Writings of Claire Ortiz Hill

New address: claireortizhill at gmail.com

My translation of Edmund Husserl's Logic and General Theory of Science
(Logik und allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie, Husserliana XXX), funded by an NEH Fellowship 2012, has now been published.

Here is my Introduction and my Index.
See my review of the book.

The Road Not Taken, On Husserl's Philosophy of Logic and Mathematics
co-authored by Jairo José da Silva, London: College Publications, April 30, 2013

Table of Contents! See Index!

For different reasons, Husserl’s original, thought-provoking ideas on the philosophy of logic and mathematics have been ignored, misunderstood, even despised, by analytic philosophers and phenomenologists alike, who have been content to barricade themselves behind walls of ideological prejudices. Yet, for several decades, Husserl was almost continuously in close professional and personal contact with those who created, reshaped and revolutionized 20th century philosophy of mathematics, logic, science and language in both the analytic and phenomenological schools, people whom those other makers of 20th century philosophy, Russell, Frege, Wittgenstein and their followers, rarely, if ever, met. Independently of them, Husserl offered alternatives to the well-trodden paths of logicism, nominalism, formalism and intuitionism. He presented a well-articulated, thoroughly argued case for logic as an objective science, but was not philosophically naïve to the point of not seeing the role of subjectivity in shaping the sense of the reality facing objective science. Given the preeminent role that philosophy of logic and philosophy of mathematics have played in transforming the way philosophy has been done since Husserl’s time, and given the depth of his insights and his obvious expertise in those fields, his ideas need to be integrated into present-day, mainstream philosophy. Here, philosopher Claire Ortiz Hill and mathematician-philosopher Jairo da Silva offer a wealth of interesting insights intended to subvert the many mistaken idées reçues about the development of Husserl’s thought and reestablish broken ties between it and philosophy now.

Some Comments:

I just received my copy of The Road Not Taken. On Husserl's Philosophy of Logic and Mathematics. I have not been able to put it down since I received it yesterday. I had always wondered what was going on with Husserl's colleagues at Göttingen. Finally, I have the details! And I had also always wondered about his early work in mathematics. I've heard the standard sketches and chronologies, but they tend to be pretty thin. In addition to the biographical details, the philosophical content is also gripping and illuminating. I rarely read philosophy books the way I read fiction--they are rarely page turners. For me at least, this was an exception. Thanks for a wonderfully stimulating and important piece of philosophical work.   Jeff Yoshimi, University of California.

The book makes Husserl accessible for a broader audience educated in the present tradition of analytic philosophy, and as such is an important contribution to the philosophy of logic and mathematics. H. C. M. de Swart (Erasmus) From Zentralblatt für Mathematik

When one reads... a highly interesting and extremely thorough book on Husserl's philosophy of logic and mathematics, the question that arises is: Why hasn't Husserl's philosophy of logic and mathematics been at the center of the current debate in logic and philosophy of mathematics? What the two authors of this book underscore in a highly insightful way is that Husserlian philosophy... has been the `victim' of a double damnatio memoriae. On the one hand, we find the analytic repression..., on the other, the continental (or hermeneutic) effacement, which for many years maintained silence about the true ideas at the heart of phenomenology... Beyond the extremely detailed, erudite essays of this book, beyond the richness of content presented, is a general, extremely instructive message for those wishing to tackle phenomenology and thought about mathematics... Fausto Fraisopi (Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg) From Discipline Filosofiche, Rivista semestrale

The Road not Taken deals with a series of topics deserving adequate study in addition to reflection upon each and every one of the readings that both Claire Ortiz Hill and Jairo da Silva propose to us in this extraordinary compilation, which I unhesitatingly thoroughly recommend.  Luis Alberto Canela Morales (Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico) Eikasia revistadefilosofia.com July 2014

6th Book, Facing the Light
Ten mystical stories with twelve original works of art by Jacqueline Wegmann. Santa Fe, New Mexico: Lone Butte Press, May 2010, 120 pages, $10. Ten mystical stories written during the 1980s with twelve original works of art by Jacqueline Wegmann. Now available from Amazon.com or claire dot hill at orange dot fr

