Some German and Austrian Priests and Western European Catholic Bishops Who Were Arrested or Harmed by the Nazis

Updated, revised and corrected on March 15, 2017

Picture of Father Jacques Sommet (1912-2012), Jesuit, drawn by a monk in Dachau

 

In Into that Darkness, Gitta Sereny makes the astonishing statement that "very few German or Austrian priests and not one Catholic bishop in all Western Europe was ever arrested or harmed by the Nazis" (p. 283). In A Moral Reckoning, the Role of the Catholic Church in the Holocaust and its unfulfilled Duty of Repair, Daniel Goldhagen asks what the German government did to the Church, its bishops and priest and replies, "Virtually nothing.... One priest, Provost Bernhard Lichtenberg of Berlin, said a daily prayer for the Jews. It took the regime years, until October 1941, to arrest him" (Goldhagen 2002, 81).  They do not say how she has determined this despite all the evidence to the contrary. To give an idea as to how mistaken it is to say that very few German or Austrian priests were ever arrested or harmed by the Nazis, here is a list of some who were. This list of German or Austrian priests arrested or harmed by the Nazis is not exhaustive and, for many reasons, it cannot even be completely accurate. For one thing, there are just too many. Priests figuring in newspaper accounts of their arrests were not always named and arrested priests did not always make the news. And newspaper accounts are not always accurate. Many priests were arrested several times and many were held in several different concentration camps. A priest belonging to religious orders could have two different names. Priests in concentration camps did not always declare themselves as such for fear of even harsher treatment. Moreover, since Hitler changed Germany's borders and redefined Germanness, by for instance, considering Alsatians as members of the master race, whether they liked it or not, it is not even completely clear exactly who was a German priest and who was not. There is ample information to be found on these priests. Many of those who survived their ordeals published their memoirs. "And Who Will Kill You" by Bedrich Hoffmann, a priest who was in Dachau for several years contains an almost 300 page list of priests in Dachau.

 List

Heribert Abel, Steyler Missionary, arrested summer of 1943 for subversion of the war effort

Walter Abschlag, from Heddernheim, from 1938-39 in Buchenwald

Josef Adamecki, archdiocese of Breslau, died May 26, 1944 in Auschwitz

Josef Adams, diocese of Mainz, Dachau 1943-45

Paul Adamus, diocese of Berlin, Dachau 1941-45

Johannes Paul Aeltermann, Danzig, arrested 1935, arrested again, murdered on November 22, 1939

Korbinian Aigner, diocese of Munich, imprisoned 1939, Sachsenhausen 1940, Dachau 1941-45

Josef Albinger, diocese of Fulda, imprisoned 1941, Dachau 1942-45

Brother Robert Albrecht, Jesuit, guillotined September 18, 1943, Brandenburg prison

Alexander Heinrich Alef, diocese of Aachen, killed in Dachau on February 16, 1945

Eduard Allebrod, Pallottine, Dachau 1942-45

Franz Allmer, Benedictine, Austrian, jailed 1938, Buchenwald 1939, Dachau 1940-45

Johann Almer, Austrian, Mauthausen-Gusen, 1940, Dachau 1940, where he died 1941

Father Amendinger of Lauffen arrested June 1933

Paul Ander, sentenced in Bamberg in 1937 to 3 months’ imprisonment for misusing the pulpit

Alois Andritzki, diocese of Dresden-Meissen, Dachau from 1941 until killed on February 3, 1943

Eduard Angermann, from Hinterthal, Austria, under arrest in 1940

Bruno Angrik, incarcerated in 1944 for 5 months in Bartenstein

Jules Anneser, camp of Natzweiler-Struthof 1944, Dachau 1944-45

Johann Arnolds, diocese Lüttich, executed August 28, 1944 in Brandenburg Prison

Leopold Arthofer, diocese of Linz, Dachau 1941-45

Franz Auer, from Unken Austria, under arrest in 1940

Gottfried Auer, diocese of Linz, Dachau 1942-45

Josef Augst, Dachau 1942-45

Gereon Josef Ausserlechner, Austrian, Dachau 1943, killed there on June 13, 1944

Josef Averesch, diocese of Fulda, Buchenwald 1941, Dachau 1941-45

Theodor Averberg, diocese of Münster, Dachau 1943-45

Oskar Bänsch, diocese of Breslau, Dachau, 1943-45

Hans Bahrenberg, diocese of Paderborn, imprisoned 1940, Dachau 1942-45

Gebhard Baldauf, from Innsbruck, under arrest from 1940-45

Bruno (Johannes) Baltes, Benedictine, born Höngen, Germany, died December 22, 1944 in Rumania

Gustav Banholzer, imprisoned 1941, 1944, Dachau 1944-45

Mgr. Banasch, arrested and tried in Berlin in 1935 for high treason

Werner Barkholt, Jesuit, Dachau August 8, 1941 died there on July 18, 1942, preached against Nazis

Karl Barth, diocese of Mainz, imprisoned 1942, Dachau 1943-45

Paul Bartsch, diocese of Berlin, imprisoned, Dachau 1943-45

Father Bauer, a parish priest in Schwarzhofen arrested for unknown reasons in 1933

Ludwig Bauer, diocese of Speyer Dachau 1942-45

Peter Bauer, diocese of Trier, imprisoned 1935-40, Buchenwald 1942, Ravensbrück 1942, Dachau 1942-45

Gerhard Baumjohann, diocese of Paderborn, jailed 1939, Dachau 1942-45

Joseph Bechtel, diocese of Trier, sent to Dachau 1941 where he died in August 12, 1942

Heinrich Becker, diocese of Paderborn, sentenced to 5 years in prison in 1937, prison 1939-42, Dachau 1943-45

Johann Becker, Trappist, sent to Dachau 1940 where he died in 1942

Teophil Becker, Luxemburg, Dachau 1941-42

Albert Beckers (Father Wigbert), Diocese Trier, Capuchin, Dachau, 1943-45

Alois Beichert, diocese of Freiburg; died April 2, 1945 in Oberwittstadt

Franz-Josef Beier, diocese of Fulda, sentenced to 21 months in prison in 1936

Augustin Benninghaus, Jesuit, Sachsenhausen 1941, 1942, died Dachau July 20, 1942

Jacob Bentz, diocese of Limburg, sent to Dachau in 1942, died September 15, 1942

Ernst Berendt, diocese of Berlin, Dachau 1941-42

Alfred Berchtold, diocese of Salzburg, Dachau 1938, Buchenwald 1939, Dachau 1940-45

Rebe Bergantz, Dachau, arrested 1942, Dachau 1943-45

Hubert Berger, diocese of Aachen, Dachau 1942-45

Leonhard Berger, diocese of Berlin, arrested by the Gestapo in February 14, 1943

Franz Bergmann, under arrest 1941, Dachau 1942-45

Jean Bernard, Dachau 1941-42

Anton Berndl, Jesuit, diocese of Linz, imprisoned 1941-42, Dachau 1942-45

Adolf Bernhard, diocese of Freiburg, sent to Dachau 1941 where he died in July 11, 1942

Brother Paulus (Wolfgang) Bernheim, Benedictine, deported and gassed at Auschwitz, August 1942

Ludwig Karl Michael Bettendorf, imprisoned 1940, Sachsenhausen, Dachau 1940-45

Father Biehl, described as an “archcrook”, sentenced to four years in prison in 1937

Leo Binder, Sachsenhausen 1939, Dachau 1940-45

Ludwig Binder, Franciscan, Austrian, Dachau 1941, where he died in August 1942

Bruno Binnebesel, executed November 13, 1944 in Brandenburg Prison, radio crime

Peter Bioly, sent to Dachau in 1941, died July 6, 1942 in transport to Hartheim euthanasia facility

Adam Birner, imprisoned for radio crime, committed suicide in prison on April 13, 1941,

Karl Birngruber (Father Sylvester) arrested by the Gestapo in 1940, fled Dachau April 28, 1945.

