

“The Pope Speaks,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), March 2, 1934.

“Bishop Müller’s Move, Prussian Church Absorbed, Blow at Free Synods,” London Times, March 4, 1934.

“Bishop Müller’s Progress, Chief of Staff Appointed, Catholics Uneasy,” London Times, March 5, 1934.

“Pope Names Cardinal Papal Legate to Foil Nazis,” Ohio Jewish Chronicle, March 9, 1934.

“The Cardinal Archbishop of Munich,” The Palestine Post, March 12, 1934.

“Judaism, Christianity and ‘Germanism,’” The Palestine Post, March 12, 1934.

“Judaism, Christianity and ‘Germanism,’” The Palestine Post, March 13, 1934.

“Faulhaber Book Banned; Cardinal Held to Have Defamed German Race in Sermons,” The New York Times, March 14, 1934.

“Judaism, Christianity and ‘Germanism,’” The Palestine Post, March 14, 1934.

“Catholics Are Urged to Fight Nazi Curbs, Cardinal Tells Breslau Diocese It Is Sacred Duty of Clergy to Be Firm Against Attacks,” The New York Times, March 22, 1934.

“Nazi Race Laws Critic Assailed by Hans Frank,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, March 27, 1934, accessed online on September 24, 2015.

“Prelate Assails Nazi Racial Books, Catholic Bishop of Berlin Tells Congregation There Can Be No Compromise with Satan, Anticipates Persecution, Declares It Should Be Suffered Gladly, for Church Will Emerge Triumphant,” The New York Times, March 31, 1934.

“Nazis Reprove Bishop. Press Censures Berlin Prelate for Criticism of Racial Theories,” The New York Times, April 1, 1934.

“Pope Backs Youth in Resisting Nazis, Exhorts Young Catholics in Germany to Fight Against Alluring Propaganda….” The New York Times, April 3, 1934.

“Germany and the Vatican,” London Times, April 4, 1934.

“Catholic Defiance of Nazis Mounts, Bishop Implies Hitler Regime Is Treating the Concordat as a Scrap of Paper, Church Ready for Battle…” The New York Times, April 5, 1934.

“Pope Encourages Catholics in Reich; He Tells Young German Group to Make Themselves Ready for Heavier Sacrifices. Promises His Protection, Lauds His Hearers for Their Loyalty in Defending the Rights of the Church,” The New York Times, April 6, 1934.

“The Pope Speaks Again,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), April 6, 1934.

“Catholicism Aids Reich Protestants, Priests Speak Out Against the Nazis, While Rebellious Ministers are Muzzled, Racial Theories Assailed. Bishop of Muenster Scores Hitlerite ‘Pagans” in One of Chief Easter Declarations,” The New York Times, April 8, 1934.

“Nazis and German Catholics, Government Silence,” London Times, April 9, 1934.

“Wuerzburg Bishop is Raided,” The New York Times, April 10, 1934.

“Germany and the Vatican, Denial of Breakdown in Negotiations,” London Times, April 12, 1934.

“Challenges to Hitlerism,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), April 13, 1934.

“Germans Sentence a Priest,” The New York Times, April 13, 1934.

“Germany’s Church Struggle Proceeding on Two Fronts. Nazi Coordinators Find Themselves opposed Not Only by Many Protestant Pastors But by Priests of the Catholic Church,” The New York Times,” April 15, 1934.

“Pope Shows Clash in Reich is Grave; His Intervention Twice in Rapid Succession Proves Gravity of Dispute over Youth. Nazis Held to Bar Peace Vatican Hints German Regime Seeks Pretext to Dissolve Catholic Organizations,” The New York Times. April 15, 1934.

“God Revealed Law, Says Reich Bishop,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, April 20, 1934, accessed online on September 24, 2015.

“Bavarian Catholic Organ Banned After Mob Attack,” The New York Times, April 21, 1934.

“A Letter from Germany,” London Times, April 25, 1934.

“Nazis Confiscate Catholic Protest, Seize Organ Printing Denial by Cardinal Faulhaber That He Backed Youth Curbs. Pope’s Address in Issue, Goebbels in Speech Warns Reich Catholics against Anti-Government Activities,” The New York Times, April 27, 1934.

“Sees Christianity Menaced in Reich; Catholic Bishop Says Dangers Are United Church Plan and Faith Movement. Fears Control by State Nazi Warns Against Influencing of Decisions After Papal Message of Sympathy,” The New York Times, May 14, 1934.

“The Pope and Würzburg Disorders,” London Times, May 14, 1934.

“Hitler Halts Attack, Has Copies of Stuermer Seized After Bishops Protest,” The New York Times, May 19, 1934.

“Pope Condemns Nazis’ Paganism As a German Saint Is Canonized; Tells 5,000 Pilgrims That Life of Humble Capuchin Doorman Is ‘Admonition to All Who Have Wandered Far From Truth’ and Seek to Restore Pagan Customs,” The New York Times, May 21, 1934.

“Catholics Youth in Germany, Swabian Restrictions,” London Times, May 22, 1934.

“The Fulda Conference, Catholic Difficulties in Bavaria,” London Times, June 6, 1934.

“Forty Seized in Raid on Palestine Pioneers by Lithuanian Police; Episcopate, Rabbinate Meet, Cardinal Hits Acts of Violence,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, June 10, 1934, accessed online on October 10, 2015.

 “Dr. Goebbels in Poland, a Catholic Protest,” London Times, June 13, 1934.

“Now-editorial Notes,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, June 13, 1934, accessed online on September 24, 2015.

“Cardinal Calls for Goodwill Before 30, 000,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, June 14, 1934, accessed online on September 24, 2015.

 “Total State v. Total Church,” Time Magazine, June 18, 1934.

“Nazis Imprison Priest To Save Him From Attack,” The New York Times, June 21, 1934.

“Catholics and Nazis, Conference on Concordat,” London Times, June 22, 1934.

“A Crisis in Hitler’s Cabinet,” The Palestine Post, June 22, 1934.

“German Catholics Hold Big Meeting. Bishop in Berlin Tells 75,000 Not to Heed the ‘Faltering Words of Human Beings.’ Sees Destructive Force, He Urges a Protecting Shield Against It…,” The New York Times, June 25, 1934.

“Nazis See Jews, Catholics in Plot,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, June 25, 1934, accessed online on September 24, 2015.

“Pope Intervenes for Jews,” The Palestine Post, June 25, 1934.

“German and the Vatican, Agreement on the Concordat, Youth Accusations,” London Times, July 1, 1934.

“German Catholics Score Nazi Ways, Bishops in Letter to Clergy Assail Nordic ‘Mystery’ and Pagan Tendencies. Strike at Persecution. They Protest the Suppression of Press and Declared They Won’t Be Silenced.” The New York Times, July 1, 1934.

“Jewish Life, Thought and Action in Books of the Day,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, July 1, 1934, accessed online on September 24, 2015.

“Catholic Issue Subordinated,” The New York Times, July 3, 1934.

“Silesian Governor Threatens to Kill Priests Who ‘Plot’ Against the Hitler Government,” The New York Times, July 4, 1934.

“Vatican Newspaper Critical,” The New York Times, July 4, 1934.

“Reich Suppressed Catholic Protest; Paper’s Indiscretion Reveals Price the Bishops Paid for Recent Concessions. Their Letter Hit Nazis, Assailed ‘New Pagan Heresy’ and Denied Prelates Were Agents of Political Groups,” The New York Times, July 5, 1934.

“Vatican Asserts Catholic Leader Was Murdered,” The Palestine Post, July 5, 1934.

“Storm Troopers Agitate for Boycott against Reich Jewry,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, July 6, 1934, accessed online on October 10, 2015.

“Von Papen’s Position, A Mysterious Safe,” London Times, July 6, 1934.

“Priest Defies the Nazis,” The New York Times, July 8, 1934.

“60,000 Catholics Hear Nazis Defied, Told by Cardinal Faulhaber at Jubilee Church Will Make No Concessions, Priests Urged to Resist, ‘Must Rise Against Spirit of Times,’ Primate Insists at Huge Demonstration,” The New York Times, July 9, 1934.

“Vatican Paper Assails Reich,” The New York Times, July 10, 1934.

“Vatican Condemns Nazis as Ruthless, Official Newspaper Severe in Condemnation of Methods Used in Party ‘Purge’, Forgiveness Would Have Been Granted Even to Judas, Says Osservatore RomanoThe New York Times, July 15, 1934.

“Another Nazi Victim, Youth Leader’s Fate, Catholic Indignation,” London Times, July 16, 1934.

“Hitler’s Talk on Killings Scored by Vatican Paper,” The New York Times, July 17, 1934.

“Germany’s Night of Blood, Catholic Victims of Clean-Up, Vatican Incensed,” The Courier-Mail (Australia), July 18, 1934.

“Reich Bans Foreign Papers,” The New York Times, July 20, 1934.

“Faulhaber Speaks Up, The Archbishop Has Once More Dared to Stand Against the Nazis,” The New York Times, July 22, 1934.

“Pagans and Gags,” Time Magazine, July 23, 1934.

“Herr Dollfuss, A Chancellor of Courage,” London Times, July 26, 1934.

“Osterburken Priest Fined,” The New York Times, August 7, 1934.

“Treason Charged at Karlsruhe,” The New York Times, August 7, 1934.

“Streicher v. the Catholic Church,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), August 17, 1934.

“Wipe Out Anti-Semitism, German Catholic Leader’s Stirring Protest,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), August 17, 1934.

“Faulhaber Defies Hitler on Race as Nazis Suppress His Speech,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, August 21, 1934, accessed online on September 24, 2015.

“Cardinal Faulhaber’s Plebiscite Day Appeal,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), August 24, 1934.

“Nazi Bishop Speaks,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), August 24, 1934.

“Nazis v. Jesus Christ,” Time Magazine, September 3, 1934.

“A Cardinal’s Courageous Protest,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), September 7, 1934.

“Catholics in Germany Keep up Fight against Nazis,” Chicago Sentinel, September 13, 1934.

 “The Churches in Germany. Roman Concordat Negotiations. Dr. Müller’s Policy,” London Times, September 20, 1934.

“Reich Bishop’s Apologia, One State, One Church,” London Times, September 21, 1934.

“Roman Catholics and Nazis, Further Hitch in Negotiations, Evangelicals Restive,” London Times, September 22, 1934.

“Hitler is Angered by Vatican’s Note. Regards Statements in Papal Message on Concordat as Attack on His ‘Integrity.’ Nazis Accused by Pacelli. Many Catholic Activities are ‘Almost Impossible,’ He Says-No Reply Made.” The New York Times, October 1, 1934.

“German Faith Movement, Views on Christian Leadership, Episode Nearing its End,” London Times, October 2, 1934.

“Pope Sees Peril in Reich,” The New York Times, October 9, 1934.

“Jews Thank Cardinal Verdier,” The New York Times, October 11, 1934.

“Peasants Guard Bavarian Bishop; 800 Armed With Stones Balk Nazi Interference During Sermon by Meisser. Wurm Restricted Anew, Mueller Bars the Wuerttemberg Prelate From Exercising Clerical Functions,” The New York Times, October 11, 1934.

“Munich Police Use Sabers in Attack Upon Protestants; Charge as a Throng Opposing Ousting of Bavarian Bishop Sings Hymns - One Hurt. Prelate Seized, Escapes, Flees Palace and Preaches Defiant Sermon - Crowds Yell ‘Down With Mueller!’” The New York Times, October 12, 1934.

“Instrument of Satan,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), October 19, 1934.

“Catholics Combat Threats of Nazis; Munich Cardinal Said to Have Pope’s Order for Interdict if He Is Arrested. Hitler’s Talk Delayed, Toothache Prevents Statement on Schism in the Protestant Church over Mueller,” The New York Times, October 23, 1934.

“The Fight with Catholicism,The Jewish Chronicle (UK), November 9, 1934.

“111 Germans Sterilized. Berlin Hospital−2 Catholic Supporters Lost Posts,” The New York Times, November 11, 1934.

“Library in Milan Files Rare Papers,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, November 28, 1934, accessed online on September 24, 2015.

“Six More Stories, Better Elements Struggling for Expression,The Jewish Chronicle (UK), December 21, 1934.

“Pope Begs Peace; Deplores Arming; Will Pray to God to ‘Disperse’ People Who Want War, He Says in Christmas Address. Assails Reich Paganism He Fears Divine Justice Will Strike Those Responsible, He Tells Cardinals. Pope Begs Peace; Deplores Arming,” The New York Times, December 25, 1934.

“Hitler Nominated for Nobel Prize, He is Held to Have Curbed the Spread of Fascism by His ‘Treachery.’ Services of Peace Cited. Withdrawal From the League Helped Persuade Soviet Russia to Join It,” The New York Times, December 30, 1934.

 

1935

“Cardinal Hits at Nazi Teachings, ‘Profanation of God and Christianity,’ Goebbels Message, ‘Rich Blessings from Heaven’,” The Advertiser (Australia), January 2, 1935.

“Pope Receives Hungarian Chief Rabbi,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), January 18, 1935.

“Nazis Ban Catholic Paper, Offenders Said Brazil Would Send Negro Missionaries to Reich,” The New York Times, January 28, 1935.

“Vatican Sees Crisis in Reich Relations, Reconciliation or Break between the Pontiff and Germany is Expected Soon,” The New York Times, February 4, 1935.

“The Hitlerites on Hitlerism, Quotations from the Nazi Press,” The Jewish Criterion, February 8, 1935.

“Cardinal in Threat to Cut Off Nazis, Excommunication Faces Them if They Force Closing of Bavarian Church Schools. ‘Heathenism’ is Assailed....,” The New York Times, February 11, 1935.

“Protestant in Ultimatum; Prelate Threatens Nazis,” The New York Times, February 11, 1935.

“The German Censored Press,” The Palestine Post, February 12, 1935.

“Une chanson néo-païenne,” Gazette de Lausanne, February 13, 1935.

“Bible Assailed Anew in Reich Magazine,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, February 17, 1935, accessed online on September 24, 2015.

“Catholics Take Lead in Reich Church War, Cardinal Faulhaber Heads Opposition to the Nazis in Struggle That May Be Long and Bitter,” The New York Times, February 17, 1935.

“Strictly Confidential,” The Jewish Criterion, February 22, 1935.

“Bishop Bare Dies, Led Fight on Nazis,” The New York Times, March 2, 1935.

 “Priest Acquitted in Reich of Attack on the State,” The New York Times, March 13, 1935.

“Catholics and Jews, Streicher, An ‘Incredibly Close Association,’ Italy Run by Jews’,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), March 22, 1935.

“The Vatican Protests,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), March 22, 1935.

“New Paganism Denounced. Call to German Catholics. Cardinal Pacelli and ‘False Prophets,’” London Times, March 26, 1935.

“Vatican Plans World Scientific Parley to Expose Nazi Racial Dogmas,” Chicago Sentinel, March 28, 1935.

“Germany Jails Priests, Friars and Nuns; Violations of the Exchange Laws Charged,” The New York Times, March 30, 1935.

“Nazi Church Policy,” The Sydney Morning Herald, April 1, 1935.

“Priests and Nuns Arrested,” The Sydney Morning Herald, April 1, 1935.

 “The Pope and Blood Libel,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), April 5, 1935.

“The Pope and the Jews,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), April 5, 1935.

“Last Warning,” Time Magazine, April 8, 1935.

“Priest is Sentenced for Criticizing Nazis, Gets 1 ½-Year Term on Basis of Talk with Students on an Anti-Christian Book,” The New York Times, April 12, 1935.

“Cardinal Assails Nazis,” The New York Times, April 15, 1935.

“Priest Gets Five-Month Sentence,” The New York Times, April 15, 1935.

“Pagans Privileged in New Nazi Order; Permit Granted for Berlin Mass Meeting While Christian Gatherings Are Banned,” The New York Times, April 19, 1935.

“Bishop Nikolaus Bares,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), April 26, 1935.

[The Bishop of Berlin], Southern Cross (Australia), April 26, 1935.

“Rabbi Defano, Pope’s Hebrew Teacher, Dead,” Ohio Jewish Chronicle, April 26, 1935.

“Nazis Arrest Many in Catholic Orders; Raid 54 Societies of Nuns and Monks Allegedly Violating Foreign Exchange Laws...,” The New York Times, April 28, 1935.

“Goebbels’ Mules,” Time Magazine, April 29, 1935.

“Nazis Warned at Lourdes,” The New York Times, April 29, 1935.

“Papal Dignitary Hits German Race Theory,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, May 2, 1935, accessed online on September 24, 2015.

“Brownshirts’ Attack on Catholic Pilgrims. Vatican Indignation,” London Times, May 3, 1935.

“Pope Plans Action on Nazi Affronts. Confers with Cardinal Pacelli on Reports Young Pilgrims were Beaten and Derided. Appeal to World Likely. Vatican Loath to Denounce Concordat, Fearing to Make Catholics’ Lot Worse,” The New York Times, May 3, 1935.

“Reich Confiscates Catholic Papers; Suppresses Organ’s Printing Bishop’s Letter Demanding Confessional Schools,” The New York Times, May 4, 1935.

“Triduum at Lourdes,” Time Magazine, May 6, 1935.

“Pope Assails Reich’s Treatment of Pilgrims; Deplores ‘De-Christianization’ of Germany,” The New York Times, May 7, 1935.

“Onward Pagan Germany,” The Palestine Post, May 8, 1935.

“Reich Sentences Priest. Rhineland Pastor Gets 5 Months for ‘Insulting Remarks.’” The New York Times, May 15, 1935.

“Down with Christianity, The Battle-Cry of Nazi Heathens in Bavaria,” The Palestine Post, May 21, 1935.

“Pope Condemns Sterilization by Germany,” The New York Times, May 25, 1935.

“Jews and Catholics Attacked in Munich, Nazi Rowdies Arrested,” The Palestine Post, May 29, 1935.

“Catholics in Nazi Germany,” Pope Decries Paganism-Monks and Nuns in Prison Cells- Another Party Purge,” The Palestine Post, June 2, 1935.

“Reich Bars Editors for Catholic Plea, Removes Credentials of Those Who Printed Appeal by the Breslau Episcopate. Nazi Papers Condemn it….” The New York Times, June 5, 1935.

“20 German Editors Lose Their Jobs,” The Palestine Post, June 15, 1935.

“Reich Bans Four Issues of The New York Times,” The New York Times, June 19, 1935.

“Soviet Held Seeking Accord with Vatican, Possibility of Aim Seen in Talks between Cardinal Verdier and Benes in Prague,” The New York Times, July 1, 1935.

“Rosenberg Reads Nazi Foe’s Attack, Letter of Catholic Bishop Calls Leader’s Visit a ‘Mockery’ of Religion. Raps Heathen Doctrines. Cultural Director Assails the Churchman−Count von Preysing New Berlin Bishop,” New York Times, July 7, 1935.

“Catholics and Reich. Nazi Offensive Intensified. Mothercraft Courses Proscribed,” London Times, July 11, 1935.

“Cardinal Greets Jews in Hebrew Message,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, July 12, 1935, accessed online on September 24, 2015.

“Firemen Rescue Priest from Hostile Nazi Boys,” The New York Times, July 13, 1935.

“Vatican Organ Opens Attack on Third Reich,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, July 16, 1935, accessed online on March 9, 2016.

“Nazis and the Church, New Attack on Catholics, General Göring’s Edict,” London Times, July 19, 1935.

“Nazis Tighten Law on Sterilization; Answer Catholics. Decree Sets Heavy Penalties for Spreading Propaganda Against the Process. Drive on Jews is Pushed. Warnings of Higher-Ups Are Disregarded−Press Cores Foreign ‘Atrocity Reports,’” The New York Times, July 19, 1935.

“Reich Strikes at Catholics; Rules Attacks by Priests are Assault on Nazi State…Regime is Assailed in Pulpits… it is Charged, Clergy Expects Spying… End of Concordat Foreseen,” The New York Times, July 19, 1935.

“Vatican Bans Reich Book. Second Work of Rosenberg, Neo-Pagan Leader, Proscribed,” The New York Times, July 20, 1935.

“General ‘Purge’ Continues,” The New York Times, July 21, 1935.

“Nazi Reich in Throes of New ‘Purification’, Both Catholics and Jews Targets in Drive to Bar ‘Treason’ Against National Socialist Regime, Goebbels’s Ideas Prevailing,” The New York Times, July 21, 1935.

“Priests Who Assail Nazi ‘Purge” Today Will Be Arrested, Decree Order Prosecutors to Obtain Swift Punishment in ‘Plottings Against State.’ Vatican Protests Anew…,” The New York Times, July 21, 1935.

“Catholic Priests Silent on Nazi-Church Dispute, Except in South Germany… But Police Stationed in Churches Have Not Yet Taken any Action… Nazis Accuse the Catholics of Having Been First to Break Reich-Vatican Accord, Jews Under New Curbs….,” The New York Times, July 22, 1935.

“German Priests Risked Arrest, Read Criticism of Nazis,” Newcastle Sun (Australia), July 22, 1935.

“New German Edict Defied by Priests, Nazi Criticised from Pulpit, Police Hiding in Churches Hear Goering’s Drive on Catholics Scored” Los Angeles Times, July 22, 1935.

“Nazi Regime. Its Future Discussed in British Press,” The Sydney Morning Herald, July 24, 1935.

“Join Boycott, Catholics Urged by Samuel Untermyer,” Chicago Sentinel, July 25, 1935.

“The Nazi Drive,” The New York Times, July 28, 1935.

“Germany Presses War on Catholics; Priest Is Jailed, Youth Group Is Barred and Confessional Organizations Are Warned,” The New York Times, July 29, 1935.

“Catholic Boycott on Olympics Urged. Participation in Berlin Games Means Condoning Nazi Acts, the Commonweal Asserts. Brundage is Disputed. Editorial Points to the Reich’s Assault on Youth Group and Asks ‘Sacrifice’ for Church.” The New York Times, July 31, 1935.

“Herr Rosenberg’s Attack on Bishop, Eugenic Laws to be Enforced Against Catholics,” Advocate (Australia), August 1, 1935.

“The Nazi Terror in Full Swing,” Chicago Sentinel, August 1, 1935.

“Catholic Priests Sentenced,” The New York Times, August 3, 1935.

“Nazi Spies Scored in Vatican Protest, Representations to Germany Bitterly Assail the Hostile Watching of Priests. Agitations is Deplored. “Grotesque” Methods Are Said to Be Used in Stirring up the Public against Church,” The New York Times, August 4, 1935.

“Reich Won’t Reform, Minister Warns Foes. Frick Assails Correspondents, Catholics, Jews, Steel Helmet Men and Free-Masons,” The New York Times, August 4, 1935.

“Vatican Attacks General Goering,” The Palestine Post, August 5, 1935.

“Nazi-Catholic War Openly Declared; Pope Sees Trouble; Party Posters in Berlin Charge ‘Centre’ Forces Are Aided by Reds and Promise Action,” The New York Times, August 6, 1935.

“Nazis Defy Church Order, Sterlisation Law Binding for All Germans,” The Palestine Post, August 7, 1935.

“En Allemagne, Le Conflit religieux,” Gazette de Lausanne, August 8, 1935.

“Germany Bans 36 Foreign Newspapers,” The Palestine Post, August 11, 1935.

“Nazis to Define Citizenship,” The New York Times, August 11, 1935.

“A Letter from London, Nazi Attacks on the Church… The Archbishop’s Warning,” Advocate (Australia), August 15, 1935.

“German Priest Goes To Prison as Critic; Gets Nine Months for Repeating Foreign Reports -Another Held on Similar Charge,” The New York Times, August 17, 1935.

“Catholic Priest Censured,” The New York Times, August 15, 1935.

“Le Vatican et le Troisième Reich,” Gazette de Lausanne, August 27, 1935.

“Nazi Censor Bans Address by Pope, Newspapers Are Allowed to Do No More Than Mention His Talk on Paganism,” The New York Times, August 30, 1935.

“Catholic Again Assailed,” The New York Times, August 31, 1935.

“Nazis Continue Drive against Reich Jews; 2 Editors Arrested, Catholic Newsmen Reported Demonstrations,” The Palestine Post, September 1, 1935.

“Text of Salient Parts of German Catholic Bishop’s Letter,” The New York Times, September 2, 1935.

“Nazi Circles Untroubled,” The New York Times, September 3, 1935.

“Reich Press Silent on Bishop’s Attack, No Direct Reference Made to Catholic Pastoral Letter, but Police Ban its Sale. Monks are Fined Heavily. Redemptorist Order Must Pay 468,000 Marks−’Non-Aryan” Art Dealers Banned,” The New York Times, September 3, 1935.

“Catholics Strong in Reich, Nazis’ Formidable Adversary,” The Palestine Post, September 4, 1935.

“Catholic Church Attacks ‘Race-ology’, Nazism and Pharisaical Pride,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), September 6, 1935.

“German Nazi Party, “‘Congress of Freedom’,” The Moderates’ Turn,” The Age (Australia), September 10, 1935.

“Nazi Congress Given Military Twist. Huge Gathering of Troops. Tumultuous Welcome for Hitler,” Advocate (Australia), September 12, 1935.

“Reich Plans New Laws against Jews,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, September 12, 1935, accessed online on October 25, 2015.

“Schacht to Demand 2-year Truce in War on Jews, Catholics,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, September 12, 1935, accessed online on October 25, 2015.

“Reich Press Sure Drive against Jews Will Continue,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, September 13, 1935, accessed online on October 25, 2015.

“Failure to Get Big Loan Spurring Schacht against Nazis,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, September 15, 1935, accessed online on October 25, 2015.

“Nazi Laws on Jews Put into Effect,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, September 19, 1935, accessed online on October 25, 2015.

“Germany: Little Man Big Doings,” Time Magazine, September 23, 1935.

“All Jewish Notaries in Reich Lose Posts,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, October 2, 1935, accessed online on October 25, 2015.

“No Winter Relief for Jews; Girls Must Quit Jobs,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, October 4, 1935, accessed online on October 25, 2015.

“Stern Protest from the Semi-Official Vatican Organ,” Southern Cross (Australia), October 4, 1935.

“Vatican Organ Blames Nazi Dogmas for Murder of Jewish Football Player,” The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), October 4, 1935.

“Reich Jails 3 Priests. They are Accused of Conducting Financial Transactions Abroad,” The New York Times, October 6, 1935.

“Germany Arrests a Catholic Bishop; Mgr. Peter Legge of Meissen Is Seized on Charge of Violating Currency Exchange Law,” The New York Times, October 11, 1935.

“Shocked at Arrest of Bishop,” The New York Times, October 12, 1935.

“Nazis Arrest Daughter of Austria’s Chief Rabbi,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, October 15, 1935, accessed online on October 25, 2015.

“Christians Ask World to Repudiate Nazis,” Chicago Sentinel, October 17, 1935.

“Lithuanian Churches to Ask Cessation of Anti-Semitism,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, October 24, 1935, accessed online on October 25, 2015.

“3 More Priests Go to Prison in Reich; One Gets 5 Years for Currency Smuggling and Two 150,000 Mark Fines Are Imposed. Another Priest a Suicide, Judge Announces That Former Head of Dominican Group Killed Himself in Jail,” The New York Times, October 24, 1935.

“Jewish Outcasts, Boycott as Reply to Hitler. World Jewry Organising.” Daily Standard (Australia), October 26, 1935.

“The Pope Returns to the City of the Vatican,” Southern Cross (Australia), November 1, 1935.

“Nazis Fine Priest Not Flying Banner; Fourteen Others Examined on Charge of Failing to Show Swastika on Churches. 12 Years Asked For Nun. She Is Accused in an Exchange Case -Theological School of Independents Barred,” The New York Times. November 3, 1935.

“Priest Jailed on Flag Charge,” Los Angeles Times, November 3, 1935.

“Jail Priest as Smuggler; But German Judges Indicate They Feel Ignorance of Law to Blame,” The New York Times, November 10, 1935.

“Lithuania Orders Probe of Anti-Jewish Riots,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, November 10, 1935, accessed online on October 25, 2015.

“Two More Priests Jailed in Germany; Sister of One Is Also Sent to Prison for Alleged Acts Damaging to Nazis,” The New York Times, November 13, 1935.

“Stenographer Held in the Meissen Trial; Had Been Giving Foreign Papers Report of Proceedings against German Catholic Bishop,” The New York Times, November 17, 1935.

“Trial of Bishop of Meissen,” London Times, November 20, 1935.

“Nazi Ambiguity, Vatican’s Answer to Hitler’s Charges,” Advocate (Australia), November 21, 1935.

“Hitler’s Germany,” Southern Cross (Australia), November 22, 1935.

“5-Year Prison Term Is Asked for Bishop…,” The New York Times, November 22, 1935.

“Meissen Bishop Sentenced,” The New York Times, November 24, 1935.

“Paradise for Blackmailers,” Time Magazine, November 25, 1935.

“Catholics Arrested, New Nazi Campaign, Offensive against Church, Confidential Documents Seized,” The Argus (Australia), November 27, 1935.

“Bannasch Accused as ‘Spy;’ Germany Sets Up Trained Reserve, The New York Times, November 29, 1935.

“Two Local Revolts in Reich Reported, Priest and 19 Parishioners are Jailed After a Fight With Police Over Flag, Nazi Students Beaten, Group in Marburg Who Tried to Upset Traditions Set Upon by Residents,” The New York Times, November 29, 1935.

“Hitler Wars on Catholics; Conviction of Bishop and Arrest of Another Leader Mark Reopening of Reich Conflict,” The New York Times, December 1, 1935.

“Reich Bans Cardinal’s Newspaper,” The New York Times, December 3, 1935.

“En Allemagne, l’arrestation de prêtres catholiques,” Gazette de Lausanne, December 14, 1935.

“Nazis Delay Trial of Catholic Priest; Mgr. Bannasch Is Reported to Have Received Instructions From Cardinal Faulhaber,” The New York Times, December 14, 1935.

“Reich Fines 2 More Priests,” The New York Times, December 16, 1935.

 

1936

“10,000 Girls Forces out of Jobs, Nazi Persecution of Jews,” Courier-Mail (Australia), January 2, 1936.

“Nazis and Catholics Renew Their Truce, But Berlin Bishop Fails to Get Promise of Amnesty for Imprisoned Group,” The New York Times, January 4, 1936.

“Protestations énergiques contre la campagne antisémite en Hongrie,” Israël, January 8, 1936.

“Priest is Jailed in Germany,” The New York Times, January 13, 1936.

“Flouts Pope’s Knowledge,” Chicago Sentinel, January 16, 1936.

“Reich Priest Imprisoned For His Warning to Girls,” The New York Times, January 17, 1936.

“Catholic Priest, Foe of Nazis, Sentenced, Jesuit Convicted of Attacking Party and State in Sermons in Cologne Pulpit,” The New York Times, January 22, 1936.

“Racial Policy is Basic, Dr Gross Replies to Pope,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), January 24, 1936.

“Three More Priests Penalized by Reich, One Gets 9 Months of Criticism of State, Another 3 Months−Third Subjected to Fine,” The New York Times, February 9, 1936.

“Munich Cardinal Assails Nazi Press ‘Lies’; Faulhaber Denounces Slanders on the Pope,” The New York Times, February 10, 1936.

“Nazis Strike Blow at Catholic Youth; 150 Leaders Jailed; Those Held Are Charged With Treasonable Relations with Communist Organizations,” The New York Times, February 12, 1936.

“Nazis Tighten Grip of Secret Police; Force Authorized to Command District Governors in Move to Raise ‘Striking Power.’ Papal Nuncio Intervenes, Calls at Foreign Office After the Arrests of Leaders of Catholic Youth Groups. Secret Police Get More Reich Power,” The New York Times, February 13, 1936.

“Charges by Nazis. Roman Catholics Involved. Plotting with Communists. Drive against Bible Society,” The Argus (Australia), February 15, 1936.

“Persecution in Germany,” The Sydney Morning Herald (Australia), February 18, 1936.

“Foreign,” Western Mail (Australia), February 20, 1936.

“Catholic Prelate is Freed in Reich; Mgr. Bannasch’s Release is Reported after Decision to Drop Treason Charge. He Was Held 4 Months. State Now Believes His Reports to Vatican Were Not Giving News to ‘Foreign Power.’ The New York Times, February 26, 1936.

“Nazis Gaol Priest,” The Queenslander (Australia), February 27, 1936.

“Reich Clergy Raided on Getting Red Mail; Now They Open It in Postman’s Presence,” The New York Times, March 12, 1936.

“France Reaffirms Demand for League Action against Germany, Herr Hitler Asks ‘Peace…,’” The Palestine Post, March 15, 1936.

“Germany: Best Mouths,” Time Magazine, March 30, 1936.

“Germany Jails 9 Priests, Thirteen Convicted of Smuggling Out Marks Between Slices of Bread,” The New York Times, April 5, 1936.

“Nazi Critics Freed by Hitler Amnesty, Those Sentenced to Less Than Six Months for Political Activities Are Pardoned, Clergy Are Not Included…,” The New York Times, April 25, 1936.
.

“Scores German Minister, Vatican Paper Assails Dr. Frank on Race and Sterilization Laws,” The New York Times, April 6, 1936.

