Rosalia Velarde was the mother-in-law of Manuel Francisco Delgado, the founder of the Delgado family of New Mexico. Here I try to do clear up some things about the Perez Velarde, Valverde y Cosio and the Velarde Cosio families in 18th century El Paso. I synthesize information on José Esquibel's site (JE) and add some more from various different sources: Archivos de Indias in Seville, the book by Magdaleno (AM), the Mormon site….Enough facts are available to distinguish the families, although there could be anterior connections between them.
According to the great New Mexico data base an Antonio Velarde y Cosio died on December 15, 1728 in El Paso. His mother was Juana de Velarde y Cosio and his father Antonio Velarde. It further has this person's daughter as Juana de Velarde y Cosio who married Juan Antonio Perez Velarde and whose son Manuel Velarde de Cosio married Lugarda Lucero de Godoy. They had Rosalia who married José Garcia de Noriega, whose daughter Maria Josefa married Manuel Francisco Delgado.
If there is a document that says that Rosalia Velarde's parents were Manuel and Lugarda Velarde Cosio, I would interpret this to mean 1) not the son of Juan Antonio Perez Velarde and Juana Valverde y Cosio. All their children were to have died as children and none of them were called Manuel. 2) not Manuel Blas Perez Velarde, son of Juan Antonio Perez Velarde and Jacinta Valencia. He married Casilda de Ydalgo, daughter of Juan Ydalgo and Antonia de Herrera in 1757. Casilda was about exactly Rosalia's age. Perez Velarde's children basically went by Perez Velarde, Velarde or Perez, but didn't use Cosio in their names. 3) probably Manuel Lorenzo Velarde Cosio (died 1754) who married Maria Lugarda de Herrera del Villar (died 1775).
I also think that if there is really a document saying that an Antonio Velarde y Cosio died on December 15, 1728 in El Paso, whose mother was Juana de Velarde y Cosio and his father Antonio Velarde, that this could be one of Juana Valverde y Cosio's and Antonio Velarde's children who died. I doubt that it is Juana's father.
ONMF has him baptized on April 28, 1702 in Muriedes in the Valley of Camargo, Asturias, and names his parents as Francisco Escadejo and Maria Velarde. It has him living in El Paso in 1725 and appointed Sheriff of the Holy Office.
Indiferente 145, n. 54\1 Archivos de Indias, dated November 22, 1732 is an account of the services rendered by Don Antonio PEREZ Velarde who began serving his Majesty in the year 1719 in the Royal Presidio of Santa Fe of the Kingdom of New Mexico, as well as in that of El Paso del Rio del Norte. General Don Juan Domingo de Bustamente named him Captain of the 100 soldiers of the Presidio of Santa Fe on December 3, 1723. On September 3, 1726, he was named Lieutenant General of the Kingdom and Provinces of New Mexico.
Indiferente 145, n. 54\2 at the Archivos de Indias is a letter of Don Antonio Perez Velarde to the King of Spain. He says in an undated letter that he has served his Majesty for 13 years in the Province as a soldier, Lieutenant of the company of the 100 soldiers of the Santa Fe Presidio, and the supreme magistrate (Justicia mayor) of its jurisdiction, as Captain of the said Company, and Lieutenant Governor, and Captain General of the said Province. He asks to be named Governor and General of the Kingdom of New Mexico. He says that he has endured 13 years of live warfare without one hour of rest in the coldest realm of the Americas doing the cruelest work day and night in the roughest mountains.
In Contratacion 5482A, N.1, R.51, dated 1735, he is named Alcade of Justlabaca and Hicpaltepeque in New Spain. He is in Spain that year and on his way back to the New World.
From Beyond ONMF 2: Juan Antonio Perez Velarde's last will and testament at El Paso del Norte, May 9, 1767. Native of Muriedes in the Valley of Camargo, Santander, Spain, and named his parents as Francisco Perez Velarde and Maria Velarde, both deceased. Juan Antonio married twice. His first wife was Juana Valverde y Cosio, daughter of Antonio Valverde y Cosio and Maria Esparza. Juan Antonio named his children by Juana as:
and José Maria.
According to Juan Antonio, all of his offspring by Juana died as children.
I deal with the Valverde y Cosio family below.
Juan Antonio Perez Velarde's Second Marriage
According to N. S. de Guadalupe, El Paso del Norte Marriage and Death Records 1728-1775 (p. 9) extracted by Aaron Magdaleno: On Dec. 30, 1736, Juan Antonio Perez Velarde from the Montañas de Muriedos, widower of Juana Balverde, son of Francisco Peres Velarde and Maria Velarde married Maria Jacinta Valencia, the widow of Andres, child of Juan Valencia (deceased) and Juana Madrid (married in El Paso on June 28, 1689 according to the data base, which has their forebears).