Alois Blaha, arrested by the Gestapo, sentenced to prison in 1944

August Blandenier, Franciscan, from Vienna, arrested 1939, 1940, died in Dachau April 20, 1941

Alois Blass, a parish priest in Tyrol, arrested in 1938

Father Beichlemeier, Jesuit leader arrested in Austria 1939

Franz (Engelbert) Blöchl, Cistercian, sent to Dachau 1941 where he died in 1942

Father Boecker of the Vinnenberg monastery sentenced in 1934 to fifteen months in prison

Franz Böhm, diocese of Cologne, arrested July 20, 1944, died February 13, 1945 in Dachau

Karl Böhmer, arrested in 1942 by the Gestapo, interned in Hägerwelle bei Stettin-Pölitz concentration camp

Josef Böhr, ordained in Innsbruck, imprisoned, Dachau 1941-45

Andreas Boenigk, imprisoned in 1941

Norbert Bombis, Franciscan, sentenced to 39 months in prison in 1935

Antonius Bornefeld, diocese of Münster, imprisoned 1943, Dachau 1944-45

Franz Borucki, diocese of Cologne, Dachau 1944-45

Johann Brachmnd, Luxemburg; Dachau 1941, where he died in 1942

Wenzel Bradler, Dachau 1941-45

Hans Brantzen, diocese of Mainz, arrested 1941, Dachau 1941-45

Theodor Brasse, diocese of Aachen, in Dachau 1941-1943

Ludwig Braun, diocese of Passau, Dachau 1942-45

Wilhelm Braun, Dachau 1935-1939, 1940-1941, also Mauthausen, Buchenwald, where he died August 29-1942

G. R. Vinzenz Brauner, archdiocese of Breslau, persecuted by the Nazis

Franz Breitenberger, Austrian, Capuchin, Dachau 1941-45

Wilhelm Breithecker, diocese of Limburg, imprisoned 1939, Sachsenhausen 1940, Dachau 1940-45

Leon Brendt, arrested by the SS in April 1940

Father Breu, a priest from Posing, arrested for unknown reasons in 1933

Wilhelm Brezesowsky, Franciscan, sentenced to 5 years in the penitentiary

Wilhelm Brinkmann, Redemptorist, sentenced to 6 years and 1 month in prison in September 1935

Peter Brinkmann sentenced to 10 months in prison November 1935

Father Brodesser sentenced in 1933 in Dortmund to 5 months in prison

Paul Brosig, Archdiocese of Breslau, died November 26, 1944 St Blasien

Brother Wunibald (Franz Josef) Brümmer, sentenced to 2 years in Brandenburg prison for currency violations, died 1937

Alois Brugger, diocese of Freiburg, died April 29, 1945 in Billafingen, Kr. Biberach

Wilhelm Brunke (Father Thaddaeus), Franciscan, Dachau 1941 where he died August 5, 1942

Alfons Buchholz, 1937, 22 months in Stuhm prison for leading an attack by Catholic Youth on police

Josef Buchkremer, diocese of Aachen, Dachau 1942-45, for anti-regime activities

Georg Bujakowski, diocese of Breslau, Dachau 1941-45

Franz-Josef Bungarten, arrested, March 31, 1945 and June 7, 1940

Anton Burger, Austrian, diocese of St.Pölten, Dachau imprisoned 1939-1941, Dachau 1941-45

Bernhard Burgstaller (Fr Petrus), Cistercian abbot, died of starvation in prison in Linz in November 1941

Johannes Burkhardt, diocese of Augsburg, imprisoned 1942, Dachau 1942-45

Wilhelm Caroli, diocese of Speyer, sentenced to 8 months in prison in 1937, died in August 1942 in Dachau

Hans Carls, diocese of Cologne, imprisoned 1941, Dachau 1942-45

Josef Cebula, died May 9, 1941, Mauthausen

Jakob Clemens, arrested 1935 in Dusseldorf, charged in 1937 with conspiring with communists

Franz Clément, from Luxemburg, Dachau

Franz Coenen, diocese of Aachen, condemned to two years in prison in 1939, died in 1939

Bernard Conrad, president of a Catholic Young Men’s Association expelled from district in 1935

Albert Coppenrath, fined 50 marks in the Berlin Criminal Court in 1935

Leonhard Cordonnier, diocese of Lüttich, died December 29, 1942 Dachau

Karl Cremer, sentenced to 18 months in prison in 1937 for conspiring with communists

Hubert Czechowski, diocese of Ermland, arrested 1938, imprisoned 1941, Dachau 1942-45

Franz Dabeck, diocese Münster, Dachau 1942-45

Heinrich Dalla Rosa, decapitated in January 1945 for defeatism and fidelity to the Pope

Father Dangelmeier of Metzingen arrested in January 1934, sent to concentration camp

Ernst Daniel, sentenced to prison

Josef Danzinger arrested by the Gestapo in 1939

Johann Daxböck, Benedictine, arrested by the Gestapo in 1939

Alois Daxl, diocese of Linz, imprisoned 1940-1942 for radio crime, Dachau 1943-45

Kurt Dehne, Jesuit, diocese of Hildesheim, Dachau 1943-45

Leopold Delhez, diocese of Cologne, sent to Dachau 1942 where he died in January 27, 1943

Norbert Leopold Deml, Franciscan, died September 17, 1942 in Pretzsch/Elbe work camp

Alfred Delp, Jesuit, executed February 2, 1945 in Berlin

August Deppisch, arrested and fined in 1934

Georg Deppisch, diocese of Würzburg, Dachau 1945

Johann Dettlaff, Dachau 1942-45

Friedrich Dinstühler, diocese of Aachen, died in Buchenwald on March 30, 1945

Andreas Dirnberger, imprisoned 1939, Dachau 1941-45

Alois Dobczynski, arrested by the Gestapo in 1943

Leo Dobberstein of Allenstein, East Prussia, arrested in 1935, 2 years in prison in Stuhm

Hugolinus Dörr, missionary murdered June 6, 1940 in Fort Asnières in Dijon after fleeing to France

Brother Donatus, Franciscan, charged with treason in 1937

Franz Doppelfeld, diocese of Cologne, Dachau 1941-1944

Heinrich (Heinz) Dresbach, Cologne, arrested June 16, 1941, Dachau 1941-45

Paul Drosdek, archdiocese of Breslau, died January 5, 1945 after 37 months in Magdeburg prison

Paul Dubianski, diocese of Breslau, imprisoned 1943, Dachau 1944-45

Hermann Dümig, diocese of Würzburg, imprisoned 1941, Dachau 1941-45

Franz Dürnberger, diocese of Salzburg, Dachau 1943-45

Josef Dupong, Luxemburg, Dachau 1942-45

Alfons Duschak, Diocese of Meissen, Dachau 1941-45

Paul Dziendzielewski, 4 weeks in prison in Danzig, 1940

Father Echelmeyer, dragged from home by the Gestapo and exiled because Bishop von Galen had displeased the Nazis

Johann Ecker, arrested by the Gestapo in 1943 and 1944

Alois Eckert, from St Bernardus in Bornheim, imprisoned by the Nazis several times

Albert Eckhart, sentenced to 22 months in prison and fined 1,000 marks for currency violation

Franz Edel, diocese Limburg, imprisoned 1942, 1943, Dachau 1944-45

Albert Eise, diocese of Trier, Pallottine, sent to Dachau in 1941, died there September 3, 1942

August Eisenmann, diocese of Würzburg, Dachau 1941-45

Franz Xaver Endt, died March 16, 1944 in Brieg prison

Auguste Engelmann, imprisoned 1943, Dachau 1943-45, peace-loving ideas

Gottfried Engels, diocese of Münster, Sachsenhausen 1940, Dachau 1940-1942, 2 years in Hamburg-Fuhlsbüttel prison

Josef Enzmann, Dachau

Johannes Esch, Luxemburg, Dachau 1941-42, killed in invalid transport

Heinrich Eudenbach, Dachau 1941-45

Leo Fabing, Dachau 1942-45

Father Farny, from Rottweil, arrested June 1933

Eduard Farwer, diocese of Paderborn, imprisoned 1938-1941, Dachau 1941-45

Kaspar Feld, diocese of Salzburg, imprisoned 1942, 1943, Dachau 1944-45

Franz Fertala, Austrian, imprisoned 1943, Dachau 1943-45

Heinrich Feurstein, diocese of Freiburg, died August 2, 1942 in Dachau

Franz Finke, archdiocese of Paderborn, died July 3, 1942 in Sachsenhausen

Eduard Fischer, Dachau 1943-45, died April 27, 1945 returning from Dachau

Josef Fischer, imprisoned 1941, Dachau 1941-45

Johannes Flintrop, diocese of Cologne, sent to Dachau in May 1942, where died August 18, 1942

Grünewald Forscher, starved to death in Dachau in 1942

Franz Anton Fränznik, diocese of Freiburg, sent to Dachau in 1942, died there January 27, 1944

Maximilian Frammelsberger, prisoner in Ratisbonne, Plötzensee, Berlin, died January 16, 1944 in Moabit prison hospital

Hilarius Frank, sentenced to 33 months in prison in 1936

Rudolf Frank, imprisoned over and over again by the Gestapo

Alois Frankhauser, Franciscan, imprisoned 1940, Dachau 1941-45

Almer Franz, Buchenwald, Dachau

Robert Franze, Dachau 1942

Richard Frasl, Austrian, arrested 1938, imprisoned 1943, sent to Dachau 1943, where he died April 17, 1945

Wilhelm Freckmann, after more than 6 months in prison, sentenced to 4 ½ years in prison in October 1935

Father Freilich, Dachau

Heinrich Fresenborg, diocese of Münster, Dachau 1941-45

Father Fridolin, Franciscan, arrested and charged with treason in Karlsruhe in 1934