“Pontiff Condemns Red and Nazi Curbs; He Decries Interference with Religion in Russia and Reich-Assails Communism Anew. Hopes for Era of Peace Sees Possibility of It With the War in Ethiopia Ended-Catholic Press Praised. Pontiff Condemns Red Nazi Curbs,” The New York Times, May 13, 1936.

“Ban on the Nazi Party in Holland Is Ordered by Catholic Bishops, Pastoral Letter to Be Read Today Warns Sacraments Will Be Denied to Those Who Join….,” The New York Times, May 24, 1936.

“8-Year Jail Term for German Priest; Three Franciscans Monks Get Higher Sentences in Mass Trials for Immorality,” The New York Times, May 28, 1936.

“Catholic Church in Holland Bans Nazis,” Chicago Sentinel, May 28, 1936.

“Catholic Archbishops and the Jews,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), May 29, 1936.

“Germany Imprisons Monastery Teacher, Sentences Another Priest for Immorality….” The New York Times, June 5, 1936.

“Priest Sentenced to 8 Years in Reich…,” The New York Times, June 6, 1936.

“Jews, Gentiles Applaud Cardinal’s Vigorous Denunciation of Hitler,” Chicago Sentinel, July 9, 1936.

“Another Priest Accused in Reich,” The New York Times, June 21, 1936.

“Two German Priests Sentenced,” The New York Times, June 24, 1936.

“Catholic Priest in Danzig Fined,” The New York Times, June 26, 1936.

“Prelate in Danzig Defies Nazi Laws, Bishop O’Rourke Calls on All Church Followers to Defend Their Faith…,” The New York Times, July 24, 1936

“Belgium,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), August 14, 1936.

“Nazi’s Restrictions on the Church, Catholic Bishops’ Protest,” London Times, August 28, 1936.

“Another German Pastoral,” The New York Times, August 30, 1936.

“Catholics Warn Nazis,” Los Angeles Times, August 29, 1936.

“Church and Nazis, Bishops’ Call to People,” London Times, September 1, 1936.

“Vatican Organ Condemns Polish Pogroms,” The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), September 4, 1936.

“Woe to Wotan,” Time Magazine, September 7, 1936.

“Pope Assails Foes of Church in Spain, But Bars Revenge; Tells 400 Refugees That Both Reds and Nazis Are Menaces to Religion in Europe. Pays Honor to Martyrs Urges Avoidance of Excesses in All Efforts to Redress the ‘Savage Persecutions,’” The New York Times, September 15, 1936.

“The Pope on the Jewish Question in Poland,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), September 25, 1936.

“German Pastor is Fined; Failed to Fly Swastika Flag on Church on Hitler Birthday,” The New York Times, October 8, 1936.

“Bishop Says Nazis Distort Papal Aim. Count von Preysing of Berlin Lays Twisting of Catholic Program to Curbs and to Press. He Cites Stand on Reds, Charges Church Has Not Been Permitted to Give Full View for Fighting Communism,” The New York Times, October 13, 1936.

“Paroles chrétiennes,” Israël, October 14, 1936.

“Polish Bishop Holds Anti-Semitism is Anti-Christian,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, October 15, 1936, accessed online on September 24, 2015.

“Pulse Taker,” Time Magazine, October 19, 1936.

“Vatican Organ Hits Nazis for Hiding Truth,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, October 25, 1936, accessed online on September 24, 2015.

“Vatican Organ Hits Nazis for Hiding Truth,” Chicago Sentinel, November 5, 1936.

“Pope Names Three Jews to New Academy of Sciences,” The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), November 6, 1936.

“German Clerics Protest Stuermer’s Drive against Old Testament,” Chicago Sentinel, November 12, 1936.

“Innuendo by Nazis Arouses Catholics. Angriff Groups Pictures of Cardinal Pacelli, Negroes and Mayor La Guardia. Attacks Equality Theory. Runs Display Under Heading ‘At God’s Table All Are Equal’ - Berlin Bishopric Protests,” The New York Times, December 17, 1936.

“The Vatican and Jewish Scientists,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), December 18, 1936.

“Cardinal Pacelli Directing Vatican; Takes Over the Administration of Ecclesiastical Affairs During the Pope’s Illness,” The New York Times, December 19, 1936. 

1937

“Faulhaber Urges Fight on Paganism; Cardinal Asks All German Catholics to Oppose Deschristianizing Forces,” The New York Times, January 1, 1937.

“Pope Attacks Nazi Policies in Christmas Message to World,” The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), January 1, 1937.

“Catholics Pledge Aid to Hitler Anew in War on the Reds; German Prelates, in a Pastoral Letter, Enlist in Crusade with Weapons of Church,” The New York Times, January 2, 1937.

“Joys and Sorrows,” Time Magazine, January 4, 1937.

“Jews Attacked in Fascist Press,” Jewish Chronicle (UK), January 8, 1937.

“Naziism at War with Christianity,” The Palestine Post, January 12, 1937.

“5 German Prelates Inform Pope On Catholics’ Problems in Reich; Improved Conditions Are Expected to Result in Move for Berlin Government’s Official Determination of Church’s Status - Pontiff Is Active After Troubled Night Because of Pain. Disputes Dropped by Catholics,The New York Times, January 18, 1937.

“Sick Pope,” Time Magazine, January 18, 1937.

“Reich Catholic Bishops Combat Neo-Pagan Attacks on Faith,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, January 21, 1937, accessed online on September 24, 2015.

“Vatican Denies Streicher Rumor,” Chicago Sentinel, February 4, 1937.

“The Attack on the Church, Anti-Semitism and Anti-Catholicism, ‘Christianity is Jewish,’” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), February 5, 1937.

“The Man at the Center of Vatican Diplomacy. Cardinal Pacelli, Papal Secretary of State, Has Risen to the Top of an Exacting Service,” The New York Times, February 7, 1937.

“Breaches of Vatican Concordat, Archbishop’s Protest,” London Times, February 14, 1937.

“Nazis Are Assailed by Munich Prelate; Cardinal von Faulhaber Holds in Sermon, They Have Broken the Concordat Repeatedly,” The New York Times, February 15, 1937.

“Nazism the Enemy of Christianity,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), February 26, 1937.

“Vatican Organ Flays Nazi Racial Theory,” Ohio Jewish Chronicle, March 5, 1937.

“The Pope and the Nazis, An Encyclical, Breaches of Reich Concordat,” London Times, March 22, 1937.

 “Pope Warns Nazis Church Will Fight to Keep Its Rights; Strong Encyclical to German Catholics Charges Violations of Concordat With Vatican,” The New York Times, March 22, 1937.

“The Pope’s Letter, Serious Regret in Germany, Future of Concordat,” London Times, March 23, 1937.

 “Pope Denounces ‘Race-ology’,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), March 26, 1937.

“The Pope’s Stand against Nazism,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), March 26, 1937.

“Reich Faces Religious Crisis; Papal Encyclical Has Brought the Issue to a Head for Catholics and Protestants,” The New York Times, March 28, 1937.

“Nos. 29 &.30,” Time Magazine, March 29, 1937.

“Papal Challenge to Nazism,” The Palestine Post, March 31, 1937.

“New Encyclical Widens Reich-Vatican Rupture,” Chicago Sentinel, April 1, 1937.

“Après la persécution des juifs, voici celle des catholiques,” Israël, April 6, 1937.

“Papal Encyclical Seen Veering Hungary against Reich,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, April 7, 1937, accessed online on September 24, 2015.

“Three Priests Among Seven on Trial in Reich Charged With Plotting Catholic-Red Front,” The New York Times, April 8, 1937.

“Reich Court Hears Priest helped All, Persecution Gets Off to Lame Start in Effort to Prove a Catholic-Red Plot, Admits Opposing Hitler, Father Rossaint Wrote Article in 1932 Warning of Danger of a Fascist Government,” The New York Times, April 9, 1937.

“Judge Lectures Priest on Nazism, Defendant in Reich Treason Trial Hears of Blessings of National Socialism, He Opposes Sterilization, This Draws Rebuke From Court-No Evidence Supports the Charge of Catholic-Red Plot, Opposes Sterilization Law Cross-Examination Slow,” The New York Times, April 10, 1937.

“Priest Allowed Reds to Stay at His House, Father Rossaint on Trial in Reich, Broke off Relations With Communists in ‘34,” The New York Times, April 11, 1937.

 “Nazi Judge Scolds Priest as Pacifist; ‘What Has Universal Military Service to Do With Religion?’ He Asks Father Rossaint,” The New York Times, April 13, 1937.

“Berlin Protests Papal Encyclical. Will not Tolerate Interference in its Internal Affairs. Synopsis of Note Says. Bars ‘State Within State.’ Hitler Orders Resumption of Catholics’ Exchange Trials. Judge Hits Foreign Press,” The New York Times, April 14, 1937.

“German Reply to Papal Encyclical,” The Palestine Post, April 16, 1937.

“Nazi Judge Warns Witness For Priest; Woman, Serving Jail Term as a Communist, Fails to Give Damaging Evidence,” The New York Times, April 16, 1937.

“Reich Press Attacks Priest Now on Trial, Witnesses Assailed for Not Giving Damaging Testimony Against Father Rossaint,” The New York Times, April 17, 1937.

“Roey v. Rex,” Time Magazine, April 19, 1937.

“Reich Drops Charges of Catholic-Red Plot; Asks 15-Year Term for Priest for Treason,” The New York Times, April 23, 1937.

“Reich Priest Gets 11 Years in Prison; Rev. Joseph Rossaint Is Found Guilty of ‘Preparation for High Treason,’” The New York Times, April 29, 1937.

 “Nazi Regime to Try 1,000 Monks in War Against Catholics, Will Also Bring Many Priests Before Reich Tribunals on Charges of Immorality, Whole Press in Attack, Plays Up Lurid Exposures of Alleged conditions−More Reprisals Threatened,” The New York Times, April 30, 1937.

“Hitler v. Everybody,” Time Magazine, May 3, 1937.

“Pope Insists Reich Let Church Alone; Tells Hitler Catholic Press and Schools in Germany Must Not Be Hampered,” The New York Times, May 5, 1937.

“Hitler, les Juifs, Bible et le Vatican,” Israël, May 6, 1937.

“German Priest Gets Five Years,” The New York Times, May 15, 1937.

“Cardinal’s Attack on Hitler Evokes Official Protest, Goebbels Described as ‘Lying Swindler,” The Palestine Post, May 21, 1937.

“Nazis to Retaliate for Cardinal’s Attack, Possible Informers of Mundelein May Be Executed If Detected, Berlin, Los Angeles Times, May 22, 1937.

“Catholic Onslaught on Nazi Slanderers, Jewish Congressman Endorses Cardinal’s Attack,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), May 28, 1937.

“Wise Urges Italian Jews Not to Yield to Fascist Demands,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, May 28, 1937, accessed online on October 10, 2015.

“All Churches See New Nazi Attacks; Catholics and Protestants Fear Moves to Force Them to Bow to Hitler Regime, Pope Urges Firm Stand, Pontiff Stresses to Pilgrims, ‘Very Grave Events’ and Need for Loyalty, Supports Goebbels Threat All Churches, See New Nazi Attack, Pope Blesses ‘German Sons,’ Nazi Sees Church Attack, Mundelein Ignores Attack,” The New York Times, May 30, 1937.

“Holy War,” Time Magazine, May 31, 1937.

“Morality Trials, 58 priests Involved out of 25,635. Reply to Goebbels,” The Sydney Morning Herald, June 7, 1937.

“Criticism of Hitler, Vatican Reply Rejected, Diplomatic Rupture Possible,” The West Australian, June 2, 1937.

“German Protest to Vatican against Cardinal’s Speech, Sequel to Attack in Chicago on Nazis,” The Palestine Post, June 2, 1937.

“Reich-Vatican Relations near Formal Break on Mundelein Talk,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, June 2, 1937, accessed online on September 24, 2015.

“Vatican and Germany. Cautious Policy,” London Times, June 3, 1937.

“Goebbels Attacks Cardinal Mundelein, Frenzied Tirade Against Catholics and Jews,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), June 4, 1937.

“Catholics Aim Blow at Nazis,” Los Angeles Times, June 6, 1937.

“Catholic and Nazi Youth Clash in Munich, 10 Held; Hitler Warns the Church; Priests Arrested…,” The New York Times, June 7, 1937.

“Morality Trials, 58 priests Involved out of 25,635. Reply to Goebbels,” The Sydney Morning Herald, June 7, 1937.

“Priest Held in Fisticuffs,” Los Angeles Times, June 7, 1937.

“Nazis Denounce Austrian Prelate, Archbishop of Vienna Berated for Defending Jailed German Priests,” Los Angeles Times, June 8, 1937.

“Hitler or Vatican, Nazi Organ Warns; Rhine Paper Asks a Decision on Obeying the Fuehrer More Than the Church,” The New York Times, June 9, 1937.

“Nazis Ban Catholic Periodicals,” The Palestine Post, June 10, 1937.

“Persécutions religieuses et consolidation raciste,” Israël, June 10, 1937.

“Churches Join in Attack on Hitler, Cardinal’s Protest Backed by 23 Denomionations, ‘Leading Germany to the Abyss,’The Jewish Chronicle (UK), June 11, 1937.

“Reich Versus Vatican,” The Palestine Post, June 11, 1937.

“Arrested Munich Priest,” London Times, June 14, 1937.

“Munich Cardinal Aids Seized Priest; Faulhaber Announces Demand to Government for Release of Father Mayr,” The New York Times, June 14, 1937.

“Sunday of Youth,” Time Magazine, June 14, 1937.

“Jews Defended in Speech by Cardinal Faulhaber,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, June 15, 1937, accessed online on September 24, 2015.

“Cardinal Faulhaber Replies, Jews and Religious Freedom, ‘Stuermer’ Attacks ‘Jew-Friendly Catholics’” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), June 18, 1937.

“Reich Priest Sentenced, Catholic Accused of Failing to Fly Nazi Flag on Holidays,” The New York Times, June 20, 1937.

“Pope Foresees Break With Reich And Plans Appeal to the World; Holds Ninety-five-Minute Conference With Eleven Cardinals on White Book That Will Publish Details of Clash With Germany - Avoids Blame for Causing Rift,” The New York Times, June 21, 1937.

“Germany and Vatican, A Bishop’s Reports to Rome, Nazi Accusations,” London Times, June 25, 1937.

“Vatican Proscribes Italian Book Upholding Nazi Racial Theories,” The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), June 25, 1937.

“Reich Calls Bishop A Traitor in Court. Nazi District Leader Produces Copy of Intercepted Letter to Papal Secretary of State. Concordat Held Broken. Speyer Prelate Reported to Vatican, a ‘Hostile Power,’ and Sent Pastorals Here.” The New York Times, June 26, 1937.

“4 Years for Reich Priest, Trier Cleric Convicted of Getting Money by False Pretenses,” The New York Times, July 2, 1937.

“4 Priests Sentenced for a Clash in Reich, Get 1 to 3 Years as Alleged Leaders of Attack on Police−Six Laymen Convicted,” The New York Times, July 4, 1937.

“Bishop’s Protest to Herr Hitler, ‘Immorality Trials’ in Propaganda” The Palestine Post, July 7, 1937.

“Germany Imprisons Two Priests… Convicts Them of Using Pulpit to Agitate…,” The New York Times, July 9, 1937.

“L’Apothéose de Sainte Thérèse; Le Cardinal Pacelli inaugure la Basilique de Lisieux devant deux cent mille personnes. L’émouvant message du pape et sa bénédiction à la France. Le Légat prononce, en français, un discours appelé à un grand retentissement. Le Figaro, July 12, 1937.

“Idolatry of Race. Cardinal Pacelli’s Condemnation,” London Times, July 12, 1937.

“Cardinal Denounces Nazism, Aims at Destruction of Church in Germany,” Western Argus (Australia), July 13, 1937.

“Reich Jails Priest for Marriage Rites; Pastor Convicted of ‘Abetting Racial Defilement’…” The New York Times, July 13, 1937.

“Dr. Niemöller To Be Tried. ‘Underhand Attacks on Nazis,” London Times, July 15, 1937.

“Jews Defended in Speech by Cardinal Faulhaber,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, June 15, 1937, accessed online on October 10, 2015.

“Le conflit entre le Vatican et le Troisième Reich atteint son point culminant. Un pasteur arrêté par le Gestapo.”Le Figaro, July 19, 1937.

“Pope Pius Praises Mundelein, Who Ridiculed Hitler,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, July 20, 1937, accessed online on September 24, 2015.

“Berlin accuse le Vatican de collusion… …avec le communisme,” Le Figaro, July 23, 1937.

“Catholicism and Anti-Semitism,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), July 23, 1937.

German Priest Is Fined for Insulting Newspaper,” The New York Times, August 11, 1937.

“Trial and Demonstration,” Time Magazine, August 16, 1937.

“Cardinal Again Attacks Target,” Los Angeles Times, August 28, 1937.

“Hitler Held Ready for Vatican Truce; Papal Nuncio’s Foreign Office Call Adds Authority to the Reports of an Accord Protestant Unity Urged Opposition Pastors to Appeal to Congregations Today to Remain Steadfast Reich Bishops to Go to Rome Protestants Urged to Be Firm Hitler Held Ready for Vatican Truce Demand For Clarity Urged Main Issue Concerns God Battle Called Distorted,” The New York Times, August 29, 1937.

“Czechoslovakia,The Jewish Chronicle (UK), September 3, 1937.

“Atrocities in Reich Feared by Vatican; Editorial, Approved by Pope, Stresses Spanish Attacks Followed Propaganda,” The New York Times, September 15, 1937.

“Vatican Paper Scores Nazis,” Los Angeles Times, September 15, 1937.

“Cardinal Geri Hits Nazi Racial Theories in Florence Talk,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, September 16, 1937, accessed online on September 24, 2015.

“Vatican Protesting on Nazi Press Attacks; Pope Bans German Author’s ‘Cloisters,’” The New York Times, September 18, 1937.

“Pagans and Reds Are Held by Pope to Menace World; Encyclical Regarded as Rebuke to Germany, Russia, Spain and Mexico,” The New York Times, September 30, 1937.

“Berlin Bishop Sees Faith Being Sapped; Count von Preysing Charges Nazis Are De-Christianizing Germany Systematically, The New York Times, October 11, 1937.

“Bishop Scores Nazi Edict, Catholic Leader Says State Plans to Wipe Out Christianity,” Los Angeles Times, October 11, 1937.

“Persecution of All Religions,The Jewish Chronicle (UK), October 22, 1937.

“Chaplains Daring in Plea to Hitler; Assert That Half the Populace Believes Nothing Coming From the Government,” The New York Times, November 28, 1937.

“‘Be Christians, Not Anti-semites,’ Hungarian Prelate Urges Youths,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, November 7, 1937, accessed online on October 10, 2015.

 “Church Fights Back at Nazis,” Los Angeles Times, December 6, 1937.

“Nazis are Defied by Catholic Bishop, Preysing Scores Kerrl Denial Regime Attacks Christianity−Sees No Liberty of Worship, Seizures and Bans Cited, Pastoral Letter Says Defense Against Exploitation of the Morals Trials is Prevented,” The New York Times, December 6, 1937.

“A Fighter Faces Hitler,” Chicago Sentinel, December 9, 1937.

“Priest Jailed in Reich; Father Groesser Had Revealed Plight of Jews and Catholics,” The New York Times, December 22, 1937.

“Nazi ‘Persecution’ Assailed by Pope; He Denies Politics; In Vigorous Protest Pius Says ‘Brutality’ and ‘Falsehood’ in Reich Have Few Parallels, Speaks with Difficulty, Voice Breaks as he Exhorts Cardinals−Vatican Foresees Long and Bitter Struggle,” The New York Times, December 25, 1937.

“Vatican Sympathy,” The Palestine Post, December 28, 1937.

“Vatican Publication Deplores Anti-Semitism,” Chicago Sentinel, December 30, 1937.

 

1938

“Catholics in Germany, Last Privileges Threatened, Restoring Party,” London Times, January 3, 1938.

“Pope’s Christmas,” Time Magazine, January 3, 1938.

“Reich Bans Issue of The Times, Reich Bans Issue Containing Pope Pius’ Xmas Eve Message,” The New York Times, January 6, 1938.

“Duce and the Church, A Conciliatory Speech, Concordat’s Fruits,” London Times, January 9, 1938.

“The Pope’s New Year Message,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), January 14, 1938.

“Nazis Rearrest Catholic Priest,” Los Angeles Times, January 17, 1938.

“Race Hatred in Italy, Warning by ‘Osservatore Romano’,” The Palestine Post, January 20, 1938.

“Vatican Paper Raps Spread of Nazi Racial Ideas in Italy,” The Sentinel, January 20, 1938.

“Cardinal Hinsley on Jewish Persecution,The Jewish Chronicle (UK), January 21, 1938.

“Spread of Nazi Theories in Italy, The Vatican Indignant,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), January 21, 1938.

“Jews Face the Rome-Berlin Axis,” The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), February 11, 1938.

“Communists and Nazis, Cardinal on a Fearful Similarity,” London Times, February 13, 1938.

“Faulhaber Scores Nazi Persecution; Cites Schools Ban; Prelate Tells 20,000 Every Policeman May Decide Which Church Affairs Are Political, Denies Communist Link Berlin Periodical Sees Clash Coming Between the Church and Government in U. S. Nazis, See Church War Here Faulhaber Scores Nazi Persecution,” The New York Times, February 14, 1938.

“Plain Speaking by German Cardinal,” The Palestine Post, February 15, 1938.

“Attack on Nazism, Officials Urge Arrest of Cardinal,” The West Australian, February 16, 1938.

“The Rome-Berlin Axis,” Chicago Sentinel, February 17, 1938.

“Vatican Pact’s End Is Hinted in Reich, Nazi Journal Intimates Berlin May Tear up Concordat−Bad Faith Is Charged… Official Publication Asserts Treaty With the Church Runs Counter to Totalitarianism,” The New York Times, February 17, 1938.

“Dynamite,” Time Magazine, February 21, 1938.

“Underground,” Time Magazine, February 21, 1938.

“Communists and Nazis, Cardinal on ‘A Fearful Similarity,” The Palestine Post, February 22, 1938.

“Cardinal Appeals for Free Austria,” The New York Times, February 27, 1938.

“Nazis and Priests, Munich Archbishop’s Denunciation,” The West Australian, March 1, 1938.

“German Catholic Bishop Lists Troubles to Pope,” The New York Times, March 2, 1938.

“The Vatican Is Concerned Over Catholic Austria,” The New York Times, March 13, 1938.

“Justice & Politics,” Time Magazine, March 14, 1938.

“Vatican Anxious, Prospects of Catholicism in Austria,” Advocate (Australia), March 16, 1938.

“Vatican Criticizes Italy for Inaction, The Osservatore Romano Replies to Cremona Paper’s Attack on ‘Clerical Class” in Austria,” The New York Times, March 16, 1938.

“The Pope Condemns Hitler,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), March 18, 1938.

“Catholics Feel Nazi Lash; Jewish Scientists End Lives,” Los Angeles Times, March 19, 1938.

“Anti-Semitism as a Symptom,” The Palestine Post, March 21, 1938.

“The Mystery of Israel, Catholics on the Jewish Question,” The Palestine Post, March 21, 1938.

“Catholics’ Plight in Austria Is Told; Osservatore Romano Reports the Archbishop of Salzburg Searched for Red Link, Bishop Jailed Overnight, Money Is Seized in Raid on a Convent - Women’s Groups Banned-Papers Now Nazi, Women’s Groups Dissolved Bishop Taken to Prison,” The New York Times, March 24, 1938.

“Pope Appeals to Franco to Stop Raids on Civilians,” The Palestine Post, March 24, 1938.

“Vexations infligées à un prélat,” Gazette de Lausanne, March 24, 1938.

“Catholic Purge in Austria, Archbishop Arrested: Press Abolished,” The Advertiser (Australia), March 25, 1938.

“War on Church, Priests Held in Austria, Evictions at Salzburg, Catholic Teachers Dismissed,” The Canberra Times (Australia), March 25, 1938.

“Must Provide Evidence of Unity, Canon Struck in the Face…,” The Mercury (Australia), March 25, 1938.

“Pope Aids Family of German Jewish Savant,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, March 27, 1938, accessed online on September 24, 2015.

“Jews and the Austrian Plebiscite,” The Palestine Post, April 1, 1938.

“Vatican Rebukes Bishops of Austria for Nazi Plea; Announces They Advised Vote for Anschluss without Its Knowledge or Consent-Papal Broadcast Scores Innitzer,” The New York Times, April 2, 1938.

“Innitzer Explains Stand,” The New York Times, April 2, 1938.

“Austrian Bishops’ Act Repudiated, Broadcast from Vatican, Advice to Vote for Union with Reich Condemned as Cowardly,” The Palestine Post, April 3, 1938.

“Vatican Disavows Austrian Bishop’s Support of Nazis in Plebiscite,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, April 3, 1938, accessed online on September 24, 2015.

“Entitled to Pronounce,” Time Magazine, April 4, 1938.

“Yes-Cardinal May Be Excommunicated, Vatican Authorities Silent, Action Against Catholic Church Dignitary Discussed in Catholic Circles, Reopening of Jewish Community Offices, Nazis Permit Vienna Community to Function,” The Palestine Post, April 4, 1938.

“Innitzer in Rome, Summoned by Pope, Austrian Cardinal Arrives to Explain Bowing to Nazis−Signs of Accord Seen,” The New York Times, April 6, 1938.

“The Church in Austria,” The New York Times, April 7, 1938.

“Innitzer Retreats on Nazi Appeal After 2-Hour Talk With the Pope; Cardinal, Virtually Retracting His Plea for Anschluss, Issues New Declaration Insisting on Rights of Church Innitzer Retreats on Anschluss, Plea Position Had Been Weakened German Reaction Awaited Nuncio to Berlin in Vienna,” The New York Times, April 7, 1938.

“The Pope and the Nazis. Vienna Cardinal in Audience. Church’s Demands,” London Times, April 7, 1938.

“Pope’s Resentment,” Western Mail (Australia), April 7, 1938.

“Reactions to Hitler’s Austrian Coup,” Advocate (Australia), April 7, 1938.

“Public Enlightenment,” Time Magazine, April 11, 1938.

“Pope Unreconciled to Austrian Steps,” He Tells Innsbruck Students ‘Blasts of Painful Storms’ Come From the Alps…,” The New York Times, April 14, 1938.

“Political Catholicism,” Time Magazine, April 18, 1938.

“Austrian Hierarchy’s Declaration,” Advocate (Australia), April 21, 1938.

“Women’s Organisation Disbanded,” Advocate (Australia), April 21, 1938.

“Fateful Days in Austria, Cardinal Innitzer: The Vatican Broadcast,” Southern Cross (Australia), April 29, 1938.

“Hungarian ‘Jew-Law’ Debated,The Jewish Chronicle (UK), April 29, 1938.

“Pope Pius Avoids Meeting Hitler; Pontiff Retires to Seclusion of Summer Home Just Before Rome Visit of Chancellor Braves Inadequate Heat, Deplores European. Confusion…,” The New York Times, May 1, 1938.

“Pope Disapproves Swastikas in Rome, Among ‘Sad Things” He Regrets Flying ‘of a Cross that is Not the Cross of Christ,’” The New York Times, May 5, 1938.

“After Midnight,” The Palestine Post, May 5, 1938.

“Pope Closes Museums Till Hitler Leaves; Pontiff Resents Swastika-Bearing Visitors,” The New York Times, May 7, 1938.

“Tumultuous Berlin Welcome as Hitler Returns from Italy… The Pope’s Remark,” The Palestine Post, May 11, 1938.

“Vatican Attacks Nazi Theory, Denounces Hitler Racial Doctrines as Menace to Humanity and Religion,” Chicago Sentinel, May 12, 1938.

“Pope Flays Nazi Flag Display,” Chicago Sentinel, May 12, 1938.

“Swastika and Cross in Italy, Fascist Paper Attacks Pope,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), May 13, 1938.

“Nazi Press Scored by Vatican Organ; Osservatore Romano Protests ‘Campaign of Falsehoods’ Against the Church, Rebukes German Office, Stresses Suppression of Catholic Publications and Denial of Defense Right,” The New York Times, May 15, 1938.

“Hitler and Providence,” Time Magazine, May 16, 1938.

“Reich Will Ignore Catholic Congress, Germany Will Not Be Represented at Budapest Meeting,” The New York Times, May 20, 1938.

“Vatican Opens Worldwide War on Race Dogmas,” The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), May 20, 1938.

“Letter to Catholic Universities Condemns Nazi Racial Theories, Circular from Holy Congregation of Catholic Seminaries,” The Palestine Post, May 25, 1938.

“Nazi Organ Assails Eucharistic Congress; Sees Pacelli as Hope of Jews,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, May 26, 1938, accessed online on September 24, 2015.

 “Ouvrant le Congrès Eucharistique de Budapest. Le Cardinal Pacelli prononce en français un retentissant discours. Evoquant la gravité du temps présent et le canon qui gronde, le légat rappelle aux ennemis du Christianisme que tôt ou tard ils ne seront que cendres et poussières tandis que l’Eglise leur survivra. Le Figaro, May 28, 1938.

 “Nazi Arrest Stirs Catholic Writers, 150 in Budapest Hear Editor of Osservatore Romano Score Detention of Dr. Funder,” The New York Times, May 29, 1938.

“Lord Rothschild’s Speech, Horrors of Austrian Situation,The Jewish Chronicle (UK), June 3, 1938.

“Eucharist in Budapest Time Magazine, June 6, 1938.

“Pope Condemns Bombing of Defenceless Civilians,” The Palestine Post, June 10, 1938.

“Catholic Church Rejects Racialism, Polish Cardinal Tells Fascist Body,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, June 22, 1938, accessed online on September 24, 2015.

“Priests Sent to Gaol,” The Courier-Mail (Australia), June 23, 1938.

“Primate to Aid in Fight against Persecution,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, July 5, 1938, accessed online on October 10, 2015.

“Nazi Morality Trials,” The Courier-Mail (Australia), July 6, 1938.

“Vatican City Paper Calls Attacks on Jews Inhuman,” The New York Times, July 6, 1938.

“Vatican Organ Declares Anti-Semitism Unworthy of 20 Centuries of Christian Civilization,” The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), July 8, 1938.

“Orthodox Rabbis Hail Pope’s Stand on Jews,” Chicago Sentinel, July 14, 1938.

“Rabbis Hear Praise of Pope for War on Anti-Semitism,” Ohio Jewish Chronicle, July 15, 1938.

“Reich Divorce Law Scored at Vatican. Osservatore Romano Asserts Measure, Effective Aug. 1, ‘Wounds’ Every Catholic, Blow to Family Visioned. ‘Annihilation of the Individual Seen in Decree−Marriage of Adulterous Couple Hit,” The New York Times, July 14, 1938.

“Jews Luck,” Time Magazine, July 18, 1938.

“Why Is an Artificial Race Problem Raised in Italy? Incompatible With Past Protest of the Pope,” The New York Times, July 18, 1938.

“Pope Assails Anti-Semitism in Italy; American Italians Pledge Aid to Jews,” Chicago Sentinel, July 21, 1938.

“After Midnight,” The Palestine Post, July 22, 1938.

“The Curse of Nationalism,The Jewish Chronicle (UK), July 22, 1938.

“Italian Officials Get Hint to Begin Anti-Jewish Drive-Pope Assails,” Ohio Jewish Chronicle, July 22, 1938.

“Nazis Confiscate London Times for Letter Condemning Persecution,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, July 22, 1938, accessed online on September 24, 2015.

“The Shadow of the Swastika,” The Palestine Post, July 24, 1938.

“Une grave menace pèse sur le Judaïsme italien. Le Pape condamne énergiquement la politique du racisme,” Israël, July 28, 1938.

“Church Clash Brewing as Anti-Semitism Rises,” Chicago Sentinel, July 28, 1938.

“Vatican Blasts Italian Racialism,” Chicago Sentinel, July 28, 1938.

“Catholics against Anti-Semitism,” Ohio Jewish Chronicle, July 29, 1938.

“Italy’s Drift to Anti-Semitism,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), July 29, 1938.

“Pope Blasts Racialism as Anti-Catholic; See Rift Brewing with Government; Fascist Party Leaders at Odds over Aryan Doctrine,” The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), July 29, 1938.

“Pope Pius Denounces All Racist Ideas as Anti-Catholic,” Ohio Jewish Chronicle, July 29, 1938.

“Pope Warns Italy Not to Hit Church in Race Campaign; Reveals a Threat by Fascisti to Bar From Party Members of Catholic Action Group, Condemns New Program Exaggerated Nationalism Held to Be Barrier Between Men, Peoples and Nations Puzzled by Italy’s Trend Speech Unusually Simple Pope Warns Italy Not to Hit Church, Catholic Action Also Universal,” The New York Times, July 30, 1938.

“Mussolini Defies Vatican Warning in Racist Dispute; ‘We Will Go Straight Ahead,’ Says Premier in Reply to Pope’s Attack on Program, Denies Imitating Hitler, Gayda, Fascist Editor, Asserts That Even Democracies Take Steps to Protect Race Seen Ready to Fight Pope,” The New York Times, July 31, 1938.

“Nazis Set Fire to Ruttenburg Bishop’s Home, Incensed at His Refusal to Vote in Plebiscite,” The New York Times, July 31, 1938.