An extract from Facing the Light is now available for reading on Somos en escrito magazine at http://www.somosenescrito.blogspot.com and for background information: http://somosenescrito.blogspot.com/2010/02/bienvenidos.html

Amazing Review by Helen Rivas Galvan (First published online in Somos en escrito)

5th Book: Introduction to Logic and Theory of Knowledge, Lectures 1906/07

This is my translation of Edmund Husserl's Einleitung in die Logik und Erkenntnistheorie (Husserliana XXIV). The translation was made possible by a fellowship from the National Endowment for the Humanities, Washington D.C. Published in 2008 by Springer as volume XIII of the Collected Works of Husserl of the Husserl Archives in Leuven, Belgium. (ISBN 978-1-4020-6725-9) (Hardback $269, Paperback $39.95), approx. 500 pages. Read my Introduction. See the Index.

4th Book, The Roots and Flowers of Evil in Baudelaire, Nietzsche, and Hitler
Chicago: Open Court, 2006, See Table of Contents! Index!


Publisher's description: "The seductive nature of evil is fully embraced by Baudelaire, Nietzsche, and Hitler. In Part One of this book, instead of viewing these men in their traditional roles, the author takes their most notorious writings--The Flowers of Evil and Spleen of Paris by the poet Charles Baudelaire; Daybreak, Thoughts on the Prejudices of Morality, Beyond Good and Evil, and The Genealogy of Morals by philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche; and Mein Kampf by politician Adolf Hitler--and points out the insights, images, and surprising facts about evil in their interpretations. However, as the author demonstrates, ideas put on paper are not the same as ideas put into action. In Part Two, Hill looks at concrete historical and current events, making the transition from the theories of evil formulated by Baudelaire, Nietzsche, and Hitler to the real world with examples of violence, torture, and oppression. Finally, in Part Three, she argues in favor of the nonviolent movements of the twentieth century, countering the claim that power can only be imposed through violence, and advocating nonviolent responses to certain forms of evil. This book is interdisciplinary, incorporating material from the fields of philosophy, history, politics, ethics, psychology, literature, aesthetics, religion and sociology, and drawing on extensive present day scholarship on Nietzsche, the problem of evil, and the Holocaust."

1st Book
Word and Object in Husserl, Frege and Russell, the Roots of Twentieth Century Philosophy
Ohio University Press, Athens, 1991 (2001 paperback)

2nd Book
Rethinking Identity and Metaphysics,
On the Foundations of Analytic Philosophy
Yale University Press, New Haven, 1997

3rd Book
Husserl or Frege? Meaning, Objectivity, and Mathematics
with Guillermo E. Rosado Haddock, Open Court, Chicago, 2000 (paperback 2003) 
"Introduction" by Claire Ortiz Hill, Index

My Memoire de Maîtrise defended at the Sorbonne in 1979 is now published here:
La logique des expressions intentionnelles


"David Hilbert's Fight for Philosophy," Husserl and Awakened Reason: Critical Essays on Mathematics, Science and PhenomenologyIulian Apostolescu (ed.) forthcoming Springer Verlag.

"Husserl and Frege on Imaginaries and the Deep Nature of Things," in Rivista di Filosofia.

In Preparation

Invited Paper: "On Denoting Imaginary Entities" to be given at the University of Cologne in early June.

Translation of Georg Cantor's "metaphysical" correspondence and other letters, in collaboration with the German mathematician Walter Tydecks.

Four books on Nazism and Catholicism
I have prepared three manuscripts about the Catholic Church during the Nazi period mainly inspired by newspaper articles and other primary documents, diaires for example, to show how the issues were presented at the time and to refute influential, but erroneous, scholarship on the subject. The titles are: Like Fire and Water, Hitlerism and Catholicism in Germany and Austria 1933-1939; 'Pope of the Jews and Bolsheviks,' Hitlerism and the Vatican 1933-1939; Darkness over the Earth, Hitlerism and Catholicism, 1939-1942. The fourth unfinished book is entitled: Specter of Satan, Catholicism and the Final Solution, 1942-1945.