Franz Friedrich 1940 in prison in Allenstein

Karl Jakob Friedrich, Pallottine, imprisoned 1943-1944, Dachau 1944-45

Reinhold Friedrichs, diocese of Münster, Sachsenhausen 1941, Dachau 1941-45

Albert Fritsch of Hellefeld, sentenced in 1936 to 8 months in prison

August Fröhlich, diocese of Berlin, died June 22, 1942 in Dachau

Ferdinand Frogl, arrested by the Gestapo in 1943 and sentenced to 3 years in prison

Gottfried Fuchs, arrested by the Gestapo and deported to Stuhm (West Prussia), where he died January 29, 1945

Alois Funk, diocese of Prague, sentenced prison when he contracted tuberculosis, died December 25, 1942

Ottomar Gächter, diocese of Innsbruck, Dachau 1939, then to Buchenwald

Michael Gaisert, diocese of Freiburg, died October 25, 1933 in Steinhilben, Kr. Reutlingen

Klemens Galocz, archdiocese of Breslau, died November 26, 1942 in Dachau

André Galhaut, Dachau 1944-45

Rudolf Gallas, Dachau 1944-45

Hubert Gassman (Father Alkuin), Franciscan, Dachau 1942-45

Andreas Gastager, from Herbertshausen, Dachau

Hans Gaster, Dachau, Buchenwald, Dachau 1939-1944

Anton Gebert, German from diocese of Prague died May 1942 in Dachau

Paul Ernst Gediga, diocese of Berlin, died May 28, 1945 Graudenz camp

Emil Gehr, Dachau 1942-45

Franz Geiger, diocese of Rottenburg, Dachau 1941-45

Richard Geike, diocese of Würzburg, sent to Dachau 1941 where he died in 1942

Geramb, Edgar, Austrian

Josef Gerhard, Franciscan, Dachau 1942-45

Johann Gerharz, diocese of Limburg, imprisoned 1943-1944, Dachau 1944-45

Athanasius (August) Gerster, Benedictine, died March 15, 1945 in Bayreuth penitentiary

Peter Gestel, Jesuit, Dachau

Suitbert Gilz, Diocese of Aachen, sent to Dachau 1941 where he died in 1943

Wilhelm Gnegel, from Hildesheim, Dachau 1943-45

Brother Johannes Xaver Goebels, Marist, imprisoned 1943, died in Dachau March 17, 1944

Gustav Görsmann, diocese of Osnabrück, sent to Dachau 1941, died there September 15, 1942

Otto Goertier, Fransciscan Friar sentenced to ten years penal servitude

Franz Goldschmitt, Dachau 1942-45, author of Zeugen des Abendlandes

Johann Grabmayr, diocese of Linz, Dachau 1941-1944

Max Graf, diocese of Freiburg, died in Dachau on April 25, 1945

Alois Paul Grafenberger, diocese of Mainz, in Dachau 1942-45

Anton Granig, shot to death on April 15, 1944

Jakob Grapp, arrested by the Gestapo in 1942

Felix Gredler, diocese of Salzburg, Dachau 1941-42

Paul Gressok, diocese of Breslau, Dachau 1943-45

Father Grimm, of Graz, Austria beheaded on charges of high treason 1944

Alois Grimm, Jesuit, executed September 11, 1944 in Brandenburg prison

Josef Grimm, diocese of Munich, shot to death by SS, April 28, 1945, in Götting

Anton Grohmann, diocese of Leitmeritz, died after January 1, 1944 in Praskowitz/Elbe

Hubert Gross, diocese of Ermland, sentenced to 8 months in prison in 1937

Max Joseph Grösser, Pallottine, arrested Hamburg in 1937, died March 19, 1940 after many arrests

Father Gruber arrested in January 1941 for helping Jews

Johann Gruber, diocese of Linz, Dachau1940, Mauthausen-Gusen, tortured to death in 1944

Moritz Grübl from Saafelden, Austria, under arrest in 1940

Franz-Xaver Guggenberger, arrested January 6, 1940 for “radiocrime,” sent to prison

Otto Günnewich, diocese of Paderborn, Dachau 1941, died in Hartheim euthanasia facility on August 10, 1942

Paul Guttmann, Mauthausen, Dachau 1944-45

Kurt Habich, diocese of Freiburg, Dachau 1942-45

Christoph Hackethal, diocese of Hildesheim, sent to Dachau 1941, where he died in August 1942

Georg Häfner, diocese of Würzburg, frequently arrested, sent to Dachau in 1941 where he died in 1942

Joseph Hafner, from Baden, charged with immorality in 1936

Hermann Hahn, diocese of Freiburg, Dachau 1941-42

Josef Haller, sent to Natzweiler-Struthof in 1944, was Dachau 1944-45

Anton Hamm, diocese of Aachen, Dachau 1945

Alois Haning, arrested in 1939 for baptizing Jews for money

Peter Harnstein, Sachsenhausen 1939-1940, Dachau 1940-45

Josef Hartinger, diocese of Graz, imprisoned 1943, Dachau 1944-45

Paul Hartmann, Austria

Robert Hartmann, diocese of Hildesheim, imprisoned 1942-1943, Dachau 1943-45

Josef Hartung, Dachau 1944-45

Theodor Hartz, diocese of Trier, Salesian, sent to Dachau in 1942 where he died August 23, 1942

Oswald Haug, dicese of Freiburg, Dachau 1942

Berthold Haussmann, Jesuit, Dachau 1944-45

Georg Heide, 1935, 8 months in prison Neisse and Berlin

Josef Heinzel, Jesuit, diocese of Linz, Dachau 1941-45

Bernhard Heinzmann, diocese of Augsburg, Dachau 1941, died August 10, 1942, Hartheim euthanasia facility

Josef Helmus, diocese of Münster, Dachau 1942-45

Titus (Josef) Helde, from Freiburg, Salvatorian, put to death in 1945

Theodor Helten, diocese of Cologne, died May 18, 1942 in Sachsenhausen

Friedrich Hemmer, Dachau 1941-42

Richard Henkes, Pallottine, imprisoned 1943, Dachau 1943, where he died February 22, 1945

Heinrich Hennen, diocese of Münster, Dachau 1942-45

Albert Henny was found guilty of immorality and sentenced to years in prison in 1937

Paul Herr, Franciscan, arrested and charged with treason in Karlsruhe in 1934

Franz Herrmann, 1937 Stuhm prison

Johann Hess (Franz Sales) Benedictine, diocese of Würzburg, Dachau 1941-45

Heinrich (Augustin) Hessing, Benedictine, diocese of Münster, Dachau 1941-45

Gunther Hessner, hanged in Mauthausen 1941

Eugen (Ernst Reinhard) Hiestand, Benedictine, died September 28, 1940 in euthanasia killing center Grafeneck

Marcellus (Adolf) Higi, Benedictine, died November 16, 1941, Theresienstadt

Paul Hiller, diocese Breslau, Dachau 1941-45

Peter Himmler arrested January 6, 1940 for “radio crime,” sentenced to prison

Walter Hippel, incarcerated 1937-38

Albert Hirsch, diocese of Berlin, died August 22, 1944 in Gollnow Penitentiary

Gerhard Hirschfelder, sent to Dachau 1941 where he died in August 1, 1942

Michael Höck, diocese Munich, Dachau 1941-1944

Johann Höfferl, died November 24, 1940 in Mauthausen

Johann Höffert, died in Dachau on November 20, 1940

Walter Hoeft, arrested at the beginning of World War II, massacred November 10, 1939 Gross Piasnitz

Father Hoerhagen sentenced to 1 month in jail in October 1938 for resisting orders

Franz (Emmerich) Hofbauer, Benedictine, arrested by the Gestapo in 1939

Josef (Ernst) Hofbauer arrested by the Gestapo in 1939

Johann Hoffert sent to Dachau 1940 where he soon died

Korbinian Hofmeister, Benedictine, diocese of Regensburg, Dachau, 1944-45

Karl Hoffmann, diocese of Paderborn, Dachau 194o, Buchenwald, Dachau 1941-42

Josef Hofstätter (Theodorich) arrested by the Gestapo in 1940, sentenced to 7 years in prison

Johann Hollnsteiner, diocese of Vienna, Dachau 1938-1939

Josef Holubnicek, Auschwitz, Buchenwald, Dachau

Father Holzer, from Firchtelberg in northern Bavaria, censured for agitating against the State

Siegfried Hoppe, Braunsberg, East Prussia, under arrest 3 months sentenced to 6 months in jail in August 1935

Josef Hopper, diocese of Passau, Dachau 1941-45

Josef Hornauer, diocese of Graz, imprisoned 1939-1940, Sachsenhausen 1940, Dachau 1940-45