Roots Ltd. P. 1647 has a Jacinta (Xassinta) Valencia married to Andres Ruiz in El Paso on November 21, 1717. They give him as born in Casas Grandes, New Spain. His parents were Nicolas Ruiz and Maria Fontes.
Esquibel writes (BONMF 3) At Santa Cruz, New Mexico, November 21, 1717, Andrés Ruiz, a native of San Buenaventura de Casas Grandes and a soldier of the Presidio of San Felipe y Santiago de Janos, was married with Jacinta de Valencia, a native of El Paso del Norte and a daughter of Juan de Valencia (deceased) and Juana Madrid. Through the pre-nuptial process Andrés Ruiz identified himself as a son of Nicolas Ruiz and Maria Fontes. Apparently this couple spent time between Santa Cruz and El Paso. There are no baptismal records for any children of this couple in the church of Santa Cruz. (I have yet to be able to find any for El Paso).
The New Mexico Prenuptial Investigations From the Archivos Historicos del Arzobispado de Durango, 1760-1799 does, though, mention a daughter for Andrés and Jacinta. On pp. 8-9, there is an entry for Nicolas Antonio de la Sierra and Juana Ruiz, El Paso, April 26-May 5, 1760. It reads: Nicolas Antonio de la Sierra, a native of the kingdoms of Castile, citizen of El Paso widowed by his first wife, Josefa Joaquina de Aganza, was the legitimate son of Gaspar de la Sierra and Baltasara Blanco de Junido, Juana Ruiz, a citizen of El Paso, widowed by her first husband, Miguel de Baca y Coa, was the legitimate daughter of the late Andrés Ruiz and Jacinta Valencia....
According to José Esquibel's transcription of the burials in Santa Cruz de la Cañada an Andrés Ruiz, a citizen of El Paso, married, aged 48-50, was buried there October 2, 1733.
From Beyond ONMF 2: according to Juan Antonio Perez Velarde's last will and testament at El Paso del Norte, May 9, 1767. Juan Antonio entered into his second marriage with Jacinta Valencia. They had four sons:
Manuel Blas, (born about 1732 according to the 1788 census)
Juan Antonio, born between 1738-1743
Francisco Antonio. Died by May 1789.
AM p. 143, Juan Antonio Peres Velarde, husband of Xassinta Valencia died May 10, 1767.
Perez Velarde's Children with Jacinta:
JOSEPH ANTONIO PEREZ VELARDE
AM p. 50, Joseph Antonio Perez Velarde married Pheliciana in November 1760.
JE: Daughter Maria Rossa Manuela was born on May 26, 1762 and baptized on May 28 at NSG.
Daughter Anna Manuela, born on July 14, 1765 was baptized on the 14th at NSG.
AM p. 156 has Joseph Antonio Velarde's daughter Juana Calletana, by Feliciana Catharina Balizan, as dying on August 8, 1773.
JE 1790 census, José Velarde, farmer, Spanish, native of El Paso, married to Feliciana Baldizan, 42 years, a son 21 years old.
MANUEL BLAS PEREZ VELARDE
AM p. 41, Manuel Blas Velarde, son of Juan Antonio Velarde and Doña Xassinta Valencia, married Casilda de Ydalgo, daughter of Juan Ydalgo and Antonia de Herrera, mulattos, on June 20, 1757. According to the 1788 census Casilda would have been born around 1740.
Children: (source JE)
Nicolas Antonio baptized on September 15, 1760 (born the 9th)
Luis Bartolome baptized on August 26, 1763 (born the 23rd)
Dionisio Antoniode Jesus baptized on January 16, 1778, born the 13th
Nicolas Antonio Higinio baptized on January 13, 1781, born the 11th
Casilda Lauriana, their daughter, was 18 years old in 1795.
Anna born about 1771
JE: Manuel's wife had an illegitimate son, José Manuel Abalos Velarde, with Andres Abalos. José married Maria Rosa Vicenta Lucero, daughter of Francisco Lucero de Godoy and Antonio Madrid. LDS has a record of this marriage for June 22, 1778 in Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe, in Juarez.
JE: The 1788 census has Manuel Blas Perez Velarde, Spanish, born in El Paso, 56 years old, farmer, married to Casilda Idalgo, Spanish, born in El Paso, 48 years old, 3 sons, 15, 10, 7; 1 daughter 12. That would have been Luis B., Dionisio, and Nicolas. The girl would have been Casilda Lauriana.