Thus Spoke Pius XI, Thus Spoke Pius XII A list of nearly 2,500 newspaper articles from the 1930s and 1940s documenting the Catholic Church's opposition to Nazism and anti-semitism. The articles are mostly from The New York Times, the Los Angeles Times, the Times of London and Time Magazine, The Jewish Criterion, Palestine Post, Ohio Jewish Chronicle, The Jewish Chronicle (UK), Jewish Chicago Sentinel, The Jewish Telegraphic Agency, along with numerous articles from Australian newspapers of the time. Updated February 2019. These are going into the making of four books on the subject.

The Terrible Secret A list of excerpts from approximately 100 newspaper articles mostly from July 1942 to September 1943 showing that journalists were telling the world about the extermination of the Jews and that many major demonstrations protesting the extermination were held around the world.

List of Some German, Austrian Priests and Western European Catholic Bishops Arrested or Harmed by the Nazis with a picture of Fr. Jacques Sommet, Jesuit, drawn by a monk in Dachau!! Updated November 27, 2020.

Juozapas Skvireckas (1873-1959) Lithuanian Archbishop of Kaunas (1926-1959) Information about his defense of Jews from Nazi-era Jewish sources.

Articles, Reviews and Stories
"Husserl on Sets and the Causes of the Set-theoretical Paradoxes," in Meta: Research in Hermeneutics, Phenomenology, and Practical Philosophy Vol. XI, no. 2, December 2019, a special issue entitled After Husserl: Phenomenological Foundations of Mathematics, Iulian Apostolescu (guest  editor), pp. 450-72.

"Husserl's Purely Logical Chastity Belt," Constructive Semantics, Meaning in Between Phenomenology and Constructivism, Christina Weiss (ed.), Cham (Switzerland), Springer Nature Switzerland, 2019, pp. 135-46.

"On Limning the True and Ultimate Structure of Reality," in Mereologies, Ontologies, and Facets, The Categorial Structure of Reality, Paul Hackett (ed.), Lanham MD, Lexington Books, 2018, pp. 37-64.

"Husserl and Cantor," in Essays on Husserl's Logic and Philosophy of Mathematics, Stefania Centrone (ed.), Dordrecht, Springer, 2017, pp.169-96.

"Husserl and Frege on Functions," Husserl and Analytic Philosophy, Guillermo Rosado Haddock (ed.), Berlin, de Gruyter, 2016, pp. 89-117.

"Husserl's Way Out of Frege's Jungle", in Objects and Pseudo-Objects Ontological Deserts and Jungles from Brentano to Carnap, Bruno Leclercq, Sébastien Richard and Denis Seron (eds.), Berlin: de Gruyter, 2015, pp. 183-96.  

"The Strange Worlds of Actual Consciousness and the Purely Logical",
New Yearbook for Phenomenology and Phenomenological Philosophy (Abingdon: Routledge), Burt Hopkins (ed.), vol.XIII, 2013, pp. 62-83.

"Husserlian Sets or Fregean Sets?", Notae Philosophicae Scientiae Formalis, vol. 2, n. 1, p. 22 - 32, maio 2013.     http://gcfcf.com.br/pt/files/2013/07/Hill-Claire-Ortiz-NPSF-vol.2-n.1.pdf 

"Cantor's Paradise, Metaphysics and Husserlian Logic",
Categories of Being, Essays on Metaphysics and Logic, H. Koskinen (ed.), Oxford: Oxford University Press 2012, chapter 10, pp. 217-40.

"Tracking the Logos",
Axiomathes, An International Journal in Ontology and Cognitive Systems, vol. 22, no. 1, online since June 20, 2011, (DOI) 10.1007/s10516-011-9163-y.

"On the Porch," "By the Sea" and "Out of the Ravine"
, Somos en escrito, December 2010-January 2011. http://www.somosenescrito.blogspot.com (For information about Somos en escrito see: http://somosenescrito.blogspot.com/2010/02/bienvenidos.html)

"On Fundamental Differences Between Dependent and Independent Meanings",
Axiomathes, An International Journal in Ontology and Cognitive Systems 20: 2-3, online since May 29, 2010, 313-32, (DOI 10.1007/s10516-010-9104-1).