Johann Hornböck, Austrian, sent to Dachau 1941 where he died in 1942

Walter Horny, Dachau 1941, transferred to a prison, then Dachau 1944-45

Franz Horten (Father Titus), Dominican, died in 1936 in Oldenburg prison

Hermann Joseph Robert Hortmanns, arrested in 1941 with 10 priests for radio crime, released in 1942

Johann Baptist Huber, diocese of Passau, died September 13, 1942 after imprisonment in Dachau

Rudolf Hubert, Dachau 1944-45

Bernhard Hürfeld, diocese of Münster, imprisoned 1943, Dachau 1944-45

Josef Hüttl, Dachau 1943-45

Emil Hurm, diocese of Limburg, imprisoned 1939, Sachsenhausen 1940, Dachau 1940-45

Heinrich Huth, diocese of Fulda, Dachau 1940-1941

Father Illing, Dachau

Albert Immel, sentenced to 1 year’s imprisonment for maliciously attacking the Nazi Party and State

Cardinal Innitzer, injured and arrested by the Nazis in October 1938, “brutally assaulted” by a Nazi mob in 1939

Franz Iseke, archdiocese of Paderborn, arrested August 4, 1937 by the Gestapo, died January 24, 1938

Johannes Jäger, diocese Hildesheim, Dachau 1941-45

Lambert (Josef) Jackisch, Benedictine, died July 7, 1943 in Braunau

Anton Jakobs, sentenced to 3½ years of penal servitude in 1936

Nikolaus Jansen, diocese of Aachen, imprisoned 1941, Dachau 1941-45

Franz Conrad Joannis, sentenced in 1936 to 8 years of penal servitude

Otto Jorek, diocese of Breslau, imprisoned 1938-39, Sachsenhausen 1939-40, Dachau 1940-45

Johannes Jordan, incarcerated 1937-38

Jules Jost, Luxemburg, Dachau 1943-45

Father Jourdan, sentenced to 1 year in prison in 1937 for leading an attack by Catholic Youth on police

Brother Julian, Franciscan, convicted and sentenced to 2 years’ penal servitude for drunkenness and immorality

Josef (Konrad) Just, Cistercian, imprisoned 1938, Dachau 1938-1939, Buchenwald 1939-1940, Dachau 1940-45

Josef Juchta, Sachsenhausen, Dachau, 1940-1942

Hermann Kagerer, sent to Mauthausen in 1939

Johann Kaliga, imprisoned 1936-1941, Dachau 1941-45

Leo Kaminski, 1941 Gestapo jail

Friedrich Karas, Diocese of Vienna, Dachau August 1941, died 1942 in Hartheim euthanasia facility

Ernst Karbaum, beaten to death December 18, 1940 in Stutthof concentration camp

Paul Albert Katscherowski, diocese of Ermland, beaten and tortured, died October 29, 1939

Fritz Keller, diocese of Aachen, arrested several times, sent to Dachau 1941, died May 15, 1943 in Aachen prison

Joseph Kentenich, four weeks of solitary confinement in the dark 1941, Dachau 1942-45

Johann Kessler, Dachau 1944-45

Bernhard Ketzlick, religious priest Paderborn, imprisoned 1941, Dachau 1942-45

Emil Kiesel, Dachau 1940-45

Julian Kilinski, imprisoned 1939, Sachsenhausen 1939, Dachau 1940-45

August Kilthan, imprisoned 1943, Dachau 1943-45

Adolf Kimni, Benedictine, 1944-45

Joseph Kirchhoff (Father Kilian) Franciscan, executed April 24, 1944, Brandenburg prison

Kassian Kitzmantel, Cistercian, Dachau 1938-1939

Joseph Kleinbruckner, Dachau 1938-1939

Leopold Klima, Dachau 1941-42

Karl Klinkhammer, sentenced to prison in 1933 and again in 1937 for “agitational” and hateful sermons

Bernhard Klodwig, Redemptorist, died violently on February 8/9, 1945 in Gleiwitz, Auschwitz sub-camp

Heribert Eduard Kluger, sent to Dachau, where he died January 18, 1945

Johannes Klumpe, Diocese of Münster, Dachau 1941-45

Alois Knecht, imprisoned 1939, Sachsenhausen 1940, Dachau 1940-45

Ludwig Kneidinger, Dachau 1942-45

Josef Knepper, Dachau 1941

Josef-Michael Knichel, Diocese of Knichel, imprisoned 1943, Dachau 1944-45

Theodor Kniebeler, diocese of Aachen, died April 2, 1944, Sudauen, West Prussia

Franz Kocher from Saalfleden, Austria, under arrest in 1940

Heinrich König, archdiocese of Paderborn, Dachau 1941, where he died June 24, 1942, victim of medical experiments

Josef König, diocese of Freiburg, died May 13, 1945 in hospital as a consequence of his arrest

Heinrich Kötter, Diocese of Münster, Dachau 1941-45

Otto Kohler, Diocese of Cologne, Dachau 1944-45

Wilhelm Kohler, imprisoned 1941, Dachau 1941, 1943-45

Anton Koperek, sent to Dachau in 1942, where he soon died

Amand Kopera, Dachau 1940-45

Johann Kostron, Dachau 1942-45

Anizet Koplin, Capuchin, died October 16, 1941 Auschwitz

Anton Korczok, archdiocese of Breslau, sent to Dachau in 1940, where he died February 5, 1941

Theodor Kortendieck, Herz-Jesu-Missionar, died February 4, 1945

Heinrich Kotter, Dachau 1941-45

Anton Krähenheide, arrested 1941, Dachau 1942-45

Karl Borromäus Kramer, diocese of Regensburg, sentenced on September 2, 1944 to 5 months in prison

Johann Kravanik, Nazis mob threw into a courtyard breaking both his legs in Vienna in 1938

Brother Pawel Krawcewicz, Pallotine, died March 11, 1945, Buchenwald

Franz Kreis, Jesuit, Dachau

Brother Johannes Leodegar Kremer, guillotined November 6, 1944 in Brandenburg prison

Brother Norbert Maria (Johann) Kubiak, Dominican, died April 20, 1942 in Oranienburg concentration camp

Father Kuchenbäcker, imprisoned, a swastika carved on his head

Ignaz Kühmayer, sentenced to death in 1944, sentence reduced to 10 years imprisonment

Heinrich Kühnel, imprisoned 1942-1944, Dachau 1944-45

Karl Kunkel, Ravensbrück 1944-45, then Dachau

Heinrich Küppers, imprisoned 1943, Dachau 1944-45

Anton Kutej, Mauthausen, died Dachau 1941

Anton Kuttaj, Dachau in 1940, Mauthausen-Gusen 1940, Dachau where he died in 1941

Alois La, Dachau

Otto Laake, from Neuwalde, shot March 24, 1945

Paul Lachawietz, Dachau 1941-45

Lambert (Josef) Lakisch, Benedictine, died July 7, 1943, Braunau

Franz Lakomy, Dachau 1941-42

Johann Lampert, diocese of Passau, sentenced to death in absentia on April 28, 1945

Karl Lampert, Sachsenhausen 1940, Dachau 1940, beheaded in Halle in November 1944

Johann Landgraf, Dachau 1942-45

Augustin Lang, diocese of Leitmeritz, died May 3, 1941 in Dittersbach

Hermann Lange, diocese of Hamburg, beheaded November 10, 1943 in Hamburg for radio crime, treasonable offenses

Alois Langhaus, Dachau 1940-45

Robert Lauber, sent to Dachau in 1941, where he died in December 19, 1942

Father Lausle, concentration camp for saying mass for the souls of executed communists

Ernst Laws, 1933 protective custody, 1935 incarcerated in Breslau and Berlin

Benedict Ledur, arrested 1942, Dachau 1943-45

Marcell Leeb, Dachau 1940, then Mauthausen

Wilhelm Leffers arrested and sentenced to 18 months in prison in 1935, again in 1940

Bishop Peter Legge of Meissen, imprisoned, awaited trial on charges of exchange smuggling in 1935

Theodore Legge, sentenced to five years in prison on charges of exchange smuggling in 1935

Hermann Legler, Dachau 1944-45

Georg Lehmann, imprisoned 1940, 1941, Dachau 1941-45

Johann Leicht, arrested by the Nazis in his bed in Bamberg in June 1933

Karl Leisner, diocese of Münster, criticized Hitler; imprisoned 1939, Sachsenhausen 1940, Dachau 1940-45, died August 12, 1945 in Sanitorium Planegg, Munich

Anton Lenferding, Dachau 1943-45

Franz Lenz, imprisoned 1943, Dachau 1944-45

Johann Maria Lenz, Jesuit, arrested by the Gestapo in 1938, Mauthausen, Dachau until 1945

Joseph Lenzel, diocese of Berlin, sent to Dachau in 1942, where he died July 3, 1942