JE: Son Luis Bartolome married Anna Gertrudis Quaron daughter of Lorenzo Quaron and Rosa Estrada, both deceased on May 23, 1785. The 1788 census finds him Spanish, native of El Paso, 25 years old, a farmer, married to Anna Gertrudis Quaron, mestiza, a native of El Paso, 23, with a daughter 2 years old.
JE: Daughter Casilda Lauriana, DM at NSG says in March 1795 she planned to marry Nicolas Padilla, a native and citizen of El Paso, the son of José Antonio Padilla and Antonia de Sierra. She was 18, a native of El Paso and a citizen, daughter of Blas Manuel and Casilda de Jésus Idalgo.
Anna Belarde, daughter of Blas Belarde and Casilda Idalgo, married Antonio José Garcia de Noriega, son of Manuel Garcia de Noriega deceased and Manuela Alderete at NSG on June 15, 1786. (JE) The 1790 census has Antonio Garcia, farmer, Spanish, native of El Paso, married to Ana Velarde, Spanish, 19.
JUAN ANTONIO PEREZ VELARDE
AM p. 45, has Juan Antonio Perez Velarde, Spanish, married to Ana Maria Ydalgo, Spanish, native of El Paso, on July 28, 1759.
JE: Children: Maria Xassinta born on February 23, 1761, baptized on March 3, 1761, NSG.
Mariano Dolores born on March 25, 1763, baptized on March 29th, NSG
José Gerbasio born about 1767
Juan Domingo, died as a child and was buried on May 23, 1771
Juan Antonio born about 1772
The 1788 census finds him Spanish a native of El Paso, 45 years old, married to Ana Maria Idalgo, Spanish, a native of El Paso, 50 years old, with 3 sons, 20, 14, 12 and 1 daughter 22.
The 1790 census finds him a farmer, Spanish, born in El Paso, 52 years old married to Ana M. Idalgo, Spanish, 52 years, with 2 sons 30 and 18 and a daughter 24; 2 orphan boys 9 and 4, a male coyote servant 30.
José Gerbasio Perez Velarde married Maria Polonia Telles, adopted daughter of Maria Francisca Telles, on February 21, 1789. The 1790 census finds him 23 years old, a native of El Paso married to Polonia Telles, 18, with one daughter one year old.
JE, According to the DM at NSG dated August 23, 1893, Juan Antonio Perez Velarde (III), son of Juan Antonio Velarde and Ana Maria Idalgo, then 21 and a lieutenant in the militia, born in El Paso and a citizen, planned to marry Maria Gertrudis Olibares, 21, born in El Paso and a citizen, the daughter of Lorenzo Olibares (deceased) and Maria Eugenia del Villar.
AM 134: Anna Maria Velarde died August 7, 1764.
FRANCISCO ANTONIO PEREZ VELARDE
(AM, 62) On July 30, 1764 Francisco Velarde married Manuela Ponze. JE: DM on July 23, 1764 for this son of Juan Antonio Perez Velarde and Jacinta Valencia, residents of El Paso to marry Maria Manuela Ponze de Leon, 16, daughter of Juan José Ponze de Leon and Casilda Luzero, citizens of El Paso.
JE: Child: Juan Joseph Ypolito born August 12, 1765.
IGI batch no. J600521 has Joseph Ypolito Peres, son of Francisco Peres Velarde, baptized on August 18, 1765 in N. S. de Guadalupe, El Paso del Norte.
Batch M600527 has Juan Jose Ypolito Peres Velarde married on May 7, 1789 in N. S. de Guadalupe, El Paso del Norte.
JE: the 1788 census has Hipolito, as a mestizo from El Paso, an unmarried farmer with 2 male orphans, 15 and 8 and 1 female orphan, 9 and 1 agregada 70.
JE: On May 7, 1789, Hipolito son of Francisco Perez Velarde (deceased) and Manuela Ponce de Leon, (deceased) married Maria Gertrudis Ruis, Spanish, daughter of Manuel Ruis (deceased) and Maria Josefa Jurado.
JE: The 1790 census has him as a farmer, mestizo, native of El Paso of 25 years, married to Gertrudis Ruiz, mestiza, 16.
AM 9 has General Antonio Valverde y Cosio having married Maria de Esparza and having died by February 1737. This is presumably the Governor of New Mexico from 1719-1720. They are the parents of Juan Antonio Perez Velarde's first wife Juana Valverde y Cosio.
Children: Antonia Valverde y Cosio
Juana Valverde y Cosio (see above)
Antonia Valverde y Cosio married Joseph Valentin de Aganza.
Their daughter Theresa de Aganza died June 8, 1744 (AM 106)
Their daughter Anna Maria de Aganza, died young on September 22, 1764 (AM 137).