"Husserl on Axiomatization and Arithmetic",
Phenomenology and Mathematics, Mirja Hartimo (ed.) Phaenomenologica series, Dordrecht: Springer, 2010, pp. 47-71.

"Review of
Cantor et la France, by Anne-Marie Décaillot", History and Philosophy of Logic 31:1, February 2010, 99-100.

"Husserl and Phenomenology, Experience and Essence"
, Phenomenology and Existentialism, Dordrecht: Springer, 2009, 9-22.

Mannigfaltigkeitslehre de Husserl", Philosophiques, Revue de la Société de Philosophie du Québec 36, 2, Automne 2009, 447-65.

"Review of
The Fullness of the Logos by Anna-Teresa Tymieniecka", Phenomenological Inquiry, October 2009, 99-108.

"Frank Valencia Ortiz Talks About His Life",
La Herencia, The Heritage and History That is New Mexico, Fall 2008, 23-25.

"Phenomenology from the Metaphysical Standpoint",
Dialogos, XLIII, no. 91, January, 2008, 19-35.

"Descendents of Benito Anselmo Larragoiti and Feliciana Valdes y Garcia de Noriega",
Herencia, The Quarterly Journal of the Hispanic Genealogical Research Center of New Mexico, Vol. 16, Issue 4, October 2008, 31-42.

"Captain Manuel Francisco Delgado y de Chavarria Butron's Maternal Line",
Herencia, The Quarterly Journal of the Hispanic Genealogical Research Center of New Mexico, Vol. 15, Issue 3, July 2007, 15-20.

"On the Ancestry of Maria Josefa Garcia de Noriega y Velarde Cosio de Delgado",
Herencia, The Quarterly Journal of the Hispanic Genealogical Research Center of New Mexico, Vol. 15, Issue 1, January 2007, 38-46.

"One Dogma of Empiricism",
Experience and Analysis, Erfahrung und Analyse (Proceedings of the International Wittgenstein Conference on held in Kirchberg am Wechsel, August 2004), M. E. Reicher and J. C. Marek (eds), Vienna: ÖBV&HPT Verlag, 2005, 30-38.

"Review of E. Husserl's
Logik, Vorlesung (1896), and Logik, Vorlesung (1902/03)," The Review of Modern Logic, Volume 10, nos. 1 & 2 (September 2004-February 2005) Issue 31, 145-54.
"Review of E. Husserl's Alte und Neue Logik 1908/09", History and Philosophy of Logic, 26 (2005), 159-62.

"Abstraction and Idealization in Georg Cantor and Edmund Husserl", in
Idealization IV. Historical Studies on Abstraction and Idealization, Poznan studies in the philosophy of the sciences and the humanities vol. 82, F. Coniglione, R. Poli, R. Rollinger (eds.), Rodopi, Amsterdam, 2004, 217-43

"Reference and Paradox", in
Synthese, 138,2, January 2004, 207-32.

"Incomplete Symbols, Dependent Meanings, and Paradox", in
Husserl's Logical Investigations, Daniel O. Dahlstrom (ed.), Dordrecht: Kluwer, 2003, 69-93.

"Review of E. Husserl's
Allgemeine Erkenntnistheorie (1902/03), Vorlesung," History and Philosophy of Logic 24 (2003), 76-78.

"Review of W. Demopoulos'
Frege's Philosophy of Mathematics and W.W. Tait's Early Analytic Philosophy", Synthese 133, 2002, 441-52.

"On Husserl's Mathematical Apprenticeship and Philosophy of Mathematics",
Phenomenology World Wide, Anna-Teresa Tymieniecka (ed.), Kluwer, Dordrecht, 2002, 76-92.

"Tackling Three of Frege's Problems: Edmund Husserl on Sets and Manifolds",
Axiomathes 13: 79-104, 2002.

"Husserl, Frege and 'the Paradox',
Manuscrito, Revista Internacional de Filosofia 23, 2, October 2000, 101-32.

"Review of Dallas Willard's Translation of
Edmund Husserl's Early Writings in the Philosophy of Logic and Mathematics", Modern Logic 8, 1-2, January 1998-April 2000, 142-53, consultable at: http://projecteuclid.org/download/pdf_1/euclid.rml/1081878073 

"Review of
The New Theory of Reference, P. Humphreys and J. Fetzer (ed.)", History and Philosophy of Logic 20, 1999, 125-27.