Nikolaus L’Hoste, house arrest 1938, imprisoned 1939, Dachau 1939, Flossenbürg 1939, Dachau 1940, Mauthausen-Gusen 1940, Dachau 1940-45

Johannes Leodegar Kremer, executed November 6, 1944

Bernhard Lichtenberg, diocese of Berlin, sent to Dachau, died November 5, 1943 in a hospital

Erich Linhart, Dachau 1941-45

Baltasar Linsinger from Weissbach, Austria, under arrest in 1940

Rudolf Lösch, imprisoned 1940-1942, Dachau 1942-45

Joseph Lodde, diocese of Münster, sent in 1942 to Dachau, where he died in February 1943

Franz Loh (Father Stanislaus), died March 20, 1941 in Düsseldorf jail hospital

Raymund (Peter) Lohausen, Cistercian, incarcerated in Cologne, Dachau 1943-45

Ernst Lohner, died February 29, 1944 in Bayreuth Penitentiary

Friedrich Lorenz, arrested February 1943, executed November 13, 1944, in Halle

Josef Losch, diocese of Regensburg, executed January 29, 1945 in Brandenburg Prison

Josef Leonissa (Jakob) Lumpe, Capuchin, died August 2, 1944, Marienbad

Gerhard Maashänser, imprisoned 1937, Buchenwald 1937-1939, Dachau 1942-45

Johann Mager, imprisoned 1939, Dachau 1940-45

Brother Franz Xaver Maier, Pallottine, died August 18, 1942 in Gestapo prison-Frankfurt

Heinrich Maier, guillotined on March 22, 1945.

Johann Baptist Maier, diocese of Regensburg, hanged April 24, 1945

Karl Maierhofer, Dachau 1939, sent to Buchenwald in August 1939

Peter Mair from St Johann i.P., Austria, under arrest in 1940

Petrus (Karl) Mangold, sent to Dachau in 1941, where he died July 18, 1942

Albert Maring, Jesuit, Sachsenhausen 1941, Dachau from 1942 until death April 8, 1943

Alfons Mark, imprisoned 1941, Dachau 1944-45

Joseph Markötter (Father Elpidius), Franciscan, Sachsenhausen 1941, Dachau September 1941, died there June 28, 1942

Brother Clemens (Franz) Martin, arrested 1943, died in Dachau, January 8, 1945

Father Matheis of Imsweiler called a traitor, badly beaten, his home wrecked, jailed in June 1933

Paul Mattern, October-November 1939 Gestapo jail

Othmar Mauerer, sent to Dachau in 1941, where he died in 1942

Ferdinand Maurath, Dachau 1941-45

Max Mayer, Diocese of Augsburg, Mauthausen-Gusen, 1940, Dachau 1940-45

Franz Mayr, imprisoned 1940, Dachau 1941-45

Rupert Mayer, incarcerated several times in Landsberg prison and Sachsenhausen in 1937

Josef Mazurowski, Buchenwald, Dachau 1945

Otto Meckler, diocese of Freiburg, arrested by Gestapo July 31, 1941, imprisoned beaten, maltreated for 3 weeks

Peter Meierhoff, Flossenbürg 1945

Paul Meisel, from 1943-45 under arrest by the Gestapo and in Dachau

Johann Meiwes, convicted of immorality, sentenced to 3 years in prison in 1937

Hermann Mencke arrested January 6, 1940 for “radiocrime,” sentenced to prison

Bernhard Mecklenburg, imprisoned 1943, Dachau 1943-45

Alfons Mersmann, arrested many times, died on death march from Buchenwald

Matthias Mertens, Diocese of Münster, Dachau 1942-45

Johann Messner, sent to Dachau in 1941, where he died in 1943

Max Josef Metzger, Jesuit, arrested several times, beheaded for high treason April 17, 1944 in Brandenburg prison

Josef Meyer, Diocese of Münster, Dachau 1942-45

Wilhelm Meyer, Diocese of Münster, Dachau 1941-45

Karl Michel, Franciscan, Sachsenhausen, Dachau 1940-43

Ludwig Mitterer, diocese of Passau, executed November 1, 1943 in Brandenburg Prison

Carl-Heinz Möbius, sentenced to death twice, sentences not carried out

Aloys Mohn; under arrest for 3 months in 1937

Michael Molecz, arrested by the Gestapo in 1942, sentenced to 4 ½ years in prison.

Hugo Montwe, Capuchin, Dachau 1941-45

Josef Moosbauer, imprisoned 1939, Dachau 1940, Mauthausen 1940, Dachau 1940-45

Karl Morper, imprisoned 1942, Dachau 1943-45

Anton Mühlbauer, imprisoned 1944, Dachau 1944-45

Josef Mühlbeyer, imprisoned 1941, Dachau 1943-45

Father Muehlens and several Bavarian Catholic priests arrested in 1933

Father Mueller, sentenced to five months in prison in April 1935

Eduard Müller, diocese of Osnabrück, beheaded November 10, 1943 in Hamburg for radio crime

Franz Müller, Dachau 1941-45

Franz Müller, Jesuit, Dachau 1945

Joseph Müller, diocese of Hildesheim, guillotined September 11, 1944 in Brandenburg prison

Otto Müller, diocese of Cologne, died on October 12, 1944 in prison Berlin-Tegel

Robert Müller, Dachau 1942-45

Father Muench of Offenbach, sentenced in 1936 to 4 months in prison

Maurus Münch, Benedictine, imprisoned 1940, Dachau 1941-45

Emil Muhler, arrested in 1933 and sentenced to 4 months in prison, Dachau 1944-45

Adolf Muller, sent to Dachau in 1942, where he soon died

Leopold Muris, imprisoned 1940, 1941, Dachau 1941-45

August Muth, sentenced to 15 months in prison in November 1935 for inciting to revolt

Father Myr, Mauthausen

Father Nachtigall of Burrweiler arrested and jailed in June 1933

Ricahrd Nadolski, arrested twice in 1940

Alois Nadrag, Dachau 1944-45

Franz Nemetz, Dachau

Alois Neubauer, of Munich executed August 7, 1944

Karl Neubauer, Dachau 1943

Johannes Neuhäusler, Dachau 1941-45

Gottfried Neunhäuser, Benedictine, in 1941 gassed in Hartheim euthanasia facility

Karl Neuhold, under arrest 1938, 1940, 1941, Dachau 1943-45

Richard Neuhold, sent to Dachau in 1944, sent to Bergen Belsen 1944

Erich Neumann, May-September 1940 in Gestapo jail in Braunsberg

Johann Neumaier, Dachau 1945

Josef Neunzig, Diocese of Trier, imprisoned 1935, 1940, Dachau 1941-1944

Otto Neururer, Dachau 1939, crucified upside down in Buchenwald on May 30, 1940

Josef Niedermoser (Berthold), Cisterician, Dachau 1942-45

Josef Nikodemus, arrested October 14, 1943, imprisoned in Mainz and Berlin

Adolf Nolewaika, imprisoned 1940, Dachau 1941-45

Josef Nowak, Dachau

Stefan Nowotny, imprisoned, Dachau 1944-45

Wilhelm Oberhaus, archdiocese of Paderborn, sent to Dachau in 1941, died there September 20, 1942

Johannes Obernüfemann, died August 10, 1944 in Mauthausen

Heinrich Oenning, Diocese of Münster, Dachau 1941, freed 1942

Carl Oesterreicher, Dachau

Franz Ohnmacht, Buchenwald 1939, Dachau 1938-1939, 1940-43, died 1954 from consequences of medical experiments

Joseph Olbers, arrested 1942, imprisoned 1943-1944, Dachau 1944-45

Leo Olschewski, diocese of Ermland, Gestapo jail, then Dachau in 1941, where he died in August 11, 1942

Heinrich Olszak, diocese of Breslau, died April 1, 1940 in Mauthausen

Brother Eduard Ossowski, Pallottine, died January 14, 1944 in Gestapo jail, Frankfurt

Adam Ott, Dachau 1941-45

Johann Ott, died September 28, 1943 in Munich prison

Johann Jakob Otto, Dachau 1943-45

Alois Otzipka, Dachau 1941-45

Alphons Patermann (Brother Servulus) Capuchin, died in Dachau April 16, 1943

Alfred Pattloch, diocese of Leitmeritz, died in 1943 in Rudig

Anton Pauk, sentenced to 15 months in prison for listening to Vatican radio

Josef Franz Paul, arrested by the Gestapo in 1940

Bishop Pawlikowski, bishop of Graz, arrested Austria 1938

Alois Pawlus, imprisoned 1943-1945

Klemens Pereira, Jesuit, Dachau 1944-45

Father Peters, Dachau

Joseph Martin Peters, diocese of Lüttich, executed July 1, 1943 in Berlin-Plötzensee prison

Friedrich Karl Petersen, diocese of Soissons, died sent to Dachau on November 8, 1944