Their daughter Antonia de Aganza married Joseph Martinez (Roybal), widower of Juana Luzero on December 6, 1756 (AM 39).
Joseph Valentin de Aganza died July 4, 1735 (AM 101)
AM 9: Antonia Valverde y Cosio, widow of José Valentin de Aganza and daughter of General Antonio Valverde y Cosio (deceased) and Maria de Esparza, then married José de la Sierra, son of Gaspar de la Sierra (deceased) and Baltasara Blanco on February 19, 1737.
The LDS site has a marriage for the same couple on January 31, 1737 in Las Caldas, Mexico.
AM 135, Captain Joseph de la Sierra died August 13, 1764. She was dead by June 1764 (AM 133)
Their daughter Maria Josepha de la Sierra, single, died June 12, 1764 (AM 133)
Their daughter Teresa died October 4, 1748 (AM 114)
A single woman named Maria Esparza died January 15, 1757 (AM 123).
There were other Valverdes in El Paso at the time but I can't connect them up yet. Ex. Maria Rossa Valverde married to Manuel Baldizan; Gertrudis Valverde married to Geronimo Lucero; Juana Valverde married to Joseph Luzero; Antonio Valverde married to Thomasa Jurado de Gracia (children Juan Francisco, Maria Thereza, Manuel, Joseph Vissente); Anna Maria Balverde married to Salvador Dominguez; Juana Valverde married to José Marquez on May 5, 1734 in Santa Cruz de la Cañada
There are documents in the New Mexico State Archives dating from the late 1720s to 1766 about a Joseph Velarde Cossio, from the El Paso area. This could be Manuel Lorenzo's brother. It does not seem that it could be his father or son.
Manuel Lorenzo Velarde Cosio married Maria Lugarda de Herrera del Villar. According to the Mission 2000 database, he was a soldier at Janos Presidio.
Manuel Belarde, husband of Lugarda de Herrera, died on April 30, 1754 (AM 121). Maria Lugarda del Villar, wife of Manuel Lorenzo Velarde, died February 28, 1775 (AM 160).
Known Children: Maria de la Encarnacion, buried April 3, 1727, in Janos (Mission 2000)
Ana Manuela, baptized May 3, 1729, in Janos (Mission 2000)
Geronimo Anttonio, baptized May 24, 1732 in Janos (Mission 2000)
Juan Pablo, baptized March 15, 1733 in Janos (Mission 2000)
Genonimo Anttonio, baptized June 16, 1736 in Janos (Mission 2000)
Maria Anttonia de Loreto, baptized February 25, 1739 in Janos (Mission 2000)
Joseph Velarde, single son of Lorenzo Velarde, deceased, and Lugarda de Herrera, died on August 7, 1766 (AM 142)
Ana Maria Velarde, daughter of Lorenzo Velarde, deceased, and Maria Lugarda de Herrera married Joseph Garcia Carvajal, son of Miguel Garcia Carvajal and Maria Padilla on June 1, 1756 (AM 37)
Children (JE): Joseph Manuel, baptized February 25, 1758 NSG
Anna Xassinta, August 19, 1760 (born the 16th)
Juan Joseph Ramon, August 17, 1762
Anna Manuela, January 4, 1765 (born the 1st)
Joseph Simon Carvajal, son of Joseph Carvajal and Ana Maria Velarde was baptized in NSG on March 23, 1757 (JE) and died June 1, 1757 (AM 123)
José Ramon Carbajal (son of José Carbajal (deceased) and Ana Maria Belarde to marry Petrona Dominga Telles, daughter of Domingo Telles and Ana Maria Ortega.
(DM, NSG September 15, 1790, JE)
The 1788 census has Ana Maria 47, a widow, 3 sons, 25, 22, 16; 2 daughters 18, 15, 1 orphan 14.
The 1790, 46, 3 sons, 28, 24, 16; two daughters 26 and 13.
Francisco Belarde Cosio's wife Gertrudis Chavarria died on March 12, 1773 (AM 155).
(José Anastacio Velarde Cosio, son of Francisco Velarde and Maria Gertrudis Chavarria married Lugarda del Rio, daughter of José del Rio and Magdalena Garcia on May 26, 1782 (NSG) (JE).)
Juan Francisco Velarde, the widower of Maria Gertrudis Chabarria and son of Manuel Velarde and Maria Lugarda de Villa, both deceased, married Maria Josepha Telles, daughter of Lorenzo Telles and Candelaria Padilla on June 6, 1775 (AM 97)
DM at NSG for May 22, 1775: Juan Francisco Belarde, legitimate son of Manuel Lorenzo Belarde and Maria Lugarda del Villar, both deceased citizens of El Paso, widower of Maria Gertrudis de Chabarria, to marry Maria Josefa Telles, daughter of Lorenzo Telles and Candelaria Padilla, citizens of El Paso (JE).