“None of his Business,” The Palestine Post, July 31, 1938.

“Pope-Duce Division on New Racial Policy,” The Palestine Post, July 31, 1938.

“Reich Press Assails Pope; Threatens to Expose ‘Dangerous Activities’ of Catholic Action,” The New York Times, July 31, 1938.

“Duce Defies Pope on Race Policy,” Chicago Sentinel, August 4, 1938.

“Pope Declares War,” Chicago Sentinel, August 4, 1938.

“Pope Fighting Anti-Semitism,” Chicago Sentinel, August 4, 1938.

“Les Premiers effets de la campagne raciste en Italie, Prompte réaction du Vatican et réprobation dans la presse étrangère, Action sévère et énergique de l’Eglise,” Israël, August 4, 1938.

“Racialism in Italy,” The Palestine Post, August 4, 1938.

“Duce Defies the Pope, ‘Italian Racialists Will Go Ahead,’ Anti-Semite Heads New Department,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), August 5, 1938.

“Mussolini Defies Pope on Racist Policy; Fascist Press Says Racist Not Necessarily Anti-Semite; Jew-Hater Named Head of Race Bureau,” The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh) August 5, 1938.

“The Pope Speaks Out,The Jewish Chronicle (UK), August 5, 1938.

“Pope’s Action in Warsaw, Check Spread of Racialism, Sequel to Attack on Non-Aryan Priest,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), August 5, 1938.

“The Sixth Commandment,The Jewish Chronicle (UK), August 5, 1938.

“Italy to Curb Role of Jews by Ratio; Foreign Office Organ Asserts Part in ‘State’s Total Life’ Will Be Based on Population, Denies Persecution Plan, Says Drive Aims to Bar Race of Half-Castes in Colonies, Census of Jews Planned, Effect of Empire’s Creation, 44,000 Jews in Country,” The New York Times, August 6, 1938.

“Church and State Rift in Italy Nears Climax; Pope Awaits Next Move by Mussolini, Who Sees Catholic Action as a Threat to Fascist Loyalty Conflicts Even Since 1929, Foe of ‘Racism’ Divided ‘Loyalty’ Ruled Out Stage Set for a Conflict Vatican Awaits Next Move As A New Church Conflict Begins in Italy,” The New York Times, August 7, 1938.

“Institute for Race Purity, Italian Government Decree,” The Palestine Post, August 8, 1938.

“Pope’s Attack on Racialism,” The Palestine Post, August 8, 1938.

“Who Strikes at the Pope,” Time Magazine, August 8, 1938.

“May We Say…,” The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), August 12, 1938.

“Nazis Caricature the Pope,” Daily News (Australia), August 12, 1938.

“Religionists’ Dissension over Racial Controversy,” Telegraph (Australia), August 12, 1938.

“Rome Press Curb on Pope Assailed; Vatican Organ Protests Use of Nazi Comment After Boycott of Attacks on Racism Distorted Version Seen, Osservatore Romano Declares That Church Will Defend Persecuted Jews,” The New York Times, August 12, 1938.

“Vatican Denies Interpretation Put on Pope’s Remarks about Racialism,” Telegraph (Australia), August 12, 1938.

“What the Pope Said,” Daily News (Australia), August 12, 1938.

“Demons of Hell,” Time Magazine, August 15, 1938.

“Nazis’ ‘Assistance’ to Emigrants, Goebbels’ Organ Criticises Pope’s Declaration,” The Palestine Post, August 15, 1938.

“Vienna Nazi-Vatican Cleavage Grows, Pope’s View on Tolerance Derided in Austria,” The Palestine Post, August 16, 1938.

“La politique raciale de Rome,” Journal de Genève, August 17, 1938.

“Detroit Catholic Organ Attacks Coughlin’s Anti-Semitism,” The Jewish Criterion, August 19, 1938.

“Background of Pope’s Attack,The Jewish Chronicle (UK), August 19, 1938.

“Italian Racialists Attack Britain… Pope Instructs Priests to Resist,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), August 19, 1938.

“Vatican Organ Says Church Will Defend Persecuted Jews Everywhere,” The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), August 19, 1938.

“No Room for Exaggerated Nationalism, Pope’s Fresh Attack on Italy’s Racial Policy,” The Palestine Post, August 22, 1938.

“Further Dispatches from Italy,” Chicago Sentinel, August 25, 1938.

“Hungarian Nazis’ Ruse Angers Catholic Circles,” Chicago Sentinel, August 25, 1938.

“Pope Renews Attack,” Chicago Sentinel, August 25, 1938.

“Dissembled Love, or the Affectionate Boycott,The Jewish Chronicle (UK), August 26, 1938.

“Exile for Bishop of Rottenburg, Penalty for Abstaining from Plebiscite,” The Palestine Post, August 26, 1938.

“Reich Province Banishes Catholic Bishop Who Refused to Vote in Austrian Plebiscite,” The New York Times, August 26, 1938.

“Bishop’s Expulsion Protested in Rome; Vatican Organ Says That Nazi Action against Dr. Sproll Violates Concordat, “The New York Times, August 27, 1938.

“Further Dispatches from Italy,” Chicago Sentinel, August 28, 1938.

“Growing Catholic Activity against Italy’s Racialism Policy, Clergy Urges Avoidance of ‘Pagan Practices,’” The Palestine Post, August 28, 1938.

“Catholic Bishops Assail Nazi Policy; Pastoral Letter, Read in All Churches, Rebukes Regime for Stand on Religion, End of Attacks Demanded, Church Warned In Italy,” The New York Times, August 29, 1938.

“Deal,” Time Magazine, August 29, 1938.

“Nazi Campaign Denounced by Catholics, Pastoral Letter Read in German Churches,” The Palestine Post, August 29, 1938.

“Pope Renews Criticism of Racialism; Fascist Papers Attacks on Jews,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, August 29, 1938, accessed online on April 20, 2016.

“Pope Still against Racial Theory,” The Palestine Post, August 29, 1938.

“Reich Bishops Hit Nazi Anti-Religious Drive in Defiant Letter,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, August 29, 1938, accessed online on September 24, 2015.

“Pope Reaffirms Anti-Racialism,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), September 2, 1938.

“Streicher Attacks Pope. ‘Protector of the Jews,’ An Infamous Cartoon,The Jewish Chronicle (UK), September 2, 1938.

“Vatican Organ Denies Pact Excludes Racism From Church Scope,” The Jewish Criterion, September 2, 1938.

“Racialism a Grave Error, Pope Again Attacks New Italian Policy,” The Palestine Post, September 8, 1938.

“Polish Catholics Condemn Racialism,The Jewish Chronicle (UK), September 9, 1938.

“Fateful Days of Italian Jewry, Segregation in Ghetto Schools, Pope Attacks ‘Exaggerated Nationalism,’” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), September 16, 1938.

“Vatican Organ Hits at Nazi Press Bureau; Sees Persecution Two-edged Weapon,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, September 22, 1938, accessed online on September 24, 2015.

“Pope versus Jew-Baiters, Racial Paper Proscribed,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), September 23, 1938.

“The Voice of the Vatican,” The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), September 23, 1938.

“Pope Calls Italian Racism a Serious Error,” Ohio Jewish Chronicle, September 30, 1938.

“Pope Calls on All for Peace Prayer; The Pontiff Breaks Down and Sobs in Plea for Action to Prevent Slaughter, Offers to Yield His Life, Pius Implores World to Ask God to Sustain Statesmen in Peaceful Negotiations…,” The New York Times, September 30, 1938.

“Italian ‘Defence of Race Put on Index, Immoral Articles Liable to Degrade Reader’s Morality,” The Palestine Post, October 3, 1938.

“Ghetto Classes in Italy, Jewish Notaries Expelled, Vatican Attacks Farinacci,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), October 7, 1938.

“Vienna Nazi Mob Storms Cardinal Innitzer’s Home; He is Reported Injured; Windows Smashed, Prelate Is Said to Have Been Cut by Glass as He Prays in Chapel Furniture is Thrown Out, Burned in Cathedral Square - Attack Is Revenge for Clash Involving Catholic Youths Furniture Is Burned Irresponsible Mob, Blamed Nazi Mobs in Vienna Injures Cardinal, Cardinal’s Stand Changed, Had Urged Vote for Reich, Defiance Was Foreseen,” The New York Times, October 9, 1938.

“Nazi Mob Raids Cardinal Palace,” Los Angeles Times, October 9, 1938.

“Jail Cardinal, Nazis Shout Parading Past Vienna Palace,” Los Angeles Times, October 10, 1938.

“Cardinal Innitzer Put Under Guard; Vienna Police Are in Control as Nazi Youths Demonstrate and Shout New Insults Worshipers Keep Discipline, Entry to Palace Forbidden,” The New York Times, October 10, 1938.

“Nazis Raid on Cardinal’s Palace, Palace Wrecked, Priest Thrown through Window,” Northern Standard (Australia), October 11, 1938.

“Church-Nazi Tension in Austria,” The Palestine Post, October 12, 1938.

“New Innitzer Step Infuriates Nazis; Vienna Cardinal’s Plea Issued in Pamphlet Form- Mayor Assails Him in Speech,” The New York Times, October 12, 1938.

“Innitzer Assailed in Nazi Newspaper; Vienna Cardinal Warned His ‘Methods’ Must End- Sermon Held ‘Great Provocation,’ Prelate is Kept Indoors, Servants Sign a Police Pledge of Silence…,” The New York Times, October 13, 1938.

“Nazis Celebrate Victory, Threats to Vienna Jews,” The Palestine Post, October 13, 1938.

“Le racisme en Italie,” Israël, October 13, 1938.

“Le Vatican contre la politique antisémite,” Israël, October 13, 1938.

“Archbishop Innitzer, the Vienna Cardinal,” The Palestine Post, October 14, 1938.

“Curb on Catholics Ordered in Vienna, Buerckel Assails Cardinal and ‘Political Clergy’-Preparatory Schools of Priests Banned,” The New York Times, October 14, 1938.

“Catholicism’s End Held Aim of Nazis; Indirect Means Employed to Destroy Church, Bishops Are Told in Welfare Report Counter-Drive is Asked American Hierarchy Deplores Labor Conflict and Urges an Example of Peace Suppression Methods Told Attack on Leaders Cited Text of Bishops’ Statement Grieved at Labor Conflict,” The New York Times, October 15, 1938.

“Vatican Lays Riots to Nazis in Vienna; Gives Version of the Events, Saying Attacks on Cardinal’s Palace Were Unprovoked, Lists Acts of Violence, It Charges Police Connived at Outbreaks and Culprits Were Not Arrested, Secretary Struck Down, Chaplain Is Injured, English Sources Cited, Goebbels Expected in Vienna, Nazi Sees ‘New Reformation’,” The New York Times, October 15, 1938.

“Reich Seizes 4 Monks Protesting Eviction, Demonstration Resisting State Order is Laid to Them,” The New York Times, October 16, 1938.

“Outward Testimony,” Time Magazine, October 17, 1938.

“Six Priests Seized by Nazis in Vienna; Prelate is Curbed; Bishop Among Those Arrested- Archbishop of Salzburg Is Forbidden to Visit Schools, Funk Plans One to Extend to Black Sea-Berlin Offers Aid to Budapest in a Deal Drive on Austrian Catholics Nazis Curb Archbishop, Trade Empire for Reich, Warning Issued in Berlin, The New York Times, October 18, 1938.

“Nazis Arrest Six Priests, Aides of Cardinal Innitzer,” Los Angeles Times, October 18, 1938.

“Salzburg Bishop Attacked by Nazis; Mob Breaks Palace Windows in Outbreak Similar to Raid on Cardinal’s Home, Appeal to Vatican Likely, Church is Stone in a Vienna Suburb‒Two Synagogues Fired by Youths,” The New York Times, October 19, 1938.

“Pope Grieves over Racism,” Chicago Sentinel, October 20, 1938.

“Pope’s Anxiety over World Crisis,” Advocate (Australia), October 20, 1938.

“Nazis Arrest Priests, Alleged Political Speeches,” The Courier-Mail (Australia), October 20, 1938.

“Anti-Jew and Anti-Catholic, Savage Nazi Rioting in Austria,The Jewish Chronicle (UK), October 21, 1938.

“Austria Jails Monks for Resisting Ouster, They Are Said to Have Damaged Furnishings and Blamed Police,” The New York Times, October 21, 1938.

“Pope Denounces Nazis in Talk to Delegates,” The New York Times, October 21, 1938.

“Pope Likens Hitler to Early Renegade; Julian the Apostate’s Attacks on Christians Held Similar to Those by Nazi Dictator Judas and Nero Recalled; Pontiff, in Talk to Professors, Denies Holy See Has Pursued Political Aims in Reich; Persecution Wounds His Heart Cites ‘Sinister Works;’ Persecution Blow to Faithful Recalls Events of Lifetime; Goebbels Warns Innitzer, Catholic Churches Attacked,” The New York Times, October 22, 1938.

“The Pope, Scathing Denunciation of Nazi Policy, Speech too Strong to Publish, Warned Hitler against Effort to Crush Church,” Newcastle Morning Herald and Miner’s Advocate (Australia), October 22, 1938.

“Monks Imprisoned,” Newcastle Morning Herald and Miner’s Advocate (Australia), October 22, 1938.

 “Pope’s Bitter Attack on Nazi Policy, Outspoken Warning to Hitler, ‘Human Dignity Betrayed,’ Speech so Strong That Publication Delayed,” The Advertiser (Australia), October 22, 1938.

“Understanding Impossible,” Newcastle Morning Herald and Miner’s Advocate (Australia), October 22, 1938.

 “Bishop Makes Pact with Nazis,” The Palestine Post, October 24, 1938.

“Pfui Innitzer! Time Magazine, October 24, 1938.

“Savage Devastations in Vienna, A Vatican Condemnation,” The Palestine Post, October 24, 1938.

“Le pape est violemment attaqué par un journal allemand,” Gazette de Lausanne, October 25, 1938.

“Fascists and Nazis Attack the Pope, ‘An Ally of the Jews,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), October 28, 1938.

“Pope Again Attacks Nazi Race Program,” Chicago Sentinel, November 2, 1938.

“Vatican Press Repeats Pledge against Bigotry in Defiance of Fascism,” Hebrew Standard of Australasia (Australia), November 3, 1938.

“Reich Seen Pressing Drive on Catholics; Vatican Hears Persecution Has Grown Since the Encyclical,” The New York Times, November 4, 1938.

“Nazis Say Pope Seeks Reports on Germany, Important Clergymen Reported to Have Been Summoned,” The New York Times, November 6, 1938.

“Faulhaber Lists Catholics’ Rights, Munich Cardinal Champions the Individual against Nazi State’s Restrictions…,” The New York Times, November 7, 1938.

“Innitzer Guarded, Vatican Aide Says, Cardinal is Declared to Be in ‘Protective Custody’ of Nazis in Vienna, Spokesman for Prelate Denies the Report, but Restriction on Travel is Indicated,” The New York Times, November 10, 1938.

“Les juifs d’Allemagne et d’Italie… Protestation du Vatican,” Israël, November 10, 1938.

“Persecution in Austria, Record of Brutal Aggression,” Advocate (Australia), November 10, 1938.

“Vienna Nazis Hold Cardinal,” Los Angeles Times, November 10, 1938.

“All Vienna’s Synagogues Attacked; Fires and Bombs Wreck 18 of 21, Jews are Beaten, Furniture and Goods Flung From Homes and Shops‒15,000 are Jailed During Day‒20 Are Suicides,” The New York Times, November 11, 1938.

“Bands Rove Cities, Thousands Arrested for ‘Protection’ as Gangs Avenge Paris Death…,” The New York Times, November 11, 1938.

“Pope Likens Hitler to Historical Renegade,” Ohio Jewish Chronicle, November 11, 1938.

“Cardinal’s Palace Stoned, Anti-Catholic Campaign,” London Times, November 13, 1938.

[Mass Arrests of Jews…], The Palestine Post, November 13, 1938.

“More Arrests, Jews to Pay for Nazi Damage,” London Times, November 13, 1938.

“Munich Mob Smashes Windows In an Outbreak Against Catholics, Marches on Building After Hearing Faulhaber Denounced by Bavarian Minister-Jews Can’t Reopen Shops but Must Pay Help, Palace of Cardinal Is Stoned in Munich, 14 Windows Are Smashed by a Nazi Mob,” The New York Times, November 13, 1938.

“New Italian Decrees Drive Jews from Social, Economic Spheres,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, November 13, 1938, accessed online on February 3, 2016.

“New Nazi Savagery Spells Doom of Jewish Life in Germany,” The Palestine Post, November 13, 1938.

“25,000 Jews under Arrest in Wake of Worst Pogrom in Modern German History; 4 Dead,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, November 13, 1938, accessed online on February 3, 2016.

“Vatican to Attack Italian Race Law,” The New York Times, November 13, 1938.

“Anti-Catholic Riot at Munich. Pope Accused of Inciting Jews. Nazis Fine Jews £80,000, 000. Drastic Decrees as ‘Punishment’,” The Sydney Morning Herald, November 14, 1938.

“Anti-Jewish Rioting, British Criticism, Protests in Germany,” Townsville Daily Bulletin (Australia), November 14, 1938.

“Belgian Officials Elated over Rout of Rexists,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, November 14, 1938, accessed online October 21, 2105.

“British, American Public Opinion Reflects Horror at German Events,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, November 14, 1938, accessed online October 21, 1938.

“News Brief,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, November 14, 1938, accessed online October 21, 1938.

“Church Making Germany its Enemy,” Queensland Times (Australia), November 14, 1938.

“Criticism Annoys Germans,” The Sydney Herald, November 14, 1938.

“Egregious Protocols,” Time Magazine, November 14, 1938.

“Extremists Sway Nazis and Jews Are Menaced With More Drastic Rule,” The New York Times, November 14, 1938.

“Munich Jews’ Plight, Hiding from Arrest,” London Times, November 14, 1938.

“News Brief,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, November 14, 1938, accessed online on February 3, 2016.

“Victims of Nazis, World-Wide Sympathy,” The Maitland Daily Mercury (Australia), November 14, 1938.

“Catholics Bitter over Munich Raids, Thousands View Damage to Cardinal’s Palace, Wonder about Future Rights,” The New York Times, November 15, 1938.

“Mr. Chamberlain Expresses His Regret over Nazi Action,” The Palestine Post, November 15, 1938.

“Two Papal Notes Opposed to Race Law, Mussolini and King Ignored Pius’s Protests Against Restrictions on Marriages,” The New York Times, November 15, 1938.

“Vatican Again Protests against Racial Laws,” The Palestine Post, November 15, 1938.

“Vatican Protests Italian Racial Marriage Laws,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, November 15, 1938, accessed online on February 3, 2016.

“King Assures Pope on Marriage Laws,” The New York Times, November 15, 1938.

“King Victor Emmanuel Replies to Pope, Hope for Satisfactory Conclusion,” The Palestine Post, November 16, 1938.

“Chamberlain Expresses Concern for Sufferers,” Chicago Sentinel, November 17, 1938.

“Milan Cardinal Sees ‘Racism’ as a Danger, Schuster, Long a Defender of Fascism, Condemns Theory,” The New York Times, November 17, 1938.

“The Nazi Assault upon Civilization,” Chicago Sentinel, November 17, 1938.

“Nazi Press Attacks U. S., G. B.,” Chicago Sentinel, November 17, 1938.

“Storm of Anger Sweeps America over Nazi Hate,” The Palestine Post, November 17, 1938.

“President Condemns German Persecution,” Chicago Sentinel, November 17, 1938.

“Protests against German Pogroms Come from All Sources via Radio and Press,” Chicago Sentinel, November 17, 1938.

“Roosevelt Rebuke Declared General, Reproof of Nazis Applied to Attacks on Catholics as Well as on Jews,” The New York Times, November 17, 1938.

“To Meet Soon, British Cabinet Discusses Approach to Germany,” The Palestine Post, November 17, 1938.

“U. S. German Ambassador Called Home for Discussion of Reich Situation,” Chicago Sentinel, November 17, 1938.

“World is Aghast at Germany’s Persecution of Jews,” The Recorder (Australia), November 17, 1938.

“Faulhaber Attack Held Deliberate, Assault on Munich Residence Was Organized, Dispatch to Vatican Organ States,” The New York Times, November 18, 1938.

“Goebbels vs. Grunspan,” La Croix, November 18, 1938.

“Italy’s ‘Nuremberg Laws’, Vatican Protest at Marriage Ban,The Jewish Chronicle (UK), November 18, 1938.

“Le monde entier proteste contre les violences nazies,” La Croix, November 18, 1938.

“The Nazi Barbarism,” Southern Cross (Australia), November 18, 1938.

“Vatican Organ Publishes Cardinal’s Denunciation of Anti-semitism,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, November 18, 1938, accessed online on September 24, 2015.

“Déclarations du Cardinal Verdier sur l’antisémitisme, le racisme,” La Croix, November 20, 1938.

“Germany: These Individuals!” Time Magazine, November 21, 1938.

“Germany Places Ban on 77 Foreign Newspapers, Recent Issues Confiscated, New York Times Included,” The New York Times, November 20, 1938.

“Les reactions américaines et anglaises devant les mesures antisémitiques du Reich s’accentuent,” La Croix, November 20, 1938.

“News Brief,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, November 21, 1938, accessed online on September 24, 2015.

“Protective Custody,” Time Magazine, November 21, 1938.

“Madman Hitler,” Time Magazine, November 21, 1938.

“9 Deaths Listed in Nazi Pogroms; 180 Synagogues Burned,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, November 23, 1938 accessed online on February 3, 2016.

“New Anti-Jewish Drive, Secret Orders to Nazi Officers,” The Courier-Mail (Australia), November 24, 1938.

“Persecution of Jews, New Nazi Campaign, Ghetto System Likely, World Opinion Ignored,” The West Australian, November 24, 1938.

“Pogroms Pay,” Chicago Sentinel, November 24, 1938.

“Jews Fine to Bolster Nazi Finance,” The Palestine Post, November 25, 1938.

L’Osservatore Romano et la question juive,” La Croix, November 27, 1938.

 “Nazi Persecution of Jews, Profound Reaction in America, Synagogue Dynamited,” The Central Queensland Herald (Australia), November 24, 1938.

 “Vatican and Racism,” Time Magazine, November 28, 1938.

“Woe to the Jews,” Time Magazine, November 28, 1938.

“Reichsverband Reopens; Munich Ban on Religious Services Lifted; Arrests Total 60,000,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, November 30, 1938, accessed online on February 3, 2016.

“Pope Versus Jew-Baiters, Racial Paper Proscribed, Farinacci’s Violent Outburst,” Hebrew Standard of Australasia (Australia), December 1, 1938.

“Racialism Condemned by Italian Church, Vatican Protest against Nazi Persecutions,” The Palestine Post, December 2, 1938.

“A Protest and a Petition, London Meeting Condemns Brutality; Call for Open Gates to Palestine,” The Palestine Post, December 4, 1938.

“Reich Persecutions Opposed by Italians, Violent Tactics Disapproved Situation Held Shocking,” The New York Times, December 4, 1938.

“Ad Nauseum,” Time Magazine, December 5, 1938.

“Pope & Democracy,” Time Magazine, December 5, 1938.

“Archbishop Decries the ‘Evil Nazi Reich,” American Appeals for Assistance,” The Palestine Post, December 6, 1938.

“Boorish Falsehoods, “Osservatore” Comment on German Accusations,” Southern Cross (Australia), December 9; 1938.

“Germans Who Denounced Pogroms,The Jewish Chronicle0 (UK), December 9, 1938.

“Pope Backs Britons on Aid to Refugees; Message Approving Baldwin Fund Is Read at Meeting of All Parties and Faiths Immediate Need is Cited German Paper Calls Plea by Ex-Prime Minister ‘Mendacious Humanitarian Hypocrisy,’ Salvation Army Offers Aid Would Supplement Palestine Nazi Paper Assails Baldwin,” The New York Times, December 10, 1938.

“Baldwin’s Appeal for the Persecuted, Immediate Response” The Palestine Post, December 11, 1938.

“Pope Lauds Refugee Aid in Message to London Rally; Salvation Army Takes 1,000 Children,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, December 11, 1938, accessed online on October 10, 2015.

“Noted Catholic, on Coughlin Network, Warns against Bigotry Preachers as Priest Widens Attack,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, December 12, 1938, accessed online on February 3, 2016.

“Pope Reported Set to Excommunicate Hitler,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, December 12, 1938, accessed online on February 3, 2016.

“Nazis Arrest Priests, Campaign against Church in Austria,” The West Australian (Australia), December 14, 1938.

“Nazis Seize Tyrol Priest. He Said Charges Against Nine Monks Were Proved False,” The New York Times, December 15, 1938.

“Compassion for Italian Jews, The Vatican’s Strongest Protest,The Jewish Chronicle (UK), December 16, 1938.

“Hore-belisha Lauds Pope’s Denunciation of Persecution,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, December 18, 1938, accessed online on February 3, 2016.

“French Chamber Gets Resolution Scoring Persecution; Rightist Deputy Urges Refugee Aid,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, December 20, 1938, accessed online on April 20, 2016.

“Will Ease Anti-Semitism, Italy to Drop Sections of Laws, Says Former Vatican Editor,” The New York Times, December 21, 1938.

“Catholics in Reich Expect Nazi Blow,” The New York Times, December 23, 1938.

“Pius XI Deplores Fascist Hostility… Stresses Sadness, Pontiff Says Violations of Concordat Struck Him to the Heart, Attacks Racial Statute, Forgives Those Who Ignored His Protest Against Flying Nazi Swastika for Hitler, Attacks Fete for Hitler, News of Attacks Suppressed, Stresses ‘Bitter Sadness,’ Fascist Attacks Charged by Pope…” The New York Times, December 25, 1938.

“Stresses ‘Bitter Sadness,’” The New York Times, December 25, 1938.

“Text of Pope Pius’ Annual Christmas Address to the College of Cardinals,” The New York Times, December 25, 1938.

“Vatican Fears Anti-Catholic Moves in Naziland, Pope Attacks Violation of Concordat,” The Palestine Post, December 25, 1938.

“‘No Jews Wanted’ Sign Appears in Trieste Café,” The New York Times, December 26, 1938

“Pope Scores Spread of Nazi Influence in Italy,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, December 27, 1938, accessed online on September 24, 2015.

“Jim Crow” Trains for Jews Urged in Reich; Catholic Clergy Linked to Jews,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, December 28, 1938, accessed online on February 3, 2016.

“Vatican Organ Hits Religious Persecution,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, December 28, 1938, accessed online on February 3, 2016.

Angriff Assails Vatican; Goebbels Organ Denounces Its Stand on Jewish Question,” The New York Times, December 29, 1938.

“Anti-Hitler Priest Sentenced,” The New York Times, December 29, 1938.

“Godlessness no Worse than Nazism–Vatican,” The Palestine Post, December 29, 1938.

“Opposition to Anti-Jewish Laws Growing in Italy,” Ohio Jewish Chronicle, December 30, 1938.

“Pope Condemns ‘Swastika Worship,’The Jewish Chronicle (UK), December 30, 1938.

 

1939

“Nazis Arrest Austrian Priest,” The New York Times, January 1, 1939.

“Adolf Hitler, Man of the Year,” Time Magazine, January 2, 1939.

“Anti-semitism Turned Cardinal Against Fascists, Italian Paper Admits, Jewish Telegraphic Agency, January 3, 1939, accessed online on September 24, 2015.

“Cardinals of Four Countries Condemn Racialism,” Southern Cross (Australia), January 13, 1939.

“Farinacci Attacks Church Leaders, Threat to Anti-Racialists…,The Jewish Chronicle (UK), January 13, 1939.

“Reich Jews Fear New Reprisals over Holland Shooting,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, January 13, 1939, accessed online on January 7, 2017.

“Cardinal Gerlier Assails Anti-Semitism; Talk Heard by Belgian King,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, January 15, 1939, accessed online on September 24, 2015.

“Hebrew Union Hits Nazi ‘Destruction’,” The New York Times, January 19, 1939.

“Italian Cardinal Condemns Racism, Urges Tolerance to Jews,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, January 20, 1939, accessed online on September 24, 2015.

“The Pope and Mr Chamberlain, Concern over the Racial Question,The Jewish Chronicle (UK), January 20, 1939.

“Catholics Oppose Hungarian Anti-Jewish Bill; Propose Amendments,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, January 23, 1939, accessed online on September 24, 2015.

“Nazis Launch New Attack on Vatican, Accused of ‘All Kinds of Intentions’,” The Palestine Post, January 24, 1939.

“Prayers for Jews, Vatican Decree,” Argus (Australia), January 25, 1939.

“Un hommage israélite au Pape,” Israël, January 26, 1939.

“Vatican Again Strikes at Race Theory,” The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), January 27, 1939.

“News Brief,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, January 27, 1939, accessed online on April 20, 2015.

“Anniversary of Election of Pope Pius XI on Monday, Enormous Energy of Pontiff in his 82nd Year Amazes the World. Prepared for Death, He Arise to confront Italian Racialists and German Persecutors,” Southern Cross (Australia), February 3, 1939.

“American Jewish Committee Hits at Propaganda Invasion by Nazi-fascists, Reds; Pope Lauded,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, January 30, 1939, accessed online on September 24, 2016.

“Pope Calls Bishops to Discuss Treaty, Makes Surprise Move in Fight on Fascist ‘Racial’ Acts,” The New York Times, January 31, 1939.

“Italian Catholics Support Jews, Farinacci’s Threats,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), February 3, 1939.

“To Restore Sanity,” Time Magazine, February 6, 1939.

“Jews Mourn Loss of Champion of Human Rights, Foe of Racialism,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, February 12, 1939, accessed online on September 24, 2015.

“Jews of World Join with Christians in Mourning Death of Pope Pius XI,” Chicago Sentinel, February 12, 1939.

“Pope Was ‘No Friend of Germany’,” The Palestine Post, February 12, 1939.

“Pope Pius XI. The Great Exponent of Peace,” The Palestine Post, February 12, 1939.

“Rabbis’ Sermons Extol Lincoln Aim; Pope Pius XI Continued Fight of Emancipator, Rabbi W.F. Rosenblum Declares Dictators in Contrast Rabbi J. B. Wise Depicts Pontiff’s Democracy Against ‘Program of Hate and Blood,’” The New York Times, February 12, 1939.

“Voices Jewish Grief at Death of the Pope, Dr. De Sola Pool at Memorial Says Pontiff Fought Oppression, The New York Times, February 12, 1939.

“German Reactions. A Newspaper’s Attack,” The West Australian, February 13, 1939.

“The Press: Paper Purge,” Time Magazine, February 13, 1939.

“Reactions to Hitler,” Time Magazine, February 13, 1939.

“Jewish Mourning for Pius Continues,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, February 14, 1939, accessed online on September 24, 2015.

“Nazis, Fascists Back Pro-totalitarian Cardinal for Pope,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, February 14, 1939, accessed online on October 10, 2015.

“Hitler Press Gives Warning on Pope Pius’ Successor,” Los Angeles Times, February 15, 1939.

“Jewish Groups Join in Sorrow for Pope,” The New York Times, February 15, 1939.

“American Jewry Mourns Pontiff’s Death,” The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), February 17, 1939.

“German Envoy Urges Cardinals To Elect Pope Favoring Fascists; As Dean of Corps He Calls for Pontiff Who Will Help Build ‘New World’ Without Need of Recourse to War -Received Frigidly,” The New York Times, February 17, 1939.

“A Memorable Interview, Condemning Blood Libel,The Jewish Chronicle (UK), February 17, 1939.

“Pius XI,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), February 17, 1939.

“Pope Pius and the Jews, A Champion of Tolerance, ‘Anti-Semitism is Unchristian,’” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), February 17, 1939.

“Pope Pius Passes,” Ohio Jewish Chronicle, February 17, 1939.

“Says Nazis’ Attacks Would Aid Cardinal, Bishop Ryan Asserts Pacelli Otherwise Is Not Likely Pope,” The New York Times, February 19, 1939.

“Medici Papae,” Time Magazine, February 20, 1939.

“Nazi Paper Raises Objections to Pacelli; Says War Party Seeks to Dominate Vatican,” The New York Times, February 23, 1939.

“Nazi Press Voices Opposition to Pacelli, Names Cardinal It Favors as Pope,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, February 23, 1939, accessed online on September 24, 2015.

“Farinacci Threatens Catholics, Honorary Jews Will Be Destroyed,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), February 24, 1939.

“Cardinals Discuss a Policy on Jews; With Growing Feeling Against Church by Fascisti, Issue Is Seen Nearing Climax Pius’ Program at Stake, Believed to Hinge on Outcome of Parleys on Attitude to Conversions,” The New York Times, February 28, 1939.

“Cardinal Pacelli Elected as 262nd Pope, Choice Regarded as Blow to Nazis, Pontiff Chosen on Third Ballot, Long Held Moving Spirit in Opposition to Hitler Policies,” Los Angeles Times, March 3, 1939.

“Italian Press Hails Pope,” The New York Times, March 3, 1939.

“Jewish Organizations Voice Pleasure at Choice,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, March 3, 1939, accessed online on September 24, 2015.

“League Circles Pleased,” The New York Times, March 3, 1939.