Brother Virgilius (Johann) Petri, died May 20, 1942 in Hartheim, euthanasia facility

Franz (Gottfried) Pfaff, arrested by the Gestapo in 1939

Hugo Pfeil, imprisoned 1939, Sachsenhausen 1940, Dachau 1940-45

Wilhem Pflüger, Dachau 1945

Brother Wolfgang (Paul) Piatkowski, Fransciscan, died April 22, 1945, Flossenbürg

Josef Pichl, imprisoned 1940-1942, Dachau 1942-45, listening to Vatican radio

Wilhelm Pieller (Johannes Kapistran), Franciscan, shot to death April 15, 1944

Josef Pieper, tried 1935, 1937, 1939, 1944, Dachau 1944-45

Otto Pies, Jesuit, in Dachau 1941-45

Bruno Pietsch, Franciscan, incarcerated 1941-44 for listening to Vatican Radio

Franz Pingel, incarcerated in 1935-36 in Breslau and Berlin

Josef Pinzenöhler, arrested by the Gestapo in 1943 sentenced to 4 years in prison

Franz Plail, Dachau 1941-42

Josef Plangger, imprisoned 1941, Buchenwald 1941-1942, Dachau 1942-45

Theodor Plewa, Dachau 1944-45

Reinhold Plohberger, Cistercian priest, arrested by the Gestapo in 1940 and sentenced to 8 years in prison

Ph. Johann Ploner, Dachau 1944-45

Vinzent Plonka, arrested February 14, 1943, sentenced to 7 years in prison in Halle, Torgau and Bützow, freed in 1945

Bernhard Poether, diocese Münster, arrested 1939, repeatedly tortured in Sachsenhausen 1940, Dachau 1941, where he died from starvation and torture on August 5, 1942

Waldemar Pohley, Dachau 1942

Wilhelm Poiess, imprisoned 1942-1944, Dachau 1944-45

Joseph Pontiller, Benedictine, (Fr Edmond), beheaded February 9, 1945 for radio crime

Jan, Porubsky, Dachau May 1, 1944 until the end of the war

Rudolf Posch, imprisoned 1943, Dachau 1944-45

Johannes Prassek, diocese of Osnabrück, guillotined for radio crime November 10, 1943

Robert Pruszkowski, jail in Allenstein, Dachau 1940, Buchenwald 1940, Dachau 1941-45

Jan Porubsky, imprisoned 1943, Dachau 1944-45

Hermann Quack, Dachau 1942-45

Karl Quass, imprisoned 1940-43, Dachau 1943-45

Robert Quiskamp, archdiocese of Paderborn, died July 29, 1943 in Paderborn

Gerhard Radeke, Dachau 1942-45

Karl Rähs, Dachau

Josef Raggl, imprisoned 1941, Dachau 1942-45

Robert Rainfurth, imprisoned 1939-1943, Dachau 1943-45

Karl Rass, imprisoned 1942, 1944, Dachau 1944-45

Florian (Gebhard) Rath, Cistercian, arrested by the Gestapo in 1940, sentenced to 10 years in prison

Engelbert Rehling, Dachau 1941-45

Hubert Reichelt, archdiocese of Breslau, died February 1938

Franz Reinisch, Pallottine, behaded August 21, 1942 in Brandenburg prison for conscientious objection

Fritz Remy, Diocese of Meissen, Sachsenhausen, Dachau 1940-1944

Jean Renardy, diocese of Lüttich, died March 1945 in Bergen-Belsen

Karl Renner, archdiocese of Cologne, sentenced to prison

Josef Retzer, imprisoned 1943, Dachau 1944-45

Josef Reukes, arrested 1941, Sachsenhausen, Dachau 1941-45

Josef Reuland, arrested in 1942, imprisoned in Werl, Münster, Essen and Bochum

Father Reuss arrested in August 1935 and brought to trial

Everhard Richarz, diocese of Cologne, arrested in 1939 incarcerated in Cologne and Berlin-Moabit,

Hermann Richarz, Dachau 1942-45

Heinrich Richter, diocese of Cologne, arrested 1944, died April 1945 in Buchenwald

Winfrid Riedl, Benedictine, Dachau 1942-45

Paul Riedmatter, imprisoned 1941, Dachau 1944-45

Franz Riepe, sent to Dachau in 1941, where he died August 13, 1942

Johannes Ries, diocese of Trier, arrested and tried several times, died in Dachau on January 4, 1945

Andreas Rieser, from 1938-1945 incarcerated in Salzburg, Munich, Dachau, Buchenwald, Dachau

Albert Riesterer, Dachau 1941-45

Hans Rindermann, Diocese of Aachen, Dachau 1941-45

Rev. Herr Ritzi, imprisoned in June 1934

Benedikt Rodach, Dachau 1941-45

Albrecht Roeder, from Speyer, under arrest for 6 months in 1944

Heinrich Römer, imprisoned 1940, Dachau 1941-45

Augustin Rösch, Jesuit, arrested, tortured and sent to Dachau, which he survived

Maximilian Rösler, archdiocese of Breslau, shot February 14, 1945

Albert Rogaczewski, diocese of Ermland, died March 16, 1944, Buchenwald

Martin Rohrmeier, Dachau 1941-45

Josef Rohrmoser, imprisoned 1939, Dachau 1940-45

Franz Rolle, tried for libeling Hitler, Rosenberg and von Schirach in November 1935.

Father Roosmann arrested in January 1934

Augustin Rosch, Dachau 1945

Franz Rosch, protective and police detainment in 1940

Brother Wolfgang (Fritz) Rosenbaum, Franciscan, died September 30, 1942, Auschwitz

Josef Rossaint, sentenced in 1937 to 11 years in the penitentiary for conspiring with communists

Josef Rossberger, arrested in 1933, tortured for 7 days, sentenced to 8 months in prison

Father Rossman, arrested in 1934

Johannes Roth, Sachsenhausen, Dachau 1940-43

Leonhard Roth, Dominican, imprisoned 1941, Dachau 1943-45

Hans Rothe, Dachau 1940-43

August Ruf, died April 8, 1944 in Freiburg, as a consequence of his imprisonment

Johann Ruggenthaler, arrested by the Gestapo in 1938 and 1944.

Heinrich Rupieper, arrested and tried 1934, imprisoned, Dachau 1942-45

Benedikt Sagner, diocese of Leitmeritz, died January 14, 1945 in Diez Penitentiary

Hess Sales (Johann) Benedictine, Dachau 1941-45

Franz Sattelmann, diocese of Freiburg, Kislau concentration camp 1935, then sentenced to 9 months in prison

Jacob Sauer, Dachau 1941-45

Josef Sauermann, of Braunsberg, East Prussia, sentenced four months in jail in August 1935

Brother Johannes (Joseph) Savelsberg, Salvatorian, executed December 6, 1939

Adam Schäfer, diocese of Trier, died December 19, 1941

Peter Schafer, sent to Dachau in 1940, where he died in 1941

Wilhelm Schamoni, arrested 1939, 1940, Dachau 1940, Buchenwald 1940, Dachau 1941-45

August Scharnowski, 1941, 18 months in prison in Stuhm

Joseph Scheffen, arrested and imprisoned in 1942, 1943, Dachau 1944-45

Konrad Scheffler, Dachau 1944-45

Franz Scheider, Dachau 1941-45

Hermann Scheipers, Diocese of Meissen, Dachau 1941-45

Georg Schelling, Dachau 1938, Buchenwald 1939, Dachau 1940-45

Martin Schelpers, Dachau 1941-45

Franz Xavier Scherer, sent to Dachau in 1942, where he soon died

Gerhard (Michael) Scherer, Cistercian, died 1944 in Brieg Penitentiary, Lower Silesia

Johann Scherling, Dachau 1941-42

Josef Scherübel, Dachau 1942-1943

Anton Schiess, sent to Dachau in 1942, where he soon died

Arnold Schiffer, Benedictine, Dachau 1942-45

Josef Schitter, Dachau 1944-45

Victor Schiwek, sent to Dachau in 1941, where he soon died

Peter Josef Schlicker, diocese of Trier, died April 19, 1942 after Dachau

Wilhelm (Franz) Schlössinger, Dominican, arrested, died October 3, 1941 in Leitmeritz concentration camp

Otto Schlüsener, 1941 1 year in prison

Johann Schmalzl, arrested 1940, imprisoned 1941-42, Dachau 1942-45

Laurenz Schmedding, Diocese of Münster, Dachau 1943-45

Johannes Schmidl, sent to Dachau in 1941, where he died in June 23, 1942

Joseph Schmidlin, diocese of Strasburg, died January 1944, Schirmeck concentration camp in Alsace

Benedict Schmidt, of Württemberg, sentenced to 9 months imprisonment in August 1935