"Circling Gottlob Frege, Review of
Frege Importance and Legacy, M. Schirn (ed.)", Diálogos, January 1999, 203-13.

"Review of Hao Wang's
A Logical Journey, From Gödel to Philosophy", Diálogos, 34, July 1999, 179-81.

"Review of Edmund Husserl's
Logik und allgemeine Wissenschaftslehre (Husserliana vol. 30)", History and Philosophy of Logic 19, 1998, 115-17.

"From Empirical Psychology to Phenomenology: Husserl on the Brentano Puzzle",
The Brentano Puzzle, R. Poli (ed.), Ashgate, Aldershot, 1998, 151-68.

"Did Georg Cantor Influence Edmund Husserl?"
, Synthese 113, October 1997, 145-70.

"The Varied Sorrows of Logical Abstraction", 10th Anniversary Issue of Axiomathes, Centro Studi per la Filsofia Mitteleuropa, Trento, Italy, 1997, 53-82.

"Compte Rendu de
Modalities par Ruth Barcan Marcus", Revue internationale de philosophie, 2/1997, 278-80.

"Review of
Frege, an introduction to the founder of modern analytic philosophy by Anthony Kenny", History and Philosophy of Logic 17, 1996, 85-86.

"Review of
Logik und Mathematik, Frege Kolloquium Jena 1993", History and Philosophy of Logic 17, 1996, 105-08.

"Some Keys to Understanding Husserl's Philosophy of Mathematics,"
Proceedings of the Fourth International Symposium on Logic and its Applications, Sofia, 1996.

"Frege's Letters",
From Dedekind to Gödel, Essays on the Development of the Foundations of Mathematics, J. Hintikka (ed.), Kluwer, Dordrecht, 1995, 97-118.

"Husserl and Hilbert on Completeness"
, From Dedekind to Gödel, Essays on the Development of the Foundations of Mathematics, J. Hintikka (ed.), Kluwer, Dordrecht, 1995, 143-63. Reprinted in Edmund Husserl, Critical Assessments of Leading Philosophers, volume 2, prt. 2, Donn Welton (ed), London: Routledge, 2004.

"Frege Attacks Husserl and Cantor"
, The Monist 77 (3), 1994, 347-57.

"Husserl and Frege on Substitutivity"
, Mind, Meaning and Mathematics, Essays on the Philosophical Views of Husserl and Frege, L. Haaparanta (ed.), Kluwer, Dordrecht, 1994, 113-40.

"De-intensionalization and Radical Information Loss",
Proceedings of the Third International Symposium on Logic and its Applications, Sofia, 1994.

"Review of
Logic and the Objectivity of Knowledge by Dallas Willard", Review of Metaphysics, June 1986, 790-92.

"Review of
Husserl and Frege by J. N. Mohanty", Review of Metaphysics, June 1985, 895-96.

"Review of Husserl on Intentionality by R. McIntyre and David W. Smith",
Review of Metaphysics, September 1984, 143-44.
Invited Papers Read

"Spencer-Brown's Laws of Form and Husserl's 'Strange World of the Purely Logical,'" paper given on August 4, 2022 at the Laws of Form Conference 2022 held at Liverpool University from August 3-7, 2022.

"Husserl's Purely Logical Chastity Belt," paper given at the workshop on Constructive Semantics, Meaning in between Phenomenology and Constructivism organized by Christina Weiss and held from September 30, 2016 – October 1, 2016 at Zeppelin Universität in Friedrichshafen, Germany.

"Husserlian Sets or Fregean Sets?", paper given at the XVI Coloquio Conesul de Filosofia das Ciencias Formais, Teoria dos Conjuntos/Mereologia, November 6-10, 2012, Santa Maria/RS, Brazil.

"I Loved You for Your Beauty..." International Conference on Objects and Pseudo-Objects. Ontological Deserts and Jungles from Meinong to Carnap, University of Liège, May 15-16, 2012.