“Pacelli’s Election, Opposed by Nazis, Seen Heavy Blow to Racism,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, March 3, 1939, accessed online on September 20, 2015.

“Reich is Reserved over New Pope, Press Had Been Openly Hostile to His Election−Political Experience is Stressed,” The New York Times, March 3, 1939.

“A New Pope Ascends the Throne of St. Peter, Cardinal Pacelli is Noted for His Outspokenness,” The Mercury, March 4, 1939.

“Political Aspect. Opponent of the Axis. Annoyance in Germany,” The West Australian, March 4, 1939.

“Pope Pius XII’s Appeal to World. ‘International Justice and Concord.’ Impressive Broadcast. Wide Satisfaction at Election,” The Sydney Morning Herald, March 4, 1939.

“Text of the Pope’s Appeal; Text of the Plea for Peace by Pius,” The New York Times, March 4, 1939.

“Germany Holds Judgment,” The New York Times, March 5, 1939.

“Pius XII Not the Pope Totalitarians Desired. Former Cardinal Pacelli is Expected to Carry on the Virile Policies of His Predecessor, Pius XI,” The New York Times, March 5, 1939.

“Neo-Paganism Gravest Problem for New Pope, That He Will Continue the Church’s Fight Is Not Doubted at Vatican,” The New York Times, March 5, 1939.

“Pius XII Not the Pope Totalitarians Desired; Former Cardinal Pacelli Is Elected To Carry On the Virile Policies of His Predecessor, Pius XI Rome and Berlin Respectful, Pius XII, the Diplomat Sent to Germans Vatican Political Center American Representation,” The New York Times, March 5, 1939.

“Eliminating Jews and Honorary Jews, Demands Catholic Support of Anti-Jewish Policy,” The Palestine Post, March 6, 1939.

“Rabbi Lauds Pius XI; Landman Praises His Attacks upon Anti-Semitism,” The New York Times, March 6, 1939.

“Persecution of Jews Deplored by Late Pope,” Barrier Miner (Australia), March 7, 1939.

“Hebrew Press Eulogises Pope Pius XI,” Barrier Miner (Australia), March 7, 1939.

“Pie XI est Mort, Vive Pie XII,” Israël, March 9, 1939.

“Hail Election of Cardinal Pacelli as Pope Pius XII,” The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), March 10, 1939.

“Pius XII,The Jewish Chronicle (UK), March 10, 1939.

“Plea for World Peace, Pope’s First Words, Blow to Nazis,” Northern Standard, March 10, 1939.

“Pope Pius XII, Democracies Applaud Cardinal’s Choice, When Nazis Attacked Mgr. Pacelli,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), March 10, 1939.

“Habemus Papem,” Time Magazine, March 13, 1939.

“Belgian Cardinal Appealed against Expulsion of Polish Jews from Belgium,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, March 13, 1939, accessed online on October 21, 2015.

“Lithuanian Jews Aid Catholic Charities in Memory of Pius XI,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, March 13, 1939, accessed online on October 10, 2015.

“Relief Men,” Time Magazine, March 13, 1939.

“Nazi Guards at Siegfried Line Clash with Rhineland Catholics, Affrays an Almost Daily Occurrence,” The Palestine Post, March 14, 1939.

“Pope’s ‘Admiration’ Won by Roosevelt; President Praised by Pontiff in Course of Audience Accorded to Kennedy Pius Repeats Peace Plea Response to Congratulations of the Cardinals Dedicates His Pontificate Anew,” The New York Times, March 14, 1939.

“Un racisme aryen intégral,” La Croix, March 30, 1939.

“S.S. Pie XII et l’Allemagne. Un courageux sermon de l’archevêque de Fribourg,” La Croix, March 30, 1939.

“The Popes Condemn Anti-Semitism,” The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), March 31, 1939.

“Hungarian Cardinal, Bishop Hit Anti-Jewish Bill, Seek Exemption for Converts,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, April 2, 1939, accessed online on September 24, 2015.

“Crowd Waits to Cheer Duce, King Zog to Be Deposed,” The Advertiser (Australia), April 8, 1939.

“The Pope and Peace. Lost Value of Pledges,” London Times, April 10, 1939.

“Pius in Peace Plea; In His Easter Sermon He Deplores Breaking of Pledged Word Says War Clouds Hover Those Possessed of Bounty Are Warned, However, That They Must Share Their Goods,” The New York Times, April 10, 1939.

“The After-Effects,” The West Australian, April 11, 1939.

 “British Newspaper Comment,” The Adelaide, April 11, 1939.

“Pope’s Easter Message on Peace and Pacts,” Morning Bulletin (Australia) April 11, 1939.

 “Nazis Plan Relentless Persecution,” Advocate (Australia), April 13, 1939.

“‘Jew-Friends’ in Italy, Cardinal Condemns Blood Libel,The Jewish Chronicle (UK), April 14, 1939.

“An Empire without Liberty, Observer’s Story about Italian Life under Fascist Rule,” Examiner (Australia), April 15, 1939.

“Hungary’s Primate Asks Exemption for converts, but Backs Measures against Jews,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, April 17, 1939, accessed online on September 24, 2015.

“Bruno Walter Tells How Pope Saved Jew,” Chicago Sentinel, April 20, 1939.

“Pro-German Press Causes Revulsion of Feeling, Causes Boom in Vatican Newspaper Sales,” National Advocate (Australia), April 20, 1940.

“Teleki Urges Passage of Anti-Jewish Bill; Provides Exemptions,” The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), April 21, 1939.

“Vatican Paper Attacked,” Daily News (Australia), May 1, 1940.

“Vatican Appeals to Nazi Overlords,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), April 21, 1939.

“Giggle Department,” Chicago Sentinel, May 4, 1939.

“Cardinal Verdier Voices Sympathy with Jews’ Plight,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, May 9, 1939, accessed online on September 24, 2015.

“Fostering Jewish Culture,The Jewish Chronicle (UK), May 12, 1939.

“Italian Catholics Attack Jew-Baiters,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), May 19, 1939.

 “Catholic Palace Seized by Nazis, Bishop Sigismund Waitz,” Los Angeles Times, May 31, 1939.

“Nazis’ Poison Fangs Now Directed at Ireland, Catholic Divine Condemns Racial Hatred,” The Palestine Post, May 31, 1939.

“Catholic Editors Denounce Racism; Delegates in Session Here Pledge Support to Views of Popes Pius XI and XII….” The New York Times, June 25, 1939.

“Priest Jailed for Hitler Slander,” The New York Times, June 28, 1939.

“Entente Judéo-Chrétienne,” Paix et Droit (Palestine), July 1, 1939.

“Nazis Beat Prelate on Austrian Tour; Innitzer Quits Trip, Cardinal Attacked with Eggs and Epithets as He Visits Parishes near Vienna. Struck on Head by Stick. He is Called ‘Murderer’ for Failure to Get Pardons for Slayers of Dollfuss, Austrian Cardinal on Austrian Tour Beaten by Nazis…” The New York Times, July 5, 1939.

“Niemöller or I,” Time Magazine, July 10, 1939.

“Cardinal Innitzer Assaulted, Nazi Abuse and Eggs,” The Palestine Post, July 12, 1939.

“Italy Checks Reich in Resisting Pope, Axis Nations Pull in Different Directions in Relation to Vatican Peace Efforts,” The New York Times, July 12, 1939.

“Classic Tragedy,” Time Magazine, July 17, 1939.

“United States: How to Be Neutral,” Time Magazine, July 17, 1939.

“[The Jewish Community of Beyrout],The Jewish Chronicle (UK), July 21, 1939.

“Nazi Press Victims Pope Pius and Roosevelt,” The Argus (Australia), July 21, 1939.

“Archbishop Scores Slander of Jews,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, July 25, 1939, accessed online on October 10, 2015.

“Pope Pius Condemns Ascendancy of Might; Greeting of Polish Envoy Read as Thrust at Fascism and Nazism,” The New York Times, July 26, 1939.

“Vatican Organ Critical of Reich, Nazi Attitude Does Not Offer a Peaceful Solution of the Danzig Issue…,” The New York Times, July 27, 1939.

“Christians Challenge Jew-Baiters,The Jewish Chronicle (UK), July 28, 1939.

“Germany’s Bishops to Defy Nazi Ban, Vatican Reveals Prelates Will Meet as Usual at Fulda, Issuing Pastoral Letter,” The New York Times, August 5, 1939.

“Pope Sifts Anti-Semitism; Questions Ousted Rector of Rome University at Audience,” The New York Times, August 5, 1939.

“Pope Confers with Ousted Jewish Educator,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, August 7, 1939, accessed online on September 20, 2015.

“Nazis Close University, Salzburg’s Catholic Center Seized−More Nuns Ousted,” The New York Times, August 8, 1939.

“Papal Letter Censored, Italian Press Omits Reference to Inadequacy of Fascist Tenets,” The New York Times, August 10, 1939.

“Pope Expresses Sympathy in Talk with Ousted Rector,” Ohio Jewish Chronicle, August 11, 1939.

“Osservatore Romano Confiscated, Published Alleged Nazi Spy Plot in Italy,” The Palestine Post, August 14, 1939.

“South Tyrol Priests Are Barred by Reich, Salzburg Archbishop Sees Nazi Hatred of Church Unleashed,” The New York Times, August 18, 1939.

“News of Pact Hits Rome Like a Bolt, Axis Expected to Hold Firm−Italy Has Similar Treaty with Soviet, Dating from 1933,” The New York Times, August 22, 1939.

“By Pius XII,” The New York Times, August 25, 1939.

“The Pope’s Peace Broadcast. A Moving Appeal,” London Times, August 25, 1939.

“Pleas of President and Pope, The Pope Makes a Plea for Peace,” The New York Times, August 25, 1939.

“Pope Issues Appeal; He Calls Hour Grave in a Radio Plea to Governments Begs for Renewed Talks Says Nothing Can Be Lost by Peace but That Everything May Be Lost by War,” The New York Times, August 25, 1939.

“Voice of the Pope, ‘War is Futile,” The West Australian, August 26, 1939.

“Power Politics: Nightmare,” Time Magazine, August 28, 1939.

“Shock,” Time Magazine, August 28, 1939.

“Pope Said to Urge Peace Conference, Five-Power Parley Would Meet for Far-Reaching Revision of Versailles Treaty. Pius Again Makes Appeal. Message Presented to Envoys of European Nations and the United States,” The New York Times, September 1, 1939.

“A Diary of Crisis. From Peace to War,” London Times, September 2, 1939.

“In the Stomach,” Time Magazine, September 4, 1939.

“Realists Have Taken Over,” Time Magazine, September 4, 1939.

“Germany Rains Gas Bombs on Civilians, Polish Towns in Flames… Pope’s Appeal,” The Canberra Times (Australia), September 5, 1939.

“Plea by Pope Imminent, Likely to Be Made to World as He Receives Belgian Envoy,” The New York Times, September 5, 1939.

“Maglione Resumes Rest, Vatican Apparently Believes No More Can Be Done Now,” The New York Times, September 6, 1939.

“Reprisal against Reich Jews Feared over Aid to Britain in Palestine,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, September 6, 1939, accessed online on January 7, 2017.

“Italians Arrest Writer for Vatican City Paper,” The New York Times, September 9, 1939.

“The Presidency: Preface to War,” Time Magazine, September 11, 1939.

“The Vatican: Sheep Kill Sheep,” Time Magazine, September 11, 1939.

“Pope to Make New Plea, To Ask End of U-Boat Warfare and Use of Gas,” The New York Times, September 13, 1939.

“Pope Begs Powers to Humanize War; Pleads With Belligerents to Spare Civilian Populations From Gas and Other Horrors, Receives Belgian Envoy Pontiff, Lauding King Leopold, Says His Own Efforts Now Aim to Shorten Conflict,” The New York Times, September 15, 1939.

“Diplomats in Poland Ask their Governments To Protest German Air Raids on Open Towns,” The New York Times, September 16, 1939.

“Pope’s Peace Appeal,” Townsville Daily Bulletin (Australia), September 16, 1939.

“Pope’s Sorrow at War, ‘Road Barred to All Peacelovers’,” The Advertiser (Australia), September 16, 1939.

“Vatican is Critical on Curbs in Reich,” The New York Times, September 16, 1939.

“Cardinals’ Message Answered by Pope, Expression of Faith and Devotion Was Sent by Sacred College,” The New York Times, September 17, 1939.

“Pope Pius Horrified by Russian Invasion; Change From Aloofness, However, Not Likely,” The New York Times, September 18, 1939.

“Pope Dismayed by Russian Move,” The Courier-Mail (Australia), September 19, 1939.

“Pope Shares Sufferings,” The New York Times, September 19, 1939.

“Vatican City Paper Terms Russian Invasion of Poland Cowardly Act on a False Pretext,” The New York Times, September 19, 1939.

“Vatican Concerned with Fate of Poles, Restrictions on Reich Catholics,” The Palestine Post, September 20, 1939.

“Berlin Hears of Peace Plan,” The New York Times, September 23, 1939.

“Pope Acts to Aid Polish Catholics, Asks Berlin Not to Extend its Anti-Religious Measures to Conquered Regions, Soviet Raises a Problem, Pontiff Unable to Take Steps to Aid Those in Areas Taken Over by the Russians” The New York Times, September 21, 1939.

“Future of Poland Worries Vatican; Holy See Is Dismayed by News Received From Districts Occupied by Russia Churches Ruined in War, Papal Nuncio to Warsaw, Now in Rumania, Aids in Relief Work for Refugees,” The New York Times, September 23, 1939.

“Vatican and Italy Closer, Improved Relations are Direct Result of the Deal between Nazis and Communists,” The New York Times, September 24, 1939.

“Blow to the Vatican, Pope Deeply Dejected,” The West Australian, September 25, 1939.

“Papal Approval of Roosevelt Plans,” The Canberra Times (Australia) September 28, 1939.

“Encyclical Expected Oct. 4,” The New York Times, September 28, 1939.

“Pope Said to Seek Peace and a Free Poland, Protected Against Communism and Atheism,” The New York Times, September 28, 1939.

“Roosevelt Views Seen as Akin to Pontiff’s. Writer in Vatican City Paper Stresses Likeness in Ideals,” The New York Times, September 28, 1939.

“Efforts for Peace in Rome Parallel. In Approaches to Germany the Pope Seems to Be Working Though Italian Government. Acts Directly on France. Russia’s Position Indicated as Disturbing to Aims of Both Vatican and the Quirinale,” The New York Times, September 29, 1939.

“Pope Will Address Poles Today; Hopes for End of Nazi Occupation; Pontiff to Receive Privately Group Including Primate and Envoy-Cardinal Hlond Bids People Keep Faith in Revival of Nation,” The New York Times, September 30, 1939.

“Pope is in Tears Consoling Poles, Voices Hope for the Nation’s Resurrection and Church’s Maintenance There. Warns the New Masters, Denounces ‘Plans of Enemies of God-Polish Colony Weeps as He Speaks,” The New York Times, October 1, 1939.

“Indiscreet,” Time Magazine, October 2, 1939.

“Cardinal Assails Reich and Russia; Leader of Polish Catholics Asks His People to Resist ‘Atheism and Apostasy’ Praises Army and Nation Text of Broadcast Shows He Used Unusually Strong Words About Foes,” The New York Times. October 3, 1939.

“Cardinal Mundelein, Outspoken Foe of Nazism, Dead,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, October 3, 1939, accessed online on September 24, 2015.

“Fugitive from Nazis Gets Home in Vatican,” The New York Times, October 4, 1939.

“Jewish Leaders Join in Mourning Cardinal Mundelein,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, October 4, 1939, accessed online on September 24, 2015.

“Pope May Recognize Poles’ Paris Regime, Is Reported to Be Pleased With U. S. Action, but Cautious,” The New York Times, October 4, 1939.

“Vatican is Anxious on Catholic Poles, Has Word Churches Are Open in Soviet-Held Area, But Priests’’ Vestments Barred, Lwow Primate Said Held, First Encyclical by Pius XII Containing Appeal for Peace, Is Likely This Month,” The New York Times, October 6, 1939.

“Pope Recognizes the Polish Regimes, Step Seen as Aligning Vatican with U. S., Britain and France against Hitler’s Conquest… Papal Neutrality is Held More Difficult to Keep as War Goes On,” The New York Times, October 8, 1939.

“Merciful God,” Time Magazine, October 9, 1939.

“Peace?” Time Magazine, October 9, 1939.

“Vatican Less Pessimistic,” The New York Times, October 9, 1939.

“Persecution is Charged. Vatican Sources Accuse Russia of Acts in Poland,” The New York Times, October 10, 1939.

“Racial Paganism, by Five Cardinals,” Catholic Freeman’s Journal (Australia), October 12, 1939.

“Vatican Asks Allies to Aid Polish Church, Britain and France Reply They See No Way to Help,” The New York Times, October 12, 1939.

“Vatican’s Concern on Poland Voiced, Osservatore Quashes Reports That the Pontiff Moderated Denunciation of Seizure,” The New York Times, October 15, 1939.

“German Catholics Defy a Nazi Order, Vatican Learns of Refusal of Some Priests to Ring Bells After Warsaw Fell. Soviet Pact Condemned. Osservatore Romano Tells of Suffering of Poles Under New Rule by Russia,” The New York Times, October 18, 1939.

“Pope Will Defend Christian Europe, Shunning Temporal Disputes, He Pledges Resistance to ‘Enemies of God.’ Greets Lithuanian Envoy. Diplomatic Contact Resumed with Hope of Solving Old Differences Over Vilna,” The New York Times, October 19, 1939.

“Pope Orders Protest on Acts in Poland, Sends Berlin Nuncio a List of Charges from Seized Area,” The New York Times, October 22, 1939.

“Treatment of Polish Catholics Draws Protest from Pope,” Los Angeles Times, October 22, 1939.

“Jews Urged to Honor Pius XI and Mundelein; Rabbi S.S. Wise Lauds Their Fight against Anti-Semitism, Rabbi S. Wise Lauds Pius XII and Cardinal Mundelein for anti-Semitism Fight,” The New York Times, October 23, 1939.

“Peace When Germans Have Reliable Government, World Beset with Evil Forces of War,” The Palestine Post, October 26, 1939.

“First Encyclical, Pius Calls Upon Rulers to Follow Christian Ideals in Governing; Decries Totalitarianism, Pontiff Sees Individual as the End, State as the Means-Stresses Family’s Role, Hopes for Poland’s Rebirth Fascist Tenets Denounced Pope Decries War, Dictators, Racism, All ‘Have Equal Rights,’ Injures Relations of Peoples, The New York Times, October 28, 1939.

“Dictators, Treaty Breaking and Racism Are Condemned by the Pope in His First Encyclical, Pontiff Stresses Christian Principles That Put the Individual Before the State, The New York Times, October 28, 1939.

 “New Idolatry Condemned. The Pope on Limit of State Power. Peace Undermined by False Ideals,” London Times, October 28, 1939.

“Italy Gets Little of the Encyclical, Only 1,000-Word Summary of Pope’s Message Issued−Comment is Forbidden. Catholics to Issue Text. German Reaction Is Awaited Anxiously−Message Not Sent by Nazi Reporters,” The New York Times, October 29, 1939.

 “Pope Again Condemns Regimes Which Suppress Religions,” The Palestine Post, October 30, 1939.

“Poles Notify Vatican of Stand,” The New York Times, October 30, 1939.

“Pope’s Address, Nations’ Desire for Power,” The Sydney Morning Herald, October 30, 1939.

“The Pope’s Messages,” London Times, October 30, 1939.

“Germans and the Encyclical, The Pope Reprimanded,” London Times, October 31, 1939.

“Reich Bishop’s Warning Reported,” The New York Times, October 31, 1939.

[The Pope’s First Encyclical], The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), November 3, 1939.

“Vatican Reports Lwow Archbishop Killed By Russians, Whose Invasion He Opposed,” The New York Times, November 3, 1939.

“Reich Seen Pressing Drive on Catholics, Vatican Hears Persecution Has Grown Since the Encyclical,” The New York Times, November 4, 1939.

“Vatican Fears for Swiss as Nazis Mass on Border,” The New York Times, November 5, 1939.

“Vatican Protest Ban on Encyclical, Holds Reich Flouts Concordat by Forbidding Publication of Pope’s Message, May Broadcast to Nazis, Berlin Cites War Factors and Reveals Withholding of Retort on Poland,” The New York Times, November 5, 1939.

“No Dove,” Time Magazine, November 6, 1939.

“Non Licet!” Time Magazine, November 6, 1939.

“Priest into President,” Time Magazine, November 6, 1939.

“687 Catholic Retreats Closed in Reich Recently,” The New York Times, November 9, 1939.

“A Cue from the Vatican,” The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), November 10, 1939.

“Pope Felicitates Hitler, Instructs Nuncio to Express Satisfaction Over Escape,” The New York Times, November 11, 1939.

“Pope Voices Hope for World Unity; Pius Suggests the Formation of ‘Stable and Fruitful’ Organization after War, Like Point in Encyclical,” The New York Times, November 11, 1939.

“Second Thoughts in Italy, Will Racialism Be Dropped?” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), November 17, 1939.

“Pius XII: Militant for Peace. The New Pontiff Reveals the Cast of his Mind in an Encyclical against War,” The New York Times, November 19, 1939.

“Pope’s Solicitude Heartens Negroes; Both Catholic and Non-Catholic Leaders in America Praise Encyclical on Welfare, Aid to Tolerance Seen, Better Race Relations Looked For -16 Present Views in Publication Here,” The New York Times, November 19, 1939.

“Oppression in Germany, Persecution of Catholics,” The Canberra Times (Australia), November 23, 1939.

“Pope to Make New Plea, Will Ask Scientists to Join in Battle against ‘isms’,” The New York Times, November 25, 1939.

“Germans Arrest 400 Priests,” The Sydney Morning Herald, November 27, 1939.

“Vatican Disturbed by Threat to Finns, Osservatore Romano Charges Border Incident is Pretext for Seizure of Land. Italian Paper is Critical…,” The New York Times, November 29, 1939.

“Is There Punishment for Hitler?” The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), December 1, 1939.

“Protest Nazi Persecution of Religious Leaders,” The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), December 3, 1939.

“Pope Rejects a Bid for Anti-Red Front; Tells British the Vatican Cannot Enter a Political Alliance,” The New York Times, December 6, 1939.

“Wicked Injustices to Poland, Cardinal Hinsley’s ‘Deep Indignation,’” London Times, December 11, 1939.

“Leading Poles Killed, Vatican Hears Lubomirski, Others Slain in Russian-Held Region,” The New York Times, December 15, 1939.

“Welcomed by Vatican, Taylor Appointment Is Held Evidence of Cordial Relations,” The New York Times, December 24, 1939.

Text of Pope’s Address to College of Cardinals on Bases for Peace,” The New York Times, December 25, 1939.

“Pope Offers Five Bases of ‘Just Peace;’ Urges ‘Right to Life’ of All Nations; Finns Drive Ahead on Three Fronts; Pius Warns Europe Pontiff Says the Nations Must Be Freed From ‘Slavery’ of Arms for A World institution Asks Study of Just Demands - Urges Moral Justice in Treaty - Hails U.S. Envoy Welcomes U.S. Ambassador Bitter Over Widespread War, Five Conditions for Peace Grateful to Roosevelt,” The New York Times, December 25, 1939.

“Statement by Pope,” The Sunday Morning Herald, December 25, 1939.

“French Call Steps for Peace a Help, View Roosevelt and Pius XII as Seeking Durable Terms for Which Allies Fight. Press Hails Their Action. Government Spokesman Says Pope and president Set Up Milestone in World Affairs,” The New York Times, December 26, 1939.

“Allied War Aims and Pope’s Terms Basically the Same, Preserving European Peace against Hitler’s Fury,” The Palestine Post, December 28, 1939.

“Vatican-U.S. Amity Hailed. Hungary puts Great Stress on Sending Envoy to Holy See,” The New York Times, December 28, 1939.

“Reich Tightens Press Ban, Foreign Papers in German to Be Barred During War,” The New York Times, December 29, 1939.

“Galician Prelate is Reported Alive, Count Szeptycki Had Been Believed Killed by Russians,” The New York Times, December 30, 1939.

“Vatican Reveals its Help to Jews, ‘Yellow Book’ Tells of Efforts to Ease Lot of Converts Persecuted by State, Migration is Facilitated, Pamphlet Also Describes the Pope’s Peace Moves and Other Events of 1939,” The New York Times, December 30, 1939.

“Pope Works Constantly for Peace,” The New York Times, December 31, 1939.

 

1940

“‘Crushing Vassalage’ Seen Germans’ Peril, Goldstein Lauds Roosevelt and Pope for Efforts to Balk It,” The New York Times, January 1, 1940.

“Vatican Hears Nazis Seize Czech Priests. Estimates of Arrests in Protectorate Go as High as 200,” The New York Times, January 4, 1940.

“Italy to Revoke Jew-Laws,The Jewish Chronicle (UK), January 5, 1940.

“Nazi Press Deception Charged by Vatican, ‘Bishop of Hamburg’ quoted and No Such Person Exists,” The New York Times, January 5, 1940.

“Pope Urges Duce to Stay Out of War; Text of Note to Mussolini Not Revealed--Little Hope Is Held for the Entreaty Vatican Making Plans Report That Pontiff Will Leave Italy Is Denied, but Move Is Held Not Impossible,” The New York Times, January 6, 1940.

“Stritch, New Archbishop of Chicago, is Foe of Nazism,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, January 7, 1940, accessed online on October 10, 2015.

“Catholic Women Hounded by Gestapo, Facilities for Atheists,” The Palestine Post, January 11, 1940.

“Vatican Helping Converted Jews Escape Reich Ordeal,” Chicago Sentinel, January 18, 1940.

“Catholic Prelate in Chile Assails Racism,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, January 19, 1940, accessed online on October 10, 2015.

“Hospital Bombing Protest To Soviet Asked by Pope,” The New York Times, January 21, 1940.

“Nazi-Soviet Pact Spurs Anti-Christian Drive in Germany,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, January 21, 1940, accessed online on September 24, 2015.

“Pope’s Letter to the President,” The New York Times, January 21, 1940.

“Pius Voices Fears, But Reply to Roosevelt Outlines Task Facing Friends of Peace, Hails President’s Views, Pontiff Says They Represent Desire of Common People That Conflict End,” The New York Times, January 21, 1940.

Izvestia Attacks Pope Pius and Roosevelt; Terms Pontiff ‘Tool’ of Allies in Peace Move,” The New York Times, January 23, 1940.

“Martyr’s Fate of Poland, Nazis Denounced by Vatican, A Tale of Infamy,” London Times, January 23, 1940.

“Vatican Denounces Atrocities in Poland, Germans Called Even Worse Than Russians. Vatican Reveals Terrors in Poland. Deportations Called Brutal,” The New York Times, January 23, 1940.

“Poland’s Agony,” The New York Times, January 24, 1940.

“Vatican Amplifies Atrocity Reports; Weight of Papacy Put behind Exposure of Nazi Excesses Committed in Poland. Cardinal Compiled Data; Efforts to Suppress Religion and Persecution of Clergy Described over Radio,” The New York Times, January 24, 1940.

“Catholic Clergy in Nazi Claws,” The Palestine Post, January 25, 1940.

“Vatican Continues Atrocity Charges; Report on Poland Gives Names of Priests Who Have Been Murdered by Nazis, Indignities are Charged, Germans Issue Stern Decree to Combat Shortages - Will Reopen Posts,” The New York Times, January 25, 1940.

“Atrocities on Poles Denied in Germany, Maglione Revealed as Informant as Vatican Broadcasts End,” The New York Times, January 26, 1940.

“Clouds over the Danube, Fear of Nazi Drive,The Jewish Chronicle (UK), January 26, 1940.

“Hitler contra Mundum,The Jewish Chronicle (UK), January 26, 1940.

“‘Poland’s Martyrdom,’ Vatican Denounces Nazi Terror,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK) January 26, 1940.

“Reds Unite with Nazis on Anti-religion Drive but Bar Racialism,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, January 26, 1940, accessed online on September 24, 2015.

“The Vatican’s Gesture, Dismissed Jews Invited to Scientific Congress,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), January 26, 1940.

“Vatican Gets Protest, Germany Objects to Broadcasts about Atrocities in Polish Area,” The New York Times, January 27, 1940.

“Excerpts of Note Charging Nazis With Mass Killings of Poles,” The New York Times, January 29, 1940.

“Germans Deny Charges,” The New York Times, January 29, 1940.

 “Mass Shootings in Poland Laid to Nazis by Cardinal. Memorandum, Presented to Pope, Accuses Germans of Breaking Up Families and Jailing ‘Scores of Thousands,’ The New York Times, January 29, 1940.

“Nazi Barbarities in Poland, Priests Attacked; ‘De-Christianizing’ by Decree,” London Times, January 29, 1940.

“Nazis Slay Priests, Vatican Charges,” Los Angeles Times, January 29, 1940.

“Nazism vs. Catholicism,” Los Angeles Times, January 30, 1940.

“Reports Heard in Berlin,” The New York Times, January 30, 1940.

The Text of Cardinal Hlond’s Report to the Vatican on Persecution by the Nazis in Poland,” The New York Times, January 30, 1940.

“Nazis Ban Church Paper, Last Clerical Organ in Reich Suppressed, Vatican Hears,” The New York Times, February 1, 1940.

“Vatican Radio Protests Atrocities of Germany,” Chicago Sentinel, February 1, 1940.

“Czechs Driven Out to Make Room for Baltic Germans,” The Palestine Post, February 2, 1940.

“Hiding It Away,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), February 2, 1940.

“Reports Confirm Vatican Charges Despite German Denials,” The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), February 2, 1940.

“Nazis Seize Property of All Czech Bishops; 70 Priests Arrested-Vatican Plans No New Talks on Poles,” The New York Times, February 3, 1940.

“Vatican Lends Aid to Poland’s Cause, World is Told of Germany’s Treatment of the People of Conquered Nation…,” The New York Times, February 4, 1940.

“Battle of the Births,” Time Magazine, February 5, 1940.

“Martyrdom,” Time Magazine, February 5, 1940.

“France’s Struggle Wins Pope’s Praise, Letter to Verdier Cites ‘Noble Vocation of Apostleship and Civilization,’ Commends Army Priests, Paris Cardinal in Message Today Will Refer to War with Nazis as ‘Crusade,’” The New York Times, February 7, 1940.

“Nazis Decimated Jews in Town near Warsaw, Poles Report,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, February 7, 1940, accessed online on January 7, 2017.

“Vatican Aids Return of Germans to Faith; Bishops Get Special Powers to Absolve Certain Apostates,” The New York Times, February 10, 1940.

“Lebensraum und Todesraum,” London Times, February 14, 1940.

“Refugee Plight in Soviet Areas Held Desperate,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, February 15, 1940, accessed online on September 24, 2015.

“Polish Sufferings Related by Priest; Conditions Under Soviet Rule Better Than in the German Areas, Says Monsignor, Describes Life in Prison, He Himself Was Arrested as Reprisal for Sabotage - Saved by Gestapo Agent,” The New York Times, February 16, 1940.

“Vatican Protest on poles Made to Berlin by Nuncio,” The New York Times, February 17, 1940.

“Polish Catholics Bitter, Persecution in Vilna Diocese Is Charged by the Vatican,” The New York Times, February 23, 1940.

“No Jews in Vital Public Posts in Soviet Poland, Survey Reveals,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, February 25, 1940, accessed online on September 24, 2015.

“Vatican Widens Sterilization Ban,” The New York Times, February 25, 1940.

“Papal Nuncio in Reich Protests Violations, Charges Clauses of Concordat Are Not Adhered To,” The New York Times, March 1, 1940.

“Vatican’s Polish Mission, Counterblast to Persecution,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), March 1, 1940.

“Vatican Post Goes to Jew as Italy’s Ban is Imposed,” The New York Times, March 2, 1940.

“Pope Appoints Jew to Vatican Post as Italy Imposes Anti-Jewish Laws,” The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh) March 8, 1940.

“Pope Pius XII Thanks United Jewish Appeal for Aid to Catholic Refugees,” The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), March 8, 1940.

“Vatican Adds Data on Nazi Executions, 53 Jews Taken in a Warsaw Raid are Slain, Then Ransom is Collected for Safety,” The New York Times, March 8, 1940.

“Ribbentrop to See Pope Tomorrow; Pontiff Is Likely to Urge Peace…,” The New York Times, March 10, 1940.

“Italo-German Talks Opened in Rome. Ribbentrop to See the Pope,” The Palestine Post, March 11, 1940.

“Nazi Envoy’s Visit Held Fruitless So For, as Coal Accord Ends Crisis; Foreign Minister’s “Interview With Pope Pius Today Seen as Vital Part of Mission-Talks With Il Duce ‘Cordial,’ The New York Times, March 11, 1940.

“Ribbentrop and Pope May Discuss Accord, Germans See in Today’s Talk Prelude to New Pact,” The New York Times, March 11, 1940.

“Nazi Conciliatory, Reich is Reported Ready to Join Pius in Crusade Against Bolshevism, Pontiff Cites Injustices, Their Elimination Will Help in Peace Work…,” The New York Times, March 12, 1940.

“No Swastika at the Vatican,” The Palestine Post, March 12, 1940.