Bruno Schmidt, Jesuit, imprisoned 1942-1944, Dachau 1944-45

Eduard Schmidt, sentenced to 16 months in prison in 1939 for slandering Hitler

Joseph Schmidt, three months in prison for disrespect of the swastika

Karl Schmidt, imprisoned 1939; Sachsenhausen 1940, Dachau1940-45

Richard Schmidt, Dachau, imprisoned 1940, Auschwitz, Dachau 1942-45

Wilhelm Schmidt, served with a summons, arrest warrant issued in Austria 1938

Hermann Josef Schmitt, Dachau, 1944-45

Jakob Schmitt, imprisoned 1941, Dachau 1942-45

Johann Schmitt, imprisoned 1942, Sachsenhausen, Dachau 1942-45

Josef Schmiz, sentenced to 3 months in prison in 1933

Jakob Schneider, Dachau 1944-45

Richard Alois Schneider, Dachau 1940-45

Heinrich Schniers, Diocese of Osnabrück, arrested 1941, died in Dachau August 1942

Franz Schobesberger, imprisoned 1941-42, Dachau 1942-45

Roman (Karl) Scholz, held in 11 prisons before, guillotined May 10, 1944

Reinhold Scholz, imprisoned 1940, Dachau 1940-45

Benno Scholze, Dachau 1941-1944

Albert Schonharp, sentenced to 6 months in prison in 1938 for talking wildly against Hitler

Karl Schrammel, diocese of Olmütz, Dachau 1941-1944, killed in Buchenwald on February 5, 1945

Joseph Schröder, tried in 1937

Johann Schroffner, Dachau 1939, murdered, Buchenwald 1940

Augustinus Franz Schubert, Augustinian Hermit, died July 28, 1942, Dachau

Brother Linus (Bernard Schulenberg) sentenced in 1936 to 6 years in prison for immoral conduct

Heinrich Schulte, imprisoned 1943, Dachau 1944-45

Josef Schulte, Pallottine, Dachau

Aloys Schulz, sentenced to jail term of 8 months in August 1935

Johannes Schulz, diocese of Trier; Buchenwald, Sachsenhausen, died of starvation on August 19, 1942 in Dachau

Wenzel Schulz, Dachau

Aloys Schulze, diocese of Dresden, Dachau from 1941 until died of starvation September 1, 1942

Joseph Schultes, diocese of Regensburg, sentenced June 7, 1939 to 5 years in prison

Herman Schumacher, Dachau 1943-45

Emil Schumann, imprisoned 1941, Dachau 1941-45

Otto Schuster, sent to Dachau in 1942, sent to his death 1942

Theodor Schwake (Father Gregor), Benedictine, imprisoned 1943, Dachau 1944-45

Johann Schwall, Dachau 1941-45

Anton Schwarz, Dachau 1940-1941

Karl Schwenk, diocese of Mainz, incarcerated in 1941, died August 4, 1941

Bernhard Schwentner, diocese of Osnabrück, beheaded in the Fall of 1944 in Brandenburg prison

Johann Schwingshackl, died in 1944 before death sentence was carried out

Placidus (Franz) Sczygiel, Franciscan, died December 11, 1943 in Dachau

Otto Sedlmeyer, Vicar General of Hildesheim, sentenced to 5 years in prison in October 1935

Johann Seelig, Dachau 1943-45

Alexander Seewald, Dachau 1940, Mauthausen-Gusen 1940, Dachau 1940-45

Edelfried (Alfred) Seibold, Benedictine, sentenced to imprisonment in May 1942

Friedrich Seitz, Mauthausen-Gusen, 1940, Dachau 1940-45

Josef Seitz, Dachau 1942

Heinrich Selhorst, Arrested 1939, Dachau 1942-45

Erich Selzle, Mauthausen and Dachau 1937-1945

Matthias Semeliker, arrested by the Gestapo in 1943, sent to Dachau, survived

Wilhelm Servos, arrested in August 1935

Franz Siebner, from Liebenau, shot 1945

Franz Simmerstätter, Salzburg, 1939-40 in prison

Herbert Simoleit, diocese of Berlin, executed November 13, 1945 in Halle penitentiary

Alois Simon, Franciscan, sentenced to 18 months in prison in 1935

Alois Sindler, Diocese of Graz, imprisoned 1939, Dachau 1941-45

Father Singer, Dachau

Father Sinnigen, general secretary of the Dominican Council of Superiors arrested in 1935 in Berlin

Johann Nepomuk Smolik, sent to Dachau in 1941, where he died in August 26, 1942

Bronislaus Sochaczewski, diocese of Ermland, arrested by the Gestapo, died May 13, 1940 in Sachsenhausen

Hans Sollacher, arrested and sentenced to 5 months in prison in 1934

Josef Sommer, Dachau 1940

Johannes Sonnenschein, diocese of Münster, arrested and imprisoned in 1942, Dachau 1942-45

Wilhelm Soppa, Vicar General, diocese of Meissen, sentenced to three years in prison

Father Sovedsberg, Dachau

Mathias Spannlang, crucified upside down in Buchenwald on June 5, 1940

Walter Sparber, imprisoned 1939, 1940 Sachsenhausen, Dachau 1940-45

Anton Spieker, archdiocese of Paderborn, died March 9, 1941, Central Prison Bochum

Anton Spies, diocese of Freiburg, imprisoned 1941-1943, died in Dachau in April 1945

Ludwig Spiessl, imprisoned 1939, Sachsenhausen 1939, Dachau 1940-45

Joseph Spiker, Jesuit, arrested in Cologne in 1935, but acquitted, sentenced in 1936 to 15 months in prison

Auguste Spitz, imprisoned 1942, Dachau 1943-45

Franz Xaver Spitzbauer, Jesuit, Dachau 1945

Gustav Spitzig, Benedictine, arrested 1939, Dachau 1944-45

Walter Spix (Father Alfons) died in Dachau August 9, 1942

Rudolf Springer, arrested by the Gestapo in 1939

Bishop Johannes Sproll, exiled from diocese

Wilhelm Stadniczuk, Dachau 1941-45

Anton Stahl, Dachau 1944-45

Josef Stahl, Dachau, 1943-45

Hermann Stammschröer, Diocese of Munster, Dachau 1941-45

Father Stange, arrested

Josef Stangl, Dachau 1940-45

Franz Stappers, died March 25, 1945 in Lüttringhausen penitentiary

Alois Starker, Dachau 1943-45

Franz Stattelmann, a priest near Heidelberg, sentenced in 1936 to 9 months in prison

Adolf Staudacher, sentenced to 3 months in prison in January 1936, prison 1941-42, Dachau 1942-45

Karl (Hartmann) Staudacher, Franciscan, arrested by the Gestapo in 1943

Viktor Steffek arrested by the Gestapo in 1944

Andreas Stein, Dachau 1944-45

Johann Steinbock, arrested by Gestapo 1941, Dachau 1942-45

Heinrich Steiner, imprisoned 1939, Dachau 1940-45

Karl Steiner, Dachau

Bernhard (Leovigill) Steinhoff, Franciscan, sentenced in 1936 to 8 years of penal servitude, Buchenwald, Dachau 1945

Oswald Steiniger, arrested in 1943

Josef Steinkelderer, arrested 1938, imprisoned 1939, Sachsenhausen 1939, Dachau 1940-45

Alfred Steinmeier beheaded for high treason in 1944

Johann Steinmayr, killed in Berlin in 1944

Eduard Angelus Steinwender Franciscan, executed by shooting on April 15, 1944

Father Steinwender, diocese of Salzburg, taken into custody, struck in the face, in 1938

Father Stender sentenced in 1933 in Nordhausen to one month in prison

Heinrich Stieglbauer, sent to Dachau in 1942, where he died in 1943

August Stoecker, sentenced in Dortmund to prison in August 1933

Father Stoeger, reported on January 25 1934 to have been arrested for criticizing the government

Joseph Benedikt Stoffels, from Luxemburg, arrested 1941, Buchenwald, Dachau, euthanatized May 1941 in Hartheim

Father Stoger, arrested in 1934

Gerhard Storm, diocese of Münster, Dachau from July 1942 until his death in August 1942

Willibald Strohmeier,diocese of Freiburg,  murdered by SS on April 22, 1945

Augustin Strohsacker, Benedictine, arrested by the Gestapo in 1939

Karl Strumpf, Dominican, imprisoned 1943-45, Dachau 1945

Father Sturm, arrested in January 1934, imprisoned in a concentration camp

Joseph Styp-Rekowski, Dachau 1940-45

Sigmund Sudik, arrested 1940 by the Gestapo

Heinrich Summereder, Diocese of Salzburg, sent to Dachau in 1940, where he died in 1943

Walter Süssenbeck, sentenced to 3 years imprisonment for listening to the London radio

Franz Szczygiel, Franciscan, Buchenwald, sent to Dachau in 1942, where he died in 1943