"The Strange Worlds of Actual Consciousness and of the Purely Logical," International Seminar on Contemporary Readings of Husserl’s Erfahrung und Urteil, Lisbon, April 23-27, 2012, organized by Pedro M. S. Alves and Carlos Morujão.

"Manuel Francisco Delgado's Paternal Line (1574-1766)", Meeting of the Hispanic Genealogical Research Center, Albuquerque, New Mexico, May 8, 2010.

"Phenomenology from the Metaphysical Standpoint", Semana de Fenomenologia, University of Puerto Rico, October 14-17, 2008.

"Husserl and Phenomenology, Experience and Essence", Fourth International Congress of Phenomenology held in Cracow, Poland from August 17-21, 2008.

"Husserl on Axiomatization and Arithmetic, or What Numbers Could Not Be", Colloquium on Phenomenology and Mathematics organized by Mirja Hartimo and held at the University of Tampere, Finland in May 2007.

"Metaphysics and the Origins of Analytic Philosophy and Phenomenology,"  Twenty  lectures given at the University of Tampere, October 3- 6, 2005.

"One Dogma of Empiricism", Experience and Analysis, Erfahrung und Analyse at the International Wittgenstein Conference on held in Kirchberg am Wechsel in August 2004.

"Symboles incomplets, significations dépendantes et Widersinnigkeiten", Thème: Recherches Catégoriales: Autour de la Logique de Husserl, Deux journées d'études organisées par les Archives-Husserl de Paris, en coopération avec l'Université Keio, les 27 et 28. avril 2001 à l'Ecole Normale Supérieure, coordinateurs Jocelyn Benoist, Mitsurhiro Okada.

"Les paradoxes ensemblistes et les malheurs de la logique modale", 17. janvier 2000, Institut d'histoire et philosophie des sciences de l'Université de Paris I, Philippe de Rouilhan, directeur.

"La Mannigfaltigkeitslehre de Husserl", Centre de Recherches Phénoménologiques des Facultés St Louis, à Bruxelles, décembre 1998, Robert Brisart responsable du Colloque sur la Généalogie de la Logique.

"From Empirical Psychology to Phenomenology", Roberto Poli, Istituto Mitteleuropeo di Cultura, Université de Trente, Italie, "The Brentano Puzzle: At the Origins of the Contemporary Idea of Exact Philosophy", Bolzano, Italy, 14-16 novembre 1996.

"Some Keys to Understanding the Husserl's Philosophy of Mathematics", The Fourth International Symposium on Logic and its Applications, June 1996, Varna, Bulgarie, organized by Boris Chendov.

"Husserl's Mannigfaltigkeitslehre", June 2,1995, Ecole Polytechnique, Séminaire CREA/ENS "Phénoménologie, Cognition et Morphodynamique", Jean Petitot responsable.

"Husserl and Hilbert on Completeness", 5-7 April 1992, Development of the Foundations of Mathematics from 1850-1930, Boston Colloquium for Philosophy of Science, Boston University, Jaakko Hintikka and Robert S. Cohen, organizers.

Published Translations of Philosophical Works

My translation of Edmund Husserl's Logic and General Theory of Science (Logik und allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie, Husserliana XXX), Springer Verlag, 2019.

Translation into French of The Fullness of the Logos in the Key of Life by Anna-Teresa Tymieniecka. La Plénitude du Logos dans le registre de la vie, Paris: L'Harmattan, 2011.

Introduction to Logic and Theory of Knowledge, translation of Edmund Husserl's Einleitung in die Logik und Erkenntnistheorie (Husserliana XXIV), Dordrecht: Springer, 2008. (Volume XIII of the Collected Works of Husserl of the Husserl Archives in Leuven, Belgium). Read my Introduction. See the Index.

Translation of Paul Linke's "Frege als Philosoph", The Brentano Puzzle, R. Poli (ed.), Ashgate, Aldershot, 1998.

Translation of Dagfinn Føllesdal's "Husserl und Frege, ein Beitrag zur Beleuchtung der Enstehung der phänomenologischen Philosophie", Mind, Meaning and Mathematics, Essays on the Philosophical Views of Husserl and Frege, L. Haaparanta (ed.), Dordrecht, Kluwer, 1994.

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