“Reich Optimistic on Visit, Press Points Out It Cannot Fail to Have ‘Fruitful Results,’” The New York Times, March 12, 1940.

“Nazi Envoy at Vatican,” The Palestine Post, March 12, 1940.

“British Prelate Assails Nazi Credo of ‘Race and Blood,’ Jewish Telegraphic Agency, March 13, 1940, accessed online on September 24, 2015.

“Diplomatic Knock-out,” The Palestine Post, March 13, 1940.

“Ribbentrop’s Visit in Rome a Failure; ‘Good Riddance’ Is Suggested as He Goes Home- Deal with Britain Hinted,” The New York Times, March 13, 1940.

“Two Interviews,” The Palestine Post, March 13, 1940.

“Pope Is Emphatic About Just Peace, His Stress on Indispensable Basis for End of Hostilities Held Warning to Reich, Jews’ Right Defended, Pontiff in von Ribbentrop Talk Spoke in Behalf of Persecuted in Germany and Poland,” The New York Times, March 14, 1940.

“Russo-Finnish Truce. Terms Believedly Accepted. Finns’ Long Resistance,” Cairns Post (Australia), March 14, 1940.

“The Diplomatic Offensive,The Jewish Chronicle (UK), March 15, 1940.

“Film Star Hitler,The Jewish Chronicle (UK), March 15, 1940.

“Roman Holiday,” The New York Times, March 15, 1940.

“Nazis Sterilize Polish Boys and Girls, Further Massacres of Jews,” The Palestine Post, March 18, 1940.

“Three Profound Bows,” Time Magazine, March 18, 1940.

“200,000 Jews Roam Galicia Begging Bread from Peasants,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, March 22, 1940, accessed online on September 24, 2015.

“Vatican-German Rift Continues to Widen, Reports Modus Vivendi is Being Negotiated Are Denied,” The New York Times, March 24, 1940.

“Pontiff Condemns Injustices of War; Denounces Treaty Violations and Bombing of Civilians in Plea for Concord,” The New York Times, March 25, 1940.

“Denounces War, Misdirection of Genius, Pope’s Message,” The Mercury (Australia), March 26, 1940.

“Sermon by Pope. Easter Message. World Outlook Deplored,” The Sydney Morning Herald,” March 26, 1940.

“Pope Assailed in Moscow,” The New York Times, March 28, 1940.

“Pope Pius Renews Criticism of Reich, First Public Audience Since Before Lent Hears Attack on Pagan Statecraft, Allusion is Made Clear, Soviet Publications Assail the Pontiff and Espouse Work of Militant Atheists,” The New York Times, March 28, 1940.

“Pope on Enemies of Peace. Anti-Religious Rulers and Prophets,” London Times, March 28, 1940.

“Christian Charity. Pope Deplores Lack,” Cairns Post (Australia), March 29, 1940.

“Pope Attacks New Pagans,” The Courier-Mail (Australia) March 29, 1940.

“Pope’s Views on Cause of War,” The Mercury (Australia), March 29, 1940.

“Italians Suppress Molotoff Attacks, Press Ordered Not to Strike Back at Condemnation of Albanian Invasion, Rumania Causes Concern, Soviet premier’s Reference to Bessarabia Worries Rome−Hit at Allies Approved,” The New York Times, March 31, 1940.

“Le Ku-Klux-Klan fait de nouveau parler de lui. Un nouveau chef mais un vieux programme: la lutte contre les nègres, les juifs et les catholiques,” La Croix, March 31, 1940.

“Nuncio Kept Out of Poland,” The New York Times, March 31, 1940.

“Pope Thanks the Jews,” The Palestine Post, April 1, 1940.

“Vatican Disturbed by Reich’s Refusal; Cannot Send Men or Money into Poland for Work of Charity,” The New York Times, April 1, 1940.

“Pope Condemns the Nazis,” Northern Standard (Australian) April 2, 1940.

“Ribbentrop Rebuke; Polish Circles in France See Sign of His Failure With Pope,” The New York Times, April 2, 1940.

“Vatican Stresses Rift with Germany; Broadcast Admits Relations With Nazis Deteriorated After Ribbentrop Visit to Pope Berlin Insults Charged Exhibits Reported ‘Permeated by Contempt and Hatred for Christianity,’” The New York Times, April 4, 1940.

“L’homélie pascale de S.S. Pie XII,” La Croix, April 5, 1940.

“Cardinal Verdier is Dead in Paris; Advocate of Democracy and Foe of the Dictators, Was Champion of Oppressed Ordained Priest in 1887, Consecrated Archbishop in 1929 - Taught at Sulpician Seminary for 40 Years, The New York Times, April 9, 1940.

“Allies Send Men and Material to Norway,” The Palestine Post, April 10, 1940.

“Invasion of Denmark Completed by Early Afternoon,” The Palestine Post, April 10, 1940.

“Jews Pay Tribute to Cardinal Verdier, Foe of Persecution,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, April 11, 1940, accessed online on September 24, 2015.

“Speedier Reports Ordered by Pope; Vatican Envoys in War Areas Will Telephone Developments to Secretary of State; Pontiff Shows Anxiety; Roosevelt’s Envoy to Obtain Latest Data -Nazis Assailed by Osservatore Romano,” The New York Times, April 11, 1940.

“World Jewish Congress Lauds Verdier As ‘Defender of Civilization,’” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, April 12, 1940, accessed online on September 24, 2015.

“Atrocity Charges Renewed by Poles; Embassy in Rome Again Tells of Slaughter of Priests in Nazi-Occupied Area, Lublin a Terror Center, Gestapo Agents Are Said to Have Murdered Children in Mental Hospitals,” The New York Times, April 15, 1940.

“Fears for Vicar of Oslo, Vatican Has Not Heard From Him or Priest in Denmark,” The New York Times, April 25, 1940.

“Newspaper in Sanctuary,” Time Magazine, April 29, 1940.

“Vatican Paper Attacked,” The Palestine Post, April 30, 1940.

“All Quiet in Poland,” Time Magazine, May 6, 1940.

“Moscow, Berlin Push Plans for United Drive on Religion,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, May 6, 1940, accessed online on September 24, 2015.

“Pope Asks an End to Storm of War; Preaching Outside the Vatican, He Concludes With Deep Prayer for Peace, He is Anxious for Italy Service Honors the Nation’s Patron Saints -Crown Prince to Visit Pius,” The New York Times, May 6, 1940.

“The Choice for Italy,” The Sydney Morning Herald, May 7, 1940.

“Pope Held Shocked by Polish Horrors; May Deliver Rebuke as Result of Hlond Report Citing Nazi Aim to Oust Catholicism Lists 38 Priests Executed Says Cathedral Is Used as Garage,” The New York Times, May 7, 1940.

“The Pope Pleads for Peace,” Northern Standard (Australia), May 7, 1940.

“Pope Voices Fear of Spread of War; Sees World Being Overrun and Urges Fervent Prayers for Return of Peace,” The New York Times, May 9, 1940.

“Pontiff is Shocked by German Attack. Pope is Expected to Issue Formal Condemnation of the Invasions Today. Editor Assails the Nazis. Vendors of the Osservatore Romano Said to Have Been Molested by Fascisti, The New York Times, May 11, 1940.

“Pope Voices Pleas For Three Peoples; Messages to Rulers of Newly Invaded Countries Carry Condemnation of Reich; Appeal Sent by Leopold; Pius Sees Envoys to Vatican on Situation in Netherlands, Belgium and Luxembourg,” The New York Times, May 12, 1940.

“L’esprit vaincra. Pentecôte de guerre,” La Croix, May 13, 1940.

“Stirring up Public Feeling. Organized Campaign,” London Times, May 13, 1940.

“Demonstrations in Italy,” London Times, May 15, 1940.

“La voix de Rome,” La Croix, May 15, 1940.

“Anti-Allied Agitation in Italy,” The Palestine Post, May 16, 1940.

“Vatican Organ Smothered, Americans Advised to Leave Italy,” The Palestine Post, May 16, 1940.

“Vatican Paper Loses Readers to Boycott; Distribution in Italy Crippled by Fascist Campaign,” The New York Times, May 16, 1940.

“Primate’s Memorandum to Pope on Nazi Atrocities in Poland. Shot Priest Buried in Jewish Cemetery,” The Palestine Post, May 17, 1940.

“Vatican Refuses to Gag Newspaper; Rejects 3 Fascist Demands for Editorial Restrictions on Osservatore Romano; May Drop Sale in Italy; Use of Vatican Mails Would Permit Publication of News Deleted Under Pressure,” The New York Times, May 18, 1940.

“Vatican Post for Jew, Fascist Restrictions,” Lockhart Review and Oaklands Advertiser (Australia), May 21, 1940.

“Vatican City Newspaper Loses its Big Circulation, The New York Times, May 21, 1940.

“National Prayer, the Pope’s Principles of Peace; Nazism the Arch-Enemy of Mankind,” London Times, May 22, 1940.

“Italy Refuses to Permit Jewish Refugees Transit,” Ohio Jewish Chronicle, May 24, 1940.

“‘Hideous Nazi System,’ Cardinal Hinsley’s Denunciation, Fury of a Pagan People,” London Times, May 27, 1940.

“Observer Silenced,” Time Magazine, May 27, 1940.

“Vatican Newspaper Yields to Fascisti, Reappears Minus its Comment on War That Criticized Nazis,” The New York Times, May 28, 1940.

“Pope Asks Nations to Humanize War, Pleads for Fair Treatment of Conquered Areas’ Civilians and for Just Peace, Denies Partisan Spirit, His ‘Paternal Love’ Conveyed to Germans and Allies - Moral Ruin Deplored,” The New York Times, June 3, 1940.

“Pope Deplores War Horrors, Appeal for Respect of Laws of Humanity,” The Palestine Post, June 3, 1940.

“From the Watch Tower,” Chicago Sentinel, June 6, 1940.

“Cardinal Verdier Offers Life for France,” Southern Cross (Australia), June 7, 1940.

“Le Pape dénonce le rôle néfaste d’une presse de mensonge,” La Croix, June 10, 1940.

“Reynaud Tells Frances Why Duce Declared War,” The Palestine Post, June 11, 1940.

“Vatican’s Paper Bestows High Praise on Roosevelt,” The New York Times, July 11, 1940.

“Trenchant Indictment by British Cardinal,” The Canberra Times (Australia), June 12, 1940.

“Vatican Paper Muzzled,” The Palestine Post, June 16, 1940.

“Pope Prays for Victims; War’s Effects Felt in Vatican Ceremony‒Mass Is Broadcast,” The New York Times, June 17, 1940.

“Mercy for France is Urged by Pope, Pope Makes Indirect Plea to Germany and Italy for Lenient Attitude,” The New York Times, June 20, 1940.

“Vatican Representation Advocated; Resumption of Diplomatic Relations Regarded as Advisable On Moral, Ethical and Material Grounds,” The New York Times, June 23, 1940.

“Pope’s Paper,” Time Magazine, June 24, 1940.

“Le Vatican et la guerre,” Gazette de Lausanne, June 26, 1940.

“Jewish Refugee Pact Reported at Vatican, Poland Said to Be Open to Them if They Abstain From Politics,” The New York Times, June 30, 1940.

“State Absolutism. Pope’s Condemnations,” The Sydney Morning Herald, July 1, 1940.

“Voice of the Vatican, Duty to Fight for the Right,” London Times, July 5, 1940.

“Lithuania Cancels Vatican Concordat; Papal Officials Fear Catholicism Is Endangered There,” The New York Times, July 6, 1940.

“Hate Deplored by Pope, Appeal to Pilgrims,” The Mercury (Australia), July 11, 1940.

“Pontiff Bids Axis Be Fair to France, Declares Peace Treaty Must Be Just in Order That No Hatred Be Aroused, War-bred Dangers Cited, Pope Receiving Newlyweds, Says that it is the Duty of Nations to Forgive,” The New York Times, July 11, 1940.

“Catholics in Britain Loyal, Hinsley Says, Cardinal Says Petain Did Not Receive Vatican Support,” The New York Times, July 14, 1940.

“Germany Bars 2 Nuncios, Papal Envoys to Netherlands and Belgium Must Leave,” The New York Times, July 17, 1940.

“Mercy for France is Urged by Pope, Pontiff Makes Indirect Plea to Germany and Italy for Lenient Attitude,” The New York Times, July 20, 1940.

“Pope Gives Up Hope For An Early Peace, Vatican ‘Feelers’ on Negotiations Are Reported Futile,” The New York Times, July 25, 1940.

“Pie XII parle à la France de sa grande mission spirituelle et chrétienne,” La Croix, July 31, 1940.

“Pope Hopes to See France Reborn, He Declares in Letter to Bishops; Pontiff Deplores ‘Unprecedented Disaster Which Crossed Your Fatherland’ - Fascist Ex-Secretary Attacks the Message, The New York Times, August 3, 1940.

“Nazis Halt Papal Nuncio; Vatican Envoy to France Kept Out of Occupied Zone,” The New York Times, August 5, 1940.

“Pontiff Makes Plea for Truthful Press, Propaganda That Fosters Hatred among Nations Is Deplored,” The New York Times, August 8, 1940.

“War Echoes,” The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), August 9, 1940.

“Church and Democracy,” Time Magazine, August 19, 1940.

“Papal Denunciation,” The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), August 30, 1940.

“Silencing the Voice of the Church,” The Palestine Post, August 30, 1940.

 “Pope’s Peace Bids Mark Year of War, His Speeches and Messages on Subject Are Reviewed by Osservatore Romano, Efforts Still Continue, Pontiff Said to Bend All His Energies to Limit Conflict and Avert Suffering,” The New York Times, September 3, 1940.

“Gifts to Caesar,” Time Magazine, September 9, 1940.

“Bishop’s Letter Withheld; Vatican Decides Not to Release German Prelate’s Note,” The New York Times, September 17, 1940.

“Vatican Radio Scores All Who Pledge a ‘New Order,’” The New York Times, September 17, 1940.

“Pope and the War, Broadcast to Germany, “The Moral Verdict,” Cairns Post (Australia), September 19, 1940.

“Vatican Radio Attacks Nazi Race Heresy,” Advocate (Australia), September 12, 1940.

“The Pope’s Fears of Communism, Reported Encyclical,” London Times, October 8, 1940.

“Libraries of Paris Purged by Gestapo in Campaign to Nazify French People,” Los Angeles Times, October 17, 1940.

“Vatican Criticizes Nazis, Warning on ‘Persecution’ in Alsace-Lorraine Heard Here,” The New York Times, October 18, 1940.

“Text of the Pope’s Broadcast to the United States,” The New York Times, October 20, 1940.

 “Cardinal Under Scrutiny; Nazis Put Watch on Paris Prelate Accused of Insulting Reich,” The New York Times, October 22, 1940.

“Pope and Duce, A Pro-Jewish Demonstration,The Jewish Chronicle (UK), November 1, 1940.

“Vatican Censures Nazis, Broadcast Charges Catholics in Poland Are Oppressed,” The New York Times, November 12, 1940.

“The International Situation,” The New York Times, November 20, 1940.

“Text of the Pope’s Broadcast to the United States,” The New York Times, November 20, 1940.

“Vatican Hits Racism in France, Stressing Tie between Christianity, Judaism,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, November 20, 1940, accessed online on September 20, 2015.

“Protest by Pope, Nazi the Foe of the Church,” Goulburn Evening Post, November 20, 1940.

“Vatican Says Nazism Is Foe of Christianity; Lists Persecutions in Reich to Support Charge,” The New York Times, November 20, 1940.

“Italian Bishop’s Gesture,The Jewish Chronicle (UK), November 22, 1940.

“Gestapo Arrests Priest in Berlin,” Los Angeles Times, November 25, 1940.

“Pope Asks Peace, But Is Pessimistic; Plea Directed to Masses, Not to Leaders - A ‘Golden Rule’ of War Is Suggested,” The New York Times, November 25, 1940.

“Pope Prays for Peace, Deplores War Suffering,” The Argus (Australia), November 25, 1940.

“The Pope’s Eloquent Prayer,” The Palestine Post, November 25, 1940.

“Nazi Drive Against Catholics, Priests Deported and Shot in Poland,” The Palestine Post, November 27, 1940.

“Axis View of Talk by Pius Is Refuted, Sermon Did Not Reflect Ideas of Dictators on New Order, Vatican Paper States, 5 Peace Points Recalled, Pontiff Is Said to Desire That the Golden Rule Be Applied to Nations’ Relations,” The New York Times, November 28, 1940.

“Fascist Editor Libels the Pope, Christian Sympathy for Jews Resented,” Advocate (Australia), November 28, 1940.

“Vatican Denounces Racialism,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), November 29, 1940.

“Papacy Not Neutral,” The Palestine Post, December 1, 1940.

“Vatican v. Naziism,” Time Magazine, December 2, 1940.

“Vatican Admonished Reich on Lorraine Expulsions, The New York Times, December 5, 1940.

“Vatican Condemns ‘State’ Euthanasia, ‘Mercy Killing’ as Instrument of Race Improvement Held to Break Natural Law, Its Practice Is Reported, Unfit Executed to Conserve Food for War as Well as to Better Stock, It is Said,” The New York Times, December 6, 1940.

“Vatican Paper Hits Nazi Persecution, Many Polish Bishops as Well as Hundreds of Priests Said to Be in Reich Prisons, Sees Religion in Fetters, ‘Not Few’ of Clergy Have Died in Concentration Camps, Says Osservatore Romano,” The New York Times, December 12, 1940.

“Sovietizing of Jewish Life in Lithuania Intensified,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, December 20, 1940, accessed online on September 24, 2015.

“Vatican Broadcast Denounces Nazism, Spokesman, in French, Says Rule in Reich is Anti-Christian,” The New York Times, December 20, 1940.

“Pope Asks Powers to Spare Children; In Christmas Letter He Also Urges Catholics to Pray for War’s Victims Proposes Holiday Gifts, Those Still at Peace Implored to Help Ease Wants of ‘Little Brothers,’” The New York Times, December 21, 1940.

“German Martyrs,” Time Magazine, December 23, 1940.

“Mr. Churchill Appeals to Italians over Duce’s Head,” The Palestine Post, December 24, 1940.

“Pope’s Message to War-Torn World,” The Palestine Post, December 25, 1940.

“The Pope’s New Order. Advice to Post-War Statesmen,” London Times, December 27, 1940.

“Indictment by Pope, Big Effect on Public,” The Mercury (Australia), December 27, 1940.

“Pope’s Broadcast, Read as Attack on Nazis,” The West Australian, December 27, 1940.

“Silence in Berlin. Angry Refusal to Give Information,” London Times, December 28, 1940.

“Fascist Law Is Deplored, Cardinal Attacks Restriction on Jewish-’Aryan’ Marriages,” The New York Times, December 29, 1940.

“Vatican Notes Hindrance; Pope Deplores Obstruction of His War Relief Efforts,” The New York Times, December 31, 1940.

 

1941

“German Army Chaplain Who Helped Jews Arrested by Gestapo,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), January 3, 1941.

“The Plight of France… A Priest to One of His Flock,” The Palestine Post, January 8, 1941.

“The Gestapo and the French Hierarchy,” Catholic Freeman’s Journal (Australia), January 9, 1941.

“Pope to Decry Bombing, ‘Solemn Document’ Reported Under Consideration by Pontiff,” The New York Times, January 15, 1941.

“Pope and Duce,” Hebrew Standard of Australasia (Australia), January 16, 1941.

“Vatican Plans Polish Relief,The Jewish Chronicle (UK), January 17, 1941.

“Pope’s Concern for Prisoners of War,” The Palestine Post, January 19, 1941.

“Nazis ‘Aryanize” French Jewish Firms,” Chicago Sentinel, January 23, 1941.

“Hitler Threatens Reprisals against European Jews if U.S. Enters War,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, January 31, 1941, accessed online on January 7, 2017.

“Church Militant,” Time Magazine, February 10, 1941.

“Catholics v. the Axis,” Time Magazine, February 17, 1941.

“Italian Jews under Fascism,” Chicago Sentinel, February 20, 1941.

“Italian Jewry under Fascism,” The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), February 21, 1941.

“Churchmen & the War,” Time Magazine, February 24, 1941.

“Lies and Bombers,” Time Magazine, February 24, 1941.

“Race Culture Book Banned by Vatican. German’s Thesis Advocates Compulsory Sterilization and Euthanasia for Unfit. Berlin Nuncio May Quit. Vatican Circles Report Mgr. Orsenigo is Tired of Post - Mgr. Montini Mentioned,” The New York Times, February 27, 1941.

“Pope Bans Book Urging Hitler’s Racial Dogma,” Chicago Sentinel, March 6, 1941.

“Book Advocating Nazi Racial Theory Banned by Vatican,” The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), March 7, 1941.

“Vatican Denounces Racialists,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), March 7, 1941.

“Cardinal Schulte of Cologne Dies. German Archbishop Took Up Roman Catholic Challenge to Regime of Nazis. Moderate in Opposition. First Endeavored an Understanding with Berlin anti-Clerical Leaders.” The New York Times, March 12, 1941.

“Belgian Cardinal Appealed against Expulsion of Polish Jews from Belgium,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, March 13, 1941, accessed online on September 24, 2015.

“Reich Jewish Leader Arrested; Nazis Hint Reprisals on Lease-lend Bill,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, March 14, 1941, accessed online on January 7, 2017.

“‘Aryanising’ Holland,The Jewish Chronicle (UK), March 28, 1941.

“Hungarians against Racialism,The Jewish Chronicle (UK), March 28, 1941.

“Jew-Baiting Unpopular,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), March 28, 1941.

“Vichy Releases Jewish Deputy, Vatican against Jew-Laws,The Jewish Chronicle (UK), March 28, 1941.

“A Sa Sainteté le Pape Pie XII,” La Croix, March 31, 1941.

“Vatican Condemns Nazi Paganism,” The Palestine Post, March 31, 1941.

“Vatican Publishes Criticism of Nazis; Suppressed Pastoral of Freiburg Printed in Osservatore,” The New York Times, March 31, 1941.

“War on the Religious Front,” The Palestine Post, April 4, 1941.

“Vatican Hits Nazi Rule in France,” The New York Times, April 5, 1941.

 “The Vatican Lashes Out, Nazi Anti-Religious Crusade in France,” The Palestine Post, April 5, 1941.

“Le Pape est-il neutre?” La Croix, April 9, 1941.

“Shocking Nazi Persecution in Poland. Under-Secretary of Polish Ministry Reveals ‘Bestial Sadism” of Concentration Camps,’ Advocate (Australia), April 10, 1941.

“The Pope and the War Sufferings of the Innocent,” London Times, April 14, 1941.

“Pope Appeals for Human Warfare, Denounces Ill-Treatment of Prisoners and Civilians in Enemy Territory,” The Palestine Post, April 14, 1941.

“Pope Pius Asks Ban on Worse Weapons; Broadcast Believed to Have Referred to Gas -- Calls for Imitation of Martyrs Pope Pius Asks Ban on Worse Weapons,” The New York Times, April 14, 1941.

Text of Pope Pius XII’s Easter Sunday Broadcast to World,” The New York Times, April 14, 1941.

“Vatican v. the Nazis,” Time Magazine, April 14, 1941.

“S. S. Pie XII a adressé au monde son message pascal. Le Pape a rappelé les conditions d’une paix just et exhorté à la confiance tous ceux qui souffrent” La Croix, April 15, 1941.

“The Papal Message,” The New York Times, April 15, 1941.

“Pope’s Appeal to Warring Nations, Mercy for Prisoners and Civilians,” Morning Bulletin (Australia), April 15, 1941.

“Persecution of Catholics,” The Palestine Post, April 20, 1941.

“Victor’s Clemency Besought by Pope, Pius Praises Those Who Fight in Defense of Homes-Asks That Innocent Be Spared, Appeals for Humility, Plea Follows Pronouncement Upon Harmony Between Science and Faith,” The New York Times, April 21, 1941.

“Cardinal Kaspar, Bohemia Primate, Prague Archbishop Who Scored Nazi Seizure of his Country Under Munich Pact Dies, An Advocate of Peace, Known as Expert on Canon Law and as Writer−Honored by the American Sioux,” The New York Times, April 22, 1941.

“‘De-Christianizing of Germany, Vatican Renews Radio Attack,” The Palestine Post, April 22, 1941.

“Une lettre du Saint-Père au cardinal secrétaire d’Etat,” La Croix, April 26, 1941.

“Plight of the Jews, Persecution Goes On,” Hebrew Standard of Australasia (Australia), May 1, 1941.

“Dutch Bishops Irk Nazis; Vatican Hears of Clashes as Result of Orders to Priest,” The New York Times, May 3, 1941.

“Papal Mission to Poland,” The Palestine Post, May 4, 1941.

“Le message pascal de S.S. Pie XII,” La Croix, May 6, 1941.

“21 Jews Executed in Nazi Concentration Camp,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, May 9, 1941, accessed online on January 7, 2017.

“Une lettre de S.S. Pie XII à son Em. le cardinal secrétaire d’Etat, en vue de prescrire de nouveau des prières publiques pour le rétablissement de la paix,” La Croix, May 10, 1941.

“Ordre chrétien,” La Croix, May 12, 1941.

“Pie XII définit l’apostolat des professeurs et étudiants catholiques,” La Croix, May 13, 1941.

“Censorship at Vatican, All Messages Now Checked to Prevent Leak of Secrets,” The New York Times, May 15, 1941.

“Frenchmen Denounce Jew-Laws, ‘Injustice Will Be Rectified,The Jewish Chronicle (UK), May 16, 1941.

“New Nazi Ban Stir s Vatican Authorities. Bar to Any Catholic Publication in Germany is Reported,” The New York Times, May 25, 1941.

“Death for Listening to Foreign Broadcasts,” The Palestine Post, May 26, 1941.

“Persecution,” Time Magazine, May 26, 1941.

“Le printemps de la famille dans un discours de S. S. Pie XII,” La Croix, May 27, 1941.

 Text of Pope Pius’s Broadcast on the Fiftieth Anniversary of Leo XIII’s Encyclical,” The New York Times, June 2, 1941.

“Pope Defends Rights of Individuals to Rise above Slavery, Economic Equilibrium Essential,” The Canberra Times (Australia), June 3, 1941.

“Rights of Man, Relation to State, Pope Speaks Boldly,” The West Australian, June 3, 1941.

“A l’occasion de la Pentecôte, S. S. Pie XII a adressé au monde un nouveau message,” La Croix, June 3, 1941.

“La Guerre et le droit,” La Croix, June 4, 1941.

“Pope’s Displeasure with Hungary Hinted; Vatican Paper Barely Mentions Visit of Nation’s Premier,” The New York Times, June 6, 1941.

“Discours de Sa Sainteté Pie XII pour commémorer le 50e anniversaire de l’encyclique “Rerum Novarum” du pape Léon XIII sur la question sociale, Fête de la Pentecôte, 1er juin 1941,” La Croix, June 18, 1941.

“Pope is Criticized by Italian Editor. Farinacci Says He Urged Poles to Resist Nazi Propaganda,” The New York Times, June 15, 1941.

“Holland’s Stand for Jewish Rights,The Jewish Chronicle (UK), June 27, 1941.

“Pope Prays as World Awaits Radio Talk; Address This Morning Expected to Be Anti-Communistic,” The New York Times, June 29, 1941.

“God’s Ways Are Not Men’s Ways, Pope Declares Triumph of Evil Cannot Endure,” The Palestine Post, June 30, 1941.

“Text of Pope Pius’s Address on Divine Providence,” The New York Times, June 30, 1941.

“Pope Keeps Silent on Axis ‘Crusade’. Homily on Divine Providence Seeks to Comfort World Amid Days of Strife,” The New York Times, June 30, 1941.

“Axis Pressure on the Pope. The Vatican and Russia,” London Times, July 1, 1941.

“Le message du Saint-Père,” La Croix, July 1, 1941.

“Report thousands of Jews Tortured in Rumanian Terror,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, July 3, 1941, accessed online on January 7, 2017.

“Final Jewish Law is Drafted in Italy. It Aims at Elimination of All but Families Specifically Exempted,” The New York Times, July 5, 1941.

“Les paroles de la vérité,” La Croix, July 5, 1941.

“Catholic Bishops in Germany Protest Anti-Church Moves,” Los Angeles Times, July 7, 1941.

“Pope Aids Interned Refugees,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, July 7, 1941, accessed online on September 20, 2015.

“Wants War Action Left to President. Bishop Hurley Says Problem in the Face of Nazi Menace is a Strategic One. Secret Moves Held Need. Prelate Cites Pope’s Attitude and Assails Catholics Who Give Comfort to Axis,” The New York Times, July 7, 1941.

“German Bishops Protest Against Paganism,” The Palestine Post, July 8, 1941.

“German Bishops Hailed as Heroes; Prelates Who Censured Nazis for Attack on Religion Praised by Rabbi,” The New York Times, July 13, 1941.

“Bishop Speaks,” Time Magazine, July 14, 1941.

“The Priest and the Nazi,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), July 18, 1941.

“Italian Jew-Laws under Fire, Vatican Calls for Change,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), July 25, 1941.

“Sweden: Price of Neutrality,” Time Magazine; August 4, 1941.

“Priests for Russia,” Time Magazine, August 4, 1941.

“Vatican Newspaper Assailed,” The New York Times, August 14, 1941.

“Jews Get Jobs at Vatican,” The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), August 22, 1941.

“Unto Caesar,” Time Magazine, August 25, 1941.

“Vatican and the War, Conflict with Germany, Infamy of All Kinds,” Cairns Post (Australia), August 26, 1941.

“Hungarian Primate Condemns Jew-Laws,The Jewish Chronicle (UK), September 5, 1941.

“Dutch Catholics Warned on Nazism; A Pastoral Letter Reaffirms Ban on Support to German Party or Communism Sees No Reconciliation, Wayward Urged to ‘Abandon Equivocal Path’ to Escape Denial of Sacrament, The New York Times, September 6, 1941.

“Catholic Primate Condemns Introduction of Nuremberg Laws in Hungary,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, September 7, 1941, accessed online on September 24, 2015.

“Over 100 Jews Seized as Hostages by Nazis in Paris,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, September 9, 1941, accessed online on January 7, 2017.

“‘Protecting’ the Pope,” Advocate (Australia), September 11, 1941.

“Imprisoned, Ye Visited Me,” Time Magazine, September 15, 1941.

“Jews “of the Whole World” will Par for German Martyrs on Soviet Front, Nazis Say,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, September 18, 1941, accessed online on January 7, 2017.

“President, Pope and Peace,” Time Magazine, September 22, 1941.

“Nazis Move Niemoeller, Pastor Now is at Dachau Camp, According to Swiss Paper,” The New York Times, September 25, 1941.

“Czech Jews Threatened with Reprisals for London Anti-Nazi Broadcasts,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, September 26, 1941, accessed online on January 7, 2017.

“Catholics Assail Nazis in Holland; Pastoral Letter Makes Bold Protest against German Persecution of Church; Heavy Penalties Defied; Workers’ Union Now Banned by Bishops Because of Change to Commissar’s Control,” The New York Times, September 29, 1941.

“Catholics and Gestapo in New Head-on Clash, Continued Persecutions Result in Bishop’s Protest to Hitler and Other Nazi Leaders,” Los Angeles Times, September 29, 1941.

“French Bishop Protests Marseilles Synagogue Bombing,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, October 2, 1941, accessed online on September 24, 2015.

“Nazi Brutality in Europe, Executioners Busy,” Examiner (Australia), October 2, 1941.

“The Badge of Courage,” The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), October 3, 1941.

“Pope Denounces Curbs on Marriage and Deplores ‘Mania for Divorce,’ Sterilization and Racial Laws Condemned. Rota Grants 30 Matrimonial Petitions out of 82 Cases Heard in Year,” The New York Times, October 4, 1941.

“Russians Changing Stand on Religion; They Now Assail the Nazis in All Languages as the Great Foes of Christianity,” The New York Times, October 5, 1941.

“Taylor Returns, Silent on Mission; Vatican Envoy Only Says He Has Information for President of ‘Utmost Importance,’” The New York Times, October 5, 1941.

“Catholic Niem,” Time Magazine, October 6, 1941.

“Mead Says Nazis Crush Catholics, Bishop’s Protest on Gestapo ‘Plundering’ and His Arrest Related to Senate, Prelate Fought Attacks…,’” The New York Times, October 7, 1941.

“Nazism Denounced by German Bishop, ‘More to be Feared than British Bombs,” Advertiser (Australia), October 7, 1941.

“Bombing of Seven Paris Synagogues Stirs Rebuke; Temples Demolished,” Chicago Sentinel, October 9, 1941.

“Nazi Persecutions Fail to Stifle Religious Fervour, Church Blamed for the Plight of France,” The Canberra Times (Australia), October 11, 1941.

“Cites Paris Prelate’s Stand, Vatican City Paper Publishes His Plea to Clergy,” The New York Times, October 25, 1941.

“Jewish Internees in Belgium and Occupied France Declared Nazi Hostages,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, October 27, 1941, accessed online on January 7, 2017.

“Nazi Reprisals, The French Hostages, Vatican Move, Executions Stayed,” The West Australian, October 29, 1941.

“Vatican Intercedes in France, New Shootings Only Postponed,” The Palestine Post, October 29, 1941.