Hugo Szinsczetski, 1937, 30 months in prison

Anastasius Szudzinski, imprisoned 1939, 1940, Dachau 1941-45

Wladyslaw Szymanski, Danzig, arrested by SS September 1, 1939, shot March 22, 1940 in Stutthof concentration camp

Johann Tanzer, imprisoned 1942-1943, Dachau 1943-45

Oscar Thaler, sentenced to 3 months in prison in 1934

Alois Theissen, Diocese of Cologne, imprisoned 1940, Dachau 1941-45

Johann Thema, Dachau 1941-45

Emil Thoma, Dachau 1941-45

Konrad Trageser, diocese of Fulda, sent to Dachau in 1941, where he died January 1942

Ferdinand Trentinalglia, Jesuit, arrested by the Gestapo in 1944, sentenced to 1 ½ years in prison

Josef Triendl, Capuchin, Dachau 1943-45

Hubert (Ernst) Trompeter arrested 1941, Dachau 1941-45

Albert Trüby, imprisoned 1940-1941, Dachau 1941-45

Johannes Ude arrested in 1944 and sentenced to death

Wilhelm Uhlig, sent to Dachau in 1943, where he died in March 1, 1945

Karl Ulitzka, Dachau 1944-45

Franz Ulrich, Dachau 1942-45

Reinhold (Johannes) Unterberg, imprisoned in Paderborn 1939, then Bielefeld police prison, died May 23, 1940 in Sachsenhausen concentration camp

Hubert Unzeitig (Father Engelmar) died in Dachau March 2, 1945

Johannes Unterberg (Father Reinhold), died May 23, 1940 in Sachsenhausen

Paul Urban, imprisoned 1940, Dachau 1940, Buchenwald 1940, Dachau 1941-45

Wilhelm Urbasek, Benedictine, Dachau 1942-45

Father Utsch, fined and sentenced to four years imprisonment in 1935 in Berlin

Franz Vaahssen, diocese of Cologne, arrested June 29, 1944, died October 2, 1944 in hospital

Hermann Vell, imprisoned in Münster, Kassel, Weimar, Nuremburg, Dachau, Berlin-Moabit, Potsdam, Brandenburg, sentenced to death, freed by Soviet army

Josef Vehrniak, Dachau

Johannes Verweyen, died March 21, 1945 in Bergen-Belsen

Brother Hyazinth (Ottmar) Vey, died September 15, 1937, Brandenburg prison

Adalbert Vogl, executed by shooting April 28, 1945 in Altötting

Gustav Albert Vogt, sent to Dachau in 1941, where he died in July 1942

Mainulf von Mallinckrodt, imprisoned 1943-1944, Dachau 1944-45

Karl Graf von Neipperg (Father Karl), Benedictine, arrested 1945

Daniel von Stettin, arrested February 14, 1943

Bernhard von Wiecki, arrested by SS on September 1, 1939, shot in Stutthof concentration camp on January 11, 1940

Joseph Voortmans, arrested 1942, Dachau 1942-45

Father Vorwerck dragged from home by the Gestapo and exiled because Bishop von Galen had displeased the Nazis

Alfons Maria Wachsmann, diocese of Berlin, guillotined February 21, 1944 in Brandenburg prison

Albrecht Friedrich Wagner, Benedictine, Dachau 1941

Augustin Wagner, diocese of Regensburg, arrested April 28, 1945, shot in the back of the neck by SS

Johann Wagner, Dachau

Archbishop Waitz of Salzburg, arrested in 1938 and charged with “complicity in French and Belgian communist plots”

Josef Wallouschek, Dachau 1941-45

Nicolas Antonius Wampach, from Luxemburg, arrested 1941, Buchenwald, Dachau, died in Hartheim euthanasia facility

Paul Wasner, imprisoned 1940-1944, Dachau 1944-45

Willibald Wanger, sentenced in 1934 to 6 months in prison

Erwin Wasserback, Austrian priest arrested and expelled from Germany in June 1933

Gregor Watschle, sentenced to $60 fine or 10 days in jail for insulting a Nazi newspaper

Max Wdowczyk, Sachsenhausen, Dachau 1940-1941

Wilhelm Weber, Diocese of Münster, imprisoned 1943, Dachau 1944-45

Hermann Josef Wehrle, archdiocese of Munich, hanged September 14, 1944 in Berlin-Plötzensee Prison

Hermann Wehrhahn, Dachau

Bruno Weichsel 1935, incarcerated for 5 ½ months in Breslau, 30 months in Stuhm

Konrad Weigand, Dachau 1941-42

Eugen Weiler, Diocese of Freiburg, Dachau 1942-45

Father Weinbacher, Cardinal Innitzer’s secretary, arrested in Austria in 1939

Ferdinand Weinberger, sentenced to 2 ½ years in prison

Franz Weinmann, Dachau 1942-45

Karl Weiss, Dachau 1942-45

Franz Weissl, August 8, 1938-April 21, 1939 in Dachau

Raimund Weissensteiner, arrested by the Gestapo in 1943

Rudolf Wendolsky, imprisoned 1942, Dachau 1942-45

Emmerich Wenger, Dachau 1940-1944

Bernhard Wensch, Diocese of Meissen, Oranienburg, Dachau 1941 until death August 15, 1942

Hermann Werhahn, Sachsenhausen, Dachau 1940-1942

Hermann Josef Wehrle, hanged September 14, 1944 in the prison of Plötzensee in Berlin

Alban Wertheim, Dachau 1943-45

August Wessing, diocese of Münster, 1942-45 in Dachau, where he died March 4, 1945

Johann Wiedenmann, Jesuit, Dachau 1945

Leopold Wiemker, imprisoned 1939, Dachau 1940-45

Franz Wihan, arrested in 1939, died March 10, 1940 in Sternberg concentration camp

Franz Wilhelm, Benedictine, Dachau 1941-45

Kurt Willig, Dachau 1942-45

Albert Willimsky, diocese of Berlin, died February 22, 1940 in Sachsenhausen concentration camp

Anton Willinsky, sent to Dachau in 1942, where he soon died

Ernst Wilm, Dachau 1942-45

Dominik Willner, Dachau 1943-45

Father Wilmsen, fined, sentenced in Berlin to 3 years imprisonment in 1935

Johann Wimmer, imprisoned 1943, Dachau 1944-45

Franz Winkler arrested in 1942, sentenced to 18 months in prison

Johann Evangelist Winkler, diocese of Passau, shot to death April 24, 1945

Josef Winter, Dachau 1941-45

Valentin Witek, sentenced to prison

Maximilian Witt, died July 20, 1942 in Dachau

Clemens Wittelsbach, arrested several times by the Gestapo, in 1936 sentenced to 13 months imprisonment

Joseph Witthaut, Dachau 1944-45

August Wörndl (Father Paulus), Carmelite, guillotined in June 1944

Franz Wöss, Dachau 1938, 1941-45

Edmund Wohlfeil, shot November 11, 1939 as a potential resistant to Nazi occupation of Poland

Robert Wohlfeil, arrested 1939, Stutthof concentration camp 1940, then Sachsenhausen, where he died June 13, 1940

A Wohlmuth, Dachau

Georg Wohlmuth, arrested June 30, 1933 imprisoned for 6 days in Eichstätt

Peter Wolf, Cistercian, Dachau 1941-45

Leo Bernhard Wolfen, arrested by the Gestapo in March 1937, while priest at St Anno in Siegburg

Johann Womes, Dachau 1941-45

Ludwig Wrzol, archdiocese of Breslau, died September 30, 1940 in Mauthausen

Father Würl, imprisoned 1939, Sachsenhausen 1939-1940, Dachau 1940-45

Bernhard Wüste, imprisoned 1941, Sachsenhausen 1941-42, Dachau 1942-45

Alfons Ottokar Zadrazil, Augustinian Hermit, executed 1945

Rudolf Zeichen, Dachau 1944-45

Franz Zemann, Dachau 1942-45

Franz Zeuch, Dachau 1942

Jakob Anton Ziegler, diocese of Trier, sent to Dachau in 1941, where he died in May 12, 1944

Johann Ziesch, Diocese of Meissen, Dachau 1941-45

Josef Zilliken, Buchenwald, Sachsenhausen, Dachau in 1940, starved to death there on October 3, 1942

Johannes Zimmermann, Diocese of Meissen, Mauthausen, Dachau 1941-45

Otto Zimmerman, of Stuttgart, sentenced to 4 months in prison in 1935

Father Zinefer, beaten to death by Nazis in June 1933

Eduard Zinsser, diocese of Mainz, died June 11, 1933 in Munich

Heinrich Zöhren (Father Dionysius), Capuchin, sent to Dachau in 1941, died there February 3, 1943

Viktor Zmiejewski, incarcerated in 1937 for treachery

Stanislaus Zuske, to Dachau 1939, died September 4, 1942, Hartheim euthanasia facility