Children: Juan Chrisostomo, Spanish, baptized May 29, 1776
José Silvestre, baptized January 3, 1778, born December 31.
José Gregorio, baptized December 2, 1789, born November 28th
Luis Juan, June 24, 1780
The 1788 Census has him Spanish from El Paso, 63, farmer, married to Josefa Tellez, Spanish, from El Paso, 24, 2 sons, 10 and 7, 1 daughter 2.
The 1790 census has his Spanish from El Paso, 68, married to Josefa Telles, Spanish, 20, 2 sons 8 and 7, daughter 3.
Doña Rossa Velarde (born between 1740 and 1745), native and citizen of El Paso married Captain Joseph Garcia de Noriega (born about 1741) in February 1761 (AM 52). According to the expediente matrimonial of Don Pedro de Azcue y Armendariz, found in the Archivo Militar in Segovia, which would seem to be very authoritative source, Cap. Joseph Garcia de Noriega was the son of Lazaro Garcia de Noriega and Barbara N. Ladron de Guebara and Rosalia was the daughter of Manuel Velarde y Cosio and Lugarda Lucero de Godoy. According to the Santa Fe burials books (LDS microfilm 0016906) Rosalia Velarde, resident of the varrio de San Francisco, the widow of José Garcia de Noriega was buried on April 18, 1822.
Maria Josefa married Manuel Francisco Delgado. JE, (DM for daughter Maria Josefa Garcia de Noriega and Manuel Francisco Delgado) Rosalia Velarde Cosio, native and citizen of El Paso married to Captain José Garcia de Noriega.
Carmen, married Francisco Ortiz y Bustamante and parented Father Rafael Ortiz. The Ortiz Family papers 1960-031, Box F-20, have documents on Rafael Ortiz' Purity of Blood.
Joseph Francisco Faustin, according to IGI batch J600521 Joseph Francisco Faustin Garcia Velardo, son of Rossalia Velardo and Joseph Garzia was baptized on December 18, 1762 in N. S. de Guadalupe, El Paso del Norte.
Maria Candelaria born about 1767 (from Ancestral File at the Mormon site)
Maria Manuela b. 1769, d. January 22, 1834 in Socorro, NM (from Ancestral File at the Mormon site)
Maria Concepcion b. about 1771. She married Francisco Garcia de la Mora at the Castrense on February 3, 1793. They were the parents of Feliz Garcia de la Mora, the father of Benigna Garcia de la Mora who married Felipe S. Delgado, Manuel Francisco Delgado's grandson.
Joseph Manuel Thunotero died on October 10, 1772 (AM 154)
Rosalia Saturnina, born February 16, 1777, El Paso (NSG), born on the 11th. Rosalia Saturnina figures on page 19 of the Durango records in Roots. In April 1795 she was 18, Spanish and a citizen of Santa Fe, the legitimate daughter of José Garcia de Noriega and Rosalia Velarde. She was pregnant by José Pascual de la Mora, son of Antonio Garcia de la Mora and Maria Josefa Fuentes, both Spanish and deceased. They married.
Josef Romualdo Garcia de Noriega, born 1779?, according to the "Spanish Enlistment Papers 1732-1830," published by Virginia Olmstead in the National Genealogical Society vol. 67, Sept 1979-June, p. 229, he was the son of Captain Don Josef Garcia de Noriega and Rosalia Velarde of El Paso. He was a Scribe, 5'2". Light chestnut hair and eyebrows, dark eyes, fair skin, sharp nose, mole on right side of temple, thin beard, single. Date April 1, 1795.
1784 census for El Paso, Doña Rosalia Velarde, Spanish, widow; 1 son under 7, 2 daughters over 14, and 3 (description lost in binding), 1 male Indian servant over 14.
1788 census for El Paso, Rosa Velarde, Spanish from El Paso, 45, Widow, 2 sons 17 and 9; 4 daughters 23, 14, 9, 8.
1790 census, Velarde for El Paso, Da Rosalia: Española, 50, has two sons, 20 and 14; two daughters, 14 and 12; a female orphan, 8. (1790-607).
She apparently doesn't figure in the El Paso censuses of 1787, 1803 and 1806.
According to the Santa Fe burials books (LDS microfilm 0016906) Rosalia Velarde, resident of the varrio de San Francisco, the widow of José Garcia de Noriega was buried on April 18, 1822.