“Jews Executed in Belgrade for Alleged Attack on Nazi Soldier,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, November 4, 1941, accessed online on January 7, 2017.

“Nazis Arrest Priest Who Prayed for Jews, Dean of Cathedral in Berlin Reported to Be in Concentration Camp for Past Two Weeks,” Los Angeles Times, November 9, 1941.

“Berlin Dean Held; Prayed for Jews; Gestapo Is Reported to Have Arrested Priest in Charge of Catholic Cathedral,” The New York Times, November 9, 1941.

“Nazis Seize Priest for Praying for Jews,” Chicago Sentinel, November 13, 1941.

“From Cardinal Archbishop Hinsley,The Jewish Chronicle (UK), November 14, 1941.

“Vatican Employs Jews Ousted from Work by Italian Anti-Jewish Laws,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, November 17, 1941, accessed online on September 20, 2015.

“Warning on Nazi Gospel Attributed to Pope Pius,” The New York Times, November 22, 1941.

“Mr. Himmler, the Fuehrer, and Bishop von Galen, Three Amazing Documents,” Southern Cross, November 28, 1941.

“Sickening Hypocrisy,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), November 28, 1941.

“Mercy Killings Draw Vatican Paper’s Ire, Osservatore Romano Calls Stand ‘Invitation to Homicide,” The New York Times, November 30, 1941.

“Catholics on the Crisis,” Time Magazine, December 1, 1941.

“German Bishop’s Open Indictment of Gestapo and Nazi State, Text of Bishop Count von Galen’s Fearless Statement,” Southern Cross (Australia), December 5, 1941.

“U.S. Peace Efforts Lauded by Taylor; Roosevelt’s Representative to Vatican Pays Tribute to Him and to Pope,” The New York Times, December 8, 1941.

“Prelates against Hitler,” Time Magazine, December 15, 1941.

“Hungarian Catholics Attack Jew-Baiters,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), December 19, 1941.

“Idea of Force Condemned, Pope’s Broadcast,” The Sydney Morning Herald, December 25, 1941.

“Pope Deplores War in X-mas Message,” The Palestine Post, December 25, 1941.

“The Nazi Way with Religion,” The Sydney Morning Herald, December 26, 1941.

 “Le message du Pape,” Le Figaro, December 27-28, 1941.

 

1942

“From the Watch Tower,” Chicago Sentinel, January 1, 1942.

“Pope Proposes,” Time Magazine, January 5, 1942.

“Use of Force Draw Vatican Paper’s Ire; Osservatore Romano Assails It as Foreign Policy Weapon,” The New York Times, January 5, 1942.

“Gestapo Agents Trap Pro-Jewish Germans,” Chicago Sentinel, January 8, 1942.

“New Church Crusader in Germany,” Mail (Australia), January 10, 1942.

“La Charte de la paix chrétienne,” Le Figaro, January 12, 1942.

“Crime and Punishment,” The Palestine Post, January 13, 1942.

“Hitler Takes Notice,” Southern Cross (Australia), January 16, 1942.

“Italy and the War,” London Times, January 19, 1942.

“Nazis Test New Poison Gas on Austrian Jews,” Chicago Sentinel, January 22, 1942.

“Bigotry,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), January 23, 1942.

“The Archbishop’s Reply,The Jewish Chronicle (UK), January 30, 1942.

“Protest Against Pogroms, Hungarians Challenge Nazis,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), January 30, 1942.

“Italian Priest Is Imprisoned,” The New York Times, February 2, 1942.

“Professor T. Levi-Civita, Member of Vatican Academy,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), February 6, 1942.

“Priests Protest Pogroms against Jews in Croatia,” Chicago Sentinel, February 12, 1942.

“More Italian Imitations,The Jewish Chronicle (UK), February 13, 1942.

“The Battle of Babble,” Time Magazine, February 16, 1942.

“Bishops Denounce Nazis, Home Front Lost Confidence in ‘People’s State,’” The Palestine Post, February 16, 1942.

“A Bishop Must Speak,” Catholic Freeman’s Journal (Australia), February 19, 1942.

“Family Broadcasts from the Vatican,” The Palestine Post, February 20, 1942.

“New Nazi Assault on Religion; ‘Christianity Will Disappear,’” London Times, February 21, 1942.

“Jews Praise Vatican as Island of Tolerance,” Catholic Freeman’s Journal (Australia), February 26, 1942.

“Strictly Confidential,” Chicago Sentinel, February 26, 1942.

“Mess’s Successor,” Time Magazine, March 2, 1942.

“Vatican Circles Deny Report That Jewish Refugees Are Employed in Pope’s Library,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, March 4, 1942, accessed online on September 20, 2015.

“Twenty ‘Jews and Communists’ Executed in Paris; Frenchmen told of “Jewish Invasion,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, March 6, 1942, accessed online on January 7, 2017.

“Allies,” The Palestine Post,” March 10, 1942.

“Stalin Writes to Pope. Letter Said to Draw Distinction in Matter of Religious Freedom,” The New York Times, March 18, 1942.

“All Jews in Yugoslav Town Shot in Nazi Mass Execution of Male Population,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, March 19, 1942, accessed online on January 7, 2017.

“Pope’s Aid to be Asked against Atrocities,” The Palestine Post, March 19, 1942.

“No One in Germany Is Sure of His Life,” Southern Cross (Australia), March 20, 1942.

“Poland: Occupied Press,” Time Magazine, March 23, 1942.

“Vatican Circles Deny Jewish Refugees are Employed in Pope’s Library,” Chicago Sentinel, March 26, 1942.

 “Soviet Mission to Vatican City,” The Palestine Post, April 2, 1942.

“Archbishop of Westminster Says Church Abhors and Condemns Anti-Semitism,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, April 6, 1942, accessed online on September 24, 2015.

“Hundreds of Dutch Jews Die from Forced Labor in Nazi Mines; Test Gas on Priest,” Chicago Sentinel, April 9, 1942.

“Paper Ranks Muenster Bishop as 1941 Hero,” Southern Cross (Australia), April 10, 1942.

“Nazis Fight Church of Poland, Catholic Priests Persecuted,” The Palestine Post, April 20, 1942.

“Government and Church Battle in Slovakia over Baptizing Jews,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, April 21, 1942, accessed online on January 7, 2017.

“Nazis Execute More Jews in France, Deport Another 500 to Labor Camps in East,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, April 23, 1942, accessed online on January 7, 2017.

“Deportation of Jews to Nazi Territory Causing Serious Clashes in Slovakia,” Chicago Sentinel, April 30, 1942.

“Dutch Opposing Nazi Rulings, Population Urged to Demonstrate against Jews Wearing Yellow Badges,” Chicago Sentinel, May 7, 1942.

“German Cardinal Indicts Nazi ‘War on Christianity,’ Faulhaber Reports to Vatican That Regime ‘Blackmails’ Believers and Uses Spies to Put Pressure on the Clergy,” The New York Times, May 9, 1942.

“German Catholics Fight Nazi Tenets. New Commandments Issued by Cardinal Faulhaber Combat ‘War on Christianity.’ Regime Revises Hymnal. Many of Old Favorites Dropped in ‘State Church Collection Non-Religious in Tone,” The New York Times, May 10, 1942.

“Pie XII a agi, Pie XII a parlé en faveur du rétablissement de la paix,” La Croix, May 12, 1942.

“Pope Pius Pleads for Peace, But Doubts War’s End Now; Pope Pius Pleads for End of War,” The New York Times, May 14, 1942.

“Pope’s Appeal for Peace,” London Times, May 14, 1942.

“Textual Excerpts from the Pope’s Broadcast,” The New York Times, May 14, 1942.

“Appeal for Peace, Pope Speaks ‘With Greater Insistence’,” The Mercury (Australia), May 15, 1942.

“Talk of Peace Amidst War Atmosphere,” The Palestine Post, May 17, 1942.

“The Treason of Christianity,” Time Magazine, May 18, 1942.

“Catholic Bishops in Holland Issue Pastoral Letter Condemning Nazi Treatment of Jews,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, May 20, 1942, accessed online on September 20, 2015.

 “Nazi Acts Decried by Spanish Bishop. His Pastoral Letter Attacks Propaganda, Cites Church Condemnation of Racism. Encyclical Text Quoted. Protests That Had Been Made by Prelates in Germany and Netherlands Included,” The New York Times, May 24, 1942.

“Dutchmen Adopt the Ghetto Badge,The Jewish Chronicle (UK), May 29, 1942.

“Pope Intervenes,” The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), May 29, 1942.

“Von Galen Stubborn Scourge of Nazism,” Southern Cross (Australia), May 29, 1942.

“Fear of Vatican Prevents Mussolini from Introducing Yellow Badges for Jews,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, June 3, 1942, accessed online on September 20, 2015.

 “Fascist Pressure on Vatican Fails. Mussolini Unable to Bring Pope to Take a Stand on the Axis Side in the War,” The New York Times, June 4, 1942.

“‘Foundations of Peace,’ The Chief Rabbi’s Declaration,The Jewish Chronicle (UK), June 5, 1942.

“Nazi Acts Decried by Reich Bishops. Text of the Pastoral Letter of March 22 Shows Sharp Protest of Oppressions. People Urged to Uphold Their Christianity-Killings of Insane Persons Condemned,” The New York Times, June 7, 1942.

“Churchmen Who Defy Hitler, Bishop von Galen of Germany,” The New York Times, June 8, 1942.

“Churchmen Who Defy Hitler, Archbishop de Jong of Holland,” The New York Times, June 10, 1942.

“Protest Against Slovak Atrocities, Cardinal Hinsley: ‘Frenzied Wickedness,’” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), June 12, 1942.

“Nazis Threaten ‘Extermination’ of Jews in Reprisal for Bombing of German Cities,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, June 14, 1942, accessed online on January 7, 2017.

“Britain and the Pope,” London Times, June 15, 1942.

“Churchmen Who Defy Hitler; Cardinal van Roey of Belgium,” The New York Times, June 15, 1942.

“Workers Saved Bishop von Galen from Gestapo,” Southern Cross (Australia), June 26, 1942.

“Allied Nations Considering Reprisals for Nazi Massacres of Jews in Poland,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, June 28, 1942, accessed online on January 7, 2017.

“Non-Jews in Paris Sent to Concentration Camps for Wearing Yellow Mogen David,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, June 28, 1942, accessed online on January 7, 2017.

“God is Above State, Berlin Bishop Says; Count Konrad von Preysing Repudiates Nazi Theory in Sermon Honoring Pope, Cites French Revolution; Catholic Leader Condemns Arbitrary Action Cheers Mark Audience’s Approval,” The New York Times, June 30, 1942.

“Religious Rights in Germany, Preysing’s Outspoken Sermon,” London Times, June 30, 1942.

“A Voice from Berlin,” London Times, July 1, 1942.

“Critical Nazi Sermon Hints United Church War on Hitler,” Los Angeles Times, July 1, 1942.

“BBC’s Message of Hope,The Jewish Chronicle (UK), July 3, 1942.

“No Yellow Badge in Italy, Duce Fears the Vatican,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), July 3, 1942.

“Swiss and Swedish Catholics Appalled at Massacres, an Appeal to the Pope” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), July 3, 1942.

“Cardinal Hinsley on Nazi Atrocities, Barbarities in Poland,” London Times, July 9, 1942.

“Catholic Primate of England Scores Nazi Massacres of Jews in Poland,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, July 9, 1942, accessed online on September 24, 2015.

“The Vatican and Italian Jews,” The Palestine Post, July 9, 1942.

“Cardinal Exposes German Massacres in Europe,” The Canberra Times (Australia), July 10, 1942.

“Nazi Slaughter 30,000 German Jews; Exterminate 36,000 Polish Jews by Gas and Guns,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, July 10, 1942, accessed online on September 20, 2015.

“Vatican Organ Attacked by Fascist Party Leader for Condemning Anti-Semitism,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, July 13, 1942, accessed online on September 20, 2015.

“Cardinal Hinsley Fights Anti-Semitism,” The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), July 17, 1942.

“Nazis Execute 150 Jews in Poland for Derailment of Military Trains,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, July 19, 1942, accessed online on January 7, 2017.

“Religion Spurring French Resistance, Catholics and Protestants in Both Zones Stand against Nazis, and Laval, Priests Close To People, In North They Are Leaders in Opposing Hitlerism-Feeling Toward Pétain Turns Cool…. Clergy Seem Fearful of Vichy…. Underground Literature Effective,” The New York Times, July 20, 1942.

“Exiled Governments Send Note on Nazi Atrocities to Roosevelt, Churchill, Stalin, Pope Pius,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, July 21, 1942, accessed online on September 20, 2015.

“Nazi Punishment Seen by Roosevelt, Says Hitler Will Be Held to ‘Strict Accountability’-

Churchill Greets Rally,” The New York Times, July 22, 1942.

“Entire World Called Upon to Commemorate Murdered Jews on July 30,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, July 23, 1942, accessed online on February 29, 2016.

“Martyred Jews to Be Memorialized in Tisha B’ab Services Today; Clergymen Score Massacres,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, July 23, 1942, accessed online on February 29, 2016.

“Nation Protests Nazi Atrocities,” Chicago Sentinel, July 23, 1942.

“Must Be Anti-Semites, Nazis’ Plan for Italians,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), July 31, 1942.

“The Underground,” London Times, July 31, 1942.

“Nazis Warn Dutch Clergy of “Unfortunate Consequences” if Sympathy for Jews Continues,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, August 5, 1942, accessed online on September 20, 2015.

“Laval Will Surrender Jews,” Los Angeles Times, August 6, 1942.

“The Nazi ‘V’ Means Annihilation,” The Palestine Post, August 6, 1942.

“Official Belgian Publication Emphasizes Solidarity between Belgians and Jews,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, August 6, 1942, accessed online on January 7, 2017.

“Pope Protests to Vichy over Seizure of Jews, Pontiff’s Envoy Entreats French Leaders to End Persecution of Defenseless People,” Los Angeles Times, August 6, 1942.

“Pius Said to Plead for French Jews,” The New York Times, August 6, 1942.

“Yugoslavs Exact Their Vengeance, Germans Killed Following Massacre,” The Palestine Post, August 6, 1942.

“Catholics in Warsaw Ghetto,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), August 7, 1942.

“Pope Protests, Inhuman Treatment, Jews in France,” Cairns Post (Australia), August 8, 1942.

“Abolition of Christianity Declared Objective of Nazis,” Los Angeles Times, August 12, 1942.

“Déportations en masse,” Gazette de Lausanne, August 12, 1942.

“800 Polish Priests Reported Killed, Inter-Allied Information Board Says Nazis Plan Abolition of Christianity, Tells of Persecutions, 10,000-Word Report Declares Methods Are Milder in the Low Countries,” The New York Times, August 12, 1942.

“German War on Religion, Terror Campaign in Occupied Lands,” London Times, August 12, 1942.

“Petain Warned by Pope against Arrest of Jews,” Chicago Sentinel, August 13, 1942.

“American Clergy Condemns Persecution of Jews; Congressional Record Publishes Texts,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, August 14, 1942, accessed online on October 10, 2015.

“Exile of Belgian Jews,The Jewish Chronicle (UK), August 14, 1942.

“Herald-Tribune Warns Vichy against Deportation of Jews,” The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), August 14, 1942.

“Nazis Threaten Dutch Christians,The Jewish Chronicle (UK), August 14, 1942.

“Paris Policemen Dismissed for Refusing to Arrest Jews; Frenchmen Hide Jews from Nazis,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, August 14, 1942, accessed online on

“Pope Pius Protests Mass Deportations of Jews in France,” Ohio Jewish Chronicle, August 14, 1942.

“The Pope Pleads in Vain Against French Deportations,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), August 14, 1942.

“The Pope Protests,” The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), August 14, 1942.

“Report Pope Pleads With Vichy to Halt Expulsion of Jews,” The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), August 14, 1942.

“Short Memories,” The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), August 14, 1942.

“Vatican Protests Against Pogroms,” The Palestine Post, August 16, 1942.

“Sacrificium Abramae,” Time Magazine, August 17, 1942.

“Nazis Uneasy Over Effects of Propaganda of Jewish Protest Meetings,” Chicago Sentinel, August 20, 1942.

“Netherlands Catholic Church Penalized,” Los Angeles Times, August 20, 1942.

“Senate Hears of Nazi Oppressions in Poland,” The Chicago Sentinel, August 20, 1942.

“Pétain and the Pope,The Jewish Chronicle (UK), August 21, 1942.

“Cardinal Bertram,” The New York Times, August 22, 1942.

“Catholic Church Hopes for Allied Victory, Mussolini and the Vatican,” The Palestine Post, August 25, 1942.

“Chief Rabbi Herzog Appeals to Pope to Intercede with Nazis Against Deportations of Jews,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency,” August 26, 1942, accessed online January 19, 2016.

“Huge Meeting in Mexico Protests against Nazi Massacres of Jews,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, August 26, 1942, accessed online January 19, 2016.

“F.D.R. Issues Warning to Nazis, Formal Statement Issued to Axis Nations on Atrocities in Nazi Lands,” The Chicago Sentinel, August 27, 1942.

“French Jews in Panic Over Nazi Deportations,” Chicago Sentinel, August 27, 1942.

“Pope Appeals to Laval for French Jews; US Asked to Admit 3,500 Jewish Children,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, August 27, 1942, accessed online on September 20, 2015.

“Vichy Seizes Jews; Pope Pius Ignored, Those Who Entered France Since 1936 to Be Sent to Work in Germany, Other Aliens Are in Peril…,” The New York Times, August 27, 1942.

“Anti-Jewish Drive in France, Wholesale Arrests and Deportations,” London Times, August 28, 1942.

“German Population Not Yet Informed of Roosevelt’s Warning on Nazi Atrocities,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, August 6, 1942, accessed online on January 7, 2017.

“Jewish Painter Escapes to Vatican,” The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), August 28, 1942

“Laval Spurns Pope; 25,000 Jews in Unoccupied France Arrested for Deportation,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, August 28, 1942, accessed online on September 20, 2015.

“Pope Threatens to Recall Nuncio from Berlin,” The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), August 28, 1942.

 “25,000 Jews Reported Held in South France for Deportation by the Nazis to the East,” The New York Times, August 28, 1942.

“Vatican’s Protest against Massacres, ‘Interference’ Says Berlin,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), August 28, 1942.

“Wants Ghettos in Italy,” The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), August 28, 1942.

“Man-Hunting in France,” The New York Times, August 29, 1942.

“Vichy Denaturalizes More Jews; Swiss Catholic Organ Scores French Anti-Jewish Persecution,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, August 31, 1942, accessed online on October 10, 2015.

“Christian Charity Outraged by Nazi Treatment of Jews, Detroit Archbishop Says,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, September 1, 1942 accessed online on October 10, 2015.

“Paris Attack on Radio Vatican,” The Palestine Post, September 2, 1942.

“The Answer to Vichy’s Deportation Policy,” Chicago Sentinel, September 3, 1942.

“Forty French Policemen Shot, 300 Arrested for Helping Jews Avoid Deportation,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, September 3, 1942, accessed online on September 20, 2015.

“From the Watch Tower,” Chicago Sentinel, September 3, 1942.

“Nazi Government of Slovakia Warned of Vengeance for Torturing Jews,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, September 3, 1942, accessed online on October 10, 2015.

“Paris Radio Attack on Vatican, Taken to Task for Sympathy to Jews,” The Palestine Post, September 3, 1942.

“Street Demonstrations in Vichy against Deportation of Jews from Occupied France? Serious Crisis Paris Radio Attacks Pope for Defending Jews,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, September 3, 1942, accessed online on September 20, 2015.

“French Prelates Protest Banned,” The Palestine Post, September 4, 1942.

“Jewish Children Separated from Parents in Nazi French Drive,” The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), September 4, 1942.

“Pope Pleads in Vain,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), September 4, 1942.

“Pope’s Protest Ignored, Infamous Vichy,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), September 4, 1942.

“25, 000 Jews Are Arrested in Occupied France Despite Appeals from Pope Pius,” Ohio Jewish Chronicle, September 4, 1942.

“Hungarians Execute 120 Jews in Occupied Yugoslavian City,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, Sptember 6, 1942, accessed online on January 7, 2017.

“Jews in Paris Commit Suicide During Roundup, Hysterical Mothers Hurl Children to Death From Windows to Avoid Nazis’ Slave Labor…. Vatican Protest Hushed,” Los Angeles Times, September 6, 1942.

“The Restoration of Slavery, How Hitler’s New Order Systematically Degrades the People of Poland,” The New York Times, September 6, 1942.

“U.S. Protests Against Vichy Treatment of Jews,” The Palestine Post, September 6, 1942.

“Internment of All Jews in Free Zone by October 1, Ordered by Vichy,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, September 7, 1942, accessed online on October 10, 2015.

“Les persécutions contre les Juifs en France et la protestation du Vatican,” Gazette de Lausanne, September 8, 1942.

“Resentment against Vichy Subservience, Deportations from Holland” The Palestine Post, September 8, 1942.

“Catholics Shelter Children,” The New York Times, September 9, 1942.

“Military Governor of Lyons Dismissed, Refusal to Help in Arrests of Jews,” London Times, September 9, 1942.

“More Deportations of French Jews, Children’s Plight. Military Governor of Lyons Dismissed, Refusal to Help in Arrests of Jews,” London Times, September 9, 1942.

“French Rift Grows on Deporting Jews; Catholic’ Defiant Opposition to Nazi Campaign is Raising Dilemma for Pétain. Prelates Issue Protest; Toulouse Archbishop Calls on Christians to Remember All Men are Brothers,” The New York Times, September 9, 1942.

“French Censorship Hides Rising Unrest, Uneasiness Linked to Protests on Treatment of Jews,” The New York Times, September 10, 1942.

“Laval Warns French Not to Show Sympathy to Jews; Scores Churchmen,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, September 10, 1942, accessed online on January 7, 2017.

“Laval’s Protest,” London Times, September 10, 1942.

“Anti-Semitism in France, Protest by Pope Reported,” The Sydney Morning Herald, September 11, 1942.

“Christendom and the Jews,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), September 11, 1942.

“France Troubled by Ouster of Jews; Protestants and Catholics are Deeply Stirred Over Nazi Deportation of 20,000; Pleas to Petain Futile: by Next Tuesday it is Likely That 20,000 Persons Will Have Been Shipped Away,” The New York Times, September 11, 1942.

“French Resentment at Jewish Deportations Mounts,” The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), September 11, 1942.

“Jesuits Arrested in Lyons, Hiding Jewish Children,” London Times, September 11, 1942.

“Protests in France, Feeling Against Vichy Rises,” The Advertiser (Australia), September 11, 1942.

“The Program in Vichy France, Civilised World’s Furious Protest, Catholic Church Revolt, Excommunication Threat,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), September 11, 1942.

“Stormy Days for Petain,” The Sydney Morning Herald, September 11, 1942.

“Vatican’s Protest,” The Courier-Mail (Australia), September 11, 1942.

“Catholic Prelates’ Protests,” The New York Times, September 12, 1942.

“8 Priests Reported Seized,” The New York Times, September 12, 1942.

“Les Déportations de Juifs en France,” Gazette de Lausanne, September 12, 1942.

“La question juive en France,” Journal de Genève, September 14, 1942.

“Paris Radio Predicts New Measures against Jews in France,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, September 15, 1942, accessed online on October 10, 2015.

“Plea for Rights of Mankind, French Archbishops Appeal for Jews,” Palestine Post, September 16, 1942.

“French Refuse Child Deportation, Laymen and Clergy Vigorously Oppose Banishment of Refugee Children,” Chicago Sentinel, September 17, 1942.

“Laval Says Jews Must Be Expelled from France; Arrests Protesting Priest,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, September 18, 1942, accessed online on October 10, 2015.

“Vichy Reiterates Determination of Expel Alien Jews,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, September 17, 1942, accessed online on September 20, 2015.

“French Refuse to Yield Thousands of Jewish Children for Deportation,” Ohio Jewish Chronicle, September 18, 1942.

“Pétain’s Guilt, Truth about the Persecution,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), September 18, 1942.

“Pope Decries War Misery,” The Palestine Post, September 18, 1942.

“The Pope Horrified at Fury of War, Message to Cardinal Hinsley,” London Times, September 18, 1942.

“Laval Interns a Catholic Leader in Wake of Church Plea for Jews; A Catholic Leader Interned By Laval,” The New York Times, September 18, 1942.

“Laval Interns Catholic Leader for Attempt to Protect Jews,” Los Angeles Times, September 18, 1942.

“Sabotaging the Jew-Laws, Dutch Peoples’ Ingenuity,The Jewish Chronicle (UK), September 18, 1942.

“Pope Has Long Talk with Taylor; Move to Aid Jews in France Seen; U.S. Help to Jews in France is Seen,” The New York Times, September 20, 1942.

“Switzerland Establishes Camps for Jews Escaping from France,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, September 20, 1942, accessed online on October 10, 2015.

“Vatican Condemns Vichy Anti-Jewish Measures, Priests Held for Quoting Warning,” The Palestine Post, September 20, 1942.

“Bennett Assails Laval Expulsions, Denounces Nazis’ Inhumanity to Catholics, Protestants and Jews in Poland, Cites the Vatican’s Stand, Nominee for Governor Speaks in Hempstead of Polish Alliance,” Special to The New York Times, September 21, 1942.

“Pray for France,” Time Magazine, September 21, 1942.

“Bars Rites for Anti-Red French,” The New York Times, September 22, 1942.

“Laval Warns French People, Ban on Resistance to Nazism,” The Palestine Post, September 22, 1942.

“Vatican Frowns on Jewish Deportations, Petain Dismayed,” The Argus (Australia), September 22, 1942.

“Vatican Help for Deportees,” The Courier-Mail (Australia), September 22, 1942.

“Vichy and Jews, Attitude of Vatican,” The Mercury (Australia), September 22, 1942.

“Dutch Ask Germans Not to Deport Jews; Church Groups Send Appeal to the Reich Commissar,” The New York Times, September 23, 1942.

“Archbishop Who Defended Jews advised by Vichy to Leave France; Called “Undesirable”, Jewish Telegraphic Agency, September 25, 1942, accessed online on September 20, 2015.

“Les églises hollandaises et les deportations de Juifs,” Gazette de Lausanne, September 25, 1942.

“Bishop Dons Yellow Badge,The Jewish Chronicle (UK), September 25, 1942.

“Courageous Catholics,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), September 25, 1942.

“Vichy Slave Trade, New Roundup Planned, Courageous Catholics, Discussions at the Vatican,The Jewish Chronicle (UK), September 25, 1942.

“France: The Inquisition,” Time Magazine, September 28, 1942

“Report French Nuncio at Vatican,” The New York Times, September 29, 1942.

“America and the Vatican, Mr. Taylor’s Talks, National Socialism’s Excesses,” London Times, September. 29, 1942.

“Homes Sought for 3,500 Children,” The Palestine Post, October 1, 1942.

“A Vatican Visit,” London Times, October 1, 1942.

“Archbishop Who Defended Jews Told to Leave France,” Chicago Sentinel, October 1, 1942.

“A Dissenting Voice,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), October 2, 1942.

“France’s ‘Scarlet Pimpernels,’ Jewish Fugitives Aided, ‘Friends of the Yellow Star,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), October 2, 1942.

“The Vatican Faces the Dictators, Hitler and Mussolini Have Flouted and Embarrassed the Pope. But the Pontiff Finds Satisfaction in a Community of Interest with the Democratic Powers,” The New York Times, October 4, 1942.

“Goebbels Attacks the Pope, Pro-Jewish Interference,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), October 9, 1942.

“Italian Bishops Protest, Duce’s New Persecutions,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), October 9, 1942.

“Italian Christians Also Protest,” The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), October 9, 1942.

“M. Herriot’s Arrest, France Fights Repression,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), October 9, 1942.

“Nazis Print 10,000,000 Pamphlets Attacking Pope,” The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), October 9, 1942.

“Nuns and Priests Wear Yellow Badge in Protest,” The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), October 9, 1942.

“1,000 Children Held as Hostages,” The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), October 9, 1942.

“Nazi Torture of Jews Reaches Limits of Extreme Cruelty, Canadian Premier Says,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, October 11, 1942, accessed online on October 10, 2015.

“Italian Church Leaders Protest to Mussolini against Persecution of Jews,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, October 12, 1942, accessed online on September 20, 2015.

“French Clergy Wears Yellow Badge, Church Heads Fight against Gestapo,” The Palestine Post, October 14, 1942.

“Vichy and the Vatican, Relations of Church and State in France, From Conciliation to Conflict,” London Times, October 15, 1942.

“Ghetto Police,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), October 16, 1942.

“Mexican Conference Hears Report on Nazi Terror against Jews in Europe,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, October 16, 1942, accessed online on October 10, 2015.

“Tribute Paid to Nazi Victims,” Los Angeles Times, October 19, 1942.

“Shootings and Deportations in Holland... Queen Wilhelmina’s Warning,” The Palestine Post, October 19, 1942.

“Vatican’s Self-Imposed Mercy Message Task,” The Palestine Post, October 19, 1942.

“Priest Dies a Prisoner, Msgr. Feuerstein Described as a Militant German Catholic,” The New York Times, October 20, 1942.

“Jail 50 French Priests for Pro-Jewish Activity,” Chicago Sentinel, October 22, 1942.

“The Spiritual Powers Behind Anti-Nazism,” The Palestine Post, October 26, 1942.

“Paris Archbishop Opposes Petain’s Jewish Measures,” The Palestine Post, October 29, 1942.

“Retribution for Crimes against the Jews, Manchester Guardian’s Warning,” The Palestine Post, October 29, 1942.

“France Awakening,” The Sydney Morning Herald, October 30, 1942.

“Priest Dies a Prisoner, Mgr. Feuerstein Described as a Militant German Catholic” The New York Times, October 30, 1942.

“Racial Persecution Will Be Ended‒Churchill,” The Palestine Post, November 1, 1942.

“Archbishop of Paris Sees Petain and Laval on Anti-Jewish Measures in France,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, November 2, 1942, accessed online on September 20, 2015.

“Star of David for King Christian,” The Palestine Post, November 2, 1942.

“1,000 Children Held by Nazis as Hostages, Try Everything to Check Sabotage,” The Palestine Post, November 3, 1942.

“Vatican’s Help to War Prisoners,” The Palestine Post, November 3, 1942.

“Slav Town Destroyed,” The Palestine Post, November 4, 1942.

“Catholics Unanimous Against Anti-Semitism,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), November 6, 1942.

 “Reprisal Shootings in Warsaw,” The Palestine Post, November 6, 1942.

“2,500 Hostages Shot,” The Palestine Post, November 6, 1942.

 “In the Air,” Chicago Sentinel, November 12, 1942.

“American Catholic Bishops Assail Persecution of Jews in Conquered Countries,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, November 16, 1942, accessed online on October 10, 2015.

“Attack Made on Pope, by Fascist Paper,” Goulburn Evening Post (Australia), November 17, 1942.

“Italian Barbarities,” Goulburn Evening Post (Australia), November 17, 1942.

“Fascists Attack Vatican,” Daily News (Australia), November 17, 1942.

“Rome Press Suspects News Leaks from Vatican City,” Los Angeles Times, November 17, 1942.

“Says Vatican Aids R.A.F. Italian Paper Also Denounces Taylor, Other Envoys,” The New York Times, November 17, 1942.

“Fascist Quarrel with Vatican,” The Canberra Times (Australia), November 18, 1942.

“Aurore de Paix. La consécration du genre humain au Coeur Immaculé de Marie,” La Croix, November 19, 1942.

“Australians Denounce Anti-semitism and Nazi Atrocities at Mass-meeting in Sydney,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, November 19, 1942, accessed online on October 10, 2015.

“Italy Warns against ‘Premature Rejoicing’,” Chicago Sentinel, November 19, 1942.

“Nazis Massacre Jews in Europe,” The Palestine Post, November 20, 1942.

“Pope Again Condemns Bombings,” The New York Times, November 21, 1942.

“Execution of Hitler’s Design,” The Palestine Post, November 23, 1942.

“Catholic Stand,” Time Magazine, November 23, 1942.

“Annihilation of Entire Communities,” The Palestine Post, November 23, 1942.

 “Mass Butchery of Poland’s Jews,” The Palestine Post, November 25, 1942.

“Slain Polish Jews Put at a Million. One-Third of Number in Whole Country Said to Have Been Put to Death by Nazis, Abbatoir for Deportees, Mass Electrocutions, Killing by Injection of Air Bubbles Described in Reports,” The New York Times, November 26, 1942.

“Vatican Assailed for Harboring ‘Jews,’” The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), November 27, 1942.

“Days of Mourning Ushered in, Solemn Conclave in Old City,” The Palestine Post, November 30, 1942.

“Polish Christians Condemn Slaughter of Jews, Manifesto Issued by National Council,” The Palestine Post, November 30, 1942.

“Prelude to Judgment,” Time Magazine, November 30, 1942.

“Appeal to Stay the Butcher’s Hand,” The Palestine Post, December 1, 1942.

“Churches and Anti-Semitism,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), December 4, 1942.

“Nazi Morality on Animals’ Level, German Catholic Bishops Warn,” The New York Times, December 5, 1942.

“Antwerp Citizens See 700 Jews Exiled,” The Palestine Post, December 6, 1942.

“Churches throughout Cuba Offer Mass for Martyred Jews of Europe,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, December 7, 1942, accessed online on October 10, 2015.

“Cardinal Hinsley Condemns Nazi Massacres of Jews in Poland,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, December 9, 1942, accessed online on September 20, 2015.

“Catholics Join in Protest,” The Palestine Post, December 9, 1942.

“Pope Pius Prays for Peace,” The Palestine Post, December 9, 1942.

“President Renews Pledges to Jews. He tells Group Every Effort Will Be Made to Fix Guilt in Axis Crimes against Race. 2,000,000 Reported Dead. Delegation Asserts the Newest Nazi Method is Poisoning at Rate of 100 an Hour,” The New York Times, December 9, 1942.

“Christian Children in Canadian Schools Observe Day of Mourning,” Chicago Sentinel, December 10, 1942.

“Day of Mourning for Jews of Europe Widely Observed in Latin America,” Chicago Sentinel, December 10, 1942.

“Jewish Protest Ridiculed by Nazi Press and Radio,” Chicago Sentinel, December 10, 1942.

“LaGuardia Calls on Christians to Join in Mourning; Lehman Attacks Nazi Cruelty,” Chicago Sentinel, December 10, 1942.

“A Rousing Summons to Halt Nazi Butchery,” Chicago Sentinel, December 10, 1942.

“World Jewry Mourns Slain Kin,” Chicago Sentinel, December 10, 1942.

“The Cardinal’s Denunciation,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), December 11, 1942.

“England Awake! Jerusalem Calls,” The Palestine Post, December 14, 1942.

“Massacre of Jews, the Chief Rabbi’s Appeal ‘Satanic Carnage’,” London Times, December 14, 1942.

“Hitler Rejects Vatican’s Request for Investigation of Nazi Massacres in Poland,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, December 15, 1942, accessed online on September 20, 2015.

“The Children, British Labour Party’s Condemnation,” The Palestine Post,” December 16, 1942.

“‘Satanic Carnage’ of Jews, Week’s Abstention in Britain,” The Advertiser (Australia), December 16, 1942.

“Archbishop of York Urges Postwar Punishment of ‘Cowardly Brutes’,” Chicago Sentinel, December 17, 1942.

“French Protestant Tribute to Catholics,” Advocate (Australia), December 17, 1942.

“Newspaper Praises the Pope, Spiritual Power of Vatican,” Advocate (Australia), December 17, 1942.

“Pope Writes to British Bishops, Horrified by Violence and Fury,” Advocate (Australia), December 17, 1942.

“Hitler Will Hang Like Haman,” The Palestine Post,” December 18, 1942.

“London Times Leader on Pope and the War,” Southern Cross (Australia), December 18, 1942.

“Nazis and Jews, Joint Allied Declaration, Diabolical Plan Confirmed,” The Palestine Post,” December 18, 1942.

“Nazis Will Be Punished, 11 United Nations Vow,” Chicago Sentinel, December 24, 1942.

“Broadcast from Vatican,” The Palestine Post, December 25, 1942.

“Pope Assails Peril Of Godless State, Condemns Herding of Humans as Lifeless Things, Denounces Marxian Socialism,” The New York Times, December 25, 1942.

“Pope Seeks in Vain to Investigate Atrocities,” The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), December 25, 1942.

“Cannot Remain Deaf, Church’s Attitude to World Situation Outlined,” The Mercury (Australia), December 26, 1942.

“Nazis and Vatican Newspaper,” The Palestine Post, December 29, 1942.

“Details of Nazi Order for Deportation of All Warsaw Jews Made Public,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, December 30, 1942, accessed online on January 19, 2016.

“South African Jewry Observes Day of Mourning for Jews Murdered by Nazis,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, December 30, 1942, accessed online on January 19, 2016.

“Germany Tries to Deny Atrocity Reports,” The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), December 31, 1942.

“News for Jews,” The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), December 31, 1942.

 “The 1943 Goal–Victory and Justice for All,” Chicago Sentinel, December 31, 1942.

 “Pope Deplores Racial Hate, Pleads for its Victims,” The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), December 31, 1942.

 

1943

“Die, But Do Not Retreat,” Time Magazine, January 4, 1943.

“Honorary ‘Non-Aryans,’” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), January 1, 1943.

“What the Pope Said,” Time Magazine, January 4, 1943.

“The Germans Have Forbidden Cardinal van Roey….,” London Times, January 6, 1943.

“‘Spiritually We Are Semites’,” Chicago Sentinel, January 7, 1943.

“Pope Grants Plenary Indulgence in Air Raids,” Advocate (Australia), January 7, 1943.

“Belgian Priest Reported Shot,” The New York Times, January 10, 1943.

“Cardinal Rejects Nazi Offer on Jews, Ghettos for Jews in France Planned,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, January 15, 1943, accessed online on September 20, 2015.

“Britain’s Efforts to Rescue Jews May Produce Results,” The Palestine Post, January 21, 1943.

“British Parliamentarians Want Vatican to Act to Save Jews from Nazis,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, January 21, 1943, accessed online on January 19, 2016.

“Norwegian Jews Continue to Escape into Sweden, Swedish Committee Aids Them,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, January 21, 1943, accessed online on January 19, 2016.

 “Berlin Bishop Hits Nazis Racial Creed; Catholic Count von Preysing Denies Exclusive Rights and Defends Alien Privileges; Document Read in Senate; Mead Calls Christmas Letter a Challenge to Hitler-Asks Wide Publicity by OWI,” The New York Times, January 22, 1943.

“Cardinal Gerlier Tells the Nazis ‘I Will not Support Jew-Laws,’” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), January 22, 1943.

“Catholic Calls Hitler’s Attitude to Jews ‘Diabolical,” Ohio Jewish Chronicle, January 22, 1943.

“French Clergy Defies Nazis on Treatment of Jews,” The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), January 22, 1943.

“Personal Liberty Upheld in Hungary; Christ’s Teachings Know No Prerogative for Oppression, Says Cardinal Seredi,” The New York Times, January 23, 1943.

“Whatever Can Be Done….,” London Times, January 26, 1943.

“Vatican Broadcasts Attack by Hungarian Cardinal on Nazi Racial Theory,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, January 27, 1943, accessed online on September 20, 2015.

“Mussolini Seeks to Pacify Pope on Jewish Question; Jews in Tripoli Jubilant,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, January 27, 1943, accessed online September 20, 2015.

“Church Opposition to Nazi Anti-Jewish Laws Gains Strength in Occupied Countries,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, January 28, 1943, accessed online on September 20, 2015.

“Fascist Editor Attacks Vatican,” Advocate (Australia), January 28, 1943.

“Jewish Scholars at the Vatican, Pope Appoints Scientists of International Fame,” Advocate (Australia), January 28, 1943.

“U.S. Bishops Issue Statement on Victory and Peace, Justice and Charity to All,” Advocate (Australia), January 28, 1943.

“Eden Reports Britain Considering 2 Measures To Aid Jews,” The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), January 29, 1943.

“Free Church and Catholic Support,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), January 29, 1943.

“Vatican Radio Broadcasts Pastoral to German People Condemning Nazi Racial Theory,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, January 29, 1943, accessed online September 20, 2015.

“Church Opposition to Axis is Growing, German Pastors Still Speak Out Against Nazi Policy Despite Threats, Italians Also Protest, Bishops’ Plea to Mussolini on Persecution of Jews Kept from Nation’s Press,” The New York Times, January 30, 1943.

“Torahs Rescued from Burning Munich Synagogue Held in Safety by Cardinal Faulhaber,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, January 31, 1943, accessed online on September 20, 2015.

“Duce Seeks to Pacify Pope on Jewish Question,” Chicago Sentinel, February 4, 1943.

“Le Pape et la France,” La Croix, February 4, 1943.

“Bill Urges U.S. Government to Aid Jews in Nazi-Occupied Europe,” The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), February 5, 1943.

“Mussolini Reported to be Easing Anti-Jewish Laws,” The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), February 5, 1943.

“Pope Assures Chief Rabbi of Vatican Aid,” The Palestine Post, February 5, 1943.

“Vatican’s Anti-Racial Broadcasts,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), February 5, 1943.

“Pope Pledges Aid to Jews,” The New York Times, February 7, 1943.

“Vatican Assures Chief Rabbi of Palestine of Aid for Jews in Nazi Lands,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, February 7, 1943, accessed online September 20, 2015.

“Battle of Russia: Definition of Disaster,” Time Magazine, February 8, 1943.

“Day of Jubilee,” Time Magazine, February 8, 1943.

“Examen de conscience préliminaire,” La Croix, February 8, 1943.

“Nazis Execute Dutch Jewish Hostages in Reprisal for Shooting of German Non-com,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, February 8, 1943, accessed online on January 7, 2017.

“They Won Together,” Time Magazine, February 8, 1943.

“Le relèvement du prolétariat,” La Croix, February 10, 1943.

“Pope’s Pledge to Jews, Everything on Behalf of Persecuted,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), February 12, 1943.

“Sober Mood in Reich, Stalingrad and After, Hungary’s Peace Talk,” London Times, February 12, 1943.

“Vatican Doing All Possible to Aid Jews,” Ohio Jewish Chronicle, February 12, 1943.

“Christian Rebuke to Hitlerism Seen, Church Leaders in France in Anti-Nazi Testimony Refuse to Countenance Racism, Deportations are Scored, Catholics and Protestants Minced No Words Protesting Policy Against Jews,” The New York Times, February 13, 1943.

“Hitler Speeds Mass Murder of Jews, Six Thousand Killed Daily in Single Area of Poland,” The Palestine Post, February 15, 1943.

“Hungary and Peace,” The Palestine Post, February 15, 1943.

“Rome Seething with Rumours,” The Palestine Post, February 15, 1943.

“Totaler Krieg,” Time Magazine, February 15, 1943.

“A propos de la Consécration au Coeur Immaculé de Marie,” La Croix, February 16, 1943.

“Literature and Cinema in Anti-Semitic Drive,” Southern Cross (Australia), February 19, 1943.

“Hitler Said to Revive Polish Persecutions; In One District Most Catholic Churches Are in Ruins or Closed,” The New York Times, February 21, 1943.

“Vichy Act Scored by Vatican Radio, Church Protests Forced Labor as ‘Barbarous,’ Broadcast to French People Says,” The New York Times, February 21, 1943.

“Nazis Start Executing Jews in Reprisal for Blasted Dams; Fierce Battle in Warsaw,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, May 23, 1943, accessed online on January 7, 2017.

“Nazi Reverses Is God’s Punishment says Bishop,” Chicago Sentinel, February 25, 1943.

“Il faut relire le message de Noël du souverain pontife,” La Croix, February 24, 1943.

“Archbishop Warns Lithuanian Officials Not to Help Nazis Exterminate Jews,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, February 26, 1943, accessed online on October 10, 2015.

“Dutch Resist Anti-Jewish Laws, Nazis Stop Subsidy to Limburg Catholics,” The Palestine Post, February 26, 1943.

“‘False Gods,’ A Vatican Broadcast,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), February 26, 1943.

“Persecutions Denounced by German Bishop, Stalingrad ‘A Punishment from God,’” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), February 26, 1943.

“The Mark of the Beast,” The Palestine Post, March 1, 1943.

“Peace at a Price,” Time Magazine, March 1, 1943.

“Pope Informed of Jewish Protest,” Palestine Post, March 1, 1943.

“What Can Be Done?” Time Magazine, March 1, 1943.

“Vive le Pape!” La Croix, March 2, 1943.

“75,000 Sought Entrance to New York Meeting Protesting Nazi Massacres of Jews,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, March 3, 1943, accessed online on September 20, 2015.

“Act Now to Save the Persecuted, Cardinal Hinsley’s Message,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), March 5, 1943.

“Berlin Bishop on ‘False Philosophy, Racialism Denounced,’” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), March 5, 1943.

“How to Uproot Racialism,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), March 5, 1943.

“Vatican Denounces Nazi Persecution of Religion and Persons,” Daily Boston Globe, March 5, 1943.

“U. S. Senators Join Protest, Resolution on Mass Murder of Jews, Massacres Continue, Eden Confirms Reports,” The Palestine Post, March 11, 1943.

“German Catholics’ Latest Protest,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), March 12, 1943.

“Italy Will Deport Interned Czechoslovak Jews to Nazi-held Poland,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, March 12, 1943, accessed online on October 10, 2015.

“New York Times Urges United States Admit Refugees,” The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), March 12, 1943.

“Pope and Mgr. Spellman Discussed Persecutions,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), March 12, 1943.

“Churches Protest to Holland Ruler, Protestant and Catholics Unite in Appeal to Seyss-Inquart against Restrictions,” The New York Times, March 14, 1943.

“Une Protestation des Eglises de Hollande,” Gazette de Lausanne, March 17, 1943.

“Cardinal Hinsley Dies in London, 77. Archbishop of Westminster was Primate of Catholic Church in Great Britain, Was Enthroned in 1935, Uncompromising Foe of Axis, Denounced Nazi Inhumanity-Once Flying Missionary,” The New York Times, March 17, 1943.

“Dutch Priests Reported Jailed,” The New York Times, March 18, 1943.

“Jews in England Mourn Death of Cardinal Hinsley; Fought against Anti-Semitism,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, March 18, 1943, accessed online on September 20, 2015.

“Obituary, Cardinal Hinsley, Archbishop of Westminster,” London Times, March 18, 1943.

“Death of a Noble Man,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), March 19, 1943.

“Plans and People,” Time Magazine, March 22, 1943.

“Fighting Underground and in the Open, Brave Women of Europe,” The Palestine Post, March 25, 1943.

“Vatican’s Fight for the Persecuted,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), March 26, 1943.

“The Death of a Voice,” Time Magazine, March 29, 1943.

“Nazis Execute 3 Munich Students For Writing Anti-Hitler Pamphlets,” The New York Times, March 29, 1943.

“Van Roey Letter Bared as Forgery; Belgians Say Nazis Used Cardinal to Win Support,” The New York Times, March 31, 1943.

“Reich Bishops Hit Nazi Immorality. Prelates of Paderborn, Cologne Attack ‘Forced Marriage’ as Animal Like,” The New York Times, April 1, 1943.

“Soviet Mission to Vatican City,” The Palestine Post, April 2, 1943.

“Belgian Prelates Score Nazi Action. Pastoral Note Read in Nation’s Churches Protests Sharply Forced labor in Reich. Germans’ Claim Scorned. Their Measures Will Destroy European Civilization, Not Save It, Letter Asserts,” The New York Times, April 4, 1943.

“Catholic Press Effaced, Vatican Reveals Last Church Journal in Reich Has Suspended,” The New York Times, April 15, 1943.

“Nazis Order Deportation of All Jews from Holland,” The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), April 16, 1943.

“Deportations to Reich Affect French Morale,” Los Angeles Times, April 20, 1943.

“Vatican and Nazi Victims,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), April 23, 1943.

“Pope to Speak to World over Radio Today,” Los Angeles Times, April 25, 1943.

“Fascist Accuses Vatican, Farinacci Says Radio Urged Poles to Help Russians,” The New York Times, April 26, 1943.

“Protocols Banned in Hungary, Cardinal’s Alleged Protest,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), April 30, 1943.

“Record of World-Wide Christian Protest against Nazi Extermination of Jews Published,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, May 2, 1943, accessed online on September 20, 2015.

“Reich Bishops Assail Nazi Abuse of Religion in Occupied Lands; Catholic Memorial Laments ‘Ramparts of Bitterness’ Being Created by Persecution,” The New York Times, May 13, 1943.

“President of Jewish Community of Zagreb Arrested; Zagreb Bishop Appeals for Jews,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, May 14, 1943, accessed online September 20, 2015.

“A Time of Change,” Time Magazine, May 17, 1943.

“Hitler Rejects Pope’s Appeal,” The Palestine Post, May 19, 1943.

“New Pogrom on Jews throughout Poland; Nazis ‘Liquidate’ Ghettos in Many Cities,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, May 19, 1943, accessed online on September 20, 2015.

“Niemoeller Spirit Unbroken at Dachau, Swiss Says Nazi Concentration Camp Is Worse than Before,” The New York Times, May 22, 1943.

“Le faits du jour,” Gazette de Lausanne, May 23, 1943.

“German Bishops Speak Out,” Time Magazine, May 24, 1943.

“Over Their Shoulders,” Time Magazine, May 24, 1943.

“Nazi Accuses Vatican in Unleashing of War. Paris Broadcast Lays ‘Crushing Responsibility’ on Church,” The New York Times, May 25, 1943.

“Vatican-Soviet Concordat is Expected to be Result,” Daily Boston Globe, May 25, 1943.

[Excommunication of Lithuanians Assisting Nazis in Persecution of Jews and Poles], Chicago Sentinel, May 27, 1943.

“Greek Orthodox Prelate in Britain Scores Deportation, Massacre of Greek Jews,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, May 27, 1943, accessed online on October 10, 2015.

“Soviet Accord with the Vatican Viewed as Possible Development,” The New York Times, May 27, 1943.

“The Pope’s Call to Germans, ‘Oppose Evil Forces,’ Letter to Bishops,” London Times, May 28, 1943.

“Croat Bishop’s Protest,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), May 28, 1943.

“Pius Commends German Bishops for Resistance,” Los Angeles Times, May 28, 1943.

“Slump in Italy,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), May 28, 1943.

“Vatican is Hopeful of Russian Accord, No Confirmation is Given to Rumors of Early Pact, but Talks are Reported. Religious Training Asked. Holy See Said to Want Radical Change in Moscow Attitude on Subject of Education.” The New York Times, May 28, 1943.

“Mgr. Chaptal, Auxiliary Bishop of Paris Led Protest on Anti-Jewish Rules,” The New York Times, May 29, 1943.

“Pope’s Peace Aims Seen Barring Bias. Racist Ideology and Economic Discrimination Denied by Holy See, Writer Asserts. Four Freedoms Are Cited. Pact Must Have Guarantees of Human Liberty to Win Approval, It is Held,” The New York Times, May 29, 1943.

“Sharp Vatican Reply to Nazis, the Pope’s Peace Effort,” London Times, May 29, 1943.

“Oppose Forces of Evil, Pope’s Exhortation to Germans,” The Sydney Morning Herald, May 29, 1943.

“Pope Deplores Evil Forces in Germany,” The Canberra Times (Australia), May 29, 1943.

“Death of Bishop,” Chicago Sentinel, May 30, 1943.

“Vatican Replies to Accusations by Axis, Indications of Strained Relations,” The Palestine Post, May 30, 1943.

“Laws of Humanity in Air War. The Pope’s Appeal,” London Times, June 3, 1943.

“Pope Bids Nations Obey Laws of War; Pleads Against Air Reprisals in Address to Cardinals on His Name Day Feels for Small Nations He Expresses the Hope That Poland’s Future May Be as Great as Her Sacrifices,” The New York Times, June 3, 1943.

“Respect Human Rights in Bomb War, Pope Asks,” Chicago Tribune, June 3, 1943.

“Humanity in Air War, Sad and Inexorable Competition,” The West Australian, June 4, 1943.

“Pope vs. Catholics,” The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), June 4, 1943.

“Nazi Radio Efforts to Trick Irish,” Barrier Miner (Australia), June 5, 1943.

“Catholic Bishops in Slovakia Demand Equal Rights for Jews in Pastoral Letter,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, June 6, 1943, accessed online on September 20, 2015.

“Germany v. Vatican,” Time Magazine, June 7, 1943.

“‘Civilized’ War Impossible; But Precepts of Pope Pius Are Held Up as Guide for Peacemakers,” The New York Times, June 8, 1943.

“Les épreuves de la Hollande. Une lettre pastorale des évêques catholiques,” Gazette de Lausanne, June 9, 1943.

“Archbishop Spellman Asked Turkey to Admit Jews to Asia Minor, Nazis Report,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, June 10, 1943, accessed online on October 10, 2015.

“Deportations in Holland, Public Protests by Bishops, A New Babylonian Captivity,” London Times, June 10, 1943.

“Vatican Aided Britons; 3 Escaped Prisoners, Now in London, Tell of Adventure,” The New York Times, June 10, 1943.

“Reich Churches Resist Nazi Rule, Cooperate with Outside Forces,” The New York Times, June 11, 1943.

“Jewish Sterilization, Joint Protest by Dutch Churches,” London Times, June 12, 1943.

“Monstrous Order,” Time Magazine, June 21, 1943

“Netherland Jews Ousted by Nazis. Removal of Last Group from Amsterdam Completes Country-Wide Deportations. Terrible Journey Told. Asylum Patients Put in Freight Car - Slovak Bishops Protest Persecutions. The New York Times, June 23, 1943.

“Vatican Broadcasts Protest of Slovakian Bishops against Persecutions of Jews,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, June 23, 1943, accessed online September 20, 2015.

“The Fate of Sodom and Gomorrah, German Bishop Warns Nazis,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), June 25, 1943.

“Slump in Slovak Jew-Baiting,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), June 25, 1943.

“Vatican Scores Nazi Laws, Warns French Bias Against Jews Is Offense Against God,” The New York Times, June 27, 1943.

“Vatican Condemns Rifts, Broadcast Condemns Discriminations in Human Family,” The New York Times, June 28, 1943.

“Vatican Radio Denounces Persecutions of Jews in Broadcast to France,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, June 28, 1943, accessed online September 20, 2015.

“Nazis Send 50,000 Jews to “Death Camps” in Reprisal for R.A.F. Bombing of Ruhr Dams,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, June 29, 1943, accessed online on January 7, 2017.

“Bishops of Slovakia Protest Persecution of Jews,” The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), July 2, 1943.

“700 Italian Jews Admitted into Vatican,” Ohio Jewish Chronicle, July 2, 1943.

“Slave Labour for Italian Jews,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), July 2, 1943.

“Nazis Said to Curb Catholic Prelates, Faulhaber and Others Signed Protest on Anti-Semitic Move,” The New York Times, July 6, 1943.

“Pope Condemns Racial Persecution,” The Palestine Post, July 7, 1943.

“Pope Reiterates Interest in Fate of Jews in Axis-occupied Countries,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, July 7, 1943, accessed online September 20, 2015.

“Croat Attacks Germans. Archbishop of Zagreb Denounces Their Theories of Race,” The New York Times, July 8, 1943.

“Reports Vatican Deploring Anti-Semitism,” The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), July 9, 1943.

“Pourquoi l’Eglise condamne le communisme,” La Croix, July 12, 1943.

“Pope Reiterates Interest in Fate of Jews in Axis-Occupied Countries,” Chicago Sentinel, July 15, 1943.

“[Pope’s Recent Address],” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), July 16, 1943.

“The Pope’s Solicitude,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), July 16, 1943.

“The Bombing of Rome, A Letter from the Pope,” London Times, July 22, 1943.

“Pope’s Letter to Vicar General, Sympathy for Bomb Victims;” Cairns Post (Australia), July 23, 1943.

“Wise Asks Roosevelt Aid. Jewish Congress Head Estimates Axis Killings at 3,000,000,” The New York Times, July 23, 1943.

 “Rome Bombing Upheld; Attack Regarded as Regrettable But Highly Necessary,” The New York Times, July 25, 1943.

“Vatican Denies Protesting to U.S. Or Claiming Basilica Is All Ruins; Protest is Denied by Vatican Radio,” The New York Times, July 25, 1943.

“No Papal Protest of Bombing,” The Palestine Post, July 26, 1943.

“Vatican Refutes Axis Lies, ‘Objective’ Letter on Bombing, A Word to Both Sides,” London Times, July 26, 1943.

“Pope Intervening for Italian Jews, Apostolic Delegate in Britain Reports,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, July 28, 1943, accessed online September 20, 2015.

“Mussolini Downfall Halts Italian Jews’ Deportation,” Chicago Sentinel, July 29, 1943.

“Nazis Seize Catholics,” Los Angeles Times, July 29, 1943.

“Dictator Principle Denounced by Pope, Vatican Broadcast Says Pontiff Condemns Rulers Who Put Laws and Liberty Aside,” The New York Times, July 29, 1943.

“Fascist Fiasco, Italian Jew-Baiting Tactics Failed,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), July 30, 1943.

“The Vatican, Unusual Affliction,” Time Magazine, August 2, 1943.

“Anti-Semitism Ended in Italy, Premier Badoglio Orders Abolishment of Fascist Party Anti-Jewish Laws,” Chicago Sentinel, August 5, 1943.

“Pope Intervening for Italian Jews, Apostolic Delegate in Britain Reports” Chicago Sentinel, August 5, 1943.

“Anti-Jewish Laws Abolished in Italy,” The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), August 6, 1943.

“Anti-Semitism Seen Wiped Out in Italy, French Jews Flee to Italy,” The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), August 6, 1943.

“Jews in Italy, Turn of the Fascist Tide,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), August 6, 1943.

“See Deportation of Italian Jews Halted by Mussolini Downfall,” The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), August 6, 1943.

“Peace & the Papacy,” Time Magazine, August 16, 1943.

“The Sound of Doom,” Time Magazine, August 16, 1943.

“Pastoral Note to Reich Reported,” The New York Times, August 19, 1943.

“Pope Intervenes with Bulgarian Government in Behalf of Jews,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, August 19, 1943, accessed online on October 10, 2015.

“Hear Chief Rabbi Thanked Pope for His Aid,” The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), August 20, 1943.

“Bishops of Germany Send Report to Pope; Berlin Prelate Will Go to Rome with Fulda Decisions,” The New York Times, August 21, 1943.

“The Vatican and the Jews,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), August 24, 1943.

“Nazis Execute German Refugees by Mistake,” Chicago Sentinel, August 26, 1943.

“The Error of Their Ways, Frank Italian Admission,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), August 27, 1943.

“The Pope’s Message,” The New York Times, September 2, 1943.

“Pope Asks Victors to Be ‘Generous’; Pius in Broadcast Appeals for Termination of War Before End of Its Fifth Year,” The New York Times, September 2, 1943.

“The Pope’s Appeal, ‘Encourage Every Step for Peace,” London Times, September 2, 1943.

“The Pope and a New Era,” London Times, September 2, 1943.

“Text of Pope Pius’ Appeal for Peace,” The New York Times, September 2, 1943.

“Reich Bishops Regret Nazi Acts,” The New York Times, September 5, 1943.

“German Catholics Assail Nazi Rulers; Conference of Bishops Says Religious Persecution Is Flagrant in Reich; Pleads for Raid Victims; Letters Thanks Pope for Effort to Bring Peace-Racial God Notions Condemned,” The New York Times, September 6, 1943.

“German Bishops’ Warning, ‘National God’ A Heresy, Race Foolishness, ‘Calamitous Hatred’,” London Times, September 8, 1943.

“Denmark Ruled by Nazi’s Anti-Jewish Regulations,” Chicago Sentinel, September 9, 1943.

“The Murder of the Jewish People,” Chicago Sentinel, September 9, 1943.

“Nazi Vatican Step Alarms Catholics,” The New York Times, September 11, 1943.

“Blessed are the Peacemakers,” Time Magazine, September 13, 1943.

“Nazi Control of the Vatican, Threat to Allied Diplomats,” The Advertiser (Australia) September 14, 1943.

“Drastic Nazi Curbs Halt Vatican Radio,” The New York Times, September 16, 1943.

“Italy Invasion Spurs Aid to Jews, Yishuv-Jewish Units in Invading Forces, Jewish Boys Join Italian Freedom Ranks,” Chicago Sentinel, September 16, 1943.

“Pope May Leave Vatican If War Comes to Rome,” The Canberra Times (Australia), September 16, 1943.

“Le message radiodiffusé du Saint-Père, à l’occasion du quatrième anniversaire du commencement de la guerre mondiale,” September 16, 1943.

“Catholics Denounce Nazis’ ‘Protection;’ Church Publications Here Unite in Decrying Vatican Step,” The New York Times, September 17, 1943.

“Pope in ‘Virtual Captivity,’” The Sydney Morning Herald, September 17, 1943.

“Pope Objects in Vain to Nazis on Isolation of Vatican City. Pope in Vain Plea to Nazis on Curbs,” The New York Times, September 17, 1943.

“Pope Protests Ban on Access to St Peter’s,” Los Angeles Times, September 17, 1943.

“Pope Refuses to See Nazi Envoy,” The Argus, September 17, 1943.

“Pope Virtually a Prisoner in Vatican City,” The Canberra Times (Australia), September 17, 1943.

“Vatican City Barricaded against Nazis, Guard Patrols City,” The Canberra Times (Australia), September 18, 1943.

“Italian Revolt against Nazis Spreading; Bitter Street Fighting in Rome,” The Mercury (Australia), September 18, 1943.

“Rome Hungry and Sullen, Vatican Surrounded by Germans,” The Palestine Post, September 19, 1943.

“Prayers for Pope in ‘Custody’ Urged; Holding of Pontiff Is No New Experience, Mgr. Kellenberg Says in St. Patrick’s Seizures by 3 Emperors Vatican Still Will Be Wielding Influence When Vandals Are Gone, Preacher Asserts,” The New York Times, September 20, 1943.

“Axis Broadcast Assails Vatican,” Los Angeles Times, September 21, 1943.

“Pope Insists on Withdrawal from Rome of Germans, Refuses Interview with Kesselring,” The Canberra Times (Australia), September 21, 1943.

“Germans Seize Church Dignitaries Entering Territory of Vatican City,” The New York Times, September 22, 1943.

“Churchmen Seized by Germans Freed,” The New York Times, September 23, 1943.

“Copenhagen Jews Fined 100,000 Kronen,” The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), September 24, 1943.

“Italian Jews Resist Nazi Occupation, Wholesale Arrests in Rome,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), September 24, 1943.

“Jewish Youths Join Italian Freedom Fighters,” The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), September 24, 1943.

“Brazilian Ire Rises over Pope’s Captivity; Catholic Groups Organize Block for Future Action,” The New York Times, September 26, 1943.

“Copenhagen Jews Ordered to Pay $20,000 Fine to Nazis for Death of German Soldier,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, September 26, 1943, accessed online on January 7, 2017.

“Encircled Vatican Awaits Nazi Move, Hitler Can Occupy Holy See at Will, But Papal Prestige May Stay His Hand,” The New York Times, September 26, 1943.

“Italian Jewish Youths Fight Germans in Italy; Nazis Imprison 800 Jews in Rome,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, September 26, 1943, accessed online on January 7, 2017.

“Polish “Death Camp” Burnt Down by Revolting Jews, Many Flee, Underground Reports,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, September 26, 1943, accessed online on January 7, 2017.

“The Pope ‘a Prisoner,’ Dr. Spellman’s Call for Prayers,” London Times, September 27, 1943.

“From the Chief Rabbi of the British Empire” The Palestine Post, September 29, 1943.

“From the Chief Rabbi of the Holy Land,” The Palestine Post, September 29, 1943.

“Pie XII,” La Croix, October 1, 1943.

“Nazi Press Blames Pope for Hostility of Priests,” The New York Times, October 2, 1943.

“Vatican Diplomats Destroy Secret Documents, Fear of Nazi Raid,” The Canberra Times (Australia), October 7, 1943.

“Vatican Prepares for Worst,” The New York Times, October 7, 1943.

“Germans Control Vatican,” The Palestine Post, October 8, 1943.

“‘Guarding Vatican,’ Nazi Troops,” The Sydney Morning Herald, October 8, 1943.

“Vatican Prepares for the Worst: Fear of Nazi Designs on Pope,” The Canberra Times (Australia), October 8, 1943.

“The Pope Virtually a Prisoner, Dr. Downey’s Statement,” London Times, October 9, 1943.

“Fascist Flight from Rome, Germans to ‘Protect’ Pope,” The Palestine Post, October 10, 1943.

“Pope’s Blunt Reply to Germans, Cold Reception for Envoys,” The Advertiser (Australia), October 11, 1943.

“Swiss Guards Still at Vatican,” The Palestine Post, October 11, 1943.

“Danish King Defies Nazi Military, Danish Bishops’ Protest of Deportations Read in Churches–German Soldiers in Civilian Clothes Assist Jews in Escape,” Chicago Sentinel, October 14, 1943.

“Germans Kill Danes Trying to Free Jews, Danish King Again Protests” Chicago Sentinel, October 14, 1943.

“Hysterical Goebbels,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), October 15, 1943.

“Vatican Radio Makes Test,” The New York Times, October 15, 1943.

“Vatican Tests Radio to Learn If It’s Isolated,” Los Angeles Times, October 15, 1943.

“Chief Rabbi of Denmark Interned but Not Deported, Germans Announce; Terror Continues,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, October 17, 1943, accessed online on January 7, 2017.

“Milan’s Cardinal Hits Aid to Nazis; Denunciation of Italians to Germans a ‘Sin,’ He Says, as Terror Increases,” The New York Times, October 17, 1943.

“Pope Said to Help In Ransoming Jews,” The New York Times, October 17, 1943.

“Nazi Difficulties and Jewish Massacres,” The Palestine Post, October 19, 1943.

“Priests and Jews Rounded Up,” The Palestine Post, October 19, 1943.

“Gestapo in North Italy Seizes Priests for Condemning Terror and Pillaging,” The New York Times, October 20, 1943.

“Clergy Arrests by Nazis Told,” Los Angeles Times, October 21, 1943.

“Nazis Expected to Evacuate Rome in Few Days,” The Mercury (Australia), October 21, 1943.

“Nazis Halt Deportation of Jews from Denmark,” Chicago Sentinel, October 21, 1943.

“Archbishop of Milan Arrested,” The Palestine Post, October 22, 1943.

“Pope ‘Absolute Nazi Prisoner,’ Priest Insists,” Los Angeles Times, October 22, 1943.

“Pope Paid for Ransoming Jews,” The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), October 22, 1943.

“Vatican Defies Nazis by, Aiding Refugees; Refuses to Yield Anti-Fascists Shielded From Foes,” The New York Times, October 22, 1943.

“Italy: About Face,” Time Magazine, October 25, 1943.

“Pope Receives Allied Diplomats,” The Palestine Post, October 24, 1943.

“Pope Increases Efforts to Bring About Peace,” The Hartford Courant, October 26, 1943.

“News Brevities [Niels Bohr…],” Chicago Sentinel, October 28, 1943.

“News Brevities [Pope Pius XII Has Protested…],” Chicago Sentinel, October 28, 1943.

“Pope’s Gift to Jews,” The Palestine Post, October 28, 1943.

“President of Rome Kehillah Arrested by Gestapo,” Chicago Sentinel, October 28, 1943.

“Jewish Hostages in Rome, Vatican Protests,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), October 29, 1943.

“Vatican Postal Services Halted,” The New York Times, October 29, 1943.

“Clergy in France Aid Saboteurs, Priest Asserts,” Los Angeles Times, October 31, 1943.

“Bishop, Archdeacon Slain; Polish Agency Accuses Nazis of Torturing Them to Death,” The New York Times, October 26, 1943.

“The Pope’s Broadcast,” London Times, November 1, 1943.

“Pope Ends Silence in a Talk to Peru; First Radio Address Since Nazis Seized Rome Is Made to Eucharistic Congress,” The New York Times, November 1, 1943.

“Denaturalised Jews of Italy, Anti-Semitism Intensified,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), November 5, 1943.

“Long List of German Defeats, Allies Year of Crushing Blows,” The Palestine Post, November 8, 1943.

“Nazi Concern for Pope’s Safety,” The Palestine Post, November 8, 1943.

“Hundreds of Jews Flee Death Camp,” Chicago Sentinel, November 11, 1943.

“News Brevities,” Chicago Sentinel, November 11, 1943.

“Denmark and the Jews,” The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), November 12, 1943.

“The Vatican–and the Nazis,” Los Angeles Times, November 12, 1943.

“Pope May Discuss Vatican Raid,” The New York Times, November 13, 1943.

“Prions pour le Pape,” La Croix, November 15, 1943.

“News Flashes,” Chicago Sentinel, November 18, 1943.

“B’nai B’rith ‘Bombed’ Vatican, Nazis ‘Reveal,’” Ohio Jewish Chronicle, November 19, 1943.

“Vatican Tightens Control, Gendarmerie and Guards Doubled,” The Palestine Post, November 22, 1943.

 “Police Chief Foils Nazi Round-up of Rome Jews,” The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), November 26, 1943.

“Denounces ‘Godless Hordes,’” The New York Times, November 28, 1943.

“Vatican Reported Intervening in Behalf of Jews in German-held Italy,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, November 28, 1943, accessed online September 20, 2015.

“Austrian Priests Fight Germans,” The New York Times, November 29, 1943.

“French Silence, Clandestine Literature,” The Palestine Post, November 29, 1943.

“Italy’s Nuremberg Laws in Force, 10,000 Jews Arrested,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), December 3, 1943.

“Nouvelles measures fascistes contre les juifs,” Gazette de Lausanne, December 3, 1943.

“Vatican Scores Germans, Denounces Decision to Intern and Strip All Jews in Italy,” The New York Times, December 5, 1943.

“Germans Raid Milan Synagogue during Services, Arrest Worshippers; One Man Killed,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, December 6, 1943, accessed online September 20, 2015.

“Nazis Take Issue with Pope on Deportation of Jews from Rome,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, December 8, 1943, accessed online September 20, 2015.

“Pope in Prayer, Asks ‘Peace for Our Souls,’ Pleads for Cessation of Flood of Hate and Neo-Paganism,” The New York Times, December 9, 1943.

“Pope Makes Formal Protest to Germany over Deportation of Jews from Italy,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, December 9, 1943, accessed online September 20, 2015.

“Italian Jews Flee into Mountains, Vatican Radio Denounces Persecutions,” The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), December 10, 1943.

“German Command Orders Rome Officials to Establish Concentration Camp for Jews,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, December 14, 1943, accessed online September 20, 2015.

“Germans Hide News from French Public,” The New York Times, December 15, 1943.

“All Italian Jews Arrested, Vatican Protests to Germany,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), December 17, 1943.

“Make Anti-Semitism a Crime,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), December 17, 1943.

“Fascist Police, Disguised as Jews, Sent to Trap Italian Priests,” The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), December 23, 1943.

“First Transports of Jews Enroute to Poland as Vatican Protests,” The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), December 23, 1943.

“Hungary Considers Abolition of Anti-Jewish Laws,” The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), December 23, 1943.

“Pope Formally Protests Rounding Up of Jews,” Chicago Sentinel, December 23, 1943.

“Pope Formally Protests as Roundup of Jews Continues,” The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), December 23, 1943.

“60,000 Jews Interned in Italy by Nazis,” The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), December 23, 1943.

Text of the Pope’s Christmas Eve Address as Broadcast to the World,” The New York Times, December 25, 1943.

“Pope Prays for Just Peace Kept by Wise Use of Force; Pope Makes Plea For a Just Peace,” The New York Times, December 25, 1943.

“Pope Prays This May Be Last War Christmas,” The Palestine Post, December 26, 1943.

“Les Messages de Noël de S.S. Pie XII,” La Croix, December 27, 1943.

“A la veille de Noël, le Saint-Père, penché sur la misère et la douleur du monde en guerre, a demandé aux hommes de réfléchir devant l’Enfant-Dieu sur leurs erreurs passes et de les abjurer dans un grand élan de charité. Il a invité ceux qui portent la responsabilité du sort des peoples à préparer une paix véritable fondée sur la justice et sur le droit et qui fasse régner sur terre l’esprit de communauté. La faillite des idéologies régnantes, Appel aux chrétiens, La leçon de la Crèche,” La Croix, December 29, 1943.

 

1944

“Nazi’s Pagan Chief Turns to Religion; Rosenberg, Once Denounced by Pope Pius XI, Joins Growing Back-to-Church Movement,” The New York Times, January 7, 1944.

“Jews Hidden by Priests in Churches,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), January 14, 1944.

“Jews Not to Be Deported, Vatican Intercedes with Fascists,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), January 14, 1944.

“Germans Hear Pope on False Prophets, Pontiff’s Talk on ‘Adventurers’ Broadcast to the Reich,” The New York Times, January 20, 1944.

“Program Outlined to Save Remaining Jews of Europe,” Los Angeles Times, January 20, 1944.

“Vatican Organ Hits at Nazi Order,” Catholic Weekly (Australia), January 20, 1944.

“Izvestia Calls Pope Pro-Fascist; Says Catholics Are Disillusioned,” The New York Times, February 2, 1944.

“Vatican Seen Backing Fascism,” The Palestine Post, February 2, 1944.

“Izvestia and the Vatican,” The New York Times, February 4, 1944.

“Vatican Denies Soviet Charges,” The Palestine Post, February 4, 1944.

“Vatican Rights Violated, Armed Police Enter San Paolo College,” London Times, February 8, 1944.

“Moscow Criticism of Vatican Scored; Bronx Member Asks Legislature to ‘Deplore’ Izvestia Attack,” The New York Times, February 8, 1944.

“Tass Quotes Slap at Vatican Policy, Soviet News Agency Reprints Charges That Fascism Was Supported by Pontiff,” The New York Times, February 9, 1944.

“Vatican Repeats Pledge of Haven, Church Will Always Provide Sanctuary for All, Radio Comments on Raid,” The New York Times, February 9, 1944.

“Fascists Slay Six Seized in Church, Act Violates Lateran Pact Papal Villa Bombed Again Many Refugees Killed,” The New York Times, February 11, 1944.

“Liquidating Italian Jewry, New Confiscation Decree,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), February 11, 1944.

“2,000 Jews Expelled from Rome; Vatican Paper Deplores Persecution,” The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), February 11, 1944.

“Pope Bids Catholics in Reich Keep Faith,” The New York Times, February 13, 1944.

“Devious Diplomacy,” Time Magazine, February 14, 1944.

“Jews among Those Seized in Fascist Violation of Vatican Sanctuary,” Chicago Sentinel, February 17, 1944.

“The Papal Dilemma,” The New York Times, February 27, 1944.

“Catholic Welfare Conference Reports Vatican Protests against Mistreatment of Italy Jews,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, February 28, 1944, accessed online September 20, 2015.

“Vatican Deplores Poles’ Fate in Reich, Condition of Internees Called Bad-Aid Program Pushed,” The New York Times, March 3, 1944.

“20,000 in Zagreb Hear Attack by Croatian Archbishop on German Racial Theory,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, March 7, 1944, accessed online on October 10, 2015.

“Pope Comforts the Stricken in Rome, Broadcast Appeal for Peace,” The Palestine Post, March 13, 1944.

“The Pope’s Appeal to Belligerents, ‘Grave Hour for Rome,’” London Times, March 13, 1944.

“Broadcast by Pope to World, Sufferings of Rome,” Morning Bulletin (Australia), March 14, 1944.

“Pope Predicts Curse for Despoilers of Rome,” The Canberra Times (Australia), March 14, 1944.

“Pope’s Appeal to Save Rome, Raids Declared ‘Morally Indefensible,’” The Argus (Australia), March 14, 1944.

“Sufferings in Rome, Pope Appeals for Relief,” The Advertiser (Australia), March 14, 1944.

“Vatican and Fascism, New York Criticism of Soviet Newspaper,” London Times, March 21, 1944.

“Italian Clergy Shelters Fugitive Jews from Fascists,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, March 23, 1944, accessed online on January 7, 2017.

“Catholic Church Has Saved What of Culture is Left in Germany,” Southern Cross (Australia), March 24, 1944.

“Advises Jews and Arabs to Negotiate Without British,” Chicago Sentinel, March 30, 1944.

“Rome Jews Deported, Vigorous Protest by Vatican Paper,” Catholic Weekly, March 30, 1944.

“The Pope and the War,” London Times, March 30, 1944.

“Hungarian Bishop Seized; Nazis Carry Him Off as Hostage…” The New York Times, April 5, 1944.

“Hungarian Cardinal Detained by Germans, Catholic Primate and Reformed Church Leaders Detained,The New York Times, April 5, 1944.

“The French Catholic (Underground) Press,” Advocate (Australia), April 12, 1944.

“Vatican Paper’s Front-Page Protest against Persecution of Jews,” Southern Cross (Australia), April 14, 1944.

“Cardinal Appeals for Jews,” The New York Times, April 28, 1944.

“Papal Audience in War-Time,” The Palestine Post, April 28, 1944.

“‘Mercier Barked, but Van Roey Bites.’ Intrepid Cardinal Leads Resistance to Nazis,” Advocate (Australia), May 10, 1944.

“Germans Show Signs of Revival in Religion, Pope’s Letter to Bishop of Muenster Expresses Hope in Spiritual Life,” Advocate (Australia), May 17, 1944.

“Gestapo Arrests 40 Priests, Spread of Underground Press,” Advocate (Australia), May 17, 1944.

“3100 Polish Priests Victims of Nazi Terrorism,” Advocate (Australia), May 17, 1944.

“Vatican Newspaper Pleads for Jews, Fascists’ Persecution Denounced,” Advocate (Australia), May 17, 1944.

“Vatican, Moscow Seen Closing Gap; Fordham Professor Predicts Rapprochement if Catholics Get Rights of Orthodox Education Held Key Issue Must Be Solved to Church’s Satisfaction, Professor Timasheff Declares,” The New York Times, May 19, 1944.

“Catholic Press Agency Thwarts Nazi Tricks, Goebbels Outwitted in Attempt to Delude Foreign Public,” Advocate (Australia), May 24, 1944.

“Nazis Deport Belgian Girls, Bishop’s Vigorous Protest,” Advocate (Australia), May 24, 1944.

“Bishops Defy Enemy in Northern Italy,” The New York Times, May 25, 1944.

“Why Cardinal was Arrested,” Catholic Weekly (Australia), May 25, 1944.

“Celler Asks Vatican Protection for Boats with Refugees,” The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), May 26, 1944.

“Summary of Vatican Aid to Distressed Poles, Uninterrupted, Unabated,” Southern Cross (Australia), May 26, 1944.

“The Pope and Peace, Expiating Acts of Violence, Justice for the Vanquished,” London Times, June 3, 1944.

“Pope Urges Peace; Assails Idea of Complete Victory or Destruction as Prolonging War Vengeful Terms Decried Pontiff Indicts an Attack on Rome as ‘Matricide’ -Rifts in Religion Deplored Pope Urges Peace without Extremes,” The New York Times, June 3, 1944.

“Text of the Pope’s Plea for Safety of Rome and for an Early End of the War,” The New York Times, June 3, 1944.

“War and Peace, Another Papal Pronouncement,” The West Australian, June 3, 1944.

“Church Militant,” Time Magazine, June 5, 1944.

“Pope to Maintain Neutral Stand,” The Palestine Post, June 6, 1944.

“Nazi Persecutions,” The Cairns Post (Australia), June 5, 1944.

“Rome Liberated by Fifth Army, Hitler Orders Nazi Withdrawal after Pope Pius’ Grim Warning,” Army News (Australia), June 6, 1944.

“Italian Cardinal Warns Against Dictatorships, ‘No Longer Compatible with our Times’,” Advocate (Australia), June 7, 1944.

“Nazi Cynicism,” The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), June 9, 1944.

“Nazis Blame Loss of Rome on Jewish Spies,” The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), June 9, 1944.

“As in a Sleep,” Time Magazine, June 12, 1944.

“Rome Jews Get Back their Confiscated Homes; All Anti-Jewish Laws Rescinded,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, June 12, 1944, accessed online on January 7, 2017.

“Hungarian Primate Champions Rights of Man, Stand That Led to Arrest,” Advocate (Australia), June 14, 1944.

“Jews of Rome Thank Pope for Aiding Them, Chief Rabbi Says Pius and Vatican Saved Hundreds,” The New York Times, June 17, 1944.

“Chief Rabbi May See Pope,” The Palestine Post, June 19, 1944.

“Belgium Catholics Resist Nazi Regime, Cardinal Van Roey Fearless Leader of People,” Advocate (Australia), June 21, 1944.

“German Bishop Denounces Nazis, ‘Superior Man a Blonde Beast’,” Advocate (Australia), June 21, 1944.

“German Cardinal Stands Against Racism, Solid Resistance to National Socialist Demands,” Advocate (Australia), June 21, 1944.

“Arabs and Jews to Be Consulted,” The Palestine Post, June 22, 1944.

“Rome Kehilla Thanks Vatican for Aid,” Chicago Sentinel, June 22, 1944.

“Sanctuary in Vatican,” The Palestine Post, June 22, 1944.

“Congress Warns Hungary,” The Palestine Post, June 23, 1944.

“How Lithuanian Jews Perished,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), June 23, 1944.

“Rome Jews Return Home,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), June 23, 1944.

“Archbishop Spellman Broadcasts Appeal to Hungary against Mistreatment of Jews,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, June 28, 1944, accessed online on October 10, 2015.

“Nazis Censor French Bishops, Pastoral Letter is Changed, Distorted,” Catholic Weekly (Australia), June 29, 1944.

“Censored Passages of French Bishops’ Statements,” Southern Cross (Australia), June 30, 1944.

“Hungarian Primate under Arrest,” Southern Cross (Australia), June 30, 1944.

“Spiritually We Are Semites,” Time Magazine, July 3, 1944.

“Hungarian Minister Announces Government’s decision to Liquidate All Jews in Hungary,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, July 5, 1944, accessed online on January 7, 2017.

“Hitler et les Juifs,” Journal de Genève, July 6, 1944.

“Hungary Deports Jews, Eden Says, He Confirms Massacres, Says Country Ignores Protests by Allies and Pope,” The New York Times, July 6, 1944.

“The Jews of Hungary,” London Times, July 6, 1944.

“Eden Gives Parliament Gloomy Picture of Situation of Jews in Hungary,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, July 6, 1944, accessed online on April 20, 2016.

“M. Eden et les Déportations de Juifs,” Gazette de Lausanne, July 6, 1944.

“1,750,000 Jews Killed by Nazis,” Chicago Sentinel, July 6, 1944.

“Chief Rabbi to See Pope? Seeking Help for European Jewry,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), July 7, 1944.

“Joint Distribution Committee Opens Offices in Rome and Bari,” The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), July 7, 1944.

“OWI Broadcasts Appeal by Archbishop Spellman to Hungary to Halt Persecution of Jews, Denounces Blood and Race Theory of Nazis,” The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), July 7, 1944.

“French Bishop Reported Jailed,” The New York Times, July 8, 1944.

“Half Rome’s Jews Taken by Germans, Chief Rabbi Describes Their Rule and Treachery of Community President, Praises Vatican’s Help, Prof. Zolli Cites Fates of Other Clerics and Tells of his Own Experiences… Thanked Vatican in Person,” The New York Times, July 9, 1944.

“Mass Deportations of Jews,” Army News (Australia), July 11, 1944.

“French Cardinal’s Plea against Bombing, Appeal to Hierarchies of Britain and U.S.A.,” Advocate (Australia), July 12, 1944.

“Denounce Slaughter in Hungary, World-wide Protests–and Aid of Pope–May Save Jewish Remnant,” Chicago Sentinel, July 13, 1944.

“Hungarian Priest Arrested for Aiding Jews,” Chicago Sentinel, July 13, 1944.

“No Reply to Pope’s Appeal,” Chicago Sentinel, July 13, 1944.

“Communists Seek Vatican Accord; Togliatti, Leader in Italy, Urges That Church and Party Be ‘Mutually Tolerant,’” The New York Times, July 14, 1944.

“German Archbishop on the ‘Blonde Beast Teaching, Nazism and Bolshevism’Southern Cross (Australia), July 14, 1944.

“Hungarian Jews Doomed, Planned Extermination,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), July 14, 1944.

 “Pope to be Asked to Help Stop Mass Murder,” The Palestine Post, July 17, 1944.

“Pope Blesses Palestinian,” The Palestine Post, July 19, 1944.

“Pope Asks Austrian Regent to Halt Atrocities on Jews,” Los Angeles Times, July 14, 1944.

“French Bishop Jailed; Prelate of Montauban Joins 4 Others in German Camp,” The New York Times, July 18, 1944.

“Chief Rabbi May See Pope,” The Palestine Post, July 19, 1944.

“Hungarian Jews Respited? Promise to Red Cross,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), July 21, 1944.

“Hungary Gets Pope’s Appeal in Behalf of Jews,” Ohio Jewish Chronicle, July 21, 1944.

“In Liberated Rome,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), July 21, 1944.

“Million Jews in Hungary Threatened with Extermination, Declares Hull,” Ohio Jewish Chronicle, July 21, 1944.

“Pastoral Letter Read in German Pulpits Concludes: ‘Hear O Israel,” Ohio Jewish Chronicle, July 21, 1944.

“Nazis Tried Use Jews as Bait,” The Palestine Post, July 23, 1944.

“Pope Condemns Neo-Communism; Catholic Courting of Marxism Against Church Teachings,” The New York Times, July 24, 1944.

“Vatican Ready to Intervene,” The Palestine Post, July 24, 1944.

“The Vatican, This Changing World,” Time Magazine, July 24, 1944.

“Vatican to Make Early Peace Move, Russia the Great Stumbling Block,” The Palestine Post, July 25, 1944.

“Cardinal’s Protest against Bombing, Belgian Primate Declares Attacks Are Indiscriminate,” Advocate (Australia), July 26, 1944.

“Hungarian Churches Forced to Cease Baptizing Jews Attempting to Evade Deportation,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, July 26, 1944, accessed online on September 20, 2015.

“Pope May Move to Aid Poles,” The Palestine Post, July 26, 1944.

“From Berne,” Chicago Sentinel, July 27, 1944.

“Invitation Declined,” Catholic Weekly (Australia), July 27, 1944.

“That Pope Pius XII Has Interceded…,” Chicago Sentinel, July 27, 1944.

“Confirms Pope’s Intercession for Hungarian Jews,” The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), July 28, 1944.

“Fresh Massacres in Hungary,” The Palestine Post, July 28, 1944.

“Pope’s Hebrew Blessing for Jewish Soldier,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), July 28, 1944.

“Pope Intervenes for Poland,” The Palestine Post,” July 30, 1944.

“Racialism in Canada, Prime Minister’s Denunciation,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), August 4, 1944.

“Rome Jews at Tiber Offer Deliverance Prayers,” The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), August 4, 1944.

“Hungarian Jews Lured to Death with Promise of Exchange for German Civilians,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, August 6, 1944, accessed online on January 7, 2017.

“Catholic Priests in Lithuania Courageously Shielded Jews from Gestapo,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, August 9, 1944, accessed online on September 20, 2015.

“The Pope and Palestine, Accepts ‘Allied Plan for Jewish State?’” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), August 18, 1944.

“Irving Berlin Thanks Pope Pius for Aid to Jews,” Ohio Jewish Chronicle, August 18, 1944.

“Bishop’s Move,” Time Magazine, August 21, 1944.

“Holy See Condemns Anti-Semitism, Rome Rabbi Thanks Pope Pius XII,” Advocate (Australia), August 23, 1944.

“Vatican Sanctuary Priority Was Given to Jews, Ohio Jewish Chronicle, August 23, 1944.

“News of the Week at a Glance,” Chicago Sentinel, August 24, 1944.

“Dr. Herzog’s Cable to the Pope,” The Palestine Post, August 25, 1944.

“Au secours des israélites italiens,” Gazette de Lausanne, August 26, 1944.

“The Pope’s Message to London, Plea for ‘Sentiments of Forgiveness,” London Times, August 28, 1944.

“Nazis in Italy Search Priests’ Homes in Round-up of Jews,” The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), September 1, 1944.

“Text of Pope Pius’ Radio Address, Marking Anniversary of World War II,” The New York Times, September 2, 1944.

“Pope Warns Against Radical Social Changes after the War,” The Palestine Post, September 3, 1944.

“The Pope and Londoners,” London Times: September 6, 1944.

“Une conscience. L’Archevêque de Zagreb,” Gazette de Lausanne, September 8, 1944.

“Jewish Chaplain Gets Pope’s Medallion for Catholic Buddies,” Ohio Jewish Chronicle, September 8, 1944.

“The Issue,” Time Magazine, September 11, 1944.

“All Jews in Slovakian City Arrested in Reprisal for Jewish Partisan Activities,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, September 12, 1944, accessed online on January 7, 2017.

“Pope is Sorrowful over Poles’ Plight; Vatican Message Prays for the Deliverance of Warsaw -- Pressure on City Eased,” The New York Times, September 12, 1944.

“Papal Message to Poland,” The Palestine Post, September 13, 1944.

“The Jewish Year 5704 in Retrospect,” The Palestine Post, September 17, 1944.

“L’Eglise sentinelle, Gazette de Lausanne, September 22, 1944.

“Germans Execute Priest for Prayer,” Los Angeles Times, September 24, 1944.

“Priest Reported Slain, German Cleric Said to Have Called Arms Cursed by God,” The New York Times, September 25, 1944.

“Belgian Jews’ Coup, Deportees Snatched from Nazis,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), September 29, 1944.

“French Churchmen Helped Jews,” Palestine Post, October 4, 1944.

“Pope on Poland,” Catholic Weekly (Australia), October 5, 1944.

“Underground Press,” Catholic Weekly (Australia), October 5, 1944.

“Adjustment to New Conditions, Vatican Policy is Changing,” The Palestine Post, October 6, 1944.

“Soviet Attack on Vatican Policy,” The Palestine Post, October 10, 1944.

“Happier Days for Pope Pius, Shadows of War are Lifting for a Pontiff Whose Greatest Interest is World Peace,” The New York Times, October 15, 1944.

“French Purge Excess Protested by Bishop,” The New York Times, October 20, 1944.

“Turin Archbishop Arrested by Nazis,” The West Australian, October 25, 1944.

“Nazis Execute Jesuit; Alfred Steinmeier Is Identified in Rome as Noted Preacher,” The New York Times, October 27, 1944.

“Lauds Pope’s Help to Jews, Representative Celler Sends Letter of Appreciation to Vatican,” The New York Times, October 31, 1944.

“French Catholics’ Underground Press Worked for German Catholics,” Southern Cross (Australia), November 3, 1944.

 “Cardinal Hlond Located; Polish Primate Is Interned in Westphalia by Nazis,” The New York Times, November 10, 1944.

“Pope Denounces Nazi Brutalities,” Los Angeles Times, November 16, 1944.

“400 Priests Seized in Reich, Swiss Say,” The New York Times, November 19, 1944.

“Priest Denounces Race Bias in U.S.,” The New York Times, November 19, 1944.

“124 Bavarian Priests Seized Defying Nazis,” The New York Times, November 24, 1944.

“Sympathy for Jews, Persecution Opposed,” Advocate, December 6, 1944.

“Difficulties of Italian Jewry, Rome Jews Fall Out Over Presidency,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), December 22, 1944.

“Doctors Must Uphold Ethical Standards,” The Palestine Post, November 15, 1944.

“Pope Pleads on Warsaw; Plight of City in Hands of Nazis Appalling, He Asserts,” The New York Times, November 16, 1944.

“Audience,” The Palestine Post, November 29, 1944.

“The Pope’s Shalom,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), December 15, 1944.

“The Pope and Suffering Jewry, Talks in Hebrew to Palestinian Soldier, Letter of Captain Edmund de Rothschild to the Editor of The Jewish Chronicle,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), December 22, 1944.

“Shalom,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), December 22, 1944.

“Pius for War Curb by a World Group; Hails Democracy; Pope Stresses People’s Move to Win Control and Prevent Further Aggressions Absolutism Condemned Pontiff Warns Whole Countries Should Not Be Punished for Starting Conflict Pius for War Curb by A World Group,” The New York Times, December 25, 1944.

“The Bishop and the Quisling,” Time Magazine, December 25, 1944.

“Official English Translation of Pope Pius XII’s Christmas Message, Broadcast to World,” The New York Times, December 25, 1944.

“Shift by Vatican on France is Cited. Cardinal’s Petain Statement Held Indicative of Change - Rebuke Also Seen,” The New York Times, December 26, 1944.

“Pope on a Peace Settlement, Economic Sanctions,” London Times, December 27, 1944.

 

1945

“Pravda Attacks Pope’s Message as an Apologia for Nazi Crimes,” The New York Times, January 1, 1945.

“U.S. Papers Sustain Foe, Pravda Holds; Some Dailies’ Reaction to the Pope’s Speech, Bulgar Trials Cited as Aid to Hitlerites Excerpts from Editorials,” The New York Times, January 8, 1945.

“The Church Militant in Italy’s Sad Days, Revelations Yet to Come,” Southern Cross (Australia), January 12, 1945.

“German Bishop Arrested,” Southern Cross (Australia), January 19, 1945.

Pravda is Chided by Vatican Paper Osservatore Romano is Gently Critical of Moscow Paper over Pope’s Message,” The New York Times, January 25, 1945.

“Jocists among the Maquis,” Advocate (Australia), January 31, 1945.

“Budapest Jews’ Fate Sealed, Escape Prospects Hopeless,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), February 2, 1945.

“Pope Speaks Hebrew to Jewish Soldiers,” The Palestine Post, February 1, 1945.

“The Diplomatic Week,” Time Magazine, February 5, 1945.

“Catholic Action and French Resistance, Furnished Spiritual Inspiration for Struggle, Says French Leader,” Advocate (Australia), February 7, 1945.

“Pope is Cautioned by Soviet Writer; Vatican, Accused of Preaching Soft Peace, Warned Against Interference in Europe Miss Thompson Calls for Unity,” The New York Times, February 8, 1945.

“The Pope and the Palestinian, Sympathy and Blessing,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), February 9, 1945.

“Grand Rabbi of Rome Becomes A Catholic,” The New York Times, February 15, 1945.

“Soviet Attacks Irk Vatican,” The Palestine Post, February 15, 1945.

“The Apostasy of Israel Zoller, An Appalling Example, from Dr. Cecil Roth,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), February 23, 1945.

“Chief Rabbi of Rome Embraces Catholicism,” The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), February 23, 1945.

“Rabbi Wise Amazed by Zolli’s Conversion,” The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), February 23, 1945.

“Rome Rabbi Becomes a Meshummad, Family Adopts Catholic Faith,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), February 23, 1945.

“Holy See and Kremlin Divided over Politics; Pope Pius XI,” The New York Times, February 25, 1945.

“Greatest Tragedy,” Time Magazine, February 26, 1945.

“A Use for Calumny,” Time Magazine, February 26, 1945.

“Nazi Threaten to Kill All Captive Jews in Reprisal for Germans Sent to Russia,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, September 26, 1943, accessed online on January 7, 2017.

“Pope Assails Nazis for Race Doctrine. Urges ‘Disciples of Violence’ to Repudiate Dogmas of Ultra-Nationalism and Blood, Pope Condemns Race Dogmas, Urges Peace History Will Approve,” The New York Times, March 19, 1945.

“Rome-Moscow Truce?” Time Magazine, March 19, 1945.

“Bringing Kremlin and the Vatican Closer,” The Palestine Post, March 23, 1945.

“[Pope Blesses Jewish Soldiers in Hebrew],” The Palestine Post, March 26, 1945.

“Primate of Poland Freed by 9th Army. Gestapo Held Cardinal Hlond as a Potential Hostage - His Health is Excellent,” The New York Times, April 9, 1945.

“Cardinal Seredi of Hungary Dies, Archbishop of Esztergom was Abducted by the Nazis Before Fall of Budapest,” The New York Times, April 14, 1945.

“Pope Again Urges ‘Equitable’ Peace; Pius Sends Letter to Bishops Stressing Peril of More Wars in Unfair Settlement,” The New York Times, April 19, 1945.

“Story of a Frenchwoman,” The Palestine Post, April 26, 1945.

“Jesuit Editor of Underground Paper, Intrepid Leader of French Resistance,” Advocate, May 2, 1945.

“Pope Urges Return of Prisoners,” The Palestine Post, May 10, 1945.

“Freed Priest Sees Pope; Neuhaeusler Reports on Niemoeller, a Fellow Prisoner,” The New York Times, May 24, 1945.

“Vatican Protested at Nazi Methods,” The Mail (Australia), June 2, 1945.

“Text of Pope Pius XII’s Address to the Sacred College of Cardinals,” The New York Times, June 3, 1945.

“Pope’s Views on Germany, ‘Satanic Influence Cast Away’,” The Advertiser (Australia), June 4, 1945.

“‘Satanic Spectre’ of Nazism, The Pope’s Address from Our Special Correspondent,” London Times, June 4, 1945.

“Congregational Leader in Striking Tribute to Vatican and Bishops,’ Southern Cross (Australia), June 8, 1945.

“Pope Says He Tried to Bar War by Axis; Vatican Stresses His Defiance of Concentration Camp in Reply to Mussolini Warning,” The New York Times, June 13, 1945.

“For What I Am,” Time Magazine, June 18, 1945.

“Cardinal Seredi, Noted International Figure,” Southern Cross (Australia), June 29, 1945.

“The Epic of Count Bishop von Galen,” Southern Cross (Australia), June 29, 1945.

 “Milestones,” Time Magazine, July 23, 1945.

“Pope Receives Jewish Representative,” The Palestine Post, September 23, 1945.

“Jewish Journal Praises Cardinal of Belgium,” Advocate (Australia), September 26, 1945.

“Pope Says Church Bars Dictatorship; Tells Judicial Body That Such Regime Divides People into Rulers and Dominated,” The New York Times, October 3, 1945.

“Gift to Vatican Charities Made by World Jewish Congress,” The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), October 19, 1945.

“Reich Bishop’s Letter Told Pius of War on Nazis,” The New York Times, October 20, 1945.

“Pope Urges Women to Vote and Scorn ‘Totalitarian’ Lure; Calls Them to Political and Social Activity to Combat Misuse of Equal Rights Threat to Home is Seen Pius Warns That Domination by One Class Leads to War and Undermining of Family…,” The New York Times, October 22, 1945.

“2 French Bishops Quit. Pope Accepts Resignations of Men Who Aided Germans,” The New York Times, November 7, 1945.

“Pope Thanked for Aid to Jews,” The New York Times, November 8, 1945.

“Purge in France, Time Magazine, November 19, 1945.

“Vatican Files Arrive for Use in Nazi Trials,” Los Angeles Times, November 26, 1945.

“Pope Favors Emigration to Palestine,” Chicago Sentinel, December 6, 1945.

“Hungarian Atrocities,” The Jewish Chronicle (UK), December 21, 1945.

“Pope Says Germans Should Be Humble,” The New York Times, December 28, 1945.

1946

“Cardinal Galen, Foe of Nazis, 68. Bishop of Muenster, Elevated Recently in Rome, Reported Dead by British Forces,” The New York Times, March 3, 